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  1.Marcelin Boule’s characterization of the Neanderthal as a degenerate side branch of human evolution has been recognized as generally correct. 2.The Pleistocene is characterized by the frequent buildup and retreat of continental ice sheets. 3.The global climate record, as revealed by the oxygen isotope curve has been remarkably stable for the past.
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  1.What is the basis for our stereotype of Neanderthals as hulking ape-men? 2.What might explain the absence of handaxes in the east Asian Acheulian? 3.What is the significance of the site of Zhoukoudian? 4.What is the Berekhat Ram figurine? 5.What is the genetic relationship of Neanderthals to modern humans?     .
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  1. The oldest know fossil of a modern human was discovered at __________. a.Swartkrans b.Klasies River Mouth c.Herto d.Howiesons Poort   2.  Which of these physical skull traits distinguishes modern humans from Neanderthals? a.                big brain b.pronounced brow ridges c.vertical forehead d.minimal chin   3. The archaeological period of the earliest modern humans in Africa is referred to as.
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  6.Why is the site of Monte Verde significant?   7.How do Anna Roosevelt’s excavations at Pedra Pintada challenge the Clovis First model? Clovis culture and suggests that Clovis was only one of several adaptive strategies.   8.What is K. R. Fladmark’s alternative to migration to North America through an ice-free corridor?   9.What is the Early Arrival.
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  1.What is remote sensing and what is it relevance to archaeology? 2.How are geographic information systems (GIS) used in archaeology? 3.Explain the difference between and the purpose of horizontal and vertical excavation. 4.What are some methods that archaeologists employ in a stratigraphic analysis? 5.What is the goal of archaeological recording and what are.
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  1. __________ is the chief practitioner of Poststructuralism. A.Roland Barthes B.Jacques Derrida C.Søren Kierkegaard D.Jean-Paul Sartre E.Simone de Beauvoir 2. Arguably, __________ has had the greatest impact on the public’s opinion of women in the arts. A.Marisol B.Eleanor Antin C.Betye Saar D.Cindy Sherman E.Judy Chicago 3. The approach to culture called Structuralism was developed by __________. A.Roland Barthes B.Jacques Derrida C.Jean-Paul Sartre D.Søren Kierkegaard E.Emanuel.
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1.  ________ refers to the evolutionary history of a species. a.Cladistics b.Phylogeny c.Ontogeny d.Taxonomy 2. ________ is genetic material inherited exclusively from the mother. a.Nuclear DNA b.Nuclear RNA c.Mitochondrial DNA d.Mitochondrial RNA 3.  What taxon includes all members of the human lineage after it split with the chimpanzees? a.hominin b.prosimian c.anthropoid d.hominoid 4.  What is the oldest known fossil thought to belong to the hominin.
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  11. __________ is the focus of the Guerilla Girls. A.The gender inequities in the art scene B.The nudity of female art figures C.The need for more minority representation in art gallery attendance D.The need to make art galleries handicapped accessible E.both A and C 12. The stories of Maxine Hong Kingston’s Woman Warrior derive from.
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  21.The Post-Impressionist artist Paul Gauguin left his wife and five children and moved to Tahiti. 22.Kate Chopin is associated with the Symbolist movement. 23.James Abbot McNeill Whistler advocated an art that was concerned with morality, education, or narrative rather than appealing to the aesthetic sense. 24.The favorite subjects of Paul Cézanne were.
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  6.Discuss the evidence for the earliest use of tools at the Gona site in Africa. 7.How was Raymond Dart?s ?killer ape? hypothesis called into question?  8.How can chimpanzees be used as an analogy for hominin hunting activity?  9.What is the home-base/food-sharing model? 10.What evidence is there for use of fire among.
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  1.King Tutankhamen conducted an early archaeological dig at the site of the Sphinx. 2.In Medieval Europe, prehistoric stone tools found in fields were thought to  be ?thunderstones? formed where lightening struck. 3.Thomas Jefferson?s excavations of a mound on his property proved it was not made by                Indians. 4.Danish antiquarian, Jean.
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  1. The initial hominin occupation of Australia and the Americas was by which species? a.Homo erectus b.Homo floresiensis c.Neanderthals d.Homo sapiens   2.  The most recent known Homo erectus fossil is from what site? a.Nauwalabila Island, Australia b.Ngandong, Java c.Lake Mungo, Australia d.Sahul Land   3. What is the boundary that separates Sunda and Sahul called? a.the Marianas Trench b.the Wallace Line c.Arnhem Land d.Beringia   4.  This.
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  11. The oldest modern human remains in Europe (ca. 36,000 years old) were found in __________. a.Herto b.Pe?tera cu Oase Cave c.Klasies River Mouth d.St. Cesaire   12.  Fossils of modern humans dated to between 120,000 and 70,000 years ago have been discovered at __________. a.Klasies River Mouth, South Africa b.Lascaux Cave, France c.Kebara Cave, Israel d.Howiesons Poort, South Africa.
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  11. __________ by Henri Matisse perfectly encapsulates the tenets of Fauvism in its “raw contrasts of pure color in flat planes.” A.Woman with a Hat B.Three Forms C.Object (Le Déjeuner en Fourrure D.Reclining Figure E.The Fountain  12. Nazi’s were proponents of the policy of __________, which they claimed justified the geographic expansion of the “superior”.
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  1. __________ is described as the “poet of the brush.” A.Shen Zhou B.Qiu Ying C.Bei Dao D.Zhu Da E.Cao Xuequin 2. __________ was the most innovative development of the Qing dynasty. A.Poetry B.Prose fiction C.Autobiography D.Essay E.Linked verse 3. The __________ dynasty was a short, but nevertheless a culturally significant, reign. A. Yuan B.Ming C.Qing D.People’s Republic of China E.Tang 4. The most important paintings created in.
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  21.The gelede masking tradition comes from the Baule of the Ivory Coast. 22.The Sengalese scholar Leopold Senghor founded the movement called negritude which stressed the cultural achievements and unity of all people of African descent. 23.Fernando Botero is a Columbian artist whose figures look “swollen” and satirize the Latin  American elite. 24.Solomon Linda,.
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  1.What is a modern human?   2.What is the African Middle Stone Age?   3.What is the significance of the Blombos Cave objects?   4.What is the archaeological evidence for the fate of the Neanderthals?   5.How do Upper Paleolithic tools differ from the Middle Paleolithic industries?       .
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1.  Ideas that archaeologists have developed about the past and about the way we come to know about the past are referred to as ___________. a.antiquarianism b.archaeological theories c.hermeneutics d.historicism 2.  Which of the following represents the first clear evidence for the use of excavation to recover and explore the past? a.the exploration of a mound.
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1.  The goal of archaeology is to __________. a.find treasure b.dig square holes c.understand past human lives by studying the objects they left behind d.more fully understand dinosaurs 2.  An archaeological survey maps the distribution of __________. a.the oldest stones in the region b.only sites over 100 years old c.the physical remains of human activity d.only those sites.
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  11.  Which of these is a model for the human occupation of the Americas? a.Beringia b.Indigenous development c.Clovis First d.Wallacea Ancestry   12.  The land bridge that connected Asia and North America during periods of low sea level is called _________. a.the ALCAN highway b.Beringia c.Wallacea d.the Aleutian Islands   13. Which migration route has been proposed for entry of humans into.
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  1. Isabel Allende’s novel The House of Spirits (1982) creates a fictional world that reconstructs the history of __________. A.Chile B.Brazil C.Peru D.Argentina E. Paraguay 2. Frida Kahlo’s self-portrait, The Two Fridas (fig. 21.8), shows the influence of the __________ artistic style. A.Cubism B.Fauvism C.Realism D.Surrealism E.Regionalism 3. __________ were the two diseases which were particular deterrents to colonization of.
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  11. The painter __________ worked in a style known as “color field painting.” A.Mark Rothko B.William de Kooning C.Roy Lichtenstein D.Jackson Pollock E.Lee Krasner 12. Robert Rauschenberg called work like the Odalisk (fig. 23.13) __________. A.“action painting” B.“combine painting” C.“meldings” D.“environmental art” E.“pure information” 13. __________ designed “Prairie Houses” early in his career, but his Guggenheim Museum (fig. 23.10) is a.
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  11.  Who was the catalyst for the New Archaeology? a.Walter Taylor b.Lewis Binford c.Flinders Petrie d.Ian Hodder 12.  Binford thought that for archaeology to be considered a science it must work by ________ from general laws and models. a.drawing b.induction c.extrapolation d.deduction 13.  Observations of archaeological materials in the present that can help create and test hypotheses about the past.
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  1.The first hominins in Australia and the Americas were Homo erectus.   2.The Wallace Line separates the prehistoric landmasses known as Sunda and Sahul. 3.Homo floresiensis is the first hominin species to appear in China. 4.Early modern humans were able to cross over to Australia on the Wallacea land bridge between 53,000–60,000.
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  1.Ontogeny is the evolutionary history of a species. 2.Mitochondrial DNA is inherited exclusively from the mother. 3.Genetic evidence shows that gorillas have the greatest similarity to humans of all the                great apes. 4.According to the molecular clock, chimpanzees and humans diverged four to six million                years ago. 5.Paleoanthropologists study past.
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  11.  The Early Neolithic includes the period __________. a.Pre-Pottery Neolithic A b.Post-Pottery Neolithic B c.Chalcolithic C d.Dravidian D   12.  Although the Natufians did not appear to domesticate herd animals, there is evidence that they did domesticate __________. a.                cats b.camels c.dogs d.chickens   13.  The most spectacular example of Pre-Pottery Neolithic A construction is the 9-meterhigh structure at __________..
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  1.The most important archaeological sites are found within a foot of the ground surface. 2.The goal of horizontal excavation is to expose large areas of a site to reconstruct a single  point in time.   3.The law of superposition states that each layer is younger than the layer beneath it. 4.Anthropogenic deposits.
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  21. The  stories of __________ explore ideas from Christianity that transcend the confines of  Southern Regionalism. A.William Faulkner B.Flannery O’Connor C.Ernest Hemingway D.T.S. Eliot E.Franz Kafka 22. __________ viewed Dada as a kind of “anti-art.” A.Hans Arp B.Tristan Tzara C.Kurt Schwitters D.Marcel Duchamp E.Sophie Teuber-Arp 23. Igor Stravinsky composed the ballet score to __________. A.The Nutcracker B.The Rite of Spring C.Swan Lake D.Sleeping Beauty E.A, B, and.
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  21.In Learning from Las Vegas, the architect Robert Venturi suggests that the eclectic rearrangement of a variety of styles, signs, and symbols composes a new kind of unity. 22.Marisol Escobar’s work is created in the Minimalist style. 23.Leonard Bernstein was successful at popularizing not only classical music, but also at classicizing.
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  1.What was the geography of Southeast Asia and Australia like during periods of glacial advance and low sea level?   2.What happened to the Pleistocene megafauna?   3.What is the significance of Australian rock art?   4.What is Clovis culture?   5.What is the significance and controversy surrounding Meadowcroft Rockshelter?       .
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  11. The Himeji Castle (fig. 20.8) was built during the __________ period. A.Muromachi B.Nara C.Edo D.modern E.Momoyama 12. The fiction of modern Japan reflects a strong concern with __________. A.achievement B.religion C.cultural and individual identity D.ancient tales E.philosophy 13. “What is the sound of one hand clapping?” is an example of a Zen __________. A.shoin B.cha-no-yu C.samurai D.koan E.shogun 14.The Tokugawa shogunate unified the country of Japan.
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  11.  What specimen from Atapuerca has been proposed as intermediate between Homo erectus and Homo sapiens? a.               Homo habilis b.Homo rudolphensis c.Homo ergaster d.Homo antecessor 12.  Where was the oldest fossil that can clearly be classified as Neanderthal (175,000 years ago) discovered? a.Biache-Saint-Vaast b.Le Moustier c.Mezmaiska Cave d.Shanidar Cave 13.  What is the cultural period associated with the.
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  1.  __________ is a component of the study of agriculture. a.Community b.Aesthetics c.Stratification d.Architecture   2.  V. Gordon Childe defined the transition to agriculture as __________. a.cultural evolution b.the Neolithic Revolution c.a shift from savagery to barbarism d.broad spectrum foraging   3. Marshall Sahlins described hunter-gatherers as __________. a.middle stage barbarians b.the original affluent society c.broad spectrum foragers d.evolutionary throw-backs   4.  Ester Boserup suggested that __________ might.
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  3.What was Graham Clark?s contribution to scientific archaeology? 4.What were the goals of the New Archaeology? 5.What is the difference between induction and deduction? 6.What is middle-range research? 7.How has systems theory been applied to archaeology?     .
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  6.What is the Frison Effect? 7.What was the role of meat in the Neanderthal diet? 8.How did the Neanderthal dispose of their dead? 9.What is micromorphology and how can it help interpret an archaeological site? 10.              What was Stiner’s hypothesis on the nature of Neanderthal group size and mobility?   .
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  6.What have we learned about social inequality from burials of the Upper Paleolithic?   7.What is use-wear analysis?   8.What evidence is there of open air Upper Paleolithic sites? 9.What differences are evident in the subsistence of modern humans and Neanderthals?   10.What happened at the end of the Middle Stone Age/Paleolithic that led to the elaboration.
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  11. The calligraphy at the upper left of Shen Zhou’s Poet on a Moutaintop (fig. 19.3) is a __________. A.poem B.prayer C.song D.signature E. novella 12. In the Beijing opera, the performer’s roles are divided into four major categories of which __________ is not a category. A.male B.painted male face C.female D.clown E.painted female face 13. Shi Tao excelled in __________. A.architecture B.prose fiction C.Beijing.
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  6.What are the major areas of biological analysis and what do they describe?   7.How can an archaeologist get an accurate quantitative picture of the relative frequency of different animals in the faunal assemblage?   8.How are typologies used in archaeology?   9.How can seriation be used to develop a relative chronology of an artifact.
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1. The ________ is the geological era beginning 1.8 million years ago and characterized by glacial activity. a.Jurassic b.Pleistocene c.Pliocene d.Holocene 2.  The record of global climate fluctuations can be found in the __________. a.oxygen isotope curve b.tree rings of the bald cypress c.oxygen reduction line d.straight line regression curve 3.  What does the climate record produced by the.
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  11. Mexico’s president Alvaro Obregón initiate __________ in 1920 to restore Mexico’s indigenous cultural identity. A.an indigenous music movement B.a mural movement C.a literary movement D.an oral history movement E.a series of festivals 12. The meeting held from 1884 to 1885, which resulted in the division of the African continent among Great Britain, France, Germany, Belgium,.
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  1.Domestication refers to changes in plants and animals that allow them to survive better in the wild.   2.The Neolithic Revolution refers to the subsistence strategy known as broad spectrum foraging.   3.The Fertile Crescent is a ribbon of Mediterranean climate that arcs across the Middle East.   4.The first true agriculture in the Middle East.
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  11. The earliest stone tool tradition is known as the __________. a.Acheulian b.Oldowan c.Auregnacian d.Mousterian 12.  What tool, associated with Homo erectus, is perhaps the most successful tool humans ever invented? a.Oldowan pebble chopper b.Acheulian handaxe c.Mousterian spear point d.Clovis fluted point 13.  Volcanic ash can be dated using what radiometric method? a.paleomagnetism b.radiocarbon c.argon dating d.luminescence 14.  The evidence for early hominin subsistence suggests.
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  11.  Any object that shows traces of human manufacture is referred to as a/n. __________. a.                ecofact b.artifact c.site d.feature   12.  ________ are natural objects that provide information about the environmental context                of past human activity. a.                Artifacts b.Ecofacts c.Features d.Fossils   13.  Lithic analysis is the study of __________. a.lithium artifacts b.stone tools c.ceramic dishes d.metal weapons   14.  What is.
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  1. On December 7, 1941 __________. A.Nixon resigned B.John F. Kennedy was assassinated C.Apollo 11 landed on the moon D.Japanese forces attacked Pearl Harbor E.none of the above 2. __________ introduced the philosophy of Existentialism. A.Thomas Hobbes B.René Descartes C.Søren Kierkegaard D.Jacques Derrida E.John Locke 3. The basis of Lichtenstein’s style is __________. A.pointillism B.the ben-day dot C.color field painting D.abstract expressionist gesture E.collage 4. In 1975, after.
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  1. In 1868, Japan returned to rule by emperor, inaugurating a period known as the __________. A. Meiji era B.Kamakura period C.Edo period D.Momoyama period E.Muromachi period 2. Woodblock prints were closely associated with __________. A.Beijing opera B.Kabuki theater C.Hsi-wen D.Bunraku puppet theater E.bushido 3. Muromachi gardens were designed for __________. A.exercise B.meditation C.social gatherings D.love trysts E.ceremonies 4.  Basho Matsuo is known for his __________. A.woodblock.
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  1. The “Manifesto”  was the founding document of __________. A.Cubism B.Futurism C.Fauvism D.Vienna Secession E.German Expressionism 2. __________ composed Porgy and Bess. A.George Gershwin B.Scott Joplin C.Aaron Copland D.Louis Armstrong E.Dizzie Gillespie 3. The __________ movement, founded in 1917 in Holland, sought to integrate painting, sculpture, architecture, and industrial design, and championed a “pure” abstraction. A.Dada B.De Stijl C.Abstract Expressionism D.Surrealism E.none of the above 4. In FSA.
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  1.The term “modern humans” refers to several subspecies of Homo sapiens, including Neanderthals.   2.The earliest modern Homo sapiens human fossil was discovered at the site of Hadar, Ethiopia.   3.There are no modern human fossils found in southern Africa. 4.The Middle Stone Age refers to the archaeological period of the earliest modern humans.
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