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  4-2.1 Conducting research can help build critical thinking skills. 4-2.2 Most audiences will expect you to back up facts with extended logical arguments.   4-2.3 A definition can be used as a persuasive device. 4-2.4 Prestige testimony is testimony from a person the audience recognizes as an expert in a field related to your topic. 4-2.5 You interview your neighbor about his.
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  2-3.10 Another term for the _____ is thesis statement. 2-3.11 “Eating organic produce offers many benefits to the consumer” is an example of a _____. 2-3.12 A _____ is a brief, usually handwritten, sketch of the body of your speech. 2-3.13 _____ are the skeletal structure, or backbone, that makes up the body of your speech. 2-3.14 points _____ are early drafts of.
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  2-2.10 You should make sure you can find enough research before committing to a speech topic.   2-2.11 The first step in narrowing your topic is identifying the central idea of the speech. 2-2.12 “To inform my public speaking classmates how breathing exercises can reduce anxiety” is an example of a general purpose. 2-2.13 The central idea may change slightly as you.
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  3-4.14 Which note-taking system discussed in Chapter 3 do you find most useful and why? 3-4.15 Write an open-ended question on the subject of creating a family budget.   3-5.1 Please examine these two websites: www.abilify.com and www.nimh.nih.gov. If you were writing an informative speech on bipolar disorder, which of the two Web sites would be more credible? Explain the reasons.
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  5-1.21 The speech conclusion should begin with a a. summary statement. b. WOW statement. c. audience response statement. d. central idea.   5-1.22 The speech conclusion should end with a a. “thank you.” b. request for questions from the audience. c. summary statement. d. WOW statement. 5-1.23 Which element of the conclusion is the following: “So, the next time you get a credit card offer.
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5-1.1 The best way of looking at an outline is thinking of it as a a. road map. b. piece of architecture. c. puzzle. d. general set of guidelines. 5-1.2 An outline helps you do all of the following EXCEPT a. eliminate speaker nervousness. b. create a permanent record of your speech. c. evenly distribute your supporting material. d. design a.
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  3-4.6 What type of information are you likely to find in public libraries versus college libraries? 3-4.7 List an advantage and a disadvantage of using books as sources. 3-4.8 What are the three advantages offered by both newspapers and magazines? 3-4.9 When is it a good idea to use journals as sources in your speech?       .
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  4-1.11 Which of the following is NOT true in regard to expert testimony? a. It comes from a person the audience recognizes as an expert. b. The expert must be in a field related to the topic. c. As long as the person is famous, the audience will deem him/her to be credible. d. It is important to.
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  5-1.11 Which of the following should NOT be used as a title framing your speech? a. specific purpose b. general purpose c. central idea d. topic   5-1.12 Which of the following is NOT true in relation to writing your outline in complete sentences? a. Delivery outlines should be in complete sentences. b. Writing in full sentences allows you to time the speech.
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  3-4.1 Explain the difference between the visible Web and the invisible Web. 3-4.2 What can you do to make sure that a Web site passes the test of impartiality? 3-4.3 When would it be appropriate to use a commercial Web site as a source? 3-4.4 List one advantage and one disadvantage of using nonprofit organization Web sites as sources. 3-4.5 What kind of.
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  2-4.1 Describe a benefit of choosing your speech topic early. 2-4.2 What are the three categories for your general purpose? 2-4.3 List the three steps in creating an idea bank (2) Write down your idea bank by hand. (3) Make a list of potential topics. 2-4.4 List the three ways you can make an.
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  3-3.10 Webster’s Dictionary and Roget’s Thesaurus are examples of _____. 3-3.11 _____ are information-gathering sessions where the interviewer asks an interviewee (or interviewees) a series of prepared questions. 3-3.12 “What is your opinion of the academic forgiveness policy?” is an example of a _____ question. 3-3.13 _____ questions are questions that arise as you are conducting the interview. 3-3.14 _____ allow you to gather.
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  5-3.1 _____ make connections between parts of your speech. 5-3.2 The conclusion should end with a _____. 5-3.4 The _____ is usually a handwritten attempt at organizing your thoughts in the early stages of writing your speech. 5-3.5 outline The outline that is typed, follows a consistent format, and includes a source page is called the _____. 5-3.6 The _____ outline has.
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  4-4.1 What are three benefits of conducting research? 4-4.2 What is the difference between lay and expert testimony? 4-4.3 If you want to make sure you have strong logical appeals in your speech, should you use more expert or peer testimony? Explain why. 4-4.4 List and define the three types of examples you can use in your speech.       .
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  3-4.10 What is an advantage and a disadvantage of using government resources as sources? 3-4.11 Why is Wikipedia often considered to be an unreliable source? 3-4.12 What are the guidelines for recording an interview? 3-4.13 List three guidelines to follow when conducting an interview.     .
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  2-4.9 List three questions to ask when evaluating a specific purpose. 2-4.10 Write a thesis statement from the following specific purpose: “To persuade my classmates to learn CPR.” main idea; and should use clear, concise, and direct language. 2-4.11 What is the purpose of the working outline? 2-4.12 List three questions to ask when evaluating your.
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  4-4.9 How can you use personal knowledge effectively in your speech?   4-4.10 What two standards must your support materials meet to be considered accurate? 4-4.11 Explain when you should use paraphrasing vs. quoting in a speech. 4-4.12 What elements should be included in a source citation for a Web site? 4-4.13 What elements should be included when citing a magazine or journal in a.
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  2-1.31 The _____ summarizes the ideas your speech will cover in order to achieve its objective. a. central idea b. specific purpose c. general purpose d. preview 2-1.32 What is NOT a guideline for writing an effective central idea? a. focus on only one key idea b. use a complete sentence, with a noun phrase and a verb phrase c. use simple.
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  4-2.10 Most newspaper and magazine articles are secondary sources. 4-2.11 Lawrence cited an original research report in his speech that was published in Communication Education. He was using a secondary source. 4-2.12 If you have relevant, pertinent personal knowledge on your topic, it will most likely replace the need for other research. 4-2.13 To make sure your information is accurate, you.
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  2-1.21 Which of the following is the first step in narrowing your topic? a. construct a working outline b. identify the specific purpose c. identify the central idea d. evaluate the central idea 2-1.22 Which of the following shows the steps to narrowing your topic in the correct order? a. identify central idea, identify specific purpose, evaluate central idea, and construct.
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  2-1.11 Which of the following is NOT an ethical guideline for selecting a topic? a. select a topic that fits the audience and occasion b. persuasive topics should focus on individuals, not on issues c. your topic should not be harmful to you or to your audience d. select a topic that is worth the audience’s time   2-1.12 Narrowing your.
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4-1.1 Which of the following is NOT a benefit of conducting research? a. It can help build critical thinking skills. b. It will ensure you speech is successful. c. It may confirm the beliefs you hold. d. It can build your self-confidence. 4-1.2 Verifiable bits of information about people, events, places, dates, and times are called a. facts. b. examples. c. statistics. d..
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  3-2.10 Books would be good sources of information on Carson’s upcoming speech on the Gulf oil spill cleanup effort.   3-2.11 Newspapers are helpful because they usually provide detailed background information on a topic. 3-2.12 Government documents and reference works are found both in libraries and online. 3-2.13 Interviews are excellent sources of expert testimony. 3-2.14 You are likely to get very similar.
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  3-5.4 Explain the ethical obligations of someone gathering information from an interview.   3-5.5 Jonathon found the following information on the National Institute of Mental Health’s Web site (www.nimh.nih.gov) which was last updated on July 1, 2010. “Bipolar Disorder, also known as manic-depressive illness, is a serious medical illness that causes shifts in a person's mood, energy, and ability to.
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3-1.1 Books, magazines, journals, and Web sites are all types of a. evidence. b. support material. c. sources. d. databases. 3-1.2 The _____ is the massive worldwide network of hardware, connecting millions of computers together so they can receive and retrieve information. a. Internet b. browser c. visible Web d. deep Web 3-1.3 Internet Explorer, Mozilla Firefox, and Safari are all examples of a. databases. b. sources. c. search.
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  5-2.10 When outlining, main points should be labeled with roman numerals. 5-2.11 If you divide a point in your speech, it must have at least two subdivisions. 5-2.12 Beginning speakers should use parenthetical source citations in their outlines. 5-2.13 Working outlines should by typed and carefully planned out. 5-2.14 A delivery outline should contain delivery cues such as “slow down” or “eye contact.” 5-2.15 Internal.
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  3-1.11 A _____ is a Web site or page that contains regular postings by its author(s). a. blog b. personal Web site c. commercial Web site d. nonprofit organization Web site 3-1.12 If you want to find examples of public opinion, it would be helpful to access a a. commercial Web site. b. nonprofit organization Web site. c. blog. d. database.   3-1.13 A _____ is.
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  4-4.14 What elements should be included when citing a reference work? 4-4.15 Explain what it means to be enthusiastic about your sources.   4-5.1 Write out a hypothetical example that would be effective in a speech about self-defense techniques.     .
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  5-2.1 A good way to look at an outline is the think of it as a piece of architecture.   5-2.2 An outline can help make sure your main points relate to your central idea. 5-2.3 Both informative and persuasive speeches should have two or three main points in the body. 5-2.4 You should begin your preparation outline by putting the topic,.
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  3-2.1 Another word for support material is evidence. 3-2.2 The Web is the massive worldwide network of hardware, connecting millions of computers together so they can receive and retrieve information. 3-2.3 Web sites with .org, .gov, and .edu extensions may be more reliable than those ending with .com or .net.   3-2.4 Dogpile is an example of a general search engine. 3-2.5 The.
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  3-1.31 _____ are regularly distributed mini-publications produced by clubs, churches, societies, associations, businesses, and government agencies. a. Journals b. Blogs c. Newsletters d. Magazines   3-1.32 _____ are usually peer-reviewed and tailored to a specific audience. a. Journals b. Magazines c. Newspapers d. Books 3-1.33 Which of the following is NOT true in regard to journals? a. They have extremely high credibility. b. They are peer-reviewed by experts in.
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  4-5.2 Define statistics and explain the difference between descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Explain at least five rules for using statistics effectively. Grading Rubric: Definition–20%; Inferential and Descriptive–30%; Rules–50%. 4-5.3 Define and explain the five tests for evaluating your support materials.     .
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  4-5.4 Explain five ways you can use speaker delivery to enhance your support material.   4-5.5 Describe what is missing from the following oral citations: Book—According to Body for Life, good fats include safflower oil, sesame oil, canola oil, and the fat in avocados. Magazine—An article in the Saturday Evening Post pointed out that it is important to protect.
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  5-3.10 “However,” “conversely,” and “although” are examples of _____ transitions. 5-3.11 _____ are words or phrases that signal to the audience where they are in an order of related thoughts or what is important to remember. 5-3.12 First….Second….Third…are examples of _____. 5-3.13 _____ are links that summarize what you just covered in your speech. 5-3.14 _____ citations use the author-publication date method. 5-3.15 If you.
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  2-2.1 It is possible to have more than one general purpose in a speech. 2-2.2 The specific purpose is the unrestricted aim of your speech. 2-2.3 “How to make French bread pizza” has the general purpose of “to inform.” 2-2.4 Urging your classmates to incorporate walking into their daily activities has the general purpose of “to persuade.” 2-2.5 A commencement speech may.
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  4-3.1 Verifiable bits of information about people, places, dates, events, and times are called _____. 4-3.2 Actor Sean Penn speaking against the war in Iraq is an example of _____ testimony. 4-3.4 Quoting from a psychiatrist on the topic of obsessive compulsive disorder is an example of using _____ testimony. 4-3.5 Telling your audience your experience with identify theft is an.
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  3-1.21 Which of the following is an example of a multiple-subject database? a. Academic Search Elite b. ERIC c. OVID d. Standard & Poor’s NetAdvantage 3-1.22 Maria is looking for information on her topic of cooperative learning in the classroom. Which database should she use? a. OVID b. Standard & Poor’s NetAdvantage c. ERIC d. Bloom’s Literary Reference Online 3-1.23 Which of the following is.
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  3-3.1 _____ is the act of investigating, evaluating, and summarizing information.   3-3.2 The _____ includes anything you can access through a general search engine. 3-3.4 _____ Web sites are sites created and maintained by for-profit businesses or organizations. 3-3.5 Types of _____ include personal, corporate, subject, and media. 3-3.6 If Mary Beth wants to find out what materials her local library physically owns, she.
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  4-3.10 Original sources of information are called _____ sources. 4-3.11 A _____ source is aimed to educate specialists and uses very technical language. 4-3.12 _____ refers to the characteristic of support material when your audience views it as relevant to the topic, to them, and to the occasion. 4-3.13 A(n) _____ helps explain the unfamiliar by comparing and contrasting it to.
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  2-3.1 “To inform” is an example of a _____. 2-3.2 When you want to reinforce, change, or influence the attitudes, beliefs, or actions of your audience your general purpose is _____. 2-3.4 A(n)_____ is a list of general words and phrases that could be potential speech topics for you. 2-3.5 When you _____, you “free associate,” or jump from one.
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  5-1.31 Which of the following outline types is typed, written in full sentences, double-spaced, and formatted in a specific and consistent way? a. preparation b. working c. delivery d. rough 5-1.32 Preparation outlines are also called a. delivery outlines. b. formal outlines. c. working outlines. d. speaking outlines. 5-1.33 Which of the following is NOT true in regard to delivery outlines? a. They are much shorter than.
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  4-1.21 _____ aim to draw conclusions about a larger population by making estimates based on a smaller sample of that population. a. Inferential statistics b. Descriptive statistics c. Facts d. Trends 4-1.22 Which of the following is NOT a guideline for using statistics? a. verify important statistics with other sources b. explain clearly to your audience what the statistics mean c. use them.
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  4-4.5 List three guidelines for using statistics effectively. 4-4.6 Page Ref: 114 What is the difference between descriptive and inferential statistics? 4-4.7 What is the difference between the mean, the median, and the mode? 4-4.8 How do you determine whether to use primary or secondary sources in your speech?     .
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  4-1.31 Which of the following is NOT true in regard to using personal knowledge in your speech? a. It can put a personal face on your topic. b. It can build your ethos. c. It can often replace outside research. d. It can be used to generate emotional appeal. 4-1.32 The example given in Chapter 4 about the.
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2-1.1 The unrestricted aim of your speech is called the a. specific purpose. b. general purpose. c. thesis. d. goal. 2-1.2 Which of the following has the general purpose of “to inform”? a. a speech to the class on the history of rugby b. a speech commemorating Memorial Day c. a speech to the class urging them to give blood d. a.
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  2-5.2Using brainstorming, draw an idea bank on the topic of “drug abuse.” 2-5.3Using the topic of “stress management” go through the four steps of creating a focused speech topic to ultimately create a central idea. 2-5.4To inform my history class about the causes of World War II. Label each part of the preceding specific purpose. 2-5.5Read the.
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