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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  1) During campaign periods, a media corporation that is not owned by a political party or candidate A)may advocate the election of a federal candidate in an editorial published in one of its magazines. B)may not donate corporate funds to a candidate. C)may create and sponsor a PAC. D)may refuse to sell space to.
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  1)The press and public have a First Amendment right of access to records and meetings of the executive branch of government, the Supreme Court has ruled. 2)Before releasing public records, custodians are usually authorized to require a requester to prove the records will be used for a ?public purpose.? 3)Disclosure of government.
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    11)For human (not corporate) authors, copyright in a work created today will last for 50 years. 12)When a crew of KBMX-TV tapes fire footage for the 6 o?clock news, copyright in the tape belongs to the news crew. 13)A news story cannot be copyrighted because it contains newsworthy facts. 14)The original and main.
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  1) Students sometimes proclaim, ?Let information be free.? The argument goes something like this: It is so easy and inexpensive to acquire and trade information on the Internet, the information ought to be free. Music and video, too. Those gargantuan music and film companies have ripped people off long enough,.
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  1) Stewart?s Dissent The seminal case in the debate over a journalist?s privilege is Branzburg v. Hayes decided in 1972. While the majority of the Court ruled that journalists must testify before grand juries, Justice Stewart?s dissenting opinion has had considerable influence on later law. Briefly explain Stewart?s opinion and its impact. 2)First.
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  4)Sampling Some courts have ruled that the copying of musical phrases and sections of pictures in new works is fair use. Other courts rule that sampling infringes copyright. Briefly argue that sampling is or is not fair use. 5)Contributory Infringer Napster and Grokster have been ruled to be contributory infringers of copyrighted music..
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  1) Public access to government records depends on several provisions of open records laws, including the (1) stated purpose of the law, (2) how government agencies and records are defined, (3) the time allowed for government responses to requests, (4) the fees charged and the (5) penalties imposed if governments.
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  2) Management of the Acme Corporation, a Texas-based producer of consumer products, wants to publicly express its opposition to legislative proposals to restrict immigration in the United States. In particular, the company wants to criticize a proposal sponsored by Senator Whiteman, a U.S. Senator who is a candidate for reelection.
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  1) Two cases in which the Supreme Court ruled that the press and public have no First Amendment right of access to prisons. A)Pell v. Procunier and Saxbe v. Washington Post B)Richmond Newspaper v. Virginia and Department of Justice v. Reporters? Committee for Freedom of the Press C)Chrysler Corporation v. Brown and Department.
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  1) The town of Intolerance decides to ban the outdoor advertising of alcohol in media such as billboards. Establishments selling or serving alcohol may have on-site outdoor signs identifying the business, and may include alcohol-related terms in their name, such as ?The Liquor Store,? but may not have outdoor displays.
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  1. Humans had established themselves on all the continents of the earth except Antarctica by: A. 15,000 B.C.E. B.5,000 B.C.E. C.15,000 C.E. D.250,000 B.C.E. 2. To better understand the prehistory of humans, historians must rely heavily upon: A.mythology B.archaeological evidence C.oral histories D.religious teachings 3.T F  Until the mid-nineteenth century, questions about human origins were generally addressed by creation.
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  1)The 1976 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that pharmacy advertisements conveyed constitutionally protected information of value to consumers. A) Bolger v. Youngs Drug Products Co. B)Virginia State Board of Pharmacy v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council C)Bigelow v. Virginia D)Carey v. Population Services E) None of the above 2)Although commercial advertising now.
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  21)Journalists sometimes lose a statutory privilege to withhold confidential sources if the journalists observe?are witnesses to?criminal activity. 22)Judicial skepticism toward a First Amendment-based journalist?s privilege has markedly increased since 2001. 23)Recent cases show federal courts as finding support for a journalist?s privilege in the federal common law. 24)California?s shield law protects journalists whose.
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    11)A community may use its zoning authority to control the location of sexually-oriented businesses. 12)The ?social value? prong of the Miller test is an effort by the U.S. Supreme Court to preserve freedom for serious works depicting sexuality while allowing states to criminalize the distribution of sexual materials that lack serious.
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  1)Work Made for Hire Tell why it is important for freelancers to be aware if they sign a contract containing the phrase ?work made for hire.? 2)Performing Rights Societies Why are performing rights societies, such as the American Society of Composers, Authors and Publishers (ASCAP) and Broadcast Music. Inc (BMI) important to radio.
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  1)National political parties may not receive ?soft money? contributions from business corporations. 2)In McConnell v. FEC, the U.S. Supreme Court upheld the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act?s (BCRA) restriction on ?electioneering communication.? 3)In Buckley v. Valeo, the U. S. Supreme Court held that Congress could not limit campaign contributions by individuals and PACs. 4)In.
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  3)What is the significance of the Florida Star v. BJF case? 4)Incitement Can the media be held liable for ?inciting? dangerous or violent acts when readers and viewers copy or take inspiration from violent or dangerous acts they read or view? 5)Consent Advise a corporate PR practitioner on the type of consent she should.
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    11)According to the ruling in FEC v. Massachusetts Citizens for Life, a non-profit corporation formed to promote an ideology, such as opposition to abortion, is exempt from federal election restraints on corporate expenditures advocating the election or defeat of candidates. 12)A legally qualified candidate?s campaign advertisement may be edited by a.
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  1)Cameras are currently allowed in the U.S. Supreme Court. 2)Recently in People v. Bryant, the Colorado Supreme Court modified and upheld an order prohibiting media publication of intimate information about Kobe Bryant?s accuser. 3)A criminal defendant?s Sixth Amendment rights create a presumption against open court proceedings. 4)Under their contempt power, judges have virtually.
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  1) Lil? Willie, a world famous rapper, is arrested for the murder of his girlfriend, Florescent. The arrest generates massive pretrial publicity, including comments from the police that the gun used to shoot Florescent was found in the trunk of Lil? Willie?s Bentley. The press also reports that Lil? Willie.
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  1)Nudity is synonymous with obscenity. 2)A person who ?panders? may be convicted for commercial exploitation of sexual material even though the materials are not obscene. 3)Adult-oriented pay-cable services such as the Playboy Channel are prohibited from operating between 6 a.m. and 10 p.m. 4)In Freedman v. Maryland, the U.S. Supreme Court said that.
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  2)The campus Paper publishes a three-part series, written by Ron Reporter, about the sale on campus of illegal CDs imported from factories in Southeast Asia. The stories report that illegal sales are part of a national market in illicit sale of cheap, but high quality CDs. Ron Reporter (RR) promised.
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    11)A federal shield law allows ?anyone who disseminates information to the public? to shield confidential sources from courts and grand juries. 12)Congress failed to adopt a federal shield law that would permit anyone who disseminates information to the public to withhold confidential information from courts and grand juries. 13)Recognizing new media, Congress.
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    11)In high profile cases, judges may prohibit attorneys, court personnel, and law enforcement personnel from making public comments, such as discussing a defendant?s prior criminal record. 12)In Nebraska Press Association v. Stuart, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that judges may impose gag orders on press coverage criminal cases without examining the.
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  1)The First Amendment explicitly says that journalists have a constitutional right to withhold the names of confidential sources. 2)The Supreme Court has recognized in the First Amendment an ?implied? right for journalists to withhold the names of confidential sources. 3)About 30 states have statutes allowing journalists to withhold the names of confidential.
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  1) After wrestling with the problem of obscenity for many years, Justice Brennan wrote in his dissenting opinion in Paris Adult Theatre that A) all definitions of obscenity are vague. B)the government should severely restrict all sexual content. C)the government should restrict only sexual content appealing to ?deviates.? D) the government should.
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  1) In some states, journalists may withhold sources unless the courts or law enforcement officials demonstrate three things, including A)a compelling need for the information. B)the relevance of the information to the case. C)an implication of the journalist in criminal wrongdoing. D)All of the above. E)A and B. 2)Justice White, who wrote the opinion for the.
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  1)The government has greater latitude under the First Amendment to regulate commercial speech than political speech. 2)In Virginia Pharmacy, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that commercial speech is protected under the First Amendment because of the consumer?s interest in receiving information. 3)Although considerable falsehood is permitted in the political arena, the U.S..
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  1)The 1966 case in which the U.S. Supreme Court overturned a murder conviction because the prejudicial publicity and carnival-like atmosphere in the courtroom deprived the defendant of a fair trial. A)Estes v. Texas B)Chandler v. Florida C)Sheppard v. Maxwell D)Patton v. Yount E)None of the above 2)The cases in which convictions have been overturned because of.
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  4)Electronic Freedom of Information Act Why is EFOIA important? 5)National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish How did the Supreme Court expand the already broad privacy exemption in the Federal Freedom of Information Act in its decision in National Archives and Records Administration v. Favish?   .
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  1) Ron Reporter writes a series of stories about university officials selling illegal drugs to dorm residents. Reporter does not observe any drug sales. On the basis of the articles, the district attorney charges the director of student housing with drug trafficking. As she begins preparation for trial, the district.
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  1)The effect of copying on the plaintiff?s commercial market is the least important factor in determining fair use. 2)Copyright law does not allow the federal government to own a copyright in works created by government employees as part of their official duties. Consequently, the American Dairy Council, a private organization promoting.
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  3) The city council of Virtue, concerned with the proliferation of sexual material on cable, prohibits the cablecasting of ?indecent? programming at any time. The ordinance defines indecency as the ?patently offensive depiction or description of sexual or excretory activities and organs.? Further, the ordinance specifies that the city council,.
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  1) Original expression is copyrighted as soon as A) it is registered. B)notice is ?affixed.? C)it is fixed in a tangible medium. D)only when all of the above conditions are met. E)None of the above. 2)The Nation magazine lost its fair use copyright case to Harper & Row for several reasons, including the fact that.
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  1)Records Describe how the Society of Professional Journalists would evaluate the following definition of public records in an open records act: ?A public record is a written memorial of a final action.? What would be an alternative definition the society might prefer?   2)Embedded Journalists Hundreds of journalists were embedded with American troops during.
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    11)Open records laws usually provide citizens access to legislative records. 12)Open records laws usually provide citizens access to electronic records. 13)Open records laws usually allow custodians to withhold records that would embarrass the government. 14)Reporters embedded with American troops are generally permitted to report the date, time, location and results of completed military.
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  11)A material statement in advertising, like a material statement in corporate securities transactions, is one that is likely to affect a purchasing decision. 12)A Volvo television advertisement emphasizing the strength and safety of Volvos shows a Volvo and several other brands of cars being run over by a giant truck. The.
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