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21) Why would someone want to “leak” information to the press? 22) What lesson was learned from the Patterson-McClure study? A) Stonewalling is an effective campaign tactic. B)  The biggest spender wins the election. C)  Political advertising can make a crucial difference. D)  Dishonest politicians seldom get elected. E)  Canada has fewer political scandals than the.
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71) The __________________ model portrays extremes, such as libertarian and authoritarian, as opposites. 72)­ India's movie industry is often referred to as __________________.   73) The __________________ model is a looped model that juxtaposes traditional authoritarian and social responsibility models. 74) Top-down governance, such as a monarchy or dictatorship, is called __________________. 75) Libertarians believe.
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51) The Al Jazeera television news network was originally based in Dubai. A) True B) False 52) Authoritarian media systems are especially prominent in Canada. A) True B) False 53) Al Jazeera picked up its journalistic tradition from the BBC and CNN. A) True B) False 54) The American network CNN refuses to have anything to do with the.
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11.In terms of the four ethical principals of the APA code of ethics, psychologists should not only strive to do no harm, but help others. This falls under which code of ethics? a.Beneficence b.Fidelity c.Integrity d.Respect 12. In terms of the four ethical principals of the APA code of ethics, psychologists should establish relationships of.
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81) __________________ is financed through an annual licensing fee of about $230 on television receivers. 82) The Chinese system to control internal internet communication within the country is called the __________________. 83) Reviewing messages before they reach an audience is called __________________ censorship. 84) The Chinese government uses the __________________ to limit news.
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51) A political candidate without media exposure still has a good chance of winning. A) True B) False 52) Negative ads criticize an opponent’s platform. A) True B) False 53) President Barack Obama used YouTube to deliver a State of the Union address in 2009. A) True B) False 54) Social media offer a chance for the public to.
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21) Which recent issue parallels the debate about black civil rights? A) Immigration B) Drugs C) Terrorism D) Health E) Education 22) Which term describes the communication of cultural values to later generations? A) Indoctrination B) Cross-cultural learning C) Intergenerational mobility D) Historical transmission E) Contemporary transmission 23) When men in New Guinea started to wear Western-style clothing after watching movies, this.
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81) Wilbur Schramm found that television has minimal effects on __________________. 82) Herbert Schiller called the influence of American culture on smaller nations __________________. 83) Using a black hat to depict a movie cowboy as a bad guy is an example of __________________. 84) In 1993, __________________ was created to develop programming codes.
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71) According to Chomsky and Herman, the __________________ limits diversity of opinion and thought in the news media.   72)­ More and more media are owned by __________________ people.   73) Antonio Gramsci argued that the elite rule through a process called __________________. 74) Jürgen Habermas felt that true knowledge can be acquired only through.
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71) Orson Welles frightened millions of radio listeners with his radio drama __________________. 72)­ The __________________ theory wrongly assumes that individuals are passive.   73) In the two-step flow model, the media have an effect on individuals through __________________. 74) __________________ suggests that the media do not tell people what to think but tell.
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81) A four-quadrant model for sorting through ethics problems was developed by __________________.   82) If Bill C-32 passes, it will be illegal to break __________________ on CDs and DVDs.   83) Using someone else's work without permission or credit is called __________________. 84) __________________ was the Quebec City radio station that had its licence.
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41) Responsible communication is a defense against defamation. A) True B) False 42) Defamation cannot take place on the Internet. A) True B) False 43) The Aird Commission was created to examine the danger that American programming posed to Canadian culture. A) True B) False 44) The CRTC was formed in 1968. A) True B) False 45) The works of Canadians are.
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81) The power of television to put far away issues in the minds of domestic audiences has been labeled __________________. 82) The process by which media coverage shapes how people see issues is called __________________. 83) In 2010, 200 000 Canadians joined a __________________ group called Canadians Against Proroguing Parliament. 84) In Canada,.
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1.A test’s ability to produce the same results over time is its: a.Reliability. b.Validity. c.Utility. d.Generalizability. 2. Estefani and Stephania are looking at videos of bullying behaviors on playgrounds. They both look at a video of one child pushing another and code it as aggression. This illustrates: a.Split half reliability. b.Test-retest reliability. c.Internal consistency. d.Inter-rater reliability. 3. When a test.
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11) Which is a Qatar-based satellite news channel for Arab audiences? A) Qatar International B) All-Arab Network C) BBC D) Al Jazeera E) CNN 12) Which is a television station that transmits directly to a satellite that beams signals back to individual receivers? A) Satcaster B) Cable transmitter C) Direct TV D) Digital TV E) Satellite transmitter 13) Which country is planning.
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41) Throughout mass media history, authoritarian political systems have been the most common. A) True B) False 42) Authoritarianism grew out of the Enlightenment period. A) True B) False 43) Because British law forbids news coverage once a criminal charge has been filed, people in London had no news about the terrorist bombings in 2005. A) True B).
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1.A _____ is more likely to hold a doctorate degree, while a _____ has less training and often has only completed a master’s level degree. a.Clinical psychologist; Counseling psychologist b.Counseling psychologist; Clinical psychologist c.Psychiatrist; Clinical psychologist d.Professional social worker; Psychiatrist 2.Sara works as a case manager; she helps clients find resources and puts them in.
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61) Satellite television has been legal in Iran since the revolution of 1979. A) True B) False 62) The American broadcast service Voice of America is the most popular news service in the United States. A) True B) False 63) Britain's BBC is known for its global news coverage. A) True B) False 64) It is impossible for national.
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11) Paul Lazarsfeld concluded that media influence on voters generally is A) direct. B)  indirect. C)  powerful. D)  weak. E)  moderate. 12) What did David Brock’s and Matt Drudge’s reports on U.S. President Bill Clinton expose? A) Money laundering B) Political bias C) A sex scandal D) War mongering E) Drug smuggling 13) What is the popular name given to the.
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61) Blogs represent a kind of democratization in news coverage. A) True B) False 62) A propagandist documentary helped to shape issues in the 2004 presidential campaign. A) True B) False 63) A study of the CBS Evening News found that 60 percent of the opening stories featured the president. A) True B) False 64) Journalists know that audiences.
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1) Which was the first generation of media effects theories? A) Minimalist B) Two-step flow C) Multistep flow D) Cumulative effects E) Powerful effects 2) The effects of the War of the Worlds broadcast were particularly amazing considering A) the Emergency Warning System had not gone off. B)  that H.G. Wells's story was part of.
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11. When scores on measures are used statistically to make decisions it is called the ____ approach. When scores are based on experience and intuition it is based on the ____ approach. a.Clinical judgment; Actuarial b.Availability; Representativeness c.Actuarial; Clinical judgment d.Representativeness; Availability 12. If I watch children aged 18 months, 24 months and 36 months.
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51) Media effects on opinion are often gradual. A) True B) False 52) Some media influence is undeniable. A) True B) False 53) Everybody is born knowing how to fit into society. A) True B) False 54) Television may impart more socializing information than parents do. A) True B) False 55) Role modelling can only work for negative purposes. A) True B) False 56) Mass.
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21) How many blog site operators are there in China? A) 400 000 B) 40 000 C) 400 million D) 4 million E) 40 million 22) Which is the major focus of Chinese censorship? A) Education issues B) Health issues C) Religious issues D) Social issues E) Political issues 23) In China, imports cannot constitute more than what percentage of television programs? A).
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11. If GRE scores are designed to predict intelligence and people who score 1,300 get all A’s in graduate school, then the GRE would have high: a.Predicative validity. b.Concurrent validity. c.Face validity. d.Construct validity. 12.An in-depth examination of an individual is a(n): a.Experiment. b.Correlation. c.Case study. d.Microgenetic study. 13. A variable that makes it difficult to determine the effect of.
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1.Defining abnormality as statistically unusual is known as: a.The normative approach. b.Subjective interpretation. c.Maladaptive functioning. d.Generalizability normation. 2.If you believe that something bothers you, even if it doesn’t bother others, it may be considered a psychological problem according to: a.The normative approach. b.Subjective interpretation. c.Maladaptive functioning. d.Generalizability normation. 3. Being diagnosed as mentally retarded because one is in the bottom.
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31) Which is a staged event to attract media attention? A) Pseudo-event B) Trial balloon C) Leak D) Sound bite E) Photo op 32) Which is easy to report but tricky and inconsistent? A) Photo ops B) Pseudo-events C) Trial balloons D) Leaks E) Poll results 33) A news report that includes email from viewers is an example of A) the.
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31) What is popular on Colombian radio stations? A) Music videos B) Talk shows C) Sports D) High drama E) News 32) In the 1990s, how many journalists were killed because of their work in Colombia? A) 75 B) 123 C) 15 D) 31 E) 56 33) The movie mania in India centres on A) stars. B)  producers. C)  writers. D)  singers. E)  directors. 34) Which organization tracks.
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41) The elite influence the lower classes by manipulating ideas communicated by the news media. A) True B) False 42) Jürgen Habermas believes that there is now a large public sphere for real discourse. A) True B) False 43) There is a symbiotic relationship between the media and the government. A) True B) False 44) Everyone believes that.
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1) The bipolar model portrays two extremes—authoritarian and A) democratic. B)  libertarian. C)  authoritative. D)  communist. E)  anti-authoritarian. 2) Which is an example of a bipolar model? A) Media and communications B) Liberty and freedom C) States and countries D) Television and movies E) Authoritarianism and libertarianism 3) In the continuum model, where would Canada's media system be placed? A) At.
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11) What is a difficult issue in controlling defamation on the internet? A) Conflicting jurisdiction B) Lack of precedents C) Litigation D) Jurisprudence E) Unclear definition 12) Which was the first royal commission into Canadian broadcasting? A) The Fowler Commission B) The CRTC Commission C) The Dagenais Commission D) The Broadcasting Commission E) The Aird Commission 13) What reason was.
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1. According to the text, the largest percentage of acceptances per number of applications (i.e., the program is easiest to get into) for which of the following types of doctoral-level clinical graduate programs? a.APA accredited PsyD b.Practice oriented PhD c.Research oriented PhD d.Non-accredited programs 2. According to the text, the percentage of acceptances per number.
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71) __________________ is the basis for both media law and ethics codes in Canada. 72)­ __________________ is false comments that harm someone's reputation.   73) In 1929, the __________________ was set up to examine the danger that American programming posed to Canadian culture. 74) Material not covered under copyright legislation is said to be.
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41) Narcoticizing dysfunction is one aspect of the hypodermic needle theory. A) True B) False 42) Narcoticizing dysfunction can be caused by having too much information. A) True B) False 43) The cumulative effects theory claims that the media have a powerful immediate effect that diminishes over time. A) True B) False 44) The third-person effect means that.
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51) Consolidation in the mass media industry is complicating the "duty to employer" ethic. A) True B) False 52) A single ethics standard is easily applied to the mass media. A) True B) False 53) A fictional news story on CBC News betrays audience expectations. A) True B) False 54) Washington Post reporter Janet Cooke was forced to produce.
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11. The setting in which a clinical psychologist is least likely to be working is a: a.Hospital setting. b.Academic setting. c.Private practice. d.VA or community mental health center. 12. As a clinical psychologist, if you work in private practice you most likely spend more time doing _____ than anything else. a.Research / writing b.Clinical supervision c.Psychotherapy d.Consultation 13. As a.
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31) Which theory sees media violence as having a contributing role in violent behaviour, not as triggering it? A) Two-step flow theory B) Catalytic theory C) Bullet theory D) Multistep flow theory E) Status conferral theory 32) Who concluded that media-depicted violence scares far more people than it inspires to violence, leading them to believe the.
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A) Ben Bagdikian and Joseph Howe B) Edmund Burke C) Ted Rogers and Rupert Murdoch D) Marshall McLuhan E) Noam Chomsky and Edward Herman 2) Chomsky and Herman argue that through gatekeeping, news is used as A) information. B)  freedom. C)  propaganda. D)  entertainment. E)  a filter. 3) According to Antonio Gramsci, the elite rule through a process called A) libertarianism. B)  authoritarianism. C) .
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21) Failing to re-examine accepted practices leads to A) the elimination of “do unto others.” B)  ignoring the needs of individuals. C)  situational ethics. D)  utilitarianism. E)  relying on habit rather than principles. 22) What is prudence? A) Applying wisdom B) Abiding by deontology C) Upholding a categorical imperative D) Extreme caution E) Reliance on principles 23) What is plagiarism?.
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61) "Duty to employer" always outweighs "duty to audience." A) True B) False 62) Receiving gifts, favours, and privileges is inherently wrong. A) True B) False 63) The Broadcasting Act is the federal regulator of advertising in Canada. A) True B) False 64) Copyright law is meant to encourage creativity. A) True B) False 65) The CRTC has a clear definition of.
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1. Martine does research on abnormality where she looks at a family. This type of research is considered: a.Idiographic. b.Interpretative. c.Nomothetic. d.Nomenclature. 2. Ibrahim does research on thousands of college students this broad approach is called: a.Idiographic. b.Interpretative. c.Nomothetic. d.Nomenclature. 3.Assessments on groups are ______; assessing a couple or family is _______. a.Idiographic; Nomothetic b.Interpretative; Nomenclature c.Nomothetic; Idiographic d.Nomenclature; Interpretative 4. Delaney takes a broad.
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11. GRE stands for: a.Getting Rationale Expedience. b.Graduate Record Examination. c.Graduate Reporting Excellence. d.Gaining Rapid Exclusion. 12. The part of the GRE that measures reasoning is the: a.Quantitative section. b.Verbal section. c.Analytical section. d.Qualitative section. 13. Ronaldo is taking the GRE and gets to the section that involves thinking about formulas and mathematics. This is the __­­­­__ section. a.Quantitative b.Verbal c.Analytical d.Qualitative 14. Most clinical.
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61) The cathartic effect sees a direct link between media violence and violent behaviour. A) True B) False 62) Albert Bandura's Bobo doll studies clearly proved that media violence causes violent reactions. A) True B) False 63) Screen-triggered violence is more likely if the aggression is obviously fake and unconvincing. A) True B) False 64) Wilbur Schramm found.
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1.One way of viewing ethics is that it is a continuum, with on one end being “do no harm” and the other end being ______. a.Unobtainable b.Aspirational c.Post-conventional d.Metaethical 2.The most common violation or compliant against therapists is: a.Inappropriate assessment procedure. b.Lack of professional competence. c.Confidentiality. d.Boundary violations. 3.If you had a client that was a police officer and you.
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11) Which theory holds that people overestimate the impact of media messages on other people? A) Uses and gratifications B) Two-step flow C) Cumulative effects D) Third-person effect E) Status conferral 12) Paul Lazarsfeld found that voters were more influenced by A) newspapers. B)  radio. C)  television. D)  other people. E)  politicians. 13) When people use the media to learn about how.
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31) In order to use a song as part of a TV program, you would need what type of rights? A) Synchronization rights B) Moral rights C) Copyrights D) Performance rights E) Mechanical rights 32) Following the rules precisely is a stance known as A) utilitarianism. B)  prescriptive ethics. C)  precision ethics. D)  pragmatic ethics. E)  egalitarian ethics. 33) The.
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1) Which Florida law did reporter Jim DeFede violate? A) Taping a telephone conversation without permission B) Writing a story based on hearsay C) Publishing a story without approval from the editor D) Writing a story that showed only one side of the issue E) Publishing the same story in two newspapers 2) In Canada, what.
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11.Zia has a tendency to respond in a socially desirable manner when asked questions about herself. Which of the following response sets would best represent this example? a.Acquiescence b.Self-deception c.Underreporting of psychopathology d.Overreporting of psychopathology 12.One example of an objective test is the: a.TAT. b.Rorschach. c.MMPI-2. d.Sentence completion. 13. “Have you ever stolen something?” would be a good example of.
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11.If someone were having an issue with self-esteem and self-regard or object relations, it would represent an issue in what domain? a.Emotional regulation b.Intellectual functioning c.Perceptions d.Interpersonal processes 12. Bilal has problems adapting now that he has gone away from home for college. According to clinical psychologists, this would represent an issue in what domain? a.Regulatory.
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1.The most frequently utilized assessment method is the: a.Clinical interview. b.MMPI-2. c.Sentence completion. d.TAT, 2. Whether or not a person is likely to engage in the therapeutic process is considered a: a.Clinical-related variable. b.Independent variable. c.Process-related variable. d.Confounding variable. 3. The manner in which a person behaves is considered: a.Content information. b.Process information. c.Psychic determination. d.Derealization. 4. Your significant other asks you to buy milk.
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