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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  21) When main ideas can stand alone, because the truth of each does not depend on the others, they are A) incoherent. B) independent. C) parallel. D) dependent. E) indiscrete. 22) Consider the following main points: I. Campus speech codes are unacceptably vague. II. Campus speech codes discourage discussing controversial issues. III. Campus speech codes bring bad publicity to.
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  12) Identify and define the three types of questions an interviewer should be prepared to ask when conducting an information gathering interview. Give an example of each of these types of questions. 13) Explain the reasons why it is important to include full bibliographic citations in your note cards. 14) Fourteen.
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  10) Identify the three elements that make up a complete transition. 11) Select one of the topics below and write an introduction for a speech, showing how each of the goals of an effective introduction have been addressed in your introduction. 12) Explain how introductions, conclusions, and transitions contribute to fulfilling audience.
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  11) Jesse argued in his speech that drug use really isn't a problem among teens because hardly anyone he knows has even tried drugs.  In this argument Jesse's friends are used as examples, but this reasoning by example fails because the examples are A) unrepresentative. B) analogous. C) hypothetical. D) false. E) aggregate. 12) Jill read.
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  31) Rhetorical proof does not prove claims, it ________ claims, but gives listeners good reasons to accept them. 32) In a rhetorical proof, the ________ is the statement that you want the audience to accept; it is what you are trying to prove. 33) The overriding factor in supporting a claim.
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  1) A poorly organized speech forces listeners to use mental energy to reconstruct the speaker's ideas. 2) The two basic components of organization are selection and arrangement. 3) Effective organization encourages passive listening because it takes less effort to follow the speech. 4) Main ideas for a speech can be drawn from the.
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  11) Explain how organization promotes comprehension, retention, and persuasion. 12) Explain the four steps a speaker should follow to identify main ideas before preparing an outline. 13) Explain the criteria for deciding which main points to include in your speech. 14) Identify the seven patterns of arrangement and write a set of.
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  4) What are the four barriers to effective listening and what are the causes of these barriers?  What can a speaker do to limit the effects of poor listening? 5) How does cultural diversity present a strategic challenge to speakers?  How can speakers adapt to culturally diverse audiences? 6) For each of.
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  11) With logically dependent ideas, if the audience accepts any one of the main ideas, they are likely to accept the overall thesis. 12) It is recommended that a speaker begin with ideas that are relatively familiar to listeners rather than with ideas that are unfamiliar. 13) The primacy and recency effects.
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  6) What term is used to describe the strategy of putting the strongest idea first? 7) What are the seven organizational patterns for arranging main points? 8) Define the pattern of arrangement called "residues." 9) What is the most important question regarding supporting material, and the hardest to answer? 10) What four factors.
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1) Which of the following is a characteristic of mathematical or scientific proof? A) The support involves values and judgments. B) It cannot be proven, it can only be supported. C) The claims can often be proved with certainty. D) It can only be used by scientific experts. E) The strength of the support is.
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  11) Beginning a speech with an anecdote is an example of A) telling a story. B) asking a rhetorical question. C) stating the purpose. D) challenging the audience. E) citing a statistic. 12) Citing statistics in the introduction works best when A) they are drawn from a small survey. B) they are rounded off. C) they are accurate, but.
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  1) Match the type of supporting material with the corresponding example. 1) testimony A) According to Chuck Yeager, there is no greater thrill than flying a fighter jet beyond the sound barrier. 2) document  B) We may think that communism is dead, but just look at China and North Korea, where that political system.
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  3) Which form of evidence appeals to the belief that "seeing is believing"? 5) What are the advantages of documents as supporting material? 6) When are statistics especially useful and why? 7) What are the two types of testimony? How do they differ? 8) How does an electronic database differ from a search engine?     .
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  1) Explain the interplay between the speaker and the audience that occurs in a public speaking situation. 2) Explain the typical reasons for speech anxiety, and discuss the strategies for overcoming anxiety.  Be sure to explain why the techniques for reducing speech anxiety are likely to be effective. 3) What are the.
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  21) During an important presentation to her superiors, Halle discussed each of the four suppliers available to the company and was able to show that only one could provide materials on time, in sufficient quantity, and at low cost. By focusing on these four suppliers, and ruling out each alternative.
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  21) Which of the following guidelines is an effective strategy for preparing an introduction? A) Prepare the body of the speech before the introduction. B) Prepare the introduction before the body of the speech. C) Prepare the conclusion of the speech first. D) Write the transitions before the introduction and conclusion. E) Outline the introduction.
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  41) Which type of reasoning must meet the tests of coherence, plausibility, consistency, and resonance? A) narrative B) cause C) analogy D) sign E) testimony 42) It is important to have resonance with your listeners when presenting a narrative so that A) your audience can understand what you are saying more clearly. B) your audience can identify and.
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  9) What are four devices for narrowing an Internet search and avoiding information overload? 10) What are the five guidelines for taking notes and filing the information you gather while researching your speech? 11) For each of the seven types of supporting material, identify one test that should be applied to determine.
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  41) When a certain truck company sings that their truck is "like a rock," they are using a ________ analogy. 42) The singing of "Take Me Out to the Ballgame" during the 7th inning stretch of every Cubs game is an institutional ________. 43) Institutional regularity, statistical index, and physical observation.
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  1) Listener’s expect a beginning, middle, and end to a speech. . 2) Audiences are distracted when a speaker departs from the customary form. 3) The introduction of a speech gives the audience clues as to the speaker's personality, intentions, style and overall perspective. 4) In addition to gaining attention, it is important.
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  1) Rhetorical claims and scientific claims can be proven in much the same way. 2) Rhetorical proof establishes the truth of a speaker's claims by appealing to listeners' beliefs. 3) Rhetorical proof justifies claims rather than proving them. 4) Generally proofs are reasonable if many diverse listeners, using critical judgment, would accept.
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  21) The organizational pattern derived from topoi is chronological. 22) Cause-effect speeches can be organized by starting with an effect and then addressing the cause or by starting with the cause and then addressing the effects. 23) The pattern of residues is used when you use your last main point to cover.
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  21) Khali was using a literal analogy when she argued that raising tuition at Home University would not significantly reduce enrollment because the same thing was tried at State University and enrollment has continued to rise there. 22) As you enter class, you see all of your classmates frantically studying their.
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  21) Jimmy argues that the fact that major league athletes are bigger, stronger, and faster than they were 20 years ago is an indicator that steroid use among these athletes has increased. What type of reasoning is this? A) analogy B) testimony C) sign D) narrative E) example 22) Which of the following is an.
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  1) Match the types of reasoning with the criteria used to test them. 1) testimony A) resonance and plausibility 2) narrative B) post hoc fallacy 3) analogy  C) credibility and ethos 4) cause  D) representativeness and adequacy 5) example  E) similarity without significant difference 1) Why is the audience the overriding factor in supporting a claim? 2) Identify.
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1) A well-organized speech leads to which of the following results? A) Listeners may forget unconnected ideas. B) Listeners will stop attending to the speech. C) Listeners will be distracted while trying to reconstruct your logic. D) Listeners may resent the lack of structure and resist your message. E) Listeners will understand, remember, and be.
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1) A speaker relies on an outline to A) gather material. B) arrange ideas. C) research supporting material. D) enhance language of the speech. E) brainstorm for the speech topic. 2) The two types of outlines are A) rhetorical and situational. B) informative and persuasive. C) formal and informal. D) presentation and preparation. E) manuscript and memorized. 3) Which of the following.
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  11) Which of the following characteristics refers to the idea that main points should be stated in single short sentences? A) simplicity B) completeness C) balance D) coherence E) discreteness 12) What is wrong with the following main points from Ryan's speech about the Civil War? I. The southern economy was threatened. II. Southerners wanted to preserve.
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  11) The first element of an effective conclusion is to ________. 12) The last step in an effective conclusion is to make a ________. 13) An effective ________  in the conclusion is an important aid to memory, increasing the chances that your listeners will recall your main ideas. 14) Offering a/an  ________ in.
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  11) A speaker using an anecdote in the introduction of the speech is drawing the listeners' attention to similarities and differences between objects, events, or situations. 12) An analogy is a comparison that draws attention to similarities and differences between objects, events, or situations. 13) Anecdotes and analogies help make abstract ideas.
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  1) What are the four goals of an introduction? 2) In the introduction, speakers should influence the audience to view two things favorably.  What are they? 3) Why is identifying with your audience a beneficial strategy in an introduction? 4) What are the three purposes of a conclusion? 5) Identify any three types of.
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  31) When Jeri argued that the rise in teen pregnancy over the past twenty years is a direct result of sex education in the primary schools, he was using what type of causal reasoning? A) assignment of responsibility B) explanation C) common cause D) steps to a goal E) prediction 32) When Willa argued that government.
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  1) The introduction of a speech powerfully affects the audience's first ________ of the speaker. 2) A speech with only a body violates listeners' expectations about ________. 3) A speaker most likely reveals the purpose of a speech in the ________. 4) The part of the introduction that is also referred to as.
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  31) Herbert wants to inform his audience about the three main Middle Eastern religions: Islam, Judaism, and Christianity.  What organizational pattern is best suited to this topic? A) categorical B) chronological C) spatial D) problem-solution E) residues 32) What organizational pattern is reflected in the following main ideas? I. Crime is on the rise in Midville. II..
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  1) Match the strategy with the part of the speech in which it occurs. 1) refer to the speech situation A) conclusion 2) use signposting  B) transition 3) offer a utopian vision  C) introduction 2) Match the strategy with the part of the speech in which it occurs. 1) ask a rhetorical question A) conclusion 2) challenge the.
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