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  1) Explain the interplay between the speaker and the audience that occurs in a public speaking situation. 2) Explain the typical reasons for speech anxiety, and discuss the strategies for overcoming anxiety.  Be sure to explain why the techniques for reducing speech anxiety are likely to be effective. 3) What are the.
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  11) Beginning a speech with an anecdote is an example of A) telling a story. B) asking a rhetorical question. C) stating the purpose. D) challenging the audience. E) citing a statistic. 12) Citing statistics in the introduction works best when A) they are drawn from a small survey. B) they are rounded off. C) they are accurate, but.
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  1) Identify whether the element is part of a preparation or a presentation outline. 1) complete sentences A) preparation outline 2) key words  B) presentation outline 2) Identify whether the element is part of a preparation or a presentation outline. 1) stage directions A) preparation outline 2) bibliography  B) presentation outline 3) Match the skeleton outline in the.
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  11) The relationship between a main point and the subpoints that support it is a relationship of ________. 12) The relationship among the subpoints that support a single main point in an outline is a relationship of ________. 13) The principle of ________ requires that each point in the outline should express.
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  6) What term is used to describe the strategy of putting the strongest idea first? 7) What are the seven organizational patterns for arranging main points? 8) Define the pattern of arrangement called "residues." 9) What is the most important question regarding supporting material, and the hardest to answer? 10) What four factors.
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  11) Explain how organization promotes comprehension, retention, and persuasion. 12) Explain the four steps a speaker should follow to identify main ideas before preparing an outline. 13) Explain the criteria for deciding which main points to include in your speech. 14) Identify the seven patterns of arrangement and write a set of.
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  11) With logically dependent ideas, if the audience accepts any one of the main ideas, they are likely to accept the overall thesis. 12) It is recommended that a speaker begin with ideas that are relatively familiar to listeners rather than with ideas that are unfamiliar. 13) The primacy and recency effects.
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  1) Match the types of reasoning with the criteria used to test them. 1) testimony A) resonance and plausibility 2) narrative B) post hoc fallacy 3) analogy  C) credibility and ethos 4) cause  D) representativeness and adequacy 5) example  E) similarity without significant difference 1) Why is the audience the overriding factor in supporting a claim? 2) Identify.
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  1) A speech outline is simply a display of the ________ pattern of the speech. 2) The ________ outline helps the speaker compose the speech, select the best evidence, and discover which points have insufficient supporting material. 3) The ________ outline is used as a memory aid while delivering the speech. 4) One.
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  4) What are the four barriers to effective listening and what are the causes of these barriers?  What can a speaker do to limit the effects of poor listening? 5) How does cultural diversity present a strategic challenge to speakers?  How can speakers adapt to culturally diverse audiences? 6) For each of.
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  1) What are the four goals of an introduction? 2) In the introduction, speakers should influence the audience to view two things favorably.  What are they? 3) Why is identifying with your audience a beneficial strategy in an introduction? 4) What are the three purposes of a conclusion? 5) Identify any three types of.
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  31) Herbert wants to inform his audience about the three main Middle Eastern religions: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.  What organizational pattern is best suited to this topic? A) categorical B) chronological C) spatial D) problem-solution E) residues 32) What organizational pattern is reflected in the following main ideas? I. Crime is on the rise in Midville. II..
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  10) Identify the three elements that make up a complete transition. 11) Select one of the topics below and write an introduction for a speech, showing how each of the goals of an effective introduction have been addressed in your introduction. 12) Explain how introductions, conclusions, and transitions contribute to fulfilling audience.
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1) A well-organized speech leads to which of the following results? A) Listeners may forget unconnected ideas. B) Listeners will stop attending to the speech. C) Listeners will be distracted while trying to reconstruct your logic. D) Listeners may resent the lack of structure and resist your message. E) Listeners will understand, remember, and be.
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  41) When a certain truck company sings that their truck is "like a rock," they are using a ________ analogy. 42) The singing of "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" during the 7th inning stretch of every Cubs game is an institutional ________. 43) Institutional regularity, statistical index, and physical observation.
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  31) Rhetorical proof does not prove claims, it ________ claims, but gives listeners good reasons to accept them. 32) In a rhetorical proof, the ________ is the statement that you want the audience to accept; it is what you are trying to prove. 33) The overriding factor in supporting a claim.
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  21) When main ideas can stand alone, because the truth of each does not depend on the others, they are A) incoherent. B) independent. C) parallel. D) dependent. E) indiscrete. 22) Consider the following main points: I. Campus speech codes are unacceptably vague. II. Campus speech codes discourage discussing controversial issues. III. Campus speech codes bring bad publicity to.
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  21) Which of the following guidelines is an effective strategy for preparing an introduction? A) Prepare the body of the speech before the introduction. B) Prepare the introduction before the body of the speech. C) Prepare the conclusion of the speech first. D) Write the transitions before the introduction and conclusion. E) Outline the introduction.
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  21) During an important presentation to her superiors, Halle discussed each of the four suppliers available to the company and was able to show that only one could provide materials on time, in sufficient quantity, and at low cost. By focusing on these four suppliers, and ruling out each alternative.
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1) A speaker relies on an outline to A) gather material. B) arrange ideas. C) research supporting material. D) enhance language of the speech. E) brainstorm for the speech topic. 2) The two types of outlines are A) rhetorical and situational. B) informative and persuasive. C) formal and informal. D) presentation and preparation. E) manuscript and memorized. 3) Which of the following.
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  1) A poorly organized speech forces listeners to use mental energy to reconstruct the speaker's ideas. 2) The two basic components of organization are selection and arrangement. 3) Effective organization encourages passive listening because it takes less effort to follow the speech. 4) Main ideas for a speech can be drawn from the.
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  1) The introduction of a speech powerfully affects the audience's first ________ of the speaker. 2) A speech with only a body violates listeners' expectations about ________. 3) A speaker most likely reveals the purpose of a speech in the ________. 4) The part of the introduction that is also referred to as.
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  11) A speaker using an anecdote in the introduction of the speech is drawing the listeners' attention to similarities and differences between objects, events, or situations. 12) An analogy is a comparison that draws attention to similarities and differences between objects, events, or situations. 13) Anecdotes and analogies help make abstract ideas.
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  11) The first element of an effective conclusion is to ________. 12) The last step in an effective conclusion is to make a ________. 13) An effective ________  in the conclusion is an important aid to memory, increasing the chances that your listeners will recall your main ideas. 14) Offering a/an  ________ in.
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  21) The organizational pattern derived from topoi is chronological. 22) Cause-effect speeches can be organized by starting with an effect and then addressing the cause or by starting with the cause and then addressing the effects. 23) The pattern of residues is used when you use your last main point to cover.
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  11) Which of the following characteristics refers to the idea that main points should be stated in single short sentences? A) simplicity B) completeness C) balance D) coherence E) discreteness 12) What is wrong with the following main points from Ryan's speech about the Civil War? I. The southern economy was threatened. II. Southerners wanted to preserve.
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  6) Which speech element appears parenthetically between main points in the presentation outline? 7) What are the characteristics of a presentation outline? 8) What is the difference between main ideas as they appear in the presentation outline and as they appear in the preparation outline? 9) When is it appropriate to use.
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  11) If your preparation outline needs more than four levels of importance, your thesis is probably too broad and unfocused. 12) In a preparation outline, all Roman numeral and capital letter points should be stated in complete sentences. 13) Subordinate points appear at different levels of the outline than the points they.
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  1) Listener’s expect a beginning, middle, and end to a speech. . 2) Audiences are distracted when a speaker departs from the customary form. 3) The introduction of a speech gives the audience clues as to the speaker's personality, intentions, style and overall perspective. 4) In addition to gaining attention, it is important.
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  11) Consider the following three points: 1. Inflation has increased in each of the last two quarters. 2. The economy is on the decline. 3. Joblessness has risen by two percent this year. Which of these points should be signified by a Roman numeral? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) Both 1 and 2 E) Both 2 and.
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  31) In the preparation outline, the introduction and conclusion should be developed __________ the main points. A) separately from B) coordinate with C) subordinate to D) equal to E) before 32) The drawback to using footnotes in the outline and then reproducing the supporting material at the end is A) you will have to flip back and.
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  21) Because the preparation outline is too wordy, the presentation outline should use a different structure than the preparation outline. 22) Transitions are only included in presentation outlines, never in preparation outlines. 23) Because the preparation outline provides important structure and detail, it is the outline that should be used when delivering.
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  1) Match the strategy with the part of the speech in which it occurs. 1) refer to the speech situation A) conclusion 2) use signposting  B) transition 3) offer a utopian vision  C) introduction 2) Match the strategy with the part of the speech in which it occurs. 1) ask a rhetorical question A) conclusion 2) challenge the.
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