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  Match the term with its definition A) Positivism B) Hegemony C) Ideology D) Critical studies ____ A dominant way of thinking about the way society should be organized. (Answer: B) ____ Use of the quantitative tools observational and measurement tools of the natural sciences to investigate social phenomena. ____ Mass consent to a dominant way of thinking.
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  Which of the following are key characteristics of how theories work: A) They make predictions B) They offer explanations C) They answer questions D) All of the above The description of how general or widely a theory may be applied is called: A) Appropriateness B) Parsimony C) Scope D) Openness A theory’s ability to generate new research ideas about its.
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  Match the theory/school of thought with its defining principles A) Political economy B) Commodification of culture C) Frankfurt School D) Birmingham School (British cultural studies) E) Symbolic interactionism/social construction of reality F) Postmodernism ____ Mass culture created by powerful elite individuals and organizations is imposed on the mass of society as a means of exerting social control. ____.
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  21)Media literacy is only concerned with how messages are received and perceived; media production is concerned with how they are prepared and sent.   22)Realizing that a letter personally addressed to you with several references to your hometown and school is part of a mass mailing and not a personal message demonstrates.
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  21.T F   China supported the government of Khmer Rouge in Cambodia. 27.Which of the following has the least dense concentration of population? A.China B.India C.South America D.Australia 28. Which of the following programs occurred first? A.“100 Flowers Campaign” B.“Great Leap Forward” C.“Quit India” D.Chinese expulsion of foreigners 29.  Which region of China was occupied by Japan by 1933? A.Manchuria B.Shanxi C.Shandong D. Taiwan 31.Late nineteenth.
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  11.T F   Third-world women have developed distinct forms of feminism. 12.What are the main practical and ethical concerns regarding human cloning? Do you believe these concerns will be resolved in the twenty-first century? 14.How did the economic function of cities change in the course of the twentieth century? A.from global to local B.from industrial.
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  52. At least portions of the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing: A.were broadcast in every language currently spoken B.were broadcast everywhere around the globe, in real time C.were viewed by almost three-quarters of the world’s population D.were broadcast to more than half the land-area of the Earth 53. Nanotechnology is: A.banned because of the danger it.
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  1)The technology-assisted transmission of messages to mass audiences is known as __________.   2)Simultaneous exposure to messages from different media is called __________.   3)_______________ requires an audience of more than one, all within earshot.   4)__________ is communication between two individuals.   5)In mass communication,  __________ are massive, eclectic, and heterogeneous.   6)A synonym sometimes used for __________ is.
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    11)Pulp fiction is a derisive term for cheap novels.   12)Photography began to increase the communicative power of the written word in the mid1900s.   13)Halftones allow us to see shapes and images produced by variously sized dots of ink.    14)With the launch of Sports Illustrated in 1934, photography moved the magazine industry into.
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  47. The Indian People’s Party (BJP) has tried to base political identity on: A.skin color B.caste C.“Hinduness” D.socio-economic status 48. Liberation theology: A.drew opposition from Pope John Paul II B.is stronger in Africa than in Latin America C.is conservative in orientation D.gains most of its supporters from the middle and upper classes 49. In the United States between 1990 and.
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  Which of the following is NOT a limitation imposed on copyright holders’ exclusive uses of a work? A) First sale of a physical unit B) Time limits C) Fair use D) Modification of a work Why does the law place limits on the exclusive uses granted to copyright holders? A) To balance public and private benefits.
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  11)_________ literacy does not just refer to motion pictures; it also applies to television, video, and other motion media.   12)People who are __________ literate are aware of their media environment.   13)Media literate Americans recognize the traditional view thatthe news media should serve as a ___________  for the people to point out government.
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  Match the theory with its definition A) Agenda setting B) Spiral of silence C) Knowledge gap D) Framing E) Cultivation ____ Cues in the media about popular/standard viewpoints help to suppress expression of ideas that vary with those views because of fears that such viewpoints are unpopular and out of the mainstream. ____ Media provide perspectives or.
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  1. The author claims that knowledge of history is useful for all of the following reasons EXCEPT which one? A.knowledge of history expands our ideas about how current events might play out over time B.understanding historical themes alerts us to themes we might otherwise miss in current events C. the past predicts.
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  49.T F   At its founding, the primary goal of the World Bank was to provide the funds for reconstruction in war-torn nations. 50.T F   Transnational corporations operate in many countries with no clear headquarters. 51.T F   Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) often supplement government programs, particularly in the areas of economic development and.
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  Which philosopher is associated with a research style known as “positivism?” A) Rene Descartes B) August Comte C) Immanuel Kant D) Max Weber True/False: The main characteristic that makes a statement into a hypothesis is that it can be tested by observing and analyzing evidence. True/false: Research questions are most useful when they are specific.
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  Match the theory with its definition A) Uses and Gratifications B) Elaboration Likelihood Model C) Social Learning D) Schema E) Media Dependency ____ Audiences are active and motivated to make deliberate choices in media consumption ____ People can learn by observing behavior of others, including observations made through media ____ When individuals rely on a medium extensively to.
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  1)The Internet and other computerized communication systems are so important that computer sabotage committed by another country is considered an act of war that warrants a military response from U.S. armed forces.   2)Mass communication is any technology-enabled process that permits long-distance messaging.   3)The media landscape evolves with the rise of new technology.   4)Mass.
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  24. What type(s) of power does Joseph E. Nye, Jr., believe the United States lost in its response to the 9/11 attacks? A. military, economic, and “soft” B.military only C.economic and “soft” only D.military and economic only 25. In 2004, Lithuania, Latvia, Estonia, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, and Poland all: A.applied to join the.
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  Match the letter of the term with the statement that defines it best : A) “Bullet” or “Hypodermic Needle” Theory B) Propaganda C) Functional analysis D) Limited Effects Paradigm ____ Media fulfill certain functions in society such as surveillance of the environment, interpretation of the environment and transmission of cultural heritage ____ Audiences are relatively.
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  1. From the twelfth century onward, new attributes of trade included all of the following EXCEPT: A.trade became the driving force in international relations B.trade networks became global C.tools of exchange became increasingly personalized and currency became localized D. merchants rivaled political leaders for power 2. The globalized world’s principal financial institutions include all.
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  Which of the following is not one of the characteristics of a content analysis, according the classic definition by Bernard Berelson? A) Objective B) Systematic C) Quantitative D) Inductive     True/false: Content analysis always requires analyzing an entire population of the subject to be analyzed and cannot be done with samples.     True/False: Content analysis categories should always.
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  21) Guglielmo Marconi is well known for transmitting the first A) photographic image. B) wireless message. C)television signal. D) text message.   22) Hertzian waves, named for Heinrich Hertz who proved their existence in 1877 are now more commonly called A) dopler waves. B)electronic waves. C)radio waves. D)television waves.   23) Idaho farm boy Philo Farnsworth developed the first practical A) talking pictures. B)television.
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    What is the key characteristic of empirical quantitative research? A) It always leads to validation of a hypothesis B) It is the easiest type of research to complete C) Results are expressed numerically D) Results are expressed with text interpretations     What is the key characteristic of qualitative research? A) It always leads to validation of a.
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    21)The first sound recording and playback machine was called the phonograph.   22)The telegraph allowed for long-distance communication between point A and point B.    23)Samuel Morse invented the telephone in 1844.   24)Granville Woods pioneered a wireless way to communicate with moving trains.    25)In 1895, Guglielmo Marconi used Morse code, a telegraph key, and.
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  Match the term with its definition A) Defamation B) Actual malice C) Intrusion D) Appropriation ____ Invasion of someone's privacy through gathering information about them in an offensive way ____ Publication of a defamatory statement when the person publishing it knows it is false or shows reckless disregard toward whether it is true or false ____.
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  1. Population density is highest in: A.Africa B.China C.North America D.South America 2. China: A.had no powerful central government for most of the first half of the twentieth century B.is culturally very diverse C.was a country at peace until the invasion of Japan D.became a communist state in the late 1950s 3. India: A.had no real sense of unity during.
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  11. During the revolution, the Chinese communist program included all of the following, except: A.an industrially-based economy B.a benevolent communist leadership C.increased literacy D.paramedics for health care 12. In China after 1945: A.the Chinese communists retreated to near the northern border of China B.Chiang’s forces fought professionally and made many gains C.the United States provided military aid and.
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    Please match the terms with their definitions. 1) Marketplace of IdeasA) Seeking narrower audiences 2) Media literacyB) Knowledge about mass media 3) Cultural identityC) Sending of messages to many people 4) Mass communicationD) Free expression of competing ideas 5) DemassificationE) Shared experiences   Match each term in the left column with the most appropriate explanation in.
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    1)Media literacy enables us to more effectively use the mass media for our own advantage and avoid being conned by them.   2)Although we don’t always pay attention to them, we are exposed to media messages more than two-thirds of our waking hours.   3)A study at Ball State University found that people intentionally.
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  41)As they did on 9/11, the mass media can help connect and bind people together during  a crisis.   42 Media coverage of events like Arab Spring, the Asian tsunamis, Hurricane Katrina or even the Super Bowl provide a shared cultural experience.   43)Regrettably, the mass media’s ability to unify and bind society only.
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  11)Group communication involves an audience of more than one, all within earshot.   12)Mass communication would NOT have been possible WITHOUT  the invention of technologies such as the printing press, broadcast transmitters, and Internet servers.   13)Their ability to exchange user-generated content is one of the main reasons “social media”  became the common name.
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  39. What is “Fortress Europe”? A.late twentieth-century restrictions on emigration from Europe B.Europe’s military-industrial complex C.the derogatory nickname for Europe’s post-1990 restrictions on immigration D.the post-Cold War combination of NATO and the Warsaw Pact 40. Worldwide, at any given time: A.approximately 80% of refugees are women and children B.there are between 5 and 10 million refugees C.most refugees.
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  37. Which of the following was NOT one of Gandhi’s goals for India’s development? A.Hindu-Muslim unity B.prohibition of alcohol C.maintenance of traditional caste distinctions and rules D.small-scale, labor-intensive technologies 38. The three large campaigns that undermined British rule in India were, in chronological order: A.the Quit India campaign, the Non-cooperation campaign, and the Feed Bangladesh campaign B.the.
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  14. In late 2008, the immense insurance company that appeared on the verge of failure was: A.propped up by foreign investors B.brought to bankruptcy court by shareholders C.the American International Group (AIG) D.bought out by a larger rival 15. Between 1991 and 1993, UN membership: A.jumped from 166 to 184 B.was stagnant C.declined slightly D.dropped from 176 to 152 16..
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  34.T F   China joined the World Trade Organization in 2001. 35.T F   China’s Three Gorges Dam is the largest hydroelectric project in the world. 36.T F   China suppressed early information about the SARS epidemic in 2002. 39.In 1995, what did Francois Mitterand suggest was the basis for Europe’s soft power? In.
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  11) In the years following Gutenberg’s invention of movable metal type, society was transformed in all of the following ways EXCEPT A)the oral tradition of story-telling was displaced by people reading stories for themselves. B)national languages emerged and gradually replaced local dialects. C)books and literacy became subject to tighter control and scrutiny by.
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  31) The early version of what became the Internet linked government contractors and universities so researchers could exchange information and was known as A) Comp-U-Link. B)Compuserve . C)U.S.A. Net. D)ARPAnet.   32) The type of technology through which media messages are coded into 1s and 0s for transmission and delivery then decoded into their original appearance.
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  31)Information comes in many forms besides news; even advertising offers information that helps consumers make intelligent buying decisions.   32)The outcome of Cairo, Egypt’s Arab Spring in 2011 was heavily influenced by key protesters’ ability to apply their media literacy skills to a serious political problem.   33)Cell phone communication was one of the.
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  39.Of the following countries, which won independence first? A.Togo B.Malawi C.Mozambique D. Namibia 40. Mikhail Gorbachev: A.refused to reduce his country’s nuclear arsenal B.was removed from power by a military coup C.was more successful at glasnost then at perestroika D.kept tight control over Eastern Europe 41. To the best of medical experts’ knowledge, this disease has been totally eradicated: A.smallpox B.malaria C.yellow.
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1) A defining characteristic of mass communication is that it A) can easily survive without technological assistance. B)relies on technology. C)preceded technology. D)continues to exist despite technological advances.   2) When people communicate face-to-face, we call it A) individual communication. B)non-applied media. C)interpersonal communication. D)basic pedagogy.   3) Traditional media products and new products are emerging from A) analog technology. B)landlines. C)digital technology. D)broadcasting.   4) Photography and.
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  1)  One of the traditions of U.S. journalism implied in the Constitution is that the mass media should report news and A)be inexpensive enough for consumers to afford.. B)offer space so advertisers can reach their potential customers. C)provide politicians with a venue to speak uncensored to the citizenry. D)serve as a watchdog of government.
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1) Media researchers at Ball State University found that people are intentionally involved in a media activity for __________ percent of their waking hours. A)1 B)10 C)30 D)60   2) Traditionally, mass communication is defined as the technology-assisted transmission of messages to A)print journalists. B)interpersonal audiences. C)mass audiences. D)only niche audiences.   3) According to the research firm Nielsen, the medium that.
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  31) Network television broadcasts became a nationwide societal unifier because A) they attracted huge audiences who all watched the same cultural fare. B) prime time viewing hours encouraged people to stay at home with their families. C)TV sets were manufactured in the United States and their sale created an economic boom. D) people.
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  41) Hiebert, Ungurait and Bohn developed an excellent model that visually presents the process of mass communication as A)boxes with directional arrows between them leading from the sender to the audience. B)a staircase of operational steps that go upward from idea to understanding. C)concentric circles representing the factors that affect the outcome of.
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  11) One characteristic that distinguishes mass communication from interpersonal and group communication is the A)content of the message. B)lack of immediate feedback. C)ability of the receiver of the message to understand it. D)length of the message.   12) Which of the following social media traits is NOT shared with earlier, traditional mass media? A) They reach.
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  27. Micro-credit loans from the Grameen Bank A.are rarely re-paid B.carry high interest rates C.go overwhelmingly to women D.are good only in Bangladesh 28. Nations opposed to South Africa’s racist policies engaged in all of the following activities EXCEPT: A. providing troops to participate in a coup B.restricting trade C.ending cultural and sports exchanges D.withdrawing economic investments 29. After.
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  47. What aspects of India’s development make it a troublesome model? A.lack of cultural identity B.political stalemate C.lack of economic growth D.persistent poverty and illiteracy 48.T F   Gandhi’s teachings promoted passive resistance. 49.T F   Gandhi’s activities in South Africa earned him the esteem of his countrymen in South Africa and in India. 50.T F   Gandhi struggled.
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