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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  9-4.1 What is one guideline for using appropriate volume in your speech?   9-4.2 What is one thing you can do to remove the verbal fillers from your speech? 9-4.3 How can problems in pronunciation affect your speech? 9-4.4 Give an example of a common problem in articulation. 9-4.5 Give an example of a word or phrase that is unique to your dialect.     .
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  8-2.10 Kinesthetic sensory appeals refer to body motion, speed, or direction. 8-2.11 “Achoo” is an example of onomatopoeia. 8-2.12 “It took me forever to finish this speech” is an example of irony. 8-2.13 Schemes refer to techniques of manipulating the order of words.   8-2.14 Yoda from Star Wars speaks using the speech device known as anastrophe. 8-2.15 Assonance refers to the repetition of initial consonants.
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  7-3.10 The _____ attention-getter is used when you use artistic and/or nonverbal ways to gain the audience’s attention. 7-3.11 The introduction should begin with a(n) _____. 7-3.12 The conclusion should end with a _____. 7-3.13 Another word for emotional power is _____. 7-3.14 The best way to view a WOW statement is to treat it like the _____ in your introduction. 7-3.15 The.
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  8-2.1 The “triangle of meaning” explains that the meanings of words are in the words themselves. 8-2.2 The denotative meaning of the word is the personal, emotional reaction you might have to a word. 8-2.3 Language has the power to create both equality and inequality. 8-2.4 The following is a correct use of language: “She and I had went to the.
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  7-5.3 How do questions serve as effective attention-getters? What two types can be used? How can questions be problematic as attention-getters?   7-5.4 Read the following introduction and describe what is wrong with it. Hi, everyone. My name is Janice and I am here to show you how to make a homemade apple pie. Have you ever wanted a good,.
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  9-1.10 Having vocal _____ means changing your volume, pitch, rate, and pauses throughout your speech. a. fillers b. inflection c. variety d. emphasis 9-1.12 Correct _____ is the standard or commonly accepted way to make a word sound. a. articulation b. pronunciation c. inflection d. dialect   9-1.13 Which of the following is NOT true about using proper punctuation in your speech? a. Get feedback from friends and.
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  8-3.1 The accepted, dictionary meaning of a word is the _____ meaning. 8-3.2 The _____ meaning of a word is the emotional, personal reaction to it. 8-3.4 _____ is learned patterns of beliefs, values, attitudes, norms, practices, customs, and behaviors shared by a large group of people. 8-3.5 Technical or specialized language is called _____.   8-3.6 “Cut to the chase” is an example.
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  6-5.3 When should you use Monroe’s motivated sequence strategy? Explain the stages in this strategy and the need to make sure you are ethical while using it.   6-5.4 Why is parallelism important? Reword the following main points in order to make them parallel. I. Road rage has many causes. II. The effects of road rage are numerous. III. Fortunately,.
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  7-4.6 What is a guideline to follow if you plan on using your own personal story as an attention-getter? 7-4.7 What is one important rule to keep in mind when using humor as an attention-getter? 7-4.8 Write out a rhetorical question on the topic of effective study skills. 7-4.9 Write out a response-evoking question on the topic of the importance of.
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  8-5.1 Draw and label Ogden and Richard’s “triangle of meaning.” Then, briefly explain what it says about the nature of language. 8-5.2 Explain how words have both denotative and connotative meanings, and give an example of a word that might cause confusion in a speech because of the two levels of meaning.     .
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  6-3.9 You should write your main points in full, _____ sentences. 6-3.10 _____ refers to the main points being balanced or equal to each other in weight and level of ideas. 6-3.11 _____ refers to arranging your words, phrases, or sentences in a similar pattern. 6-3.12 The job of _____ is to clarify, emphasize, or provide detail for the main.
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9-1.1 Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of effective delivery? a. It draws attention to itself. b. It is natural. c. It is engaging. d. It includes both verbal and nonverbal elements. 9-1.2 _____ refers to how high or low your voice is in frequency. a. Quality b. Pitch c. Resonance d. Stridency 9-1.3 ______ is determined by how fast or slow.
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  9-3.1 _____ is how high and low your voice is in frequency. 9-3.2 You risk having a _____ when you do not vary your pitch.   9-3.4 “Um”, “uh,” and “like” are examples of _____. 9-3.5 _____ refers to the standard or commonly accepted way to make a word sound. 9-3.6 Saying “goin” instead of “going” reflects a problem in _____. 9-3.7 A.
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  8-4.11 Give an example of filler. 8-4.12 Give an example of a euphemism. 8-4.13 What is an example of the person-first rule? 8-4.14 What is wrong with the following: “The gay business owner opened two new stores.” 8-4.15 Give an example of hyperbole.     .
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  8-4.1 What does it mean to say that language is symbolic? 8-4.2 What does it mean to say that language is arbitrary? 8-4.3 Give an example of a connotative meaning of the word “cat.”   8-4.4 Give an example of how language has been used to create inequality. 8-4.5 Correct the following sentence: “The landlord returned the check to he and I.”     .
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  9-2.10 Disgust is one of the six universal facial expressions.   9-2.11 Effective facial expressions are natural and not overdone or exaggerated. 9-2.12 Illustrators have direct verbal translations and are speech independent. 9-2.13 Standing behind a lectern will boost your ethos and make you seem more approachable. 9-2.14 The most commonly used delivery method is extemporaneous. 9-2.15 When using the impromptu delivery method, you should limit your.
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  9-2.1 It is important to keep your pitch constant throughout your speech. 9-2.2 The average person speaks 120–150 words per minute. 9-2.3 Using pauses can help you avoid vocal fillers.   9-2.4 Inflection refers to changing or adjusting your volume, pitch, rate, and pauses. 9-2.5 Mispronouncing words in your speech can lower your ethos. 9-2.6 Articulation refers to the distinctiveness and clarity of linked whole.
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  6-4.5 When it is a good idea to use the topical strategy? 6-4.6 Give an example of a speech topic that would be effective if organized in a spatial pattern? 6-4.7 Give an example of a speech topic that would be effective if organized in a topical pattern. 6-4.8 Give an example of a speech topic that would fall.
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  9-1.21 Which of the following is NOT a guideline for creating an effective appearance? a. always be well groomed. b. dress to suit the speaking occasion. c. dress in a way that you draw attention to yourself. d. avoid anything distracting such as flashy jewelry. 9-1.22 Which of the following is NOT true about eye contact? a. All cultures.
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8-1.1 _____ are symbols that you use to create, learn, and use to express your thoughts and feelings. a. Gestures b. Words c. Signs d. Metaphors 8-1.2 The _____ nature of language means that a word represents what it is referring to either by association, resemblance, or convention. a. arbitrary b. abstract c. symbolic d. concrete 8-1.3 Saying that language is _____ means that the relationship between.
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  8-1.21 _____ is/are specialized or technical language that might cause confusion. a. Slang b. Fillers c. Jargon d. Doublespeak 8-1.22 Using the word “tv” for television is an example of the use of a(n) a. abbreviation. b. slang. c. jargon. d. acronym. 8-1.23 A word formed from the initials or other parts of several words is called a(n) a. abbreviation. b. acronym. c. jargon. d. slang. 8-1.24 Saying “NCA” for the National.
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  7-2.1 Credibility is built throughout the entire speech. 7-2.2 It is not necessary to explain your knowledge of the topic in the introduction.   7-2.3 Effective speaker delivery can enhance credibility. 7-2.4 You should state your name and topic before you go into your attention-getter. 7-2.5 Facts and statistics work best if they are unfamiliar to your audience. 7-2.6 Humor is a good attention-getter, even.
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  8-5.5 Read the following sentences and describe which sense they are appealing to. ??He immediately tensed up when she walked into the room. ??Her grandmother’s house carried the scent of mothballs, vanilla, and lavender. ??They rushed out the door as quickly as they sprinted in. ??The aftertaste was bitter and metallic.       .
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  7-4.1 How can you use speaker delivery to enhance your credibility? 7-4.2 Write out a preview on the topic of healthy weight loss. 7-4.3 Explain why attention-getters are so important to the introduction. 7-4.4 When are facts and statistics the most effective as attentiongetters? 7-4.5 What are the guidelines for using quotations as attentiongetters?       .
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  8-1.11 Which of the following is NOT true about culture? a. It is shared. b. It is transmitted from generation to generation. c. It is based on symbols. d. It is static.   8-1.12 Which of the following is NOT true about culture? a. Language and culture are connected. b. We are part of multiple cultures. c. Culture is not important.
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    7-3.1 Aristotle referred to the concept of credibility as _____. 7-3.2 An introduction should end with a _____. 7-3.4 A(n) _____ is something you say, show, or do to get your audience to focus on you and on the topic and goal of your speech. 7-3.5 _____ can help you point to a remarkable situation or problem and are best.
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  6-5.1 You want to persuade your audience that a lack of exercise is a serious problem and that there are easy ways to incorporate exercise into their daily lives. What organizational strategy would you use? Write out your main points below. 6-5.2 When it is appropriate to use the refutation strategy? Write out the four steps to this.
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  8-5.3 Explain how language has the power to help create very positive as well as very negative outcomes.   8-5.4 Read the following sentences and describe whether or not each one is culturally appropriate and/or unbiased. ??The Hispanic man aced the test. ??The disabled woman met me at the door. ??They were living as man and wife. ??It was clearly.
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  7-1.31 Which of the following should NOT be on your checklist for using an effective attention-getter? a. Is my attention-getter appropriate for the occasion? b. Will my attention-getter work? c. Is my attention-getter from a published source? d. Is my attention-getter appropriate an inoffensive? 7-1.32 Your introduction should be no more than _____ percent of your speech time. a. 5 b..
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  9-3.10 _____ are gestures that are speech-independent and have a direct verbal translation.   9-3.11 Waving “hello” is an example of a(n) _____. 9-3.12 Holding up a finger as you say, “my first point” is an example of a(n) _____. 9-3.13 _____ speaking occurs when you read a speech word-forword. 9-3.14 _____ speaking should be used when accuracy and the appearance of spontaneity.
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  7-1.11 Today I want to show you how to bake a homemade apple pie. We will gather our ingredients, make the crust, add the filling and bake it to perfection. The preceding is an example of a(n) a. attention getter. b. speaker credibility statement. c. audience relevance statement. d. preview.   7-1.12 As a camp counselor for the past three.
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  8-3.10 The style of language used when giving speeches is called _____ style. 8-3.11 When you create _____ images in a speech, you appeal to the audience’s sense of touch. 8-3.12 _____ is the use of exaggeration for emphasis.   8-3.13 When you ask a question but not for the purpose of getting a response, you are using a _____ question. 8-3.14 _____.
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  9-4.6 Describe one guideline for having an effective speaker appearance.   9-4.7 What are the six universal facial expressions? 9-4.8 Give an example of an emblem. 9-4.9 Give an example of an illustrator. 9-4.10 What is one benefit of using the extemporaneous method of delivery?     .
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  6-4.1 What three elements do you need to keep in mind when selecting the strategy for your main points? 6-4.2 How can choosing the correct organizational strategy boost your confidence as a speaker? 6-4.3 When should you choose the refutation strategy to organize your main points? 6-4.4 When should you use the chronological strategy for organizing your main points?       .
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  8-1.31 _____ are sounds, words, or phrases that serve no purpose and do not add to the understanding of the message. a. Clichés b. Slang terms c. Fillers d. Malapropisms 8-1.32 Which of the following is an example of a filler? a. To tell the truth… b. Um… c. NATO d. Limo   8-1.33 Which of the following is not a type of ethos-reducing language? a. doublespeak b..
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  8-4.6 Correct the following sentence: “Every students wants to improve their grades.” 8-4.7 Give an example of an acronym that might cause confusion in a speech if not properly explained. 8-4.8 Rewrite the following in active voice: “The suspect was caught by the detective.” 8-4.9 Rewrite the following to make it more concrete: “Henrietta was killed.”   8-4.10 Give an example of a cliché.     .
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  7-2.10 You can improve your confidence by spending a lot of time preparing and practicing the introduction. 7-2.11 You should end your conclusion by trying to elicit a response from your audience. 7-2.12 You should treat your WOW statement like the attentiongetter in the introduction. 7-2.13 Another word for emotional power is mythos. 7-2.14 Stories, narratives, illustrations, and anecdotes help to humanize a.
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7-1.1 The first step in an effective introduction is to a. state your topic. b. state your central idea. c. capture your audience’s attention. d. explain your relation to the audience. 7-1.2 _____ refers to a speaker’s ethical consideration for his/her audience and his/her relationship with the topic. a. Credibility b. Competence c. Audience relevance d. Reputation 7-1.3 Another word for credibility is _____. a..
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  7-4.11 What are the elements in the introduction? 7-4.12 How does the way you approach your introduction affect your confidence as a speaker? 7-4.13 How can you use nonverbal communication to signal the end of your speech? 7-4.14 What is the purpose of a WOW statement? 7-4.15 What are three elements you can use for a WOW statement?       .
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  9-1.31 The “thumbs up” sign is an example of a(n) a. illustrator. b. adaptor. c. regulator. d. emblem.   9-1.32 Which of the following is NOT an example of an emblem? a. rubbing your hands together b. rolling your eyes c. winking d. shrugging your shoulders to say “I don’t know” 9-1.33 _____ are speech-dependent gestures that are closely linked to what is being said.
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  7-1.21 Which of the following is NOT true about stories, narratives, illustrations, or anecdotes? a. They can be true or fictional. b. They can come from your personal life. c. You need to carefully explain them. d. They should be interesting, evoking, and entertaining. 7-1.22 _____ can build a positive relationship with your audience and lighten up a dry or.
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