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  11. Mexico’s president Alvaro Obregón initiate __________ in 1920 to restore Mexico’s indigenous cultural identity. A.an indigenous music movement B.a mural movement C.a literary movement D.an oral history movement E.a series of festivals 12. The meeting held from 1884 to 1885, which resulted in the division of the African continent among Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium,.
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  1. The “Manifesto”  was the founding document of __________. A.Cubism B.Futurism C.Fauvism D.Vienna Secession E.German Expressionism 2. __________ composed Porgy and Bess. A.George Gershwin B.Scott Joplin C.Aaron Copland D.Louis Armstrong E.Dizzie Gillespie 3. The __________ movement, founded in 1917 in Holland, sought to integrate painting, sculpture, architecture, and industrial design, and championed a “pure” abstraction. A.Dada B.De Stijl C.Abstract Expressionism D.Surrealism E.none of the above 4. In FSA.
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  1. The purpose of the army of terra cotta figures found buried in the mausoleum of the first Qin emperor was to __________. A.march ceremoniously B.scare off grave robbers C.pay tribute to the emperor D.prevent evil spirits from taking the emperor’s soul E.serve the ruler in the afterlife 2. __________ was the founder of Taoism. A.Lipo B.Laozi C.Confucius D.Buddha E.Mahavira 3..
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  1. In 1868, Japan returned to rule by emperor, inaugurating a period known as the __________. A. Meiji era B.Kamakura period C.Edo period D.Momoyama period E.Muromachi period 2. Woodblock prints were closely associated with __________. A.Beijing opera B.Kabuki theater C.Hsi-wen D.Bunraku puppet theater E.bushido 3. Muromachi gardens were designed for __________. A.exercise B.meditation C.social gatherings D.love trysts E.ceremonies 4.  Basho Matsuo is known for his __________. A.woodblock.
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  1. A model of the warrior culture of Japan in the Kamakura period is __________. A.Shokintei B.illustration of The Tale of Genji C.Minamoto no Yoritomo D.Noh Mask: Ko-omote E.all of the above 2. Horyu-ji (fig. 9.3) is a(the) __________. A.tea ceremony B.achievement of enlightenment C.narrative handscroll D.oldest wooden temple in the world E.form of Japanese music 3. __________ is considered the.
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  21. Berlioz is to the orchestra as Chopin is to the __________. A.violin B.trumpet C.flute D.oboe E.piano 22. Eadweard Muybridge’s sequence studies led to the invention of the __________. A.automobile B.motion picture C.phonograph D.morse code E.radio 23. The American painter __________, who was greatly influenced by photography, was dedicated to the accurate presentation of the human body in motion. A.Edward Hopper B.Thomas Eakins C.Winslow Homer D.Thomas.
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  1. The American writer __________ was influenced by the Bhagavad Gita. A.Ralph Waldo Emerson B.Henry David Thoreau C.Mark Twain D.Walt Whitman E.Emily Dickinson 2. __________ is the divine source of all being in the Hindu religion. A.Brahman B.Sakyamuni C.Mahavira D.Shiva E.Ganesha 3. According to Benton and DiYanni, __________ is the most significant legacy of ancient India. A.its temple design B.its political system C.its sculpture D.the.
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  21.The concept of yin and yang are visually represented as a diamond within a square. 22.The Shang dynasty spanned from about 2000 B.C.E. until the eleventh century B.C.E. 23.The sayings of Confucius were collected in a text called the Pancatantra. 24.There are seven sages of the bamboo grove in the Six.
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  1. Franz Joseph Haydn’s “Farewell” Symphony no. 45 was conceived as an explicit protest at the living conditions at the __________ palace. A.Vienna B.Basel C.Berlin D.Eisenstadt E. Versailles 2. The __________ style is marked by a shift in court taste from the poussiniste  style to a more  rubéniste one. A. Rococo B.Mannerism C.Baroque D.Neoclassicism E.Romanticism 3. A symphony consists of.
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  11. The tympanum at Vezelay (fig. 11.13) portrays the __________. A.Birth of Jesus B.Last Judgment C.Mission of the Apostles D.Apocalypse E.Acts of the Saints 12. The greatest of the Anglo-Saxon Germanic epics is __________. A.Caedmon’s Hymn B.The Book of Kells C.Beowulf D.Song of Roland E.Lindisfarne Gospels 13. __________ is the architectural style of all five of the great pilgrimage churches. A.Gothic B.Classical C.Byzantine D.Romanesque E.Carolingian d, page.
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  11. __________ by Henri Matisse perfectly encapsulates the tenets of Fauvism in its “raw contrasts of pure color in flat planes.” A.Woman with a Hat B.Three Forms C.Object (Le Déjeuner en Fourrure D.Reclining Figure E.The Fountain  12. Nazi’s were proponents of the policy of __________, which they claimed justified the geographic expansion of the “superior”.
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  21. The  Council of Trent suggested that religious art be directed toward all of the following  except __________. A.clarity B.elegance C.emotion D.realism E.none of the above 22. __________, a child prodigy who was selling works by the age of ten, is one of the most celebrated still life painters of the Baroque in France. A.Diego Velázquez B.Mary Beale C.Rembrandt.
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  11. The calligraphy at the upper left of Shen Zhou’s Poet on a Moutaintop (fig. 19.3) is a __________. A.poem B.prayer C.song D.signature E. novella 12. In the Beijing opera, the performer’s roles are divided into four major categories of which __________ is not a category. A.male B.painted male face C.female D.clown E.painted female face 13. Shi Tao excelled in __________. A.architecture B.prose fiction C.Beijing.
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  21. The Ice Age tribal hunters who migrated into the Americas came from __________. A. Asia B.Africa C.Europe D.Greenland E.Anarctica 22. The __________ record(s) the history of the Palenque kings. A.Tikal temple-pyramids B.Peruvian huacas C.Pyramid of the Sun D.Temple of Quetzalcoatl E.Temple of Inscriptions 23. __________ is associated with the Incan culture. A.Mesa Verde B.Temple of Inscriptions C.Great Serpent Mound D.Machu Picchu E.The Cahokia site 24..
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  1. __________ is described as the “poet of the brush.” A.Shen Zhou B.Qiu Ying C.Bei Dao D.Zhu Da E.Cao Xuequin 2. __________ was the most innovative development of the Qing dynasty. A.Poetry B.Prose fiction C.Autobiography D.Essay E.Linked verse 3. The __________ dynasty was a short, but nevertheless a culturally significant, reign. A. Yuan B.Ming C.Qing D.People’s Republic of China E.Tang 4. The most important paintings created in.
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  11. Taoist architecture employs __________. A.intricate designs B.wood in its natural state C.lacquered wood D.ceremonial details E.cloisonné 12. __________ is(are) the earliest known Chinese literature. A.Prose tales B.Epic poetry C.Lyric poetry D.Novellas E. Sagas 13. The most numerous and important Shang artifacts are made of __________. A.wood B.gold C.bronze D.jade E.silver 14. Li Song’s The Red Cliff (fig. 8.10) visualizes the prose poetry of __________, “in.
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  1. Marie de France best known for her __________. A.lais B.romance C.poems D.medieval dramas E.mystery plays 2. The __________ are not an Anglo-Saxon tribe. A.Angles B.Jutes C.Saxons D.Celts E.all of the above 3. The earliest monastic guidelines were provided by __________. A.St. Augustine B.St. Francis of Assisi C.St. Thomas Aquinas D.St. Benedict E.Hildegard of Bingen 4. __________ contains the texts of the four gospels in Latin. A.Book of Kells B.Caedmon’s.
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  11. Ancient Olmec art is associated with __________. A.pyramids B.vase painting C.stone carving D.temples E.bronze casting 12. A __________ is an elaborate ceremony hosted by the chief in Northwest Coast groups of  North America. A.kiva B.potlatch C.geoglyph D.“flower song” E.Bahlum 13. The Head of an Iyoba (fig. 10.19) represents a king of the people of __________. A.Mexico B.Ethiopia C.Peru D.Zimbabwe E.Benin 14. Ancient inhabitants of the.
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  11. In works such as the Sarcophagus of Junius Bassus (fig. 5.8), the various Bible stories depicted were intended to __________. A.demonstrate the artist’s skill in portraying the human form in accurate proportions B.provide the details of a story for an illiterate audience C.entertain with their fanciful tales D.focus on the drama of the.
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  21.The gelede masking tradition comes from the Baule of the Ivory Coast. 22.The Sengalese scholar Leopold Senghor founded the movement called negritude which stressed the cultural achievements and unity of all people of African descent. 23.Fernando Botero is a Columbian artist whose figures look “swollen” and satirize the Latin  American elite. 24.Solomon Linda,.
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  21. The Essays written by __________ are a stunning example of Renaissance individualism grounded in humanism. A.Erasmus B.Martin Luther C.Montaigne D.William Shakespeare E.Kit Marlowe 22. Shakespeare’s Much Ado About Nothing is a __________. A.comedy B.history C.tragedy D.romance E. mystery 23. __________ was the most important satirical work of the Renaissance. A.Erasmus’s The Praise of Folly B.William Shakespeare’s Hamlet C.Benvenuto Cellini’s Autobiography D.John Calvin’s Institutes E.Martin.
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  11. __________ is perhaps the most famous of Hindu icons and has strict rules that govern its production, making it one of the most consist images produced in Hindu art. A.Standing Buddha B.Bodhisattva Padmapani C.Ganesha D.Shiva Nataraja (Lord of the Dance) E.Mahadeo Temple, Khajuraho 12. Mahavira was the founder of __________. A.Islam B.Jainism C.Buddhism D.Hinduism E.Confucianism 13. In transcribing the music.
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  11. __________ is an example of the Flamboyant Gothic style. A.Notre-Dame, Reims B.Notre-Dame, Chartres  C. Saint-Maclou, Rouen D.Sainte-Chapelle, Paris E.Royal Abbey, Saint Denis 12. Early Gothic is represented by __________. A.Chapel of Henry VII B.Florence Cathedral C.Salisbury Cathedral D.Notre-Dame, Paris E.Wells Cathedral 13. The Hundred Years’ War involved __________. A.Italy and Germany B.England and Flanders C.France and Italy D.Greece and Spain E.France and England 14. The.
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  11. The theme of a large portion of nineteenth-century literature is __________. A.good manners B.our ignorance of things C.patriotism D.survival E.family values 12. __________wrote Wuthering Heights which is a perfect encapsulation of the Romantic sensibility in the “violence of its scenes and the extravagance of its style.” A.Emily Brontë B.Jane Austen C.Samuel Taylor Coleridge D.John Keats E.Emily Dickinson 13. __________.
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  21. In Dante’s Inferno, the most grievous and heinous of sinners are punished more severely than those who committed less odious crimes in life. In this regard, Dante’s poem is indebted to the theology  of __________. A.St. Augustine B.St. Benedict C.St. Francis of Assisi D.St. Thomas Aquinas E.Thomas Beckett 22. I.M. Pei designed a(n) __________ to.
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  1. The statue of Coatlicue (fig. 10.7) is from the __________ civilization. A.Incan B.Aztec C.Mayan D.Olmec E.Moche 2. The works of the __________ culture is among the earliest Mesoamerican art that has been found. A. Aztecs B.Olmecs C.Toltecs D.Zapotecs E.Mixtecs 3. The Great Serpent Mound (fig. 10.15) in Adams County, Ohio, was built by the __________ people. A. Aztec B.Adena C.Mayan D.Moche E.Northwest Coast 4. The.
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  11. Georges Seurat employed the __________ technique in Sunday Afternoon on La Grande Jatte (fig. 18.10). A.color field B.tenebrist C.theatrical D.pointillist E.action painting 12. __________ sculpted The Thinker (fig. 18.15). A.Auguste Rodin B.Lorenzo Ghiberti C.Donatello D.Berthe Morisot E.Camille Claudel 13. __________ is known as the “father of abstract art.” A.Claude Monet B.Henri Matisse C.Paul Cézanne D.Paul Gauguin E.Vincent van Gogh 14. Art nouveau favored forms derived from __________. A.nature B.mathematics C.pop culture D.astronomy E.classical.
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  11. The painter __________ worked in a style known as “color field painting.” A.Mark Rothko B.William de Kooning C.Roy Lichtenstein D.Jackson Pollock E.Lee Krasner 12. Robert Rauschenberg called work like the Odalisk (fig. 23.13) __________. A.“action painting” B.“combine painting” C.“meldings” D.“environmental art” E.“pure information” 13. __________ designed “Prairie Houses” early in his career, but his Guggenheim Museum (fig. 23.10) is a.
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  1. Humans, as portrayed in Byzantine mosaics, __________. A.are not necessarily intended to be recognizable portraits of specific individuals B.possess big dark eyes C.have long noses D.all of the answers E.are depicted with small mouths 2. __________ was not a popular theme for catacomb paintings. A.Noah and the Ark B.The Crucifixion C.Moses D.Jonah and the Whale E.Susana 3. __________ was the most.
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  11. One of the most virulent attacks on religious objects occurred in England where King Henry VIII ordered the destruction of monasteries in 1535. His systematic destruction of architecture associated with religion is an example of __________. A.patriotism B.iconoclasm C.etching D.both A and B E.none of the above 12. __________ are an examples of the secular.
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  11. __________ painted The Night Watch (fig. 15.14) in 1642 to represent the Amsterdam civic guard. A.Pieter de Hooch B.Peter Paul Rubens C.Judith Leyster D.Clara Peeters E.Rembrandt van Rijn 12. __________ composed The Four Seasons. A.Claudio Monteverdi B.Johann Sebastian Bach C.Arcangelo Corelli D.Antonio Vivaldi E.Joseph Haydn 13. __________ is the most celebrated painting of Diego Velázquez in part because of the.
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  1. Ralph Waldo Emerson called himself a(n) __________. A.Realist B.Renaissance man C.Transcendentalist D.Impressionist E.Neoclassicist 2. The novel __________ by Robert Louis Stevenson embodies the conflict between the classical mind and the new Romantic mind. A.Walden B.Moby Dick C.Treasure Island D.The Scarlet Letter E.Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde 3. Both Goya’s The Third of May (fig. 17.1) and Théodore Géricault’s Raft of.
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  21. In Tintoretto’s version of The Last Supper (fig. 13.28) __________ helps draw our attention  to Christ. A. glaze B.geometry C.color D.light E.people pointing 22. The technique found in Lorenzo Ghiberti’s The Creation of Adam and Eve  (fig. 13.6) in which events are presented simultaneously that took place sequentially is called __________. A.verisimilitude B.vanishing point C.chiaroscuro D.continuous narration E.sfumato 23..
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  11. Jacques-Louis David’s theme in The Oath of the Horatii (fig. 16.11) is __________. A.Roman heroic stoicism and high principles B.the pledging of eternal love C.the swearing in of Napoleon D.none of the above E.both A and C 12. Jean-Antoine Houdon’s George Washington (fig. 16.14). symbolized the states by __________. A.the number “13” in the corner.
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  1. The Gothic style first developed around __________. A.1080 B.1140 C.1420 D.1272 E.1055 2. Duccio is to Siena as Giotto is to __________. A.Pisa B.Milan C.Ghent D.Paris E.Padua 3. The Cathedral of Notre-Dame (figs. 12.3 and 12.4) in Paris is an example of the __________.  A. Early Gothic B.High Gothic C.Rayonnant Gothic D.Flamboyant Gothic E.Late Romanesque 4. The__________ was the most celebrated literary work of the Middle.
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  21. __________ composed The Symphony of the Harmony of Celestial Revelations. A.Bernart de Ventadorn B.Chrétien de Troyes C.Marie de France D.Hildegard of Bingen E.Cappelanus 22. An early version of feudalism was instituted by __________. A.St. Benedict B.King Philip Augustus C.King John D.Richard the Lionheart E.Charlemagne 23. __________ wrote the Chevalier de la Charette, a romance narrative. A.Chrétien de Troyes B.Arnaut Daniel C.Beatrice, Countess of Dia D.Bernart.
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  1. John Donne’s A Valediction: Forbidding Mourning, is recognized for its extended analogy comparing lovers to __________. A.a sunrise B.a telescopic lens C.trees in a forest D.the two feet of a geometrician’s compass E.planets in orbit 2. In the seventeenth century, a distinctly secular brand of Baroque painting emerged in __________. A.Spain B.Holland C.Germany D.Portugal E. Greece 3. Bernini’s David (fig. 15.4).
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  1. Isabel Allende’s novel The House of Spirits (1982) creates a fictional world that reconstructs the history of __________. A.Chile B.Brazil C.Peru D.Argentina E. Paraguay 2. Frida Kahlo’s self-portrait, The Two Fridas (fig. 21.8), shows the influence of the __________ artistic style. A.Cubism B.Fauvism C.Realism D.Surrealism E.Regionalism 3. __________ were the two diseases which were particular deterrents to colonization of.
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  21.The Post-Impressionist artist Paul Gauguin left his wife and five children and moved to Tahiti. 22.Kate Chopin is associated with the Symbolist movement. 23.James Abbot McNeill Whistler advocated an art that was concerned with morality, education, or narrative rather than appealing to the aesthetic sense. 24.The favorite subjects of Paul Cézanne were.
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  1. Thomas Morley favored __________ in which a single melody is employed with harmonic support.  A. disputations B.homophonic texture C.motets D.oratorios E.sonnets 2. The central panel in Robert Campin’s Mérode Altarpiece (fig. 14.1) depicts the __________. A. Resurrection B.Creator C.salvation and redemption of humankind D.Temptation E.Annunciation 3. __________ wrote Ninety-five Theses, which became a rallying cry for the Reformation, .
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  11. The Himeji Castle (fig. 20.8) was built during the __________ period. A.Muromachi B.Nara C.Edo D.modern E.Momoyama 12. The fiction of modern Japan reflects a strong concern with __________. A.achievement B.religion C.cultural and individual identity D.ancient tales E.philosophy 13. “What is the sound of one hand clapping?” is an example of a Zen __________. A.shoin B.cha-no-yu C.samurai D.koan E.shogun 14.The Tokugawa shogunate unified the country of Japan.
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  11.The Tale of Genji is attributed to Tori Busshi. 12.The Kamakura period ended in civil war in 1333 C.E. 13.The gods of the Shinto religion are called kami. 14.Emaki-mano refers to the rituals of the Japanese tea ceremony. 15.Wabi or “lonely seclusion” is associated with Taoism. 16.In Pure Land Buddhism the devotee must walk around.
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  21.The Enlightenment was a period in which a group of intellectuals called philosophes believed that through reason, humanity could achieve a perfect society. 22.Carolus Linnaeus developed the biological classification system used to identify species that is still in use today. 23.Ludwig van Beethoven’s body of music moves one from an era of.
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  1. The  composer __________ is most closely associated with the “new Rome” of the High Renaissance. A.Guillaume Dufay B.Antonio da Cividale C.Josquin des Pr?s D.Antonius Romanus E.Leonel Power 2. __________ was the first great figure of Italian Renaissance letters. A.Dante Alighieri B.Petrarch C.Niccolò Macchiavelli D.Baldassare Castiglione E.none of the above 3. __________ founded the Platonic Academy of Philosophy in Florence. A.Pico della Mirandola B.Lorenzo.
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  11.The hadith consists of the coffin of Muhammed. 12.Calligraphy pervades Islamic art and is, in part, a reflection of traditional Muslim iconoclasm. 13.Avicenna and Averroes were two major voices of Islamic philosophy. 14.A convert to a Sufi order was called a fakir. 15.The Sufis believed that the psychic illumination of the trance brought.
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  1. Developments in ideas about the structure of the __________, especially in proving that it is divisible, occurred in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. A.microscope B.treatment of animals by humans C.atom D.third dimension E.both A and B 2. Claude Debussy was to nineteenth-century French music what Pierre-Auguste Renoir was to nineteenth-century French __________. A.literature B.architecture C.painting D.philosophy E.sculpture 3..
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  1. The Bowl (fig. 6.9) from __________ is a good example of the effects of the Silk Route trade on Islamic aesthetic. A.India B.Iran C.China D.Rome E.none of the above 2. The hundreds of __________ in the interior of the mosque at Cordova in Spain are one of its most  notable features. A.prayer rugs B.statues C.fountains D.columns E.plants 3. Islam spread rapidly.
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  1. On December 7, 1941 __________. A.Nixon resigned B.John F. Kennedy was assassinated C.Apollo 11 landed on the moon D.Japanese forces attacked Pearl Harbor E.none of the above 2. __________ introduced the philosophy of Existentialism. A.Thomas Hobbes B.René Descartes C.Søren Kierkegaard D.Jacques Derrida E.John Locke 3. The basis of Lichtenstein’s style is __________. A.pointillism B.the ben-day dot C.color field painting D.abstract expressionist gesture E.collage 4. In 1975, after.
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  11. __________ is(are) unattainable in Petrarch’s sonnets. A.God B.The self C.Laura D.His parents E. Salvation 12. __________ painted a number of frescoes in the monastery of San Marco, Florence, including  an Annunciation (fig. 13.12). A.Leonardo da Vinci B.Sandro Botticelli C.Piero della Francesca D.Masaccio E.Fra Angelico 13. The major landmark of Florence, the __________, was designed by Filippo Brunelleschi. A.Ponte Vecchio bridge B.Loggia.
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  21. The  stories of __________ explore ideas from Christianity that transcend the confines of  Southern Regionalism. A.William Faulkner B.Flannery O’Connor C.Ernest Hemingway D.T.S. Eliot E.Franz Kafka 22. __________ viewed Dada as a kind of “anti-art.” A.Hans Arp B.Tristan Tzara C.Kurt Schwitters D.Marcel Duchamp E.Sophie Teuber-Arp 23. Igor Stravinsky composed the ballet score to __________. A.The Nutcracker B.The Rite of Spring C.Swan Lake D.Sleeping Beauty E.A, B, and.
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