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  4.4.    Short-answer questions 1.  What is the main psychological (cognitive) symptom of a visionary trance? 2. After spending an hour in a remote village, you become less aware of the noise caused by the constantly blowing dessert wind.  This tendency to respond less to stimuli that continue without change is called: 3. The.
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  3.2.  Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1. Which of the following is an example of a Barnum statement? a. The halftime show during the final game received more attention than the game itself b. Sometimes female immigrants are insecure. c. The weather in New York was very bad this week d. Iran has a.
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1.Nadine’s mother asks her to pick up milk on the way home from school but she forgets. Freud would argue that this is a goal-directed behavior, and perhaps she is being passive aggressive as she is mad at her mother. This is an example of: a.Psychodynamic therapy b.Psychoanalysis. c.Psychic determinism. d.Ego-dynamic therapy. 2.Many Freudian terms.
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11.Miriam receives extra credit for going to a presentation held after class. This is an example of a: a.Primary reinforcer. b.Negative reinforcer. c.Punishment. d.Secondary reinforcer. 12.Guillermo helps his friend move for free beer and pizza. This is an example of a: a.Primary reinforcer. b.Negative reinforcer. c.Punishment. d.Secondary reinforcer. 13.In which therapeutic technique is a feared object gradually introduced to the.
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11.Psychotherapeutic interventions are often based on five levels of emotional awareness. The nature of the psychopathology dictates which type of intervention is called for as well as dictating the goal. If a patient is being seen for conscious distress, what kind of intervention would be called for? a.Insight oriented b.Cognitive therapy c.Behavior modification d.Biofeedback.
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  2.3 True/false questions 1. According to the absolutist approach in cross-cultural psychology, human behavior in its full complexity can be understood only within the context of the culture in which it occurs. 2. A correlation establishes a cause-and-effect relationship between the variables. 3. Qualitative and quantitative methods are not mutually exclusive and in.
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5.1.   Multiple choice questions 1. What is the psychological term for originality or the ability to produce valued outcomes in a novel way? a. formal intelligence b. creativity c. informal intelligence d. empirical reasoning e. field independent style 2. What is the psychological term for experience and cognitive operations drawn from everyday activities? a. formal  intelligence b. sorting and.
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  2.4.  Short-answer questions 1. There are three basic measures of central tendency: the mode, the median, and_________. 2.  In cross-cultural psychology the term “etic” refers to the absolutist approach, while the term “emic” refers to the_________. 3. What type of measurement scale is being used in the following example: “Please rank order your.
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  5.2.Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1. Which of the following groups as a whole scores the highest on intelligence tests? a. Asian Americans b. African Americans c. European Americans d. Latino  (Hispanics) e. all show the same scores 2. In the United States, early attempts to measure IQs began more than one hundred years ago. These.
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  4.2.  Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1.Some intriguing perceptual differences were found in comparative studies of Weston and East Asian subjects. East Asians tend to be more holistic and Westerners tend to be more_______. a. creative b. impatient c. analytic d. forgiving e. aggressive 2. Our experience with the environment (for example, living in a mountainous.
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  3.4.  Short-answer questions 1.Dichotomous variables involve classification (quality), while continuous variables involve______. 2. Someone who suggests “most people eat meat therefore vegetarians—who do not eat meat— are strange” are engaging in what type of fallacy? 3. A friend reasons that because (according to his assumption) all Asians like spicy food, his Korean neighbor.
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11.Aubrey’s Doctor has ordered a test to measure her heart rate. She is having a(n): a.Electrodermal activity (EDA). b.Electrocardiogram (EKG). c.Electromyogram (EMG). d.Electroencephalography (EEG). 12.A test that measures motor effects and energy expenditure is a: a.Actigraphy. b.Blood pressure. c.Breathing volume. d.Respiration rate. 13.Ziaul is having a panic attack at his doctor’s office. His doctor tests him and finds that his.
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  4.3.  True/false questions 1. In many non-Western musical traditions the idea of the note, as a stable, sustained pitch is foreign. 2. Individuals from polyphasic cultures are more likely to value dreams and treat them as part of reality. 3. Cross-cultural psychology provides compelling evidence that sensory differences (differences in the way people.
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1.Nadia is a clinical psychologist in training. She wants to focus on the confluence of psychology and legal issues. She is most likely trying to become a: a.Humanistic psychologist. b.Jurisprudence psychologist. c.Systems psychologist. d.Forensic psychologist. 2.Forensic psychology emerged in the: a.1950s. b.1960s. c.1970s. d.1980s. 3.Alondra is learning about the credentials and training necessary to work in a specific area. She.
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1.Almost a quarter of inmates in the juvenile justice system have: a.ADHD. b.Autism. c.Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. d.Asperger’s. 2.Between the ages of 0 and 2, many children reach several normal achievements but they cannot: a.Eat. b.Sleep. c.Form attachments. d.Use self-control. 3. Between the ages of 2 and 5, many children reach several normal achievements but they cannot: a.Use language. b.Exhibit self-care. c.Play rule-governed games. d.Use.
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1.The first session with a therapist may be around ___ a.30 minutes b.1 hour c.2 hours d.3 hours 2.What differentiates a therapist from someone like a bartender? a.Education b.Client is vulnerable c.Client is comfortable d.Client talks about distress 3.A technique that seems to greatly improve therapy outcome is: a.Comfort b.Vulnerability c.Homework d.Trust 4.Insurance companies generally pay for how many sessions of therapy? a.None b.5 c.10 d.As many as the.
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11.The primary goal of treatment for perpetrators of criminal activity is to: a.Feel better about themselves. b.Recognize the influence of bad mothers. c.Reduce recidivism. d.Treat the cognitive triad. 12. In terms of ecological validity, does the treatment of psychopathy actually decrease criminal behavior? a.Some research shows that it may increase criminal behavior. b.Some research shows it decreases.
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11.Dangelo doesn’t like his new girlfriend’s best friend at all but he is actually friendlier to her than almost any of his girlfriend’s other friends. This is an example of which defense mechanism? a.Projection b.Introjection c.Displacement d.Reaction formation 12.Kelton is feeling very aggressive so he goes to the gym and boxes with others. This is.
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  2.2   Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1.  The established cross-cultural correlation linking an increase in poverty in a community or country to an increase in violent crime would be an example of a_________ correlation. a. positive b. high c. low d. negative e. high-low 2. A clinical psychologists writes the following:  “Psychological symptoms are similar around.
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11.The abbreviation for “as needed” is: a.bid. b.qd. c.po. d.prn. 12.The abbreviation for “two times a day” is: a.bid. b.qd. c.po. d.prn. 13.The abbreviation for “every day” is: a.bid. b.qd. c.po. d.prn. 14.The abbreviation for “by mouth” is: a.bid. b.qd. c.po. d.prn. 15.Which of the following would be prescribed for schizophrenia? a.Anxiolytics b.Major tranquilizers c.Affect modulating drugs d.Amphetamines 16.Which of the following would be prescribed for anxiety? a.Anxiolytics b.Major tranquilizers c.Affect modulating drugs d.Amphetamines 17.Which of the following would be.
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1.Which of the following statements about hypnosis is true? a.A hypnotist can make you do things against your will. b.When hypnotized you are in a trance and have no control. c.Not everyone can be hypnotized. d.hypnosis can solve any problem 2.The test-retest reliability for hypnotism: a.Is high over a 10-25 year period. b.Varies as a function of.
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1.4.Short-answer questions 1. Some ethnic groups in Nepal use the term, “spirit loss”. What does this term mean? 2.  Name two major racial categories, besides Black, White, and Native American, historically identified in the United States. 3. When was the Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology first published? 4. Which view supports judgment about other ethnic,.
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  6.3.      True/false questions 1.Aggression, motivation, fear, surprise, jealousy, anger, sadness, fatigue and disgust are all called basic universal human emotions. 2. Studies of so-called preceding events show significant cross-cultural similarities. 3. Embarrassment is characterized by the similar behavioral and physiological responses across ethnic groups. 4. Research on cross-cultural recognition of emotional intonation revealed that.
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1.Often, prescription drugs often are powerful in order to ensure that they have their intended impact; sometimes, taking too much of a drug actually becomes harmful. This is described as: a.Toxicity. b.Side effects. c.Adverse effects. d.Tolerance. 2. Uncomfortable and undesirable symptoms that are not intended but often unavoidable are called: a.Toxicity. b.Side effects. c.Adverse effects. d.Tolerance. 3.Unintended effects that can.
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11.In which test are children shown drawings of other children and asked to indicate whether or not they would behave similarly in the situations depicted in the drawings? a.WISC-R b.Dominic interview c.House-tree-person d.MMPI-2 12.Petra has been engaging in risky behaviors, and her therapist describes this as: a.Internalizing problems. b.Externalizing problems. c.Developmental problems. d.Learning problems. 13.Kyle has been depressed and acts.
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4.1.  Multiple choice questions 1. What is the term for a sleeplike state marked by reduced sensitivity to stimuli, loss or alteration of knowledge, and the substitution of automatic for voluntary motor activity? a. sleep b. trance c. aesthetic experience d. dream e. sensory adaptation 2.A(n)________ is a term used to identify the feeling of pleasure evoked.
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1.1 Multiple choice questions 1.  The critical and comparative study of cultural effects on human psychology is called: a. multiculturalism b. cross-cultural psychology c. cultural relativism d. cultural psychology e. cultural absolutism 2. ________ refers to behavior based on traditions, concerns for other people, and values they share together. a. individualism b. power distance c. uncertainty avoidance d. collectivism e. femininity 3.________.
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1.Keeping a diary of how often one gets mad is an example of: a.Correlation. b.Observation. c.Self-monitoring. d.Other report. 2.Which of the following is an example of an advantage of self-monitoring? a.It is expensive. b.It is only for short periods of time. c.It is low in ecological validity. d.It is representative of the person’s habits. 3.Esmeralda’s doctor has asked her to.
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4. Women tend to express most basic emotions more intensely than men. One emotion is an exception. Which one? a. grief b. disgust c. anger d. surprise e. sadness 5.The text discusses the distinctions between the English word “anger” and the Ifaluk (Pacific Region) word “song”.  Although they both refer to emotions involving appraisal of harm,.
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  1.2. Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1. If a psychologist examines a degree to which people in a certain country accept inequality between the leaders and the led, the elite and the commons, what psychological phenomenon does this researcher actually study? a. collective identity b. uncertainly avoidance c. power sharing d. power distance e. democratic.
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1.3. True/false questions 1. Cross-culturally, poverty and life expectancy (the measure of how long the individual is expected to live in that country) are correlated. 2. Individuals from “high-power-distance” cultures tend to reject inequality between various social groups, such as parents and children. 3. Cultural psychology advocates the idea that mental processes are.
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11. What is the term for the view that encourages recognition of equality for all cultural and national groups and promotes the idea that various cultural groups have the right to follow their own paths of development and have their own unique activities, values, and norms? a. individualism b. multiculturalism c. femininity d. cultural.
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  7.2.Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1. Evolutionary psychologists emphasize the importance of the _______ role of human sexuality. a. unconscious b. religious c. political d. moral e. adaptive 2. Numerous cross-cultural studies cite higher levels of aggression among _______ compared to other groups. a. young females b. mothers with children c. young males d. children under 12 e. infants 3. A syndrome.
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  3.3   True/false questions 1. Masculinity and femininity are examples of continuous variables. 2. The term unidirectional causation refers to a relationship between two variables wherein one is the cause and the other is the effect. 3. A motivational bias is any systematic error in attribution that derives from limits inherent in people’s cognitive.
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7. 1.Multiple choice questions 1. These motivational theories assume that people seek to maintain optimal levels of arousal by actively changing their exposure to arousing stimuli: a. psychoanalysis b. humanistic theories c. sociobiology d. arousal theories e.cognitive theories 2. Which type of achievement motivation directs a person to connect with others as his or her contribution is.
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11.Campaigns to get people to quit smoking would be considered a: a.Primary prevention program. b.Secondary prevention program. c.Tertiary prevention program. d.Passive prevention program. 12.Free health screenings for bone density and blood pressure would be considered a: a.Primary prevention program. b.Secondary prevention program. c.Tertiary prevention program. d.Passive prevention program. 13.A program that teaches and supports self-management programs for cancer patients would.
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1.Dalia is quick to solve puzzles, learns quickly and can apply information she knows in one context to similar material. Researchers would argue that this demonstrates: a.Crystallized intelligence. b.Bodily kinetic intelligence. c.Fluid Intelligence. d.Domain-specific intelligence. 2.Nehemiah can list all of the capitols of every state in the USA. Researchers would argue that this demonstrates: a.Crystallized intelligence. b.Bodily.
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2.1 Multiple choice questions 1. Which approach in cross-cultural psychology argues that psychological phenomena are basically the same in all cultures? a. relativist b. ethnocentrism c. meta-analysis d. absolutist e. content-analysis 2. The type of survey in which the researcher’s personal impact is very small because there is no direct communication between the respondent and.
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11.What is an advantage of internet use in terms of diagnosis? a.Overstandardization may lead to laziness. b.Users need to differentiate between junk sites and quality sites. c.Maintenance of confidentiality is difficult. d.Time and cost savings. 12.Desmond generates a theory and hypothesis that sports teams that wear black jerseys are more likely to have fouls called.
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3.1. Multiple choice questions 1.The propensity to resolve discrepancies between pre-existing schemas and new information in the direction of assimilation rather than accommodation, even at the expense of distorting the information itself is called: a. post-hoc error b. accommodation error c. bidirectional causation d. Barnum effect e. assimilation bias 2. Any variable that can be placed into.
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  5.4.   Short-answer questions 1. Formal reasoning is the term for cognitive operations based on abstract analysis. You want to examine reasoning based on cognitive operations drawn from everyday activities. What is the term for this type of reasoning? 2. In the first comparative study published by the National Academy of Sciences in.
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11. The ability to travel from school to your house on autopilot is due to: a.Orientation of personal space. b.Spatial orientation. c.Topographical orientation. d.Spatial visualization. 12. When a police officer asks you to point to your head they are in essence testing your: a.Orientation of personal space. b.Spatial orientation. c.Topographical orientation. d.Spatial visualization. 13.The inability to recognize familiar people or.
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  6.4.     Short-answer questions 1. Which part of the human brain is referred to as the brain’s “emotional computer”? 2. In a comparative Japanese-American study, which group was less likely to attribute their anger to other people (explain their anger as caused by others)? 3. In cross-cultural studies, cultural differences between two groups are.
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1.Event-event conditioning is also known as: a.Classical conditioning. b.Operant conditioning. c.Instrumental conditioning. d.Vicarious conditioning. 2.Behavior-event conditioning is also known as: a.Classical conditioning. b.Operant conditioning. c.Pavlovian conditioning. d.The Garcia effect. 3.Silas has a fear of hypodermic needles. This would be best explained by: a.Classical conditioning. b.Operant conditioning. c.Instrumental conditioning. d.The Garcia effect. 4.Dashawn learns that when he washes his hands he has less anxiety and feels.
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1.The most important clinical problem encounters in family practice, medical specialties, and general hospital care include: a.Pain. b.Depression. c.Substance abuse. d.Anxiety. 2.When a demographic, behavioral, or  psychological factor has been demonstrated to predict the development of disease, it is known as a(n): a.Odds ratio. b.Hazards ratio. c.Risk factor. d.Metabolic syndrome. 3.Tessa is black, which increases the odds that she may.
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1.The leading behavioral cause of death in the US is: a.Smoking. b.Illicit drug use. c.Car accidents. d.Guns. 2.Smoking accounts for ____ deaths per year in the US. a.100,000 b.200,000 c.300,000 d.4000,000 3.The second leading behavioral cause of death in the US is: a.Smoking. b.Diet / physical inactivity. c.Car accidents, d.Guns. 4.Diet / lack of physical activity accounts for ____ deaths per year in the US. a.100,000 b.200,000 c.300,000 d.4000,000 5.More.
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1.If results indicate that 10 out of 50 people report being depressed, then than 20% of the population is depressed. This illustrates: a.Box scores. b.Cutoffs. c.A variation in sample size. d.Statistical power. 2.If one were looking at the efficacy of a given treatment and found that it is not significantly effective at p?.0, this  illustrates.
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  5.3.  True/false questions 1. Research demonstrates that high intelligence scores are positively correlated with socioeconomic status. 2. Investigators have observed a small but continuous decline in intelligence test performance across cultures. 3. Cultural groups tend to categorize objects in terms of their specific cultural experiences associated with these objects. 4. In 1981, the United.
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6.1.   Multiple choice questions 1. ______ is an emotion aroused by being interfered with or threatened and overt or covert activities of attack or offense. a. aggression b. anger c. fight d. envy e. violence 2. What term do psychologists use for patterns of emotional expression considered appropriate within a particular culture, age, or social group? a. feeling.
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