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  31) When Jeri argued that the rise in teen pregnancy over the past twenty years is a direct result of sex education in the primary schools, he was using what type of causal reasoning? A) assignment of responsibility B) explanation C) common cause D) steps to a goal E) prediction 32) When Willa argued that government.
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  21) Selective exposure is the tendency of listeners to dismiss aspects of a message they agree with and to focus on aspects of the message that they disagree with. 22) Selective attention is the tendency of listeners to focus on aspects of a message they agree with and to dismiss aspects.
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1) When you tailor your speech to the educational level of your classmates in a public speaking course, you are focusing your audience analysis on A) audience demographics. B) audience psychology. C) audience culture. D) audience heterogeneity. E) audience interests. 2) What three factors should a speaker analyzing an audience for a speech focus on? A).
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  11) Examples are a type of supporting material which relies on A) the speaker's positive ethos to prove a point. B) the speaker's observations and experiences. C) the listener's shared values and beliefs. D) specific instances which illustrate a general claim. E) quantifiable data to prove the validity of a claim. 12) Which type of example.
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1) While planning an event commemorating 9/11 victims, Xavier suggested a humorous topic for the speech.  This is NOT a good idea because it is not A) appropriate for oral delivery. B) appropriate in scope. C) appropriate to the rhetorical situation. D) important to the speaker. E) of interest to the audience. 2) Which of.
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  8) What are seven informal methods of audience analysis? 9) What is the universal audience? Why is this concept useful to a speaker? 10) Why is it possible to give too much weight to your audience analysis? 11) Identify the three levels of audience analysis. Explain what factors should be explored at each.
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1) Which of the following is a characteristic of mathematical or scientific proof? A) The support involves values and judgments. B) It cannot be proven, it can only be supported. C) The claims can often be proved with certainty. D) It can only be used by scientific experts. E) The strength of the support is.
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  1) Rhetorical claims and scientific claims can be proven in much the same way. 2) Rhetorical proof establishes the truth of a speaker's claims by appealing to listeners' beliefs. 3) Rhetorical proof justifies claims rather than proving them. 4) Generally proofs are reasonable if many diverse listeners, using critical judgment, would accept.
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  21) Khali was using a literal analogy when she argued that raising tuition at Home University would not significantly reduce enrollment because the same thing was tried at State University and enrollment has continued to rise there. 22) As you enter class, you see all of your classmates frantically studying their.
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  11) Many Americans consider their political party a ________, taking cues about what positions to take and what votes to make from their party's position. 12) The tendency to avoid messages which are not important to us personally, or which are inconsistent with our current beliefs is known as ________. 13) When.
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  1) Match the type of supporting material with the corresponding example. 1) testimony A) According to Chuck Yeager, there is no greater thrill than flying a fighter jet beyond the sound barrier. 2) document  B) We may think that communism is dead, but just look at China and North Korea, where that political system.
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  21) In a speech about Internet music sources, Jimmy said, "Record company executive Barry Schenk reports that Internet downloads have cut record company profits in each of the last three years." What type of support is this? A) personal experience B) direct observation C) factual testimony D) opinion testimony E) hypothetical example 22) In a speech.
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  11) Jesse argued in his speech that drug use really isn't a problem among teens because hardly anyone he knows has even tried drugs.  In this argument Jesse's friends are used as examples, but this reasoning by example fails because the examples are A) unrepresentative. B) analogous. C) hypothetical. D) false. E) aggregate. 12) Jill read.
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  9) What are four devices for narrowing an Internet search and avoiding information overload? 10) What are the five guidelines for taking notes and filing the information you gather while researching your speech? 11) For each of the seven types of supporting material, identify one test that should be applied to determine.
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  1) Match the audience characteristic with the level of audience analysis. 1) audience size A) audience demographics 2) selective exposure  B) audience culture 3) common experiences  C) audience psychology 1) What aspects should you look at when you analyze audience demographics? 2) Explain the two meanings of audience culture. 3) Explain the difference between a captive and.
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  8) What are the four steps in strategic planning? 9) Explain the difference between a specific purpose statement and a thesis statement. 10) How can  positive ethos constrain a speaker? 11) What is an information advantage? 12) Suppose you were asked to speak at your uncle’s 75th birthday party as a commemoration of his.
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  1) Adapting a speech to a particular audience requires an examination of audience ________, which includes characteristics such as the size, heterogeneity, and educational level of the listeners. 2) A speaker should adapt his or her speech to the audience's ________, which requires an examination of the listeners' interests, beliefs,.
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  15) What are the five sources of constraints?  Explain how they affect the speaker's choices. 16) Write a specific purpose statement and a thesis statement for a speech on the general topic of higher education. Explain how the specific purpose statement has all of the important characteristics that are required. Identify.
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  11) When using ________, you rely on someone else's judgment, so you need to assess the source's credibility. 12) Fred's speech about natural disasters included a quote from the head of FEMA indicating the total monetary damages from floods this year. This particular type of supporting material is ________ . 13).
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  11) Ramon plans a persuasive speech advocating international travel as a path to lifelong learning. Which demographic characteristic of his audience should he be most concerned about? A) income B) religion C) sex D) education level E) age 12) Which of the following audiences is a voluntary audience? A) members of the Rotary Club at a luncheon B).
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  1) Wilson tried to improve his listeners' attitudes towards phone solicitations by discussing his job with a telemarketing firm. By doing so he was using ________ as supporting material. 2) Common knowledge is often expressed in the form of ________, such as "the squeaky wheel gets the grease." 3) When you offer.
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  41) Which type of reasoning must meet the tests of coherence, plausibility, consistency, and resonance? A) narrative B) cause C) analogy D) sign E) testimony 42) It is important to have resonance with your listeners when presenting a narrative so that A) your audience can understand what you are saying more clearly. B) your audience can identify and.
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  21) When the speaker's purpose is simply to affect the listeners' attitudes, the purpose is providing new perspective. 22) Jill knew that her classmates worried about safety on campus, so she asked them to show up at a "Take Back the Night" rally.  Her purpose was strengthening commitment. 23) One important function.
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  12) Identify and define the three types of questions an interviewer should be prepared to ask when conducting an information gathering interview. Give an example of each of these types of questions. 13) Explain the reasons why it is important to include full bibliographic citations in your note cards. 14) Fourteen.
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  1) Match the term with the correct definition. 1) Provide new information or a new perspective A) to fill in the details or alter beliefs and values 2) Agenda setting  B) to draw attention to a topic 3) Create positive or negative feelings  C) to change attitudes toward a topic 4) Strengthen commitment  D) to.
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  31) When Hugh wrote the statement, "I want my listeners to replace their high  fat foods for healthier options," he was writing a ________ statement for his speech. A) general purpose B) general thesis C) specific purpose D) specific thesis E) specific issue 32) "I want to get no less than a B on my speech,".
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  1) Speech topics are chosen for the speaker by the audience. 2) It is inappropriate to discuss topics that are controversial at a religious function. 3) Topics that have been addressed many times are not appropriate to the rhetorical situation. 4) The specific purpose statement clearly identifies the central claim of the.
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  21) The famous speech by Martin Luther King, Jr., "I Have A Dream," is an example of a speech with the purpose to A) provide new information or perspective. B) set an agenda. C) strengthen commitment. D) weaken commitment. E) create a positive or negative feeling. 22) You are a political candidate getting ready to give.
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  21) An analysis of your listeners' beliefs, values, interests, and knowledge is an examination of A) audience culture. B) audience psychology. C) audience demographics. D) audience composition. E) audience ethos. 22) A local accountant was asked by the College Republicans to speak to their members about tax reform.  Which element of audience culture could he most.
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  11) Jim's speech favoring gun control created problems for him because it went against the self-interests of his audience of NRA members. 12) Challenging listeners' self-interests is an effective strategy for influencing your audience to view the topic favorably. 13) When speaking to a knowledgeable audience, condescending is an effective strategy for.
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  31) Which of the following statements about perceptual tendencies is FALSE? A) People tend to view events as having causes, rather than being accidental. B) People tend to interpret things the way their reference groups do. C) People tend to perceive others as being basically like themselves. D) People tend to view others as.
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  12) Explain which elements you would examine in a demographic analysis of your audience. For each of these elements, explain how it might affect the strategies a speaker might use in preparing and presenting a speech. 13) How does cultural diversity present a strategic challenge to speakers?  How can speakers adapt.
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  1) A speaker analyzing the audience's beliefs, interests, and values is focusing on audience psychology. 2) Audience demographics refers to the listeners' political affiliations. 3) Listeners naturally appreciate and support speakers who address their interests and beliefs. 4) Since the size of your audience can make a difference with a smaller audience,.
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  3) Which form of evidence appeals to the belief that "seeing is believing"? 5) What are the advantages of documents as supporting material? 6) When are statistics especially useful and why? 7) What are the two types of testimony? How do they differ? 8) How does an electronic database differ from a search engine?     .
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  21) Jimmy argues that the fact that major league athletes are bigger, stronger, and faster than they were 20 years ago is an indicator that steroid use among these athletes has increased. What type of reasoning is this? A) analogy B) testimony C) sign D) narrative E) example 22) Which of the following is an.
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  21) Closed questions can be answered quickly and may permit you to interview more people for your speech 22) Reference works include general information volumes like encyclopedias and atlases. 23) Encyclopedias are useful in providing a deeper understanding of a topic by providing depth and detail about a topic. 24) The most.
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  31) Time Fortune, Harpers, and the Quarterly Journal of Speech are examples of A) newspapers. B) abstracts. C) periodicals. D) compilations. E) collections. 32) Which of the following sources of printed supporting material provide a convenient collection of facts and information, but not in narrative form? A) books B) periodicals C) reference works D) fugitive materials E) government documents 33) Which reference.
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