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  21)Which of these nations is reported to have the lowest death rate? A)Qatar B)Afghanistan C)United States D)Sweden 22)To determine a country's growth rate, what three variables would a demographer use? A)race, sex, life expectancy B)life span, life expectancy, migration C)fertility, mortality, migration D)race, fertility, life span 13) The region of the world with the highest number of legal immigrants is.
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  31)What is infrastructure? A)Unknown costs in money and resources needed to complete a project. The ruling body of a society, especially in a non-democratic society. The essential factors on which cities depend, such as rapid transportation and communications.  A condition of social inequality that pits the haves and have nots in the same.
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  11)The U.S. Congress exempted itself from the medical system they are enforcing on the “common” people through the Affordable Care Act, opting to keep their luxurious, government-paid system of medical care. 12)Defensive medicine is practiced for the benefit of the doctor, not the patient. 13)Physician incompetence has been virtually eliminated in modern.
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  1)What is demography? 2)What is the basic premise of the Malthus theorem? 3)Approximately how long did it take the world population to reach 1 billion, then each successive billion after that to reach the 6 billion mark? 4)What are the four stages of the demographic transition theory? 5)Since the food supply is arithmetic, how.
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  12)What is the fee-for-service approach to medicine and what is its consequence? 13)In previous generations, Americans were more physically fit and obesity was less common. What evidence do we have that contradicts the claim that Americans in the past were actually healthier than they are today? 14)In what ways have physicians used.
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  8)How did Karl Marx view religion? 9)What is the primary criticism of Weber's theory that Calvinism led to capitalism? 10)What emphasis did Weber place on capitalism in his book, ? 11)What feature do Judaism, Christianity, and Islam share? 12)What is a central element in Jewish teaching? 13)What is the fundamental difference between Hinduism when compared.
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  1)acculturation 2)manifest function 3)latent functions 4)credential society 5)cultural transmission of values 6)gatekeeping 7)tracking 8)social integration 9)credentialing 10)mainstreaming 11)correspondence principle 12)self-fulfilling prophecy 13)grade inflation 14)social promotion 15)distance learning A)the promotion of a sense of national identity through practices shared by all members of society B)learning a culture to gain knowledge and skills C)the process by which education opens and closes doors of opportunity D)using diplomas and degrees to determine.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)shaman 2)health 3)sick role 4)epidemiology 5)defensive medicine 6)adverse event 7)depersonalization 8)medicalization 9)active euthanasia 10)passive euthanasia 11)dumping 12)group care 13)disabling environment 14)greenhouse effect 15)alternative medicine A)a human condition measured by four components: physical, mental, social, and spiritual B)the study of disease and disability patterns in a population C)the transformation of a human condition into a matter to be treated by physicians D)an environment that.
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  11) When religion and the culture are in conflict, three major patterns of adaptation are possible. Discuss the three adaptations and give a specific example of each. 12) What are the two variables cited by the author that are related to patterns of religious affiliation in the United States? Briefly describe.
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  1)What is society's standard way of dealing with illness and injury? A)pharmacy B)science C)apothecary D)medicine 2)The perception of health varies considerably among societies of the world. The definition of what constitutes health and illness is most defined by which of the following variables? A)the culture of society B)the life expectancy of members of the society C)the life span.
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  11)What is the relationship between industrialization and life expectancy?  A) It is an indirect relationship. B)It is a direct relationship. C)It is a null relationship. D)It is a spurious relationship. 12)Of the following nations, which one has the highest infant mortality rate? A)South Korea B)Canada C)the United States D)France 13)In the United States, what organization initiated efforts to professionalize.
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  1)What was Durkheim's influential book published in 1912 that identified the elements common to religion? 2)How does religion provide a means of social control? 3)Identify two organizations or practices that qualify as functional equivalents of religion. 4)What is meant by the term ? 5)What are the basic ideologies shared by Christians, Jews, and Muslims.
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  13)What is the United States government's basic position on religion? 14)Explain how the secularization of religion sometimes leads to the splintering of churches. Provide at least one example of the result of the secularization process. 15)What are the four main concerns that are typically responded to by religious belief? Is there any.
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1)Sociologists are primarily concerned with verifying the basic principles that guide any religion for their value and validity. 2)The word  as used by Durkheim, is synonymous with the concept of a moral community. 3)Members of a religious cult who practice human sacrifice qualify as a moral community as much as any organization.
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  1)How do sociologists define medicine? Explain how the concepts of sickness and health are socially constructed. 2)According to the functionalist perspective, if a society is to function well, its people need to be healthy enough to perform their normal roles. Explain how the elements of the sick role and the role.
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  1)Why is religion classified as a universal social institution?  A) It meets basic human needs. B)Without religion, there could be no salvation. C)All societies have churches. D)Religion unites all people of the world. 2)What is the primary reason sociologists study religion?  A) to verify or disprove the principles of specific faiths B)to evaluate the truth.
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  6)The text describes the professionalization of medicine largely as dysfunctional, and a way to monopolize medical care. In what ways was professionalization functional for society? 7)Using the conflict perspective, briefly summarize how one group was able to establish a monopoly in health care in the United States. 8)Briefly explain from the conflict.
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  31)Which of the following elements are most emphasized in Jewish teachings? A)to love God and do good things B)to tithe wages and support the religious community C)to renounce materialism and accept salvation D)to establish missions to spread the word of God 32)What is the world's largest religion, with around 2 billion members? A)Islam B)Buddhism C)Judaism D)Christianity 33)The original goal of.
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  5) How do symbolic interactionists view religion? What are the major aspects of religion that are most aligned with the symbolic interactionist perspective? 6)How does religion provide a legitimation of social inequality? What characteristics of religion make it so difficult to challenge beliefs that legitimate social inequalities?   .
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  9)According to functionalist theorists, education provides a number of social benefits. Identify five of the manifest functions of education and briefly state how they benefit society. 10) According to functionalist theorists, education provides a number of social benefits. Identify some of the latent functions of education and briefly state how they.
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1)Demography is the study of health, disease, and medical care. 2)The Malthus Theorem states that population grows geometrically, while the food supply increases arithmetically. 3)At the time of the birth of Christ, the world's population began to increase at an accelerated rate. 4)The second stage of the demographic transition is characterized by a.
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  41)In Hinduism, one of the central beliefs is karma, which means ________. A)personal enlightenment B)born again C)slain by the spirit D)spiritual progress 42)The basic moral principle of Confucianism is to maintain  and the key to is to ________. A)practice self-denial and meditate B)love God and do good deeds C)be loyal and place morality above self-interest D)follow your karma 43)A central.
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  3)Apply the functionalist perspective to explain why free public education became widespread in the United States in the mid-1800s. 4)Discuss the differences between community colleges and four-year colleges and some of the factors related to which type college a student attends. 5) Discuss how Japanese education is related to its culture and.
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  1)What is the functional equivalent of religion?  Identify at least two organizations that serve as functional equivalents of religion. 2)Discuss the major functions of religion. 3)What is state religion? Provide an example. 4)How do functionalists and conflict theorists differ in their approach to the study of religion?   .
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  11)The process by which a country's population becomes smaller because its birth rate and net migration are too low to replace those who die and emigrate is called ________. A)demographic free fall B)population implosion C)demographic decline D)population shrinkage 12)What is the most logical conclusion that can be reached regarding the debate about projected population trends.
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  11) Discuss the similarities and differences between a conflict of interest in medicine and medical fraud. 12) Define and explain the medicalization of society from the three sociological perspectives. 13) Discuss medically assisted suicide as it is practiced in Europe and the United States.   .
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)moral community 2)state religion 3)civil religion 4)functional equivalent of religion 5)religious experience 6)modernization 7)Protestant ethic 8)anti-Semitism 9)theocracy 10)nirvana 11)reincarnation 12)jen 13)charisma 14)denomination 15)secular A)a government sponsored religion, also called ecclesia B)a sudden awareness of the supernatural or a feeling of coming in contact with God C)in Hinduism, spiritual perfection that marks the end of the cycle of death and rebirth D)Robert Bellah's term.
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  12)What is the formula for the basic demographic equation? 13)In countries that practice infanticide, why are politicians becoming concerned about a prime  sociological implication associated with it? 14)Why was it necessary for the development of more efficient agriculture before cities could develop? 15)What are the "pulls" of urban life? 16)What is a megacity and.
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  12)The conflict perspective emphasizes that education reproduces the social class structure. Show how the concept of the hidden curriculum perpetuates social inequality. 13) Explain how a positive stereotype such as “Asian students are smart” can become a self-fulfilling prophecy similar to what Rist viewed in teacher expectations of students based on.
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  41)The concept of human ecology to describe the ways in which people adapt to their environment was developed by sociologist ________. A)Robert Park Joseph F. Cimini Frank Taylor William Beaver A 42)The model of urban growth that views the city as a series of somewhat circular zones occurring outward from its center is called the ________.
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  7)What is the difference in population growth between the Least Industrialized Nations and the Most Industrialized Nations? 8)What are the three reasons that support why bearing many children plays a central role in the lives of women from the Least Industrialized Nations? 9)Based on the conflict perspective, how have the Most Industrialized.
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  11)The United States has a greater number of pull factors than it has push factors, which is why it is the nation with the highest immigration rate. 12)Although some experts claim immigrants drain the U.S. economy more than they contribute to it, others take the reverse view, concluding that immigrants produce.
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  1)What is demography? A)the study of the size, composition, growth, and distribution of human populations B)the study of the location, size, and influence of nations of the world C)the study of the manufacture, distribution, and consumption of material goods  D) the study of the acquisition and exercise of power 2)The product that Spanish conquistadors.
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  11)Karl Marx was an avowed atheist who characterized religion as "the opium of the people." 12)Conflict theorists see religion as being the means of social change and an instrument to establish a perfect society. 13)The desire to accumulate capital as a duty and to constantly reinvest it is what Max Weber referred.
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  11)As a state religion in past centuries, Lutheranism was to Sweden as ________ was to Switzerland.  A) Roman Catholicism B)Calvinism C)Lutheranism D)Presbyterianism 12)How would sociologists classify communism in respect to its religious qualities?  A) It is a secular religion. B)It is a functional equivalent of religion. C)It is a dysfunction of religion. D)It is a civil religion. 13)What.
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  21)Which of the following is  a likely outcome of the Affordable Care Act?  A) People with higher incomes will receive higher quality healthcare. B)Inequality in medical care will be eliminated. C)The poor will continue to suffer from more health problems and die at a younger age. D)Congress will maintain its luxurious, government-paid medical.
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  21)Marx's notion that religion diverts the thoughts of workers to the afterlife rather than toward rebellion against their worldly oppressors is expressed by his statement ________. A)"If people believe the situation is real, it is real in the consequences." B)"The sum of the whole is no greater than the sum of the.
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  31)In the United States, doctors often convince women to have unnecessary hysterectomies because the uterus and ovaries are potentially disease-producing organs. What does this practice of convincing women to have unnecessary surgery suggest? A)Women are more likely to be psychosomatic. B)Women are more likely to have more serious medical conditions. C)Women need to.
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  1)Why are the concepts of sickness and health not absolutes? 2)What are the three components of health as identified by international health experts and the fourth that has been identified by the author? 3)From a functionalist perspective, what are the four elements of the sick role? 4)Why are parents and physicians classified as.
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  15)Based on Hindu beliefs, what are the three gods that serve as the creator, the destroyer, and the preserver of the universe? 16)What are the four noble truths of Buddhism? 17)Why is evangelism important to sects and cults? 18)How are church members in the United States stratified by social class? 19)Why has Sunday morning.
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1)Health and illness are medical absolutes. 2)The concepts of health and illness vary from culture to culture and in a pluralistic society, from group to group. 3)Parents and physicians are the primary gatekeepers to the sick role. 4)The United States has the lowest infant mortality rate in the industrialized world. 5)There is an international.
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  6) Compare the similarities and differences between education in the most industrialized, industrializing, and least industrialized nations. 7)Explain what a credential society is and why it develops. 8)How would the cultural transmission of values in the former Soviet Union and the United States be similar and different?     .
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