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    31)A common sociological finding in Latino family research is ___________is more important in determining family life than being Latino or one’s country of origin.   A) birth of the first male child B)marriage C)social class D)confirmation of religion 32)Kim is the child of Asian American parents. When she misbehaves, how will her parents most likely.
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  21)Schools determining which people will enter what occupation based on their capabilities is referred to as ________. A) mainstreaming B)multicultural representation C)telescoping D)social placement 22)The three functionalists who advocated gatekeeping as a means to support people on the basis of merit and advocated social placement were ________, ________, and ________. A)Robert Merton; Talcott Parsons; Pitirim.
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    5)Discuss how marriage and family are viewed from the three sociological perspectives. 6)The incest taboo is a universal norm. Why, according to functionalists, is this so?   7)Compare love and marriage in the United States and in India, and briefly explain why there are differences.     .
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  4)Compare and contrast the two major economic systems. Identify a shortcoming of each system.   5)How did John D. Rockefeller create a monopoly in the oil industry? What was the ultimate outcome of his efforts? 6)Describe the changes that have occurred in the two major economic systems.   .
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    11)Sociologically, there is no such thing as American family, African American family, or white American family. 12)With the increase in the Latino population in the United States, the emphasis on machismo has become ever more pronounced. 13)Among all family groups, Native Americans are the most likely to be permissive with their children.
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  17)Who comprises the power elite and what is the ruling class? 18)What is the role of media in war propaganda? 19)Identify the seven fuels Timesheff claimed are the reasons countries go to war. 20)What are the current and proposed trading blocks that will be key parts of the New World Order?   .
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  21)In the United States, we elect candidates whom we believe will best represent our interests in state capitals and in Washington, D.C. This is an example of a(n) ________. A)direct democracy B)indirect democracy C)citizen democracy D)representative democracy 22)Carl lives in a small New England town where he and other residents attend monthly town meetings. At.
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    11)Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload? A)Patrick and Terri live in the rural U.S. with their five children and many relatives. B)Jacob and Rebecca reside in an Amish community with their eight children. C)John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John.
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  11)The Democrats and Republicans are classified as noncentrist parties because their political views diametrically oppose each other. 12)People who have a burning desire for social change are the most likely to vote. 13)A political gender gap is developing in presidential polls with women being likely to support the Democratic candidate and men.
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    8)Discuss the characteristics and trends in marriage among U.S. families.   9)What are the benefits and problems associated with using nannies to provide child care? 10)The combinations of relationships in blended families can get very confusing. Using the symbolic interactionist perspective, explain how members of blended families might reduce this confusion in their.
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  5)Explain why the transfer of authority is crucial for the social stability of the state. Provide examples of how power is transferred in states based on the three types of authority. 6)What is the definition of democracy?  How does direct democracy differ from representative democracy? 7)Thomas Jefferson observed that "A little rebellion.
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  1)Sociologically, what is a family? A)A man and a woman and their children engaged in a supportive relationship. B)A household composed of people of different sexes. C)Any couple who have been legally married. D)Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption. 2)Frank, Jim, Martha and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores.
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    13)What are the most common reasons some couples choose not to have children? 14)What are DINKs? 15)What is the blended family? 16)Explain the pattern of decline in two-parent families from 1970 to 2010. 17)How has the age of the first-time bride and groom and first-time parents changed since 1970?     .
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  1)Why did public education spread and develop a strong support system in the United States following the beginning of the Industrial Revolution? 2)What was the common school? 3)What was the requirement for fulfilling mandatory education laws in 1918? 4)Why did two-year colleges change their name from  college to  college? 5)If admission to college in.
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  12)What is the primary cause of voter apathy? 13)How have voting patterns among men and women in the U.S. changed? 14)What is the primary criticism of political action committees and lobbyists? 15)Why is it wise for politicians elected to Congress to cooperate with political action committees (PACs)? 16)What are the three branches of the.
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    1)What qualities do polyandry and polygyny share and how do they differ? 2)Why is emotional overload more common in the nuclear family than the extended family? 3)U.S. families spend about 25 percent less time doing housework than they did a generation ago. What are the two most obvious reasons for this? 4)What are.
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  1)What is another term for power relations wherever they exist? A)politics B)government C)economics D)nationalism 2)Why is every group considered as being political? A)All groups are composed of at least two parties. B)There is a power struggle of some sort in every group. C)All groups have elections and only allow members to vote. D)Democratic values are predominant in all groups. 3)The.
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  1)Prior to a formal system of education that included schools, teachers, and diplomas how was the manifest function of education accomplished? A)through a process of acculturation B)through heredity and genetics C)Children relied on instinct to develop skills needed. D)Children relied on experimentation and imitation. 2)What was necessary for education to develop as a separate social.
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    7)How does the birth of the first child effect marital satisfaction? 8)What are some problems encountered between biological parents and the nanny who may be caring for the children? 9)Why don't we address families as  African American family,  Asian American family, white American family, and so on, deleting the preceding  to simply.
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  7)What are the similarities and differences between monarchies, dictatorships, oligarchies, and totalitarian regimes? 8)How was the revolutionary idea of citizenship first introduced? 9)What were the two most successful third parties in the U.S. political system in reference to presidential elections? 10)What is the profile of the average U.S. voter? 11)Why do coalitions form more.
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1)The term  is one difficult to define because of the many varieties of family displayed in the world's cultures. 2)A society that prohibits interracial marriage by law is enforcing endogamy. 3)Online dating has become so popular that one fifth of heterosexual couples and three-fifths of homosexual couples now meet online. 4)The greatest emotional.
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    11)Journalistic accounts often state that one out of every two marriages ends in divorce. Explain why this statement presents a distorted image of divorce in the United States. Provide an alternative statistic which presents a more accurate description of divorce in the U.S.A. 12)What pattern does the relationship between a father.
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  31)The present two-party system dominating political activity in the United States has been in existence since ________.  A) the signing of the Declaration of Independence B)the framing of the Constitution C)the end of the American Revolution D)the Civil War 32)Richard is an aspiring businessman that nets over 10 million dollars a year in profit..
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    21)Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what is the likely change in the marital satisfaction that Maria and Brian feel towards one another?   A) It will increase. B)It will decrease. C)It will probably remain the same. D)It is totally unpredictable. 22)Among married couples, who is the.
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    1) Discuss same-sex marriages, including their historical roots, legislation, and characteristics. 2)Provide a definition of the term. What, if any, are universal themes that all family systems must deal with? 3)List and discuss the common cultural themes of family and marriage. 4)List and discuss the three systems of descent society uses to trace.
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  41)Who developed the concept of self-fulfilling prophecy that explains why originally false assumptions become true because the outcome was predicted? A)Talcott Parsons B)Edwin Sutherland C)Robert Merton D)Donald Cressey 42)Using exceptionally simple questions on an exam and "dummying down" grading scales so everyone passes are examples of a growing problem in education called ________. A)mediocrity B)mainstreaming C)gatekeeping D)telescoping 43)What do.
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  13)In the Ray Rist study, what was the basis of selection used by the kindergarten teacher to assign students to their respective reading groups? 14)According to the research of George Farkas, which students were most successful at signaling teachers that they were better students and deserved better grades? 15)Name two major problems.
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    Match the term with the definition. 1)household 2)family 3)family of orientation 4)family of procreation 5)monogamy 6)neolocal residence 7)endogamy 8)exogamy 9)system of descent 10)egalitarian society 11)gendered division of labor 12)adultolescent 13)blended family 14)cohabitation 15)sandwich generation A)a family in which a person grows up B)the practice of couples establishing a new home following marriage apart from the groom's or bride's family C)how kinship is traced over generations D)the practice of marrying.
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  7)What was the purpose of social placement as proposed by Parsons, Davis, and Moore? 8)What are some of the family functions that educational systems have greatly affected and even replaced in American society? 9)Identify two latent functions of education. 10)Provide reasons why home-schooled children score as highly as they do on a standardized.
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  11)Although cooperation is a core value in Japan, Japanese students are admitted to college only on the basis of intense competition. This is an example of a ________. A)cultural contradiction B)value conflict C)status inconsistency D)role ambiguity 12)What event was responsible for the change in the Russian education system in 1917? A)World War I B)the Russian Revolution C)the emergence.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)subsistence economy 2)conspicuous consumption 3)barter 4)fiat money 5)inflation 6)money 7)gold standard 8)stored value 9)capitalism 10)laissez-faire capitalism 11)state capitalism 12)socialism 13)convergence theory 14)quiet revolution 15)underground economy A)paper money backed by gold stored at Fort Knox, thus limiting the amount of dollars issued B)an economic system in which individuals own the means of production but the state regulates many economic activities for the.
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  1)What are the similarities and difference between authority and coercion? 2)What is the purpose of a revolution? 3)What are the three types of authority? 4)What are some of the characteristics required for cities to develop? 5)What is the origin of the word ? 6)What is the difference between direct democracy and representative democracy?   .
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  1)Define power. How does power differ from authority? 2)Who has the capacity to grant legitimacy to the power political leaders hold over citizens? What happens when power is achieved without legitimacy? 3)Why is the transfer of authority in societies governed by traditional and rational-legal authority more stable than those governed by charismatic.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)micropolitics 2)macropolitics 3)authority 4)coercion 5)revolution 6)routinization of charisma 7)direct democracy 8)representative democracy 9)oligarchy 10)citizenship 11)noncentrist party 12)coalition government 13)lobbyists 14)anarchy 15)power elite A)power that people do not accept as rightly exercised over them B)a form of democracy in which voters elect representatives who meet together to discuss issues and make decisions on their behalf C)Wright Mills' term for the top people in.
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  18)Based on the author's assessment, what are two major solutions that will increase the success of education? 19)What two reasons were offered by the research of Coleman and Hoffer why Catholic school students did better scholastically than public school students? 20)If school shootings are actually on the decrease, why is school violence.
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  31)What is the correspondence principle? A)The social structure of schools reflects their society. B)Family structure is based on the school's structure. C)Students learn more easily through distance education. D)Large corporations control what is taught in U.S. schools. 32)How are public schools primarily funded? A)federal grants B)state grants C)state and federal grants D)local property taxes 33)The most significant predictor of whether.
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  8)Discuss the differences between the U.S. democratic system and the democratic system used in most European democracies. 9)Compare and contrast the first and second major waves of immigration to the United States and the impact it had on the existing population. 10) Discuss how functionalist theorists explain how government in the United.
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  11)Home schooling is new to the education scene, becoming popular due to the dissatisfaction of parents over the quality of public education. 12)Research has shown that people who go farther in school live longer. 13)Conflict theorists stress that the hidden curriculum in schools perpetuates social inequalities. 14)The correspondence principle is the idea that.
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  11)Which of the following best describes rational-legal authority? A)rule by custom and folkways B)rule by the power of personality C)rule by tradition D)rule by written laws 12)What is the literal translation of the word  based on its Greek origin?  A) It means a nation of laws, not men. B)It means a gift freely and graciously given. C)It.
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1)Power relations, wherever they exist, refer to politics. 2)Traditional authority is based on what has been agreed to by reasonable people and written into law. 3)Bureaucratic authority and charismatic authority are identical forms of power. 4)Of the three ideal types of authority, charismatic authority has the least formalized rules for succession of a.
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1)The hunting-gathering societies have no separate social institution called education. 2)Once it began as a formal institution in the early city-states, education continually progressed throughout history to its present level. 3)All U.S. states have mandatory education laws requiring children to attend school. 4)In Japan, a philosophy based on cooperation and group effort ensures.
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  41)Marcus has not voted for the last fifteen years because he feels that the political system has never done anything positive for him, so his vote really would not affect his life one way or the other. What is the emotional reaction Marcus is experiencing? A)hostility B)anomie C)alienation D)confusion 42)In the early 1900s, what did.
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