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1.The Inca civilization was based in what is now a.Mexico.      b. Peru. c.Panama. d.Brazil.     2.Anthropologists estimate that the population of native Latin Americans declined by      _________ percent during the 16th century. a.50 b.75 c.90 d. 95     3. The chief reason for the loss of life among Latin American natives in the 16th century was a.wars with the Spanish and.
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  11.Most urban poor try to cope with the harsh realities of life through a. prayer. b. retreating into complete isolation.      c. forming social networks. d. stealing and other forms of crime.     12.Virginia Schein’s single mothers on public assistance all a.were lazy. b.had extensive family support. c. were working or had some work experience. d. had four.
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  1.The height of the “Great Immigration” period took place a.between 1800 and 1850. b.between 1920 and 1950.      c. between 1880 and 1910. d. between 1945 and 1970.     2.In 2010, foreign-born people represented __________ percent of Miami’s total population. a.33.5 b.46.5 c. 60.6 d. 91.3     3.Since 1960, the majority of immigrants have been a.illegal. b. people of color. c.people of European.
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  1. The housing problem is characterized by a.an insufficient number of low-rent housing units. b.changes in the housing market. c.an increase in the proportion of high-rent housing units. d. All of the above     2. Government intervention in housing began  a. with the New Deal. b.in New York in 1870. c.with the South Bronx project. d.to solve the.
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  1.The image of a city, as defined by Kevin Lynch, is the a.slogan or catch phrase associated with the city. b.attitude which residents of the city have. c. generalized mental picture of the city’s external physical world. d. historical character of the city.     2.People form images of cities by a.distinguishing between physical locations in the.
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  11.Islamic cities declined after the Middle Ages due to a. the Crusaders. b. topsoil depletion. c.influence of Christianity. d.oppressive taxation.     12.European powers sought to change the Middle East by a. introducing Christianity as the official religion.      b. trading with it. c.ruthlessly crushing its indigenous cities. d.supporting Israel.     13.The first country to colonize part of India was a. Britain. b..
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  11.Mexican Americans a.largely reside in rural areas. b.are well integrated into U.S. neighborhoods. c. account for 32 percent of Los Angeles’s population. d. tend to follow extended family residence patterns.     12.All but which of the following groups contribute to the Muslim population in Canada? a.Egyptians b. French c.Indians d.Indonesians     13.Native Americans who migrate to the city a.tend to concentrate.
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  11. Zip code 10065 is the most prestigious one in New York City, for it encompasses much of   __________, the country’s most affluent neighborhood.      a. the Bronx b. Manhattan’s Upper East Side c.Queens d.Staten Island     12.“Dinks” are a.African American urban professionals. b.young professional couples with nerdy jobs.    c. young professional couples without children.      d. old.
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  19.In the 1970’s China’s most radical innovation to stimulate economic growth was a. the establishment of “Special Economic Zones.”         b. Chinese sovereignty. c.the one-child family policy. d.absolute rule.     20.Which of the following is NOT one of the cities of Southeast Asia?       a. Hong Kong         b. Singapore c.Jakarta d.Bangkok     21.Japan’s severe pollution is due to        a. rapid industrialization. b.lax.
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    25.The cities of the Aztec and Inca Empires were completely destroyed and replaced with Spanish cities.     26.Early African cities had a pattern based on a central business district surrounded by residential rings determined by income.     27.The slave trade was facilitated by the aid of Muslims.     28.Culture plays a great role.
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  31) _________ speaking focuses on the present and is concerned with what is praiseworthy. A) Ceremonial B) Deliberative C) Forensic D) Manuscript E) Collaborative 32) Chuck was nervously preparing a short speech, which he was to deliver as a toast at his best friend's wedding. What type of speech is he planning? A) ceremonial B) deliberative C) forensic D) rhetorical E).
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  1.Geographic settings a.are the most important determinant of city size. b.matter mostly for industrial cities. c. interact with social factors to shape the city. d. are more important in San Francisco than in Los Angeles.     2.The use of private automobiles in Los Angeles a.contributed to the present shape of the city. b.contributed to the smog problem. c.allowed the.
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      24.In creating cities, human beings simply respond to the natural environment.     25.Cities must be located on waterways to develop.     26.Houston is an example of a break-of-bulk city.     27.Miami’s climate contributed to its development as an “amenity city.”     28.Washington, D.C. did not emerge as an economic center.     29.Athens, London, and Quebec.
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  18.Louis Wirth’s principal achievement as a United States urbanist was his articulation of the role of culture in cities.     19.Cities are almost always completely self-defining.     20.Shakespeare noted that country and city ways are often quite different.     21.Perhaps the most important link between city and countryside is the reciprocal shaping of.
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  29.The new urbanism emphasizes the importance of public spaces.     30.Unlike affluent communities, cities lack the tax base to provide adequate per-student expenditures, even with additional state aid.     31.Magnet schools are inexpensive to operate.     32.Charter schools are not held accountable for achieving educational results.     33.TV shows influence public perception of crime..
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  1.According to the “new urbanists,” a. the distribution of wealth and power are important determinants of the shape of cities. b.geography is the main factor shaping urban life. c.cities evolve as a natural progression. d.Both a and c     2.The “new urban sociology” a. promotes new theoretical ideas.      b. draws on Marxism. c.is rooted in urban ecology. d.emerged in.
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  30.In the United States, Korean self-employment is higher than white self-employment.       31.Hispanics have surpassed African Americans and have become the nation’s largest                minority.     32.Puerto Ricans are the poorest of all Hispanics.     33.There is a high level of female-headed families among Puerto Ricans.     34.About 9 in 10 Mexican Americans live in rural.
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  1.Which of the following is NOT one of Max Weber’s dimensions of social stratification?          a. wealth       b. ranking         c. status d. power     2.__________ is the hierarchical ranking within a society of various social class groups        according to wealth, power, and prestige.       a. Socioeconomic status b.Power c.Wealth d. Social stratification     3.__________ is a composite ranking based.
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  11) Strategic planning is a process in which communicators decide A) whom to speak to, what to say, how to organize ideas, what tone to use. B) the speech, the speaker, the occasion, the audience. C) the exigencies, the constraints, the opportunities. D) the rhetorical, the organization, the topic, the main points. E) the specific.
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  11.__________ offer special programs to attract students from many districts to achieve                 integration. a.Charter schools b.School vouchers c. Magnet schools d. Busing programs     12.Some school districts offer parents credit that is equal to the state’s share of the cost of educating a child. This strategy is referred to as         a. magnet schools.       b. school.
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  18.Wirth’s mistake was in a. generalizing too much from the urban conditions of the time in which he lived.        b. underestimating the popularity of the suburbs. c.failing to identify the exurbs. d.not understanding the complexities of urban life.     19.Which of the following is NOT central to Claude Fischer’s subcultural theory? a. critical mass .
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  34.Park saw urban life as disorder and chaos.     35.Park argued that urban research should be based on a disciplined observation.     36.Wirth attempted to define universal social characteristics of the city.     37.Wirth’s idea of “social segmentalization” refers to discrimination in the housing market.     38.An emphasis on historical perspective is one of.
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    21.In every nation of the world, people are ranked in a social hierarchy that determines their quality of life.     22.The main distinction between W. Lloyd Warner’s upper-upper and lower-upper classes was essentially that of “old money” and “new money.” 23.The lower class consists of about 40 percent of the population..
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  1.According to Daniel J. Monti, in the urban way of life, the many different types of people have found an appropriate form of public behavior that enables them to get along with each other. Monti refers to this as       a. the countryside.     b. civic culture. c.urban dominance. d.civilization.     2.The text points out that.
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  21) Tenzing is planning a speech on the Chinese occupation of his Tibetan homeland and is not sure how to create identification with his classmates.  Which element of the rhetorical situation is he concerned with in his search for identification? A) the speech  D) the occasion B) the speaker  E) the audience C).
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    16.Georg Simmel argued that the city stimulates us via its concentration of the human experience into a small space.     17.Some cities have more sharply defined images in the minds of their residents than other cities do.     18.Each person’s mental image of a city is stagnant.     19.The physical layout of the.
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    18.The multiple nuclei theory a.gives strong support to the Chicago School of Urban Ecology. b.suggests that, with time, manufacturing industries tend to concentrate in a specific area. c. argues that as cities grow, they diversify and develop distinct sectors of activities. d. help to predict the specific land use pattern of cities.     19.A “social area” a..
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1) The study of public speaking will benefit you by A) helping you find a purpose. B) organizing your thinking. C) developing specific communication skills. D) motivating your listeners. E) convincing your listeners. 2) Effective communication skills are highly valued by employers because A) interviewers like to have good conversations with interviewees. B) public speaking is an.
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  31.Herbert Gans referred to urban working-class neighborhoods as ethnic villages.     32.Most cities lack mixed-income neighborhoods.     33.Unlike the immigrant poor of the past, today’s poor inner-city residents face social isolation. 34.In 2011, the population of Pico-Union (in Los Angeles) was 85 percent Hispanic.     35.Today’s suburbs fit the white, middle-class, and family-with-kids.
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  9.The utopian planner most associated with “arcologies” is a.Howard. b.Le Corbusier.      c. Soleri. d. Wright.     10.In Frank Lloyd Wright’s ideal world, a. homes could be constructed in an organic way. b.virtually equal densities would be found throughout the city. c.cars would be abolished. d.a minimal amount of land would be used.     11.The utopian visionaries share all of the.
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  41.Bangkok is the capital of South Vietnam.     42.Southeast Asia remains one of the least urbanized areas of the world.     43.The tremendous economic success of Japan enables the Japanese to enjoy a standard of  living that is comparable to other industrial nations.     44.The total fertility rate is the number of children.
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  11.The comparative approach to urban sociology was promoted by a.Durkheim. b.Tönnies.      c. Weber. d. Simmel.     12.According to Weber, the ideal city is characterized by a.a relative predominance of trade and commercial relations. b.some degree of political autonomy. c.a related form of association. d. All of the above     13.Authors in the classical European tradition all saw the city as a.increasing.
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  11.David Harvey’s research a. suggests that urban growth occurs evenly. b. is based on Lefebvre’s ideas about the second circuit of capital. c.focuses on Chicago. d.ignores the role of government.     12.According to David Harvey, a. real estate investment takes place in a free market. b. governments shape a city’s use of space. c.all neighborhoods are characterized by similar.
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  11.Classical Athens stood as a monument to     a. free citizens participation in government.       b. an all-powerful god. c.a ruling family. d.a police state.     12.Friedrich Engels spoke of which English city with these words: “...it is a city in which one can roam for hours without leaving the built-up area and without seeing the.
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  35.Amid cries for revolution, the Japanese shogun stepped down in 1668.     36.Most Latin American cities have followed the pattern of rapid industrialization typical of Europe, Canada, and the United States.     37.Rapid urban growth has established a primate-city pattern for the entire Middle East.     38.Bombay is the world’s largest producer of.
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  1.Ebenezer Howard believed that the city lacked a.opportunity. b.entertainment. c. a sense of freedom. d. diversity.     2.Early planning efforts were directed at all of the following EXCEPT a.to glorify those in power. b. to conserve natural resources. c.to reflect cultural values. d.to solve specific problems.     3.City planning in the industrial era was driven primarily by      a. profit. b.tradition. c.politics. d.a concern.
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  34.Gridiron cities promote communal lifestyles.     35.The Chicago school developed one of the first theories of urban ecology.     36.The sector theory ignores changes in city shapes over time.     37.Multiple nuclei theory challenges the idea that urban land use can be predicted.     38.Social area analysis compares more than 140 cities to identify.
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  35.Violent crimes have decreased dramatically, especially among juveniles.     36.The greatest concentration of criminal offenses occurs in inner-city poor neighborhoods.     37.Two-thirds of police arrests for serious crimes involve white people.     38.Banfield argues that crime is strongly related to low IQ.     39.Ruth Peterson and Lauren Krivo coined the term hypersegregation.     40.In larger.
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    31.Harvey argues that actions taken by real estate investors can lead to urban decay and abandonment.     32.In comparison with Karl Marx, Manuel Castells maintained a less orthodox approach to the study of cities.     33.Manuel Castells introduced the concept of the mode of development.     34.Scott argues that individual competition over territory.
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  1.Urban sociology emerged in the context of      a. the Industrial Revolution in Europe. b.the Revolutionary War in the United States. c.World War II. d.None of the above     2.Sociology emerged with the work of      a. Auguste Comte. b.Karl Marx. c.Ferdinand Tönnies. d.Max Weber.     3.According to Marx, social institutions are determined by a.the political structure. b.religion. c. the economic system. d. tradition.     4.The “Asiatic.
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  26.“Lonely Hearts Clubs” are an example of a temporary network.     27.Technology severs physical ties with communities but allows us to maintain relationships in spite of distance.     28.Herbert Gans found that Boston’s West End was a chaotic slum.     29.People identify with their cities based on both personal and shared experiences and.
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    20.Immigration to the United States is higher now than ever before.     21.Ethnic and racial diversity is increasing in cities.     22.The majority of new immigrants come from Asia and Latin America.     23.New York is no longer the main destination of immigrants.     24.Hispanics represent nearly half of Los Angeles’s population.     25.The period.
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  11.Urban ecology a.was generated by Robert Park and his colleagues. b.studies the relationship between human beings and their urban environment. c.draws from plant and animal ecology.      d. All of the above     12.According to Park, the shape of a city is a. determined by competition and the population movement. b.determined only by competition for limited resources. c.mostly a.
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  21.The theoretical arguments of “the new urban sociology” are quite old.     22.Agglomeration industries keep production costs lower in cities.     23.Competition is often greater in smaller towns.     24.Alonso’s model assumes an efficient urban transportation system.     25.Alonso’s model explains why rents are higher in suburbs than in the center of the city..
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  24.For Marx, cities announced a transition to “barbarism.”     25.Marx and Engels believed that the flaws of capitalism cause poverty and unemployment.     26.Gemeinschaft characterized the large city.     27.Tönnies understood cities as part of a continuum.     28.Organic solidarity refers to a social order based on individual differences.     29.Durkheim’s view of the city.
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  28.Ming Peking (Beijing) stands as an example of Lewis Mumford’s idea of the city as a physical container.     29.Ming Peking is an example of a city’s ability to intensify culture.     30.The very success of Greek city-states led to the aristocrats’ downfall.     31.As Greek civilization entered the Golden Age, the gods.
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    19.The problem of housing is related to the problem of poverty.     20.Defining housing as “substandard” is somewhat arbitrary.     21.The housing market has generated an increase in the number of low-rent units.     22.The New Deal provided loan guarantees to veterans.     23.The dominant culture in the United States favors private over public.
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  23.Le Corbusier sought to build tall skyscrapers surrounded by huge open spaces.     24.Soleri continued to develop Wright’s Broadacre City utopia.     25.Jane Jacobs argues for large-scale citywide planning to improve a city’s diversity.     26.Heckscher argues that spatial organization of cities reflects deep cultural values.     27.The area that was to become the.
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    15.Ebenezer Howard sought a marriage of town and country.     16.Urban planning began with Ebenezer Howard.     17.Early British new towns were anti-growth.     18.French new towns were designed as “bedroom communities.”     19.In Canberra, Australia, all business is centrally located for reasons of transportation efficiency.     20.Brasilia is a model city in Latin America..
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  26.Edge cities are appearing in Canada as well as in the United States, but for different reasons.     27.The majority of metropolitan North Americans now work, shop, and live in and around the 200-plus “new hearths of our civilization.”     28.The rise of new cities is essentially a function of race, not social.
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