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Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

  1) Informing, persuading, and entertaining are three distinctly different kinds of speeches. 2) When your goal is to present an informative speech, you should avoid saying anything persuasive or entertaining. 3) Informative strategies rely on the metaphor of the speaker as leader and the audience as followers. 4) Informative speaking can create positive.
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  31) When it is not enough to define or explain, and you need for the audience to see the process for themselves, you should use the strategy of A) explaining. B) describing. C) demonstrating. D) comparing. E) complaining. 32) Which of the following is NOT a question you need to consider when preparing a demonstration? A) Can.
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  21) Demonstrating goes beyond painting mental pictures and allows listeners to literally see the processes you are discussing. 22) A speaker describing the relative merits of several search engines, providing the listeners with the basis for making their own choices is using the informative strategy of comparing. 23) A topic such as,.
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  11) Describing is an informative strategy aimed at clarifying a term or concept that is vague or troublesome. 12) Speeches which rely on a reporting strategy usually use a topical pattern of organization. 13) The strategy of reporting answers the question, "What happened?" 14) Describing is an informative strategy that requires the.
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  9) What are two strategies for referring to hypothetical people? 10) Which level of language style is preferred in mainstream American culture today? 11) What are the three keys to proper pace and proportion in language style? 12) Identify and explain the five distinctions between oral style and written style.     .
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  21) Speeches relying on the strategy of reporting almost always use which organizational pattern? A) topical B) chronological C) spatial D) cause-effect E) problem-solution 22) Magda attended a two-day celebration of campus diversity and decided to tell her class what happened in her informative speech.  Which informative strategy is she most likely to use? A) defining B).
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  1) Persuasive strategies seek a change in the listeners, informative strategies seek no change. 2) Informing and persuading are distinctly separate goals and activities. 3) The term persuasion refers only to situation in which a speaker reverses an audience's beliefs. 4) Speeches aimed at persuading listeners to change their minds or.
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  21) In his discussion of gun control, Evan warned his listeners that we could not adopt the approach used in England because comparing British laws with United States laws was like, "comparing apples and oranges."  Evan was using a language device for improving clarity known as A) a malapropism. B) a maxim. C) jargon. D).
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  1) Informative strategies presume that the principal goal of the speech is to ________ with the audience. 2) A speech is designed to achieve a purpose, and ________ is the process of deciding how your speech can best do that. 3) Informative strategies don't ask listeners to believe or do anything.
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  13) Explain how definitions can be persuasive. 14) Why are clarity, rhythm, and vividness important in a speech? 15) What approach should speakers take to the question of how clear they should be?  What strategies are available to the speaker to achieve appropriate levels of clarity? 16) Explain the three principles that govern.
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  31) In the preparation outline, the introduction and conclusion should be developed __________ the main points. A) separately from B) coordinate with C) subordinate to D) equal to E) before 32) The drawback to using footnotes in the outline and then reproducing the supporting material at the end is A) you will have to flip back and.
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  1) A speech outline is simply a display of the ________ pattern of the speech. 2) The ________ outline helps the speaker compose the speech, select the best evidence, and discover which points have insufficient supporting material. 3) The ________ outline is used as a memory aid while delivering the speech. 4) One.
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  41) One of the most important stylistic resources is ________, the process by which you establish the meaning of a new word for your audience. 42) ________ definitions clarify terms with no goal other than to be precise. 43) The dimension of meaning that evokes emotions in the audience is the ________.
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  21) Compartmentalization is a A) persuasive technique in which the speaker connects his or her arguments in a mental box. B) persuasive technique where the speaker separates his or her arguments into separate categories. C) resistance technique where the listener separates the speaker from his or her argument. D) reasoning fallacy involving an inability.
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  1) The term persuasion is sometimes misunderstood as referring only to situations in which the speaker ________ an audience's beliefs or behavior. 2) When you ask listeners to make a particular choice, you must be sensitive to your ________ responsibility not to manipulate them. 3) When addressing an audience that already agrees.
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  6) Which speech element appears parenthetically between main points in the presentation outline? 7) What are the characteristics of a presentation outline? 8) What is the difference between main ideas as they appear in the presentation outline and as they appear in the preparation outline? 9) When is it appropriate to use.
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  1) What is the difference between informative goals and persuasive goals? 2) What are the common purposes achieved through persuasive strategies? 3) Which persuasive goal do speakers pursue when they know that the audience already agrees with them? 4) Strategic planning for persuasive speeches requires what two audience analysis activities? 5) What does the.
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  31) Jeremy knew that his listeners had heard several messages warning them against getting into the stock market at this time. However, he wanted to weaken their commitment by arguing that this is just the time to buy stocks for long-term investments. Jeremy's persuasive strategy was A) assimilation. B) elaboration. C) conversion. D) refutation. E).
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  11) The most basic theory of ________ is that people seek to attain pleasure and avoid pain. A) motivation B) needs C) resonance D) persuasion E) deliberation 12) Which of the following are the two elements that a speaker much consider when performing audience analysis in preparation for persuasive speaking? A) identify the target audience and assess.
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  21) Because the preparation outline is too wordy, the presentation outline should use a different structure than the preparation outline. 22) Transitions are only included in presentation outlines, never in preparation outlines. 23) Because the preparation outline provides important structure and detail, it is the outline that should be used when delivering.
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  1) Match the stylistic devices with the examples. 1) alliteration A) There are those who say that we are rushing this issue of civil rights; I say, we are 172 years late. 2) antithesis  B) A storm of controversy surrounded the senator following allegations of illegal fundraising. 3) maxim  C) Unfortunately, on most issues,.
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  11) The relationship between a main point and the subpoints that support it is a relationship of ________. 12) The relationship among the subpoints that support a single main point in an outline is a relationship of ________. 13) The principle of ________ requires that each point in the outline should express.
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  11) A well-written essay generally makes a good manuscript for a speech. 12) Informality in language style is more appropriate for speakers than writers. 13) It is more important for a speaker to make his or her organizational structure explicit than it is for a writer to do so. 14) Two basic requirements.
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  11) Consider the following three points: 1. Inflation has increased in each of the last two quarters. 2. The economy is on the decline. 3. Joblessness has risen by two percent this year. Which of these points should be signified by a Roman numeral? A) 1 B) 2 C) 3 D) Both 1 and 2 E) Both 2 and.
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1) When asked to deliver a speech for which you are allowed to decide the purpose, you should assess how the A) audience and occasion create opportunities or constraints. B) specific purpose creates opportunities or constraints. C) topic creates opportunities or constraints. D) thesis and main ideas create opportunities or constraints. E) speaker and speech.
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  11) When listeners selectively perceive a message by ________, they deny that the message applies to them personally, as in the case of teens that have unprotected sex, thinking that pregnancy won't happen to them. 12) Exposing listeners’ inconsistencies is a good way to combat the resistance strategy of ________. 13).
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  11) If your preparation outline needs more than four levels of importance, your thesis is probably too broad and unfocused. 12) In a preparation outline, all Roman numeral and capital letter points should be stated in complete sentences. 13) Subordinate points appear at different levels of the outline than the points they.
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  21) Rhythm in a speech helps audience members understand the speech because it improves their ability to anticipate what is coming next. 22) Purposeful ambiguity helps to improve the clarity of a speech. 23) Irony and ambiguity, strategically used, help to create clarity in a speech. 24) Inverted word order and antithesis are.
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  1) Identify whether the element is part of a preparation or a presentation outline. 1) complete sentences A) preparation outline 2) key words  B) presentation outline 2) Identify whether the element is part of a preparation or a presentation outline. 1) stage directions A) preparation outline 2) bibliography  B) presentation outline 3) Match the skeleton outline in the.
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  11) The speaker should appeal to multiple needs because audiences are generally made up of people with different needs. 13) A listener's elaboration likelihood is determined before the speech; the speaker cannot really affect an audience member's level of elaboration. 14) Even though the requirements for informing and persuading are similar, the.
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  11) Most student classroom speeches should employ the ________ style. A) memorized B) conversational C) performative D) impromptu E) novice 12) The conversational oral style is generally more appropriate for A) protest speeches. B) formal sermons. C) polished lectures. D) testimony at formal hearings. E) presentations to small audiences. 13) In his speech on the West Nile Virus, Derrick informed the.
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  21) Refutation aims to prevent listeners from being persuaded by others. 22) Testimony against the speaker's interest is less persuasive than testimony consistent with the speaker's interest. 23) Biased evidence is generally more persuasive than reluctant testimony. 24) Logos is persuasion based on evidence, reasoning, and organization. 25) Your ethos can be improved simply.
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  9) When should a speaker use the strategy of demonstrating? 10) What are three strategies for reinforcing the audience? 11) What three purposes are most closely associated with informative strategies?  Why are these purposes more suitable for informing than persuading? 12) Identify and define the six informative strategies discussed in Chapter13.     .
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  11) Dr. Chadi spoke to a group of seniors about the many alternative treatments available for the most common medical complaints among those over the age of 55. Her speech served what purpose? A) providing new information B) agenda setting C) creating a positive feeling D) creative a negative feeling E) entertaining 12) When you aim.
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  11) The effective speaker using the describing strategy gives ________ about a person, place, or event. 12) Speeches about processes that use the informative strategy of ________ proceed by breaking down complex operations into a simple sequence of steps. 13) When explaining a difficult concept, it is important to distinguish its.
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  1) Match the informative strategy with the relevant example. 1) defining A) Speaker discusses the advantages and disadvantages of buying a house versus building a house. 2) describing  B) Speaker shows how to fill out the new tax return forms.  3) comparing  C) Speaker tells, through vivid details, about a visit to the.
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  6) What selective influence processes do listeners use to resist persuasion? 7) What are the four strategies a speaker can use to promote the purpose of conversion? 8) What three general means of persuasion were defined by the earliest theorists in classical times? 9) What are the two most common organizational patterns for.
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