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  1. Fascism does NOT stand for: A.individual rights B.the supremacy of the national leader C.the importance of nationalism D.a willingness to use violence and intimidation 2. Which of the following was NOT a tactic utilized by Mussolini in his efforts to claim power in Italy? A. violence B.fraud C.rational debate D.intimidation 3. The League of Nations responded to Mussolini’s.
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  26. In 1789, the National Assembly: A.was dominated by the aristocracy and clergy B.issued the “Declaration of the Rights of Man and the Citizen” C.decided to maintain serfdom D.preserved the tithe for the Catholic church 27. The Committee on Public Safety: A.was formed by the Girondins B.abolished the national draft C.executed Robespierre as one of its first orders.
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  13. This was NOT one of Sun Yat-sen’s “three principles”: A.Marxist economics B.state-owned enterprises C.democracy D.nationalism 14. In Mexico during the leadership of Porfirio Díaz: A.the salaries of urban workers increased B.the lives of peasants improved C.exports of agricultural products increased D.nearly one-half of all peasants lived on land they owned 15. Emiliano Zapata: A.eventually became president of Mexico B.was one of.
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  38. Tsar Alexander II: A.freed the serfs B.tightened press censorship C.did little to industrialize Russia D.took power after Russia’s defeat in the Crimean War 39. Prior to the Bolshevik Revolution, Russia’s agriculture had all of the following characteristics, except: A.the government allowed unregulated buying and selling of agricultural land B.the peasantry lived in collective villages (mirs) C.productivity was.
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  13.The early-fifteenth-century Incas: A.traded with the Aztec Empire B.practiced metallurgy primarily in the valleys C.grew crops on high mountain slopes D.engaged in a substantial amount of trade, but it was regulated by the government 14. Of the following regions, which had the least extensive network of trade routes by 1500? A. North America B.Europe C.the Middle.
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  35.T F   The Ming government prohibited private overseas trade by Chinese merchants. 36.T F   The Grand Canal connected the agricultural region in the west with the administrative centers in the south. 39.Which of the following trading ports and cities in the Indian Ocean declined in prominence after 1000 C.E.? A. Zanzibar B.Delhi C.Calicut D.Kanchipura.
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1. Demographers are least likely to do the following: A.study aggregate human populations B.use statistical analysis C.interpret patterns of human change D.do an in-depth study of a single individual 2. Which of the following did NOT move from the Old World to the New World in the Columbian exchange? A. potatoes B.sheep C.wheat D.horses 3. Which of the following.
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  27.During the Renaissance, European artists began to utilize which of the following in their paintings?  A. acrylic paint B.perspective C.Arabic themes D.Asian themes 28. Which of the following is an Arab invention that aided in commercial navigation during the fifteenth century? A. the sextant B.the barometer C.the astrolabe D. the compass 29. Which of the following.
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  26.  Which European nation controlled the largest geographic area in Africa? A.Italy B.Germany C.France D.Belgium 27.T F   When Britain founded the city of Singapore, they divided the city into separate districts for the various ethnic groups that resided there. 28.Explain the future of India as envisioned by the poet Dalpatram Kavi. 29.Which foreign power made the.
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  24.T F   The Abbasid clan were descended from Muhammad’s uncle. 25.T F   The Seljuk Turks abolished the position of caliph. 28.Which of the following regions had NOT yet been conquered by Islam in 650 C.E.? A.Oman B.Egypt C.Spain D.Libya 29.T F   Between 1070 and 1180 C.E., the Abbasid Caliphate lost territory to the Byzantine Empire. 30.The campaigns.
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  23.T F   The democratic countries of Europe did little to stop Hitler prior to the outbreak of World War II. 26.Which of the following aggressive actions occurred before World War II had officially begun? A.Japan conquered Burma B.German forces invaded the Soviet Union C.Japan bombed Pearl Harbor D.Japan invaded China 27. Which of the following.
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1. The industrial revolution resulted in all of the following outcomes, except: A.a lower aggregate standard of living B.changes in where people worked C.a different pattern of relations among countries D.different methods of fighting wars 2. The industrial revolution began in: A.the United States B.Britain C.France D.Germany 3. British workers engaged in the putting-out system in the textile industry: A.usually made.
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  37.T F   The French lost their battle against the army of al-Qadir in 1841. 39.Explain the impact of European land ownership upon the labor of Africans.  What were the alternative forms of employment?  Did this resolve the labor issues; why or why not? 40.Which European nation was the most active in West.
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  23. This country dominated northern European shipping in the seventeenth century: A.England B.France C.Denmark D.Netherlands 24. In France in the second half of the sixteenth century: A.there was relative peace B.nearly all the inhabitants were Catholic C.Henry IV converted to Catholicism D.a revolution occurred with the slogan “liberté, egalité, fraternité” 25. Louis the XIV’s economic policies: A.were opposed by Jean-Baptiste Colbert B.included.
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  13.Of the following technological innovations, which was developed first? A.the cotton gin B.the steam ship C.the steam locomotive D.the spinning jenny 16.In the late nineteenth century, the chemical industry: A.relied primarily on plants as sources of chemicals B.stressed the importance of the use of alkalis C.had yet to produce artificial fertilizers D.created synthetic explosives 17. Thomas Edison’s most important single.
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  40.This was the greatest contributor to urban growth in the nineteenth century: A.government policies promoting city growth B.industrialization C.nationalism D.a decline in agricultural output 41. According to Max Weber, the new industrial cities were A.worse than medieval cities B.a vast improvement over medieval cities C.an indication of positive future D.creating stronger, more stable social institutions 42. Oswald Spengler: A.founded the discipline.
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25.Which of the following African countries had the highest per-capita gross national product in 1994? A. South Africa B.Zimbabwe C.Congo D.Algeria 26. Of the following, which was NOT one of the third-world leaders to organize the Bandung Conference? A. Jawaharlal Nehru B.Gamal Abdel Nasser C.Zhou Enlai D.Marshal Tito 27. In Central America, the US and the USSR supported.
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  50. Which of the following groups was NOT a target of the Ku Klux Klan in the 1920s? A.Jews B.African Americans C.Protestants D. Catholics 51. The Great Depression: A.led the United States to forgive loans owed it by European countries B.led many countries to impose import restrictions C.was caused by government over-regulation of the economy D.resulted in a.
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  27. A demonstration at St. Peter’s Fields in Manchester in 1819: A.quickly led to mob rioting B.was met with violence by the military C.called for an increase on the tariff on grain D.was the first time the Chartists presented their petition to Parliament 28. The British Parliament did all of the following in the nineteenth.
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  50.T F   Sigmund Freud claimed that humans’ deepest drives were rooted in sexuality.   51.T F   Almost 100 million soldiers served in World War II. 52.T F   Japanese prisoners of war worked in Siberia for years during World War II. 57.According to Albert Camus, the only serious philosophical question is A.how to defend oneself.
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  52. Which of the following groups gained the most in the Latin American revolutions? A.mestizos B.Amerindians C.creole elites D.Europeans 53. In the first half of the nineteenth century, Mexico: A.was ruled by a monarch for all but two years B.increased the size of its territorial holdings C.was helped in its independence movement by two Catholic priests D.had a.
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  1. In the aftermath of the political and industrial revolutions, it became clear that: A.nation-states would dominate the globe B.empires would inevitably splinter C.empires could overpower nation-states D.economics was now subordinate to politics and industry 2. In the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, Britain and France particularly encouraged nationalism within: A. other Western European empires B.Russia C.the.
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1. In the early days of long-distance trade, the most common type of goods was: A.luxury items B.processed foods C.grains D.metallurgical products 2. Before 1500 C.E., the greatest part of the exchange economy consisted of: A.long-distance transactions B.medium-distance transactions C.local transactions D.international trade 3. True free market economies require all of the following, except: A.individuals seeking personal profit B.benevolent government regulation C.no control.
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  1. A political revolution: A.can leave the same people in power at the highest levels B.is by definition rapid C.changes the basis on which leaders come to power D.is necessarily violent 2. The revolutions that occurred between 1688 and 1789: A.affirmed the divine right of kings B.limited power to members of the upper class C.hurt the expansion of.
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  26.T F  In the late eighteenth century, Russia claimed sovereignty over Alaska. 27.T F   In 1795, there were approximately 40,000 Khoikhoi, San, and other Africans in the Cape Colony. 28.According to Philip Curtin, the Caribbean sugar plantation economy of the 1700s had all of the following characteristics, except: A.it was a.
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  12.  Which country witnessed the greatest decrease in their expenditures from 1987 to 1997? A.USA B.USSR C.China D.Germany 13.T F   Che Guevara’s speeches and writings against imperialism inspired guerrilla movements throughout the world. 14.The United States threatened to cut off Marshall Plan aid to which of the following to force them to withdraw from Indonesia?.
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  36.Using examples, describe the activities of joint stock companies in the seventeenth century. How were such companies founded? 37.Which of the following controlled Java’s trade? A.The Portuguese B.The Dutch C.The Spanish  D. The French 38.T F   England did not secure its control of India until the Maratha Confederacy was subdued in 1818. 39.The concept of.
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  25.World War I: A.began when Germany invaded Belgium B.had its roots in the Serbian government’s desire to seize Austrian territory C.saw the first use of the machine gun in battle D.involved more countries world-wide than World War II did 26. This country fought on the side of Great Britain in World War I: A.Ottoman Empire B.Austria-Hungary C.Italy D.Bulgaria 27. American.
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1. Permanent contact between Europe and the Americas did not occur until A. 1533 C.E. B.1000 C.E. C.1492 C.E. D.870 C.E. 2. Leif Eriksson led the Vikings who established a temporary settlement in North America around A. 500 C.E. B.1000 C.E. C.982 C.E. D.870 C.E. 3.T F   Europeans constructed caravels based on  Arab ship and sail designs. 4.T.
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  49.T F   In colonial areas, racism created barriers to sexual contact between Europeans and indigenous people. 50.T F   U.S. Commodore Matthew Perry ‘opened’ Japan to trade in 1853. 51.T F   After the Meiji Restoration, Japan eagerly sought contact with the West. 52.T F   The Meiji Restoration led the way for women.
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  13. The main remuneration for indentured laborers was usually A.nothing B.a generous salary C.payment of transportation costs D.learning a trade 15.Slavery: A.began when Europeans began taking Africans from the west coast of Africa B.brought nearly 10 million Africans to the Western Hemisphere C.was most important for agriculture on and near the east coast of North America D. was.
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  14.  Shari’a: A.provides rights for men, but not for women B.specifies that the dowry shall go to the bride’s family C.requires a husband to take care of his children D.prevents a man from taking more than one wife 15.T F   As Ibn Battuta discovered, the status of women in the Islamic world of the fourteenth.
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  37. Baghdad was: A.once the largest city in the world B.built near the delta of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers C.built by the Abbasid dynasty D.built around 942 38.T F   The end of the caliphate effectively ended the spread of Islam. 39.T F   Sufis were less likely than ulama to emphasize strict religious doctrine. 40.T F  .
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  1. Which country did China describe as a “paper tiger”? A.Japan B.Taiwan C.the Soviet Union D.the United States 2. Between 1945 and 1948, the Soviet-controlled communist governments were established in all but which one of the following? A. Romania B.Bulgaria C.Poland D.West Germany 3. The Korean War drove a wedge between the United States and many of its.
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  13.T F   The Papal States were annexed by Italy in 1860. 15.In the second half of the nineteenth century, India: A.exported large quantities of cotton textiles to Britain B.exported machined goods to much of Europe C.had no significant transportation system linking the major regions of the country D. was ruled directly by the British 16..
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  11.T F   With the wealth gained from its conquests in America, Spain remained the dominant European power well into the eighteenth century. 14.T F   Pizarro’s conquest of the Inca empire occurred ten years before Cortés and his allies conquered the Aztec empire. 15.T F   Portuguese possessions in the Americas are located.
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  37.T F   The Safavid Empire controlled much of modern-day Turkey. 38.T F   The Treaty of Nerchinsk was the first Chinese-European treaty negotiated on terms of equality. 41.Eurasian empires existing from 1300 to 1700: A.typically had ocean ports to facilitate trading B.had buffer states in-between them to help reduce friction C.were linked by overland trade.
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  49. Muslim rule in Spain: A.was characterized by suppression of Christianity and Judaism B.extended for nearly 100 years after the rule of Ferdinand and Isabella C.was tightly controlled by the Abbasid caliph D.revitalized trade in the western Mediterranean 50. The Alhambra is in this city: A.Baghdad B.Damascus C.Istanbul D.Granada 51. The Spanish Inquisition was established to: A.hunt down those suspected.
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  1. Muslims believe that the most recent prophet was: A.Jesus B.Muhammad C.Abraham D.Abu Bakr 2. Islam: A.means ascension in Arabic B.believes in the Holy Trinity C.places little importance on stories of Muhammad’s life D.believes God transmitted the truth to Muslims through the angel Gabriel 3. Of the following, which is NOT one of the five pillars of Islam? A.observing a.
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  1. Internal-combustion engines were first installed in tractors in: A.1901 B.1877 C.1889 D.1908 2. Einstein argued that: A.light possessed only a wave-like nature B.neither time nor motion is fixed C.the speed of light varies over time D.mass and energy are not interchangeable 3. Urbanization was closely correlated with: A.climate B.international tensions C.religiosity D.industrialization 4. Which of the following people pioneered birth control in the United.
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  39.T F  The Vikings were most active in north western Europe. 40.William of Normandy led the Vikings to conquer which country in 1066? A.England B.Sicily C.Italy D.Ireland 41. Which of the following explorers did NOT cross the Atlantic? A.Coelho and Vespucci B.Columbus C.Magellan D. Dias 42. Prince Henry the Navigator supported the study of navigation for all these reasons except: A.he.
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  13.In the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries: A.Europe’s population nearly doubled B.peasants who survived the plague often found their situation improved C.France and England remained at peace D.the Renaissance became most strongly entrenched among the lower classes 14.T F   The Black Death, or bubonic plague, originated in Central Asia. 15.The bubonic plague: A.is transmitted by flies B.was spread primarily.
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  11.T F   The zaibatsu was an ancient craft guild that had renewed popularity in Japan during the 1920s. 14.The League of Nations: A.had several early successes B.was essentially a tool of the United States, since it was the most powerful member C.was a forum for resolving international conflicts through negotiations D.forced Italy to withdraw.
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  13. The Bill of Rights created through the Glorious Revolution: A.provided for parliamentary approval of tax increases B.provided for religious freedom C.specifically excluded the American colonies from its provisions D.was opposed by William of Orange 14. Many philosophes were deists, which meant that they believed: A.the world was populated by many gods and goddesses B.the government should.
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1. Adam Smith felt that: A.mercantilism was the best way to make a country economically powerful B.if workers specialized in tasks they performed well, the economy would be more productive C.governments should provide only for the defense of the country and the punishment of criminals D. business profits should be used to buy.
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  40. The slave revolution in Saint-Domingue: A.began as a response to the French Revolution B.occurred despite the fact that slaves made up less than one-third of the population C.was eventually suppressed by Napoleon D.was led by a man who eventually died in France 41. The Saint-Domingue revolt A.ended in defeat for the Haitian slaves B.fractured the hope.
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  25.The Incas used which of the following to record dates and accounts? A.beads B.tablets C.quipu D.pochteca 26.T F   The Mayas dominated the Yucatán peninsula through 900 C.E. 27.The three largest empires in sub-Saharan West African were: A.Ghana, Takrur, Mali B.Mali, Songhay, Ghana C.Funj, Ethiopia, Adal D.Kongo, Zimbabwe, Bagirmi 28.T F   The documents from the Cairo Genizah contain many manuscripts written by.
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  49.By 1725, Peter the Great had extended Russian control to include access to: A.the Arctic Ocean and the Caspian Sea B.the Baltic Sea and the Caspian Sea C.the Black Sea and the Baltic Sea D.The Black Sea and the Caspian Sea 50. The authority of the Ottoman Empire was undermined in the 1500s in part.
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