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  11.The ancient city of Moenjo-Daro a.shows a gridiron system of street layout. b.reveals the existence of a large, prosperous middle class. c.had a well-established city sanitation system. d. All of the above     12.The pattern of Chinese cities a.is very similar to that of Egyptian cities. b. is more diffused than in other areas. c. reveals the.
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  26.“Lonely Hearts Clubs” are an example of a temporary network.     27.Technology severs physical ties with communities but allows us to maintain relationships in spite of distance.     28.Herbert Gans found that Boston’s West End was a chaotic slum.     29.People identify with their cities based on both personal and shared experiences and.
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  1.Urban sociology emerged in the context of      a. the Industrial Revolution in Europe. b.the Revolutionary War in the United States. c.World War II. d.None of the above     2.Sociology emerged with the work of      a. Auguste Comte. b.Karl Marx. c.Ferdinand Tönnies. d.Max Weber.     3.According to Marx, social institutions are determined by a.the political structure. b.religion. c. the economic system. d. tradition.     4.The “Asiatic.
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  24.For Marx, cities announced a transition to “barbarism.”     25.Marx and Engels believed that the flaws of capitalism cause poverty and unemployment.     26.Gemeinschaft characterized the large city.     27.Tönnies understood cities as part of a continuum.     28.Organic solidarity refers to a social order based on individual differences.     29.Durkheim’s view of the city.
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  11.David Harvey’s research a. suggests that urban growth occurs evenly. b. is based on Lefebvre’s ideas about the second circuit of capital. c.focuses on Chicago. d.ignores the role of government.     12.According to David Harvey, a. real estate investment takes place in a free market. b. governments shape a city’s use of space. c.all neighborhoods are characterized by similar.
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    16.Georg Simmel argued that the city stimulates us via its concentration of the human experience into a small space.     17.Some cities have more sharply defined images in the minds of their residents than other cities do.     18.Each person’s mental image of a city is stagnant.     19.The physical layout of the.
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  31.Herbert Gans referred to urban working-class neighborhoods as ethnic villages.     32.Most cities lack mixed-income neighborhoods.     33.Unlike the immigrant poor of the past, today’s poor inner-city residents face social isolation. 34.In 2011, the population of Pico-Union (in Los Angeles) was 85 percent Hispanic.     35.Today’s suburbs fit the white, middle-class, and family-with-kids.
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  21.The theoretical arguments of “the new urban sociology” are quite old.     22.Agglomeration industries keep production costs lower in cities.     23.Competition is often greater in smaller towns.     24.Alonso’s model assumes an efficient urban transportation system.     25.Alonso’s model explains why rents are higher in suburbs than in the center of the city..
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    18.The multiple nuclei theory a.gives strong support to the Chicago School of Urban Ecology. b.suggests that, with time, manufacturing industries tend to concentrate in a specific area. c. argues that as cities grow, they diversify and develop distinct sectors of activities. d. help to predict the specific land use pattern of cities.     19.A “social area” a..
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  18.Wirth’s mistake was in a. generalizing too much from the urban conditions of the time in which he lived.        b. underestimating the popularity of the suburbs. c.failing to identify the exurbs. d.not understanding the complexities of urban life.     19.Which of the following is NOT central to Claude Fischer’s subcultural theory? a. critical mass .
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    19.The problem of housing is related to the problem of poverty.     20.Defining housing as “substandard” is somewhat arbitrary.     21.The housing market has generated an increase in the number of low-rent units.     22.The New Deal provided loan guarantees to veterans.     23.The dominant culture in the United States favors private over public.
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  21.A demographic transition refers to a.the fact that women began to have more children. b.the fact that families became smaller. c. the fact that birth rates remained high while death rates decreased dramatically. d. a rapid decline in birth rates combined with urban migration.     22.London emerged as a. a Greek city-state. b. a Roman outpost. c.the political center.
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  11.Classical Athens stood as a monument to     a. free citizens participation in government.       b. an all-powerful god. c.a ruling family. d.a police state.     12.Friedrich Engels spoke of which English city with these words: “...it is a city in which one can roam for hours without leaving the built-up area and without seeing the.
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    20.Immigration to the United States is higher now than ever before.     21.Ethnic and racial diversity is increasing in cities.     22.The majority of new immigrants come from Asia and Latin America.     23.New York is no longer the main destination of immigrants.     24.Hispanics represent nearly half of Los Angeles’s population.     25.The period.
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  29.The new urbanism emphasizes the importance of public spaces.     30.Unlike affluent communities, cities lack the tax base to provide adequate per-student expenditures, even with additional state aid.     31.Magnet schools are inexpensive to operate.     32.Charter schools are not held accountable for achieving educational results.     33.TV shows influence public perception of crime..
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    30.Until the 18th century, no city in North America had more than 10,000 inhabitants.       31.From its inception, the city of Boston was built with hard-surfaced streets.     32.Colonial cities were planned as export centers for raw material going to Europe.     33.The American Revolution unfolded in cities.     34.Philadelphia was the first capital of.
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  11.The text points out that edge cities fall into one of three major categories. Which of the        following is NOT one of these?          a. uptowns b. exurbs c.boomers d.greenfields     12.The text discusses three new city variations. Which of the following is NOT one of these?          a. new city as motivator b.new city as a solution.
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    31.Harvey argues that actions taken by real estate investors can lead to urban decay and abandonment.     32.In comparison with Karl Marx, Manuel Castells maintained a less orthodox approach to the study of cities.     33.Manuel Castells introduced the concept of the mode of development.     34.Scott argues that individual competition over territory.
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  40.Migration to U.S. cities from abroad was larger than migration from U.S. rural areas.     41.During the late 19th and early 20th century, many U.S. cities grew through annexation.     42.By 1910, more than one-third of the inhabitants of the eight largest U.S. cities were immigrants.     43.Between 1920 and 1929, more than.
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  1.What term is used to describe spread-out or low-density development beyond the edge of             services and employment? a.edge cities b. sprawl c.common-interest developments d.gated communities     2.Sprawl is most obvious and grows most spectacularly in the rapid growth areas of the        a. North and South. b. East and West.      c. South and West.        d. North and.
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  48.One in five Americans lives in the “BosWash megalopolis.”     49.High-tech industries prefer central city locations.     50.New York doubled its population between 1870 and 1930.     51.About half of the labor force in New York City works in postindustrial jobs.     52.Today, the South Bronx in New York City fits the image portrayed.
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  18.Louis Wirth’s principal achievement as a United States urbanist was his articulation of the role of culture in cities.     19.Cities are almost always completely self-defining.     20.Shakespeare noted that country and city ways are often quite different.     21.Perhaps the most important link between city and countryside is the reciprocal shaping of.
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      24.In creating cities, human beings simply respond to the natural environment.     25.Cities must be located on waterways to develop.     26.Houston is an example of a break-of-bulk city.     27.Miami’s climate contributed to its development as an “amenity city.”     28.Washington, D.C. did not emerge as an economic center.     29.Athens, London, and Quebec.
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  30.In the United States, Korean self-employment is higher than white self-employment.       31.Hispanics have surpassed African Americans and have become the nation’s largest                minority.     32.Puerto Ricans are the poorest of all Hispanics.     33.There is a high level of female-headed families among Puerto Ricans.     34.About 9 in 10 Mexican Americans live in rural.
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  1.The cities of North America have an urban history that spans __________ centuries. a. 21 b. 11 c. 5 d. 4     2.The first European settlements in North America were founded in the early __________       century. a. 17th b.18th c.19th d.20th     3.The early cities in the United States were characterized by a.exceptionally small size. b.a medieval appearance. c.a lack of regular.
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  1.According to Daniel J. Monti, in the urban way of life, the many different types of people have found an appropriate form of public behavior that enables them to get along with each other. Monti refers to this as       a. the countryside.     b. civic culture. c.urban dominance. d.civilization.     2.The text points out that.
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  38.At its height, the Roman Empire included almost half of the world’s population.     39.During the Middle Ages, many people gathered to cities to seek protection from barbarians.     40.The Church was a central component of social life during medieval times.     41.The Renaissance movement first emerged in Italian city-states such as Florence,.
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  1.The height of the “Great Immigration” period took place a.between 1800 and 1850. b.between 1920 and 1950.      c. between 1880 and 1910. d. between 1945 and 1970.     2.In 2010, foreign-born people represented __________ percent of Miami’s total population. a.33.5 b.46.5 c. 60.6 d. 91.3     3.Since 1960, the majority of immigrants have been a.illegal. b. people of color. c.people of European.
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  11.The comparative approach to urban sociology was promoted by a.Durkheim. b.Tönnies.      c. Weber. d. Simmel.     12.According to Weber, the ideal city is characterized by a.a relative predominance of trade and commercial relations. b.some degree of political autonomy. c.a related form of association. d. All of the above     13.Authors in the classical European tradition all saw the city as a.increasing.
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    17.Sprawl identifies the cumulative effects of development that is automobile-dependent, inefficient, and wasteful of natural resources.     18.A house in the suburbs has become, for many, the personification of the ideal lifestyle.     19.Urban sprawl occurs only because of population growth.     20.In most American cities, everyone can get around by car.     21.In.
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  11.Mexican Americans a.largely reside in rural areas. b.are well integrated into U.S. neighborhoods. c. account for 32 percent of Los Angeles’s population. d. tend to follow extended family residence patterns.     12.All but which of the following groups contribute to the Muslim population in Canada? a.Egyptians b. French c.Indians d.Indonesians     13.Native Americans who migrate to the city a.tend to concentrate.
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1.The Inca civilization was based in what is now a.Mexico.      b. Peru. c.Panama. d.Brazil.     2.Anthropologists estimate that the population of native Latin Americans declined by      _________ percent during the 16th century. a.50 b.75 c.90 d. 95     3. The chief reason for the loss of life among Latin American natives in the 16th century was a.wars with the Spanish and.
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  11.The technological advances that promoted the growth of the “great metropolis” include all EXCEPT which of the following? a.the use of iron and steel in construction b.the elevator c.electric street trolleys d. the telephone     12.Between 1870 and 1920, cities grew a.mostly upwards. b.mostly outwards. c. both upwards and outwards. d. at a slower rate than during the previous.
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  11.Most urban poor try to cope with the harsh realities of life through a. prayer. b. retreating into complete isolation.      c. forming social networks. d. stealing and other forms of crime.     12.Virginia Schein’s single mothers on public assistance all a.were lazy. b.had extensive family support. c. were working or had some work experience. d. had four.
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  1.According to the “new urbanists,” a. the distribution of wealth and power are important determinants of the shape of cities. b.geography is the main factor shaping urban life. c.cities evolve as a natural progression. d.Both a and c     2.The “new urban sociology” a. promotes new theoretical ideas.      b. draws on Marxism. c.is rooted in urban ecology. d.emerged in.
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  31.The Egyptians encircled their cities with high protective walls.     32.Egyptian cities are characterized by social inequality.     33.Tensions between pharaohs divided Egypt into many independent areas.     34.Cities in the Indus region reveal a more egalitarian lifestyle than Egyptian cities.     35.Moenjo-Daro was built on a gridiron pattern.     36.Central American cities emerged as.
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  21.The BosWash megalopolis remains a prominent urban region in the United States because a.it holds 20% of the nation’s wealth. b.it has low energy costs. c.it is home to one in five Americans. d. Both a and c     22.Problems in the Sunbelt cities include all of the following EXCEPT      a. high energy costs. b.inadequate infrastructure systems. c.water.
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  35.Violent crimes have decreased dramatically, especially among juveniles.     36.The greatest concentration of criminal offenses occurs in inner-city poor neighborhoods.     37.Two-thirds of police arrests for serious crimes involve white people.     38.Banfield argues that crime is strongly related to low IQ.     39.Ruth Peterson and Lauren Krivo coined the term hypersegregation.     40.In larger.
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  1.The image of a city, as defined by Kevin Lynch, is the a.slogan or catch phrase associated with the city. b.attitude which residents of the city have. c. generalized mental picture of the city’s external physical world. d. historical character of the city.     2.People form images of cities by a.distinguishing between physical locations in the.
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  34.Gridiron cities promote communal lifestyles.     35.The Chicago school developed one of the first theories of urban ecology.     36.The sector theory ignores changes in city shapes over time.     37.Multiple nuclei theory challenges the idea that urban land use can be predicted.     38.Social area analysis compares more than 140 cities to identify.
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  1. The housing problem is characterized by a.an insufficient number of low-rent housing units. b.changes in the housing market. c.an increase in the proportion of high-rent housing units. d. All of the above     2. Government intervention in housing began  a. with the New Deal. b.in New York in 1870. c.with the South Bronx project. d.to solve the.
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  34.Park saw urban life as disorder and chaos.     35.Park argued that urban research should be based on a disciplined observation.     36.Wirth attempted to define universal social characteristics of the city.     37.Wirth’s idea of “social segmentalization” refers to discrimination in the housing market.     38.An emphasis on historical perspective is one of.
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  26.Edge cities are appearing in Canada as well as in the United States, but for different reasons.     27.The majority of metropolitan North Americans now work, shop, and live in and around the 200-plus “new hearths of our civilization.”     28.The rise of new cities is essentially a function of race, not social.
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  11.__________ offer special programs to attract students from many districts to achieve                 integration. a.Charter schools b.School vouchers c. Magnet schools d. Busing programs     12.Some school districts offer parents credit that is equal to the state’s share of the cost of educating a child. This strategy is referred to as         a. magnet schools.       b. school.
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  1.Geographic settings a.are the most important determinant of city size. b.matter mostly for industrial cities. c. interact with social factors to shape the city. d. are more important in San Francisco than in Los Angeles.     2.The use of private automobiles in Los Angeles a.contributed to the present shape of the city. b.contributed to the smog problem. c.allowed the.
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  11.Urban ecology a.was generated by Robert Park and his colleagues. b.studies the relationship between human beings and their urban environment. c.draws from plant and animal ecology.      d. All of the above     12.According to Park, the shape of a city is a. determined by competition and the population movement. b.determined only by competition for limited resources. c.mostly a.
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  11. Zip code 10065 is the most prestigious one in New York City, for it encompasses much of   __________, the country’s most affluent neighborhood.      a. the Bronx b. Manhattan’s Upper East Side c.Queens d.Staten Island     12.“Dinks” are a.African American urban professionals. b.young professional couples with nerdy jobs.    c. young professional couples without children.      d. old.
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  1.Which of the following is NOT one of Max Weber’s dimensions of social stratification?          a. wealth       b. ranking         c. status d. power     2.__________ is the hierarchical ranking within a society of various social class groups        according to wealth, power, and prestige.       a. Socioeconomic status b.Power c.Wealth d. Social stratification     3.__________ is a composite ranking based.
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    21.In every nation of the world, people are ranked in a social hierarchy that determines their quality of life.     22.The main distinction between W. Lloyd Warner’s upper-upper and lower-upper classes was essentially that of “old money” and “new money.” 23.The lower class consists of about 40 percent of the population..
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  28.Ming Peking (Beijing) stands as an example of Lewis Mumford’s idea of the city as a physical container.     29.Ming Peking is an example of a city’s ability to intensify culture.     30.The very success of Greek city-states led to the aristocrats’ downfall.     31.As Greek civilization entered the Golden Age, the gods.
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