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  16. The “_____arts” are prized for their purely aesthetic qualities. a. applied b. fine c. symbolic d. decorative 17. The term “decorative art” first appeared during what century? a. 5th century B.C.E b. 5th century C.E. c. 15th century C.E. d. 18th century C.E. 18. Which of the following was discussed as a work exemplifying art as revealing metaphysical or.
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  21)Based on the classic Marxist view, what is the new arrangement of power that develops when the previous position is altered due to its inherent contradictions? A)the thesis B)the antithesis C)the metamorphosis D)the synthesis 22)According to Marx, human history shows that struggle develops between the thesis and its antithesis, leading to a synthesis. Marx called.
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  4)Explain the different assumptions that unilinear and multilinear evolutionary theories have about the social changes in society. 5) Briefly summarize the evolutionary theory of social change proposed by Karl Marx and discuss why his theory is no longer used to explain social change. 6)Explain Marx's model of historical change.   .
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  16)What was a "night rider?" 17)How did the automobile change a woman's role from being a producer of food and clothing to  a consumer of nationalbrand goods and ready-made clothes? 18)The text describes fascinating advances in military technology that includes remote control drones, killer satellites, and laser guided bombs. Will advances such.
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  1)Actions performed by a group of people who bypass the usual norms governing their behavior and do something unusual are referred to as ________.  A) collective behavior B)cultural deviance C)bureaucratic ritualism D)the Peter Principle 2)Charles Mackay noticed that country folk, who are ordinarily reasonable people, sometimes did "disgraceful and violent things" when they formed.
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  6. A _____ is a set of rules or mutually accepted conditions. a. contravention b. contretemps c. convention d. conscription 7. Art and technology interact in the appearance of the Volkswagen Beetle as newer safety standards affect the _____ of the vehicle. a. position b. design c. utility d. understanding 8. The cave of Lascaux dates to what historic.
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  10. Which of the following would be defined as a group of movements loosely related and played in succession? a. Sonata b. Concerto c. Suite d. Cantata 11. Which of the following would be defined as a composition for solo instruments with accompaniment? a. Sonata b. Concerto c. Suite d. Cantata 12. Which of the following would be defined as.
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  10. Which of the following is a painting medium that is transparent and thinned with water? a. Oil b. Watercolor c. Gouache d. Tempera 11. Oils, perhaps the most popular of the painting media, were developed near the beginning of what century? a. 12th b. 14th c. 15th d. 16th 12. Which of the following is responsible for the fact.
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  20. Which of the following would be defined as a slow tempo? a. Andantino b. Andante c. Lento d. Allegretto 21. Which of the following would be defined as a slow, leisurely tempo? a. Largo b. Adagio c. Moderato d. Allegro 22. Any organization of musical tones occurring one after another constitutes a _____. a. polyphony b. tempo c. melody d. conjunct 23. A central.
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  30. Adding white to a hue creates a _____ of that hue. a. saturation b. shade c. tint d. gradation 31. Which of the following terms are most closely related? a. Line and mass b. Mass and color c. Color and form d. Form and line 32. The term _____ is often used to describe characteristics synonymous with value. a. brilliance b..
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  10)What is human ecology and why is it a special concern for sociologists? 11)Identify the models of urban growth and explain how they differ. Include in your answer why these models tell only a partial story of how cities are constructed. 12)Identify the five types of urban dwellers that Gans suggests live.
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  1)Why did Charles Mackay consider collective behavior to be the result of "herd mentality?" 2)What did Robert Park mean by circular reaction? 3)According to Blumer, what are the five stages that precede the development of an acting crowd? 4)What is the minimax strategy? 5)What were the five kinds of participants identified by Turner and.
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  7)Based on Ogburn's theory, identify and explain the three processes of social change and provide an example of each process. 8)How does technology reshape a society? What are the four ways that technology reshapes a society? Define each. 9)Trace how the automobile changed dating practices in suburban and rural America, the role.
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  11)In an acting crowd, a sense of excitement that is passed from one person to another is called ________.  A) cultural transmission B)compurgation C)social contagion D)organic solidarity 12)Which participants in a crowd are most important for setting the crowd on a particular course of action?  A) curious spectators B)the ego-involved C)insecure participants D)exploiters 13)During the trial deliberation period.
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  31)The two social movements that target the individual are ________ and ________ social movements.   A) reactive; transformative B)alterative; redemptive C)reformative; transformative D)millenarian; redemptive 32)The target of a redemptive social movement is the ________, and the goal is ________. A)individual; to change a particular behavior B)society; to change specific aspects of society C)society; to transform the social order D)individual;.
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  11)Mass hysteria, when an imagined threat causes physical symptoms among a large number of people, such as in the case at a New York school in 2012 where twelve female students started displaying symptoms of Tourette’s Syndrome, is likely the result of suggestibility. 12)Flash mobs, a behavior craze of 2003, resulted.
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  7)List and define the three demographic variables that are used to project the future of populations. 8) Discuss migration, its types, and the factors that impact the level of migration a nation experiences. 9)Using the basic demographic equation, analyze each factor to explain why Europe is experiencing population shrinkage and Africa is.
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  1)According to Charles Mackay, Gustave LeBon, and Robert Park, the crowd transforms the individual. Explain what each theorist meant by that and how this affected the field of collective behavior. 2)There are many forms of collective behavior. List and discuss at least three of the major forms of collective behavior cited.
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  26. Artistic styles get their names from _____. a. common usage b. historical viewpoint c. the artists themselves d. All of the above 27. Criticism should entail a detailed process of _____ to gain understanding and appreciation. a. analog b. amalgamation c. altercation d. analysis 28. Because the choreography and music for the ballet Rites of Spring were so _____,.
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  1)What was the impetus for each of the four social revolutions? 2)Why do Gesellschaft societies emphasize formal education and career ladders so much more than the Gemeinschaft societies? 3)What was the impetus for the development of modernization? 4)What is geopolitics? 5)Why did the stratification and global division of nations begin to emerge in the.
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  11)In the realignment of the world's powers after World War II, the center of the European component of the realignment became ________. A)Germany B)Great Britain C)France D)the Soviet Union 12)The addition of which nation transformed the Group of 7 into the Group of 8? A)France B)China C)Iceland D)Russia 13)Of the following, the most important threat to global control by the.
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  7)Why are the Most Industrialized Nations changing their attitudes and behavior towards Africa? 8)What are the two types of evolutionary theories? 9)What are the four stages in Karl Marx's model of historical change? 10)Why are the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, and Rome classic examples of the cyclical theory of cultural evolution? 11)Why is.
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  1)Describe the Malthus theorem and the exponential growth curve. 2)Summarize the historical process of population growth, referred to as the demographic transition that occurred in Europe. 3) How have the Most Industrialized Nations affected the Least Industrialized Nations in Stage 2 of the demographic transition?   .
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  30. We have a _____ texture when there is only a single musical line without accompaniment. a. tonal b. monophonic c. homophonic d. polyphonic 31. Which of the following means a polyphonic development of several short themes? a. Binary form b. Ritornello c. Variation form d. Fugue 32. Which of the following is not one of the three basic types.
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  14)Why is Islamic fundamentalism classified as a metaformative social movement? 15)What are the three levels of membership in a social movement? 16)Why does your author suggest that because we are so diverse, we are destined to live in an exciting society? 17)What are the three types of public responses to social movements? 18)What is.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)demographic transition 2)population pyramid 3)fertility rate 4)fecundity 5)net migration rate 6)basic demographic equation 7)city 8)micropolis 9)human ecology 10)concentric zone model 11)sector model 12)norm of noninvolvement 13)diffusion of responsibility 14)redlining 15)enterprise zone A)a six zone model of urban growth developed by Ernest Burgess B)growth rate equals births minus deaths plus net migration C)Robert Park’s term for the relationship between people and their environment D)a.
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  11. Which of the following is a structural system that consists of horizontal beams and vertical supports? a. Post-­??and-­??lintel b. Cantilever c. Arch d. Suspension 12. Which of the following is a structural system that defines space by transferring stress outward to its legs? a. Post-­??and-­??lintel b. Cantilever c. Arch d. Suspension 13. Which of the following is a structural.
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  11)Democracy, citizenship, and capitalism all qualify as being social inventions. 12)Cultural lag was a term coined by William Ogburn to refer to a situation in which some parts of a culture adapt to an invention or discovery more rapidly than other parts. 13)Changes in social organizations, ideologies, conspicuous consumption, and social relationships.
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  4)Compare and contrast the symbolic interactionist and conflict theorists’ explanation for why people in poor nations have so many children. 5)Explain how the distribution of birth control information to the masses and selling weapons to the elites in the Least Industrialized Nations promotes political stability and the dominance of the Most.
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  20. Which of the following is a printmaking technique in which the surface of a plate is scratched with a needle? a. Aquatint b. Etching c. Drypoint d. Serigraphy 21. A squeegee is used in which printmaking technique? a. Lithography b. Aquatint c. Collage d. Serigraphy 22. Initially, the photographic medium was presented more like _____. a. drawing b. printmaking c. painting d. news.
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  4)Turner and Killian have categorized crowd participants into five types. What are those types and what are the characteristics of each type? 5)Why has it been believed for the past sixty years that mass panic followed the 1938 broadcast of ?  How have sociologists reconstructed the event to offer evidence that.
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  1)A shift in the characteristics of culture and society over time is known as___________. A)social change B)cultural tradition C)technology advancements D)social life 2)When did the first social revolution occur? A)when man learned how to make fire B)with the domestication of plants and animals C)when the plow was invented D)when cities developed 3)The invention of the plow is to the second.
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  41)When did the frontal assault on nature begin to take its most serious toll?   A) when nations industrialized B)when cities developed C)when the first social revolution erupted D)when the post industrial society emerged 42)In the northeast United States, some lakes which were once considered good fishing spots no longer have fish living in them..
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)Gemeinschaft 2)Gesellschaft 3)geopolitics 4)unilinear theory 5)multilinear theory 6)dialectical process 7)invention 8)discovery 9)diffusion 10)alienation 11)distance learning 12)acid rain 131) global warming 142) environmental sociology 15) ecosabotage A)theories that assume all societies follow the same path of development from the simple to the more complex B)Marx's term for workers' lack of connection to the product of their labor C)actions taken to sabotage the efforts.
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  41)An institutionalized social movement is underway on campus to reduce violence against women. In view of this, which of the following actions is least likely to occur? A)The police will be arresting almost any man who is accused of assaulting his girlfriend or wife. B)The women protesting may strike out violently at.
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  16. Unlike pictures, sculpture has _____ mass. a. volumetric b. lateral c. partial d. literal 17. Unlike pictures, sculpture uses _____ to define line. a. function b. form c. space d. color 18. Which of the following terms relates to “the ideal of relationships”? a. Proportion b. Texture c. Unity d. Form 19. Which of the following terms means the manner by which the eye.
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  31)Tools as simple as a comb and as complicated as the space shuttle require skills to use them. These skills are referred to as ________. A)science B)materialism C)technology D)diffusion 32)The development of the assembly line process and use of interchangeable parts is an example of how technology has changed ________. A)social organization B)society's values C)social relationships D)a society's ideology 33)Changes.
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  11)Discuss the factors that social movement leaders take into consideration in selecting tactics. 12)Apply conflict theory to the mass media. Why might all mass media communications be considered propaganda? 13)Briefly summarize relative deprivation theory and apply it to why people join social movements. 14)What were the major issues Gary Marx identified as influencing.
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  21. Which of the following means the relationship of items to each other in a design? a. Scale b. Context c. Proportion d. Space 22. Who is (are) the architect(s) of the Guggenheim Museum in New York City? a. Louis Sullivan b. R. Buckminster Fuller c. Frank Lloyd Wright d. Burnam and Root 23. The Parthenon is an example of.
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  10)Is increased social inequality an inevitable consequence of technological change? Must the current Least Industrialized Nations remain in a perpetual pauper status in relation to the Most Industrialized Nations? Explain why or why not. 11) Explain why the idea of an energy shortage is a false prediction and how are Most.
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  1) Historically, four social revolutions have occurred as a result of new technologies. List the technologies which led to these social changes and their consequences. 2)What is geopolitics and what role do the nations belonging to this group play in it? 3)Why was it necessary for the world's most powerful nations to.
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1)For an action to be classified as collective behavior, it must be conducted by a group of people seeking to make a change in society. 2)Charles Mackay's explanation for crowd behavior is that people acquired a "herd mentality." 3)Because people involved in collective behavior do so anonymously and are swept up by.
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  7) Define what constitutes a moral panic. How do moral panics reflect other social issues for the particular time they occur? 8)What are urban legends and what purpose do they serve? Provide a brief example of one urban legend. 9)Explain how proactive and reactive social movements differ. Provide examples of each. 10)Describe the.
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  7)Why are most rumors short-lived? 8)What are the three main factors associated with rumors that increase their effectiveness? 9)What does recent analysis of the broadcast of 1938 indicate in respect to the mass hysteria that has been reported to have accompanied the broadcast? 10)What is mass hysteria? 11)How did most employees of the Beverly.
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  6. Which of the following is a term for carved works of sculpture? a. Subtractive b. Additive c. Substitutive d. Ephemeral 7. Built sculpture uses which of the following processes? a. Subtraction b. Addition c. Substitution d. Manipulation 8. Cast sculpture utilizes which of the following processes? a. Addition b. Subtraction c. Substitution d. Manipulation 9. Sculptural works that are modeled utilize which of the.
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  21)When large numbers of people become intensely concerned, even fearful, about some behavior and their fear is out of proportion to any supposed danger it is referred to as a ________. A)protest B)social movement C)revolt D)moral panic 22)Three hundred students marched into the student dining hall and then sat on the floor in a large.
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1)Technology is the driving force behind social change. 2)According to Karl Marx, capitalism was responsible for the masses moving from the country to the city. 3)The donation of medicine and food by the Most Industrialized Nations to the Least Industrialized Nations has upset the demographic transition and the balance between family and.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)social contagion 2)minimax strategy 3)emergent norms 4)panic 5)role extension 6)mass hysteria 7)moral panic 8)fad 9)craze 10)flash mob 11)fashion 12)urban legend 13)social movement 14)millenarian social movement 15)agent provocateur A)Turner's and Killian's term for people developing new norms to cope with a new situation to explain crowd behavior B)an imagined threat that causes physical symptoms among a large number of people C)a sense of.
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