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  11.3.  True/false questions 1. The rules of greeting and introducing oneself to other people appear similar across various ethnic groups. 2. Overall, collectivist cultures maintain weaker systems of sanctions and rewards related to group behavior as compared to individualist cultures. 3. Compared to other national groups, Americans score lower on tests and experiments.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 11 1. A form of social influence in which individuals change their attitudes and/or behavior in order to adhere to existing social norms is called ________________. a. social loafing  b. social facilitation  c. group polarization d. authoritarian power  e. conformity 2. What is the psychological term for the tendency.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology. Quiz on Chapter 2 1. What is the name of the type of survey in which the researcher’s personal impact is very small because there is no direct communication between the respondent and the interviewer? a. Content-analysis    b. Direct survey   c. Focus group methodology d. Indirect survey  e. Psycho-biographical research 2. The.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. Unlike the Enlightenment’s “Newton’s of the Mind”, the Romantics’ conception of the Will was captured in the phrase, ____________. a. The Will is motivated by love and art. b.The Will is reason without faith. c.The Will is a wild beast. d.The Will arises from the brain doing its work. 2.In his treatment.
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21.In terms of two scientific theories clashing with each other to explain phenomena, which of the following is an example of reduction: a. Mendelian genetics to molecular genetics. b.Ptolemaic view of the solar system to the Copernican system. c.Copernican system to Mendelian theory. d.Whig theory to epistemology. 22.If a scientist believes that his or her.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 9 1. Symptoms of psychological disorders that are observable in practically all cultures are called ______________________. a. peripheral  b.culture-bound  c. medical  d. central  e. professional 2. What is the repressive adaptive style in coping with illness? a. An individual’s desire to seek immediate help     b. An individual’s desire to.
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11.When two scientific theories clash over their ability to explain some phenomena there are two possible outcomes. One of these outcomes is when one theory is right and the other is wrong and the wrong theory is discarded. This outcome is known as: a. replacement b. falsification c. naturalism d. reduction 12.In terms of.
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  12.4.  Short-answer questions 1. Psychologists have different views on when an individual’s life ends. What is the official guideline or principle that defines the end of human life in the United States? 2. Studies show that a key source in the transmission of AIDS in Africa is: 3. As a managing editor of.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. While the conceptual foundations of psychology came from philosophy, the inspiration for the creation of an independent science of psychology came from: a. Mathematics b. Biology c. Chemistry d. Religion 2. Isaac Newton’s critics argued that he never explained how gravity actually worked. Newton’s response was “Hypotheses non fingo”, which essentially means: a.I.
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51. Whig histories of science are typically internalist, seeing science as: a.open disciplines with ill defined problems that are largely influenced by social and historical events. b.   self-contained disciplines solving well-defined problems by the rational use of the scientific method and unaffected by social/historical events. c.not scientific at all, but simple cultural constructions.
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  12.3.  True/false questions 1. In the United States, African Americans have the highest mortality on most causes of death, along with Native Americans. 2. Younger and unmarried immigrants (age and marital status) are more likely to be registered voters in the United States. 3. A study of Americans with both Japanese and European.
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21.From reading about the inhabitants of the Pacific islands, ______ concluded that in a state of nature people are “noble savages.” a.Rousseau b.Herder c.Condorcet d.Berkeley 22.From the course of the French Revolution, many thinkers concluded that: a.peaceful change from monarchy to democracy was not very difficult b.the Enlightenment Project had come to a dangerous and violent end c.violent.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 3 1.The propensity to resolve discrepancies between pre-existing schemas and new information in the direction of assimilation rather than accommodation, even at the expense of distorting the information itself is called _________________. a. post-hoc error   b. accommodation error   c. bidirectional causation   d. Barnum effect             e. assimilation bias 2..
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  10.3.True/false questions 1. Evolutionary psychologists suggest that values allow human groups to adjust to their environments. They become embedded in cultures and passed on to new generations. 2. The term collectivist refers to a pattern by which a country scores low on the measure of power distance and high on the measure.
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21.According to scholars from the time of the Greeks (i.e. Aristotle) through the Middle Ages, when we perceive an object we: a.perceive it as it really is with all its sensory properties (e.g. beauty) b.perceive it indirectly through a copy, or idea, in consciousness c.actively construct the object via the Categories of Apperception d.are.
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12.1.  Multiple choice questions 1. An individual who has left his or her native country and is unwilling or unable to return to it because of persecution or fear of persecution (because of race, religion, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion) is called a(n) _____________. a. colonist b. settler c. explorer d..
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41-43.  Logical Positivism:  Match type of term to a suitable example 41.observation a.equals 42.theoretical b.weight at sea level 43.mathematical c.mass 44.Which of the following is the BEST example of an operational definition? a.Atoms are the smallest particles of matter. b.Intelligence is a score on an IQ test. c.The superego is the moral component of personality. d.Neurotics tend to.
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41-44. During the 18th century, philosophers argued about human nature.  Match the philosopher to their view of human nature. 41.Thomas Hobbes a.Human beings are naturally peaceful “noble savages”. 42.French empiricism b.Human nature is a blank slate that is shaped by culture and education. 43.Jean-Jacques Rousseau c.Human beings are selfish and dangerous: without government.
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31.Descartes doubting let him to conclude that there are two worlds. One is the objective scientifically knowable material world and the other is in some sense: a.a subjective world of human consciousness. b.the world of a person as a thinking being. c.a world only known through introspection. d.all of these. 32.If Descartes’ picture of the.
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31.The French naturalist philosophers replaced the Greek ethical goal of eudaemonia with ethical hedonism.  Eudaemonia meant: a.living one’s life in order to get as much pleasure as possible b.following the commandments of the Greek Gods c.living well—flourishing d.acting strictly in accord with reason, whether it made one happy or not 32.The Scottish commonsense philosophers said.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.One reason that the scientific revolution occurred in Europe and not some other   culture (e.g. Islam or China). a.Islam and China were intellectually underdeveloped at the time and new little about philosophy. b.  Europe never experienced a feudal system. c.Creation of self-governing Universities those were relatively free in terms of inquiry. d..
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11. Although not favored by Islamic thinkers, the concept of ________ developed by medieval thinkers was important to the development of natural science in Europe. a.separation of mind and body c.an omnipotent God b.secondary causation d.primary causation 12.Sigmund Freud called this work the first great blow to the human ego: a.Newton’s Principia Mathematica b.Copernicus’ Revolution of the.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1. The key economic development that appeared during the High Middle Ages (1,000-1350) was: a.The first large sailing ships used for trade b.the invention of smelting and trading Bronze c.the first autonomous European cities d.all of these 2.The rise of autonomous cities in Europe was a historical turning point because: a. the citizens of.
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51. Regarding our ability to form generalizations, (i.e. form true beliefs), which of the following was the view of Reid (Scottish common sense philosopher)? a. It is a God given innate mental faculty and is therefore a reliable source of knowledge. b. It results from the Transcendental Ego’s imposition of Categories of.
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61.  David Hartley strove to see the mind through Newtonian eyes.  Hartley believed in the close correspondence of mind and brain and ___________. a. he proposed parallel laws of association for both in his physiological theory. b.yet he refused to agree with associationism, instead he argued for nativism. c.developed a major theory of.
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31.Of Aristotle’s 4 causes, which one remained part of modern natural science? a.spiritual cause c.efficient cause b.formal cause d.final cause 32.In Aristotle’s treatment of human beings, what is the unique function of the human soul, or mind? a.knowledge of universal truths b.sexual reproduction c.conscious experience d.movement (i.e., behavior) 33.Aristotle distinguished between memory and knowledge.  This distinction reflects the modern distinction.
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21.Who was the Archaic Greek Philosopher that in essence told his student, “This is how I see things- how I believe things are. Try to improve upon my teaching.” a. Thales b. Achilles c. Elgin Marbles d. Leahey 22.Many of psychology’s intellectual roots can be traced to Ancient Greece, yet a concept we today have,.
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11.William of Ockham: a.rejected the real existence of universals and forms. b.rejected the idea that the soul has distinct mental faculties like will or intellect. c.Separated faith and reason by arguing that only faith provides knowledge of the immortal soul. d.all of the above 12. Renaissance humanism turned the focus of human inquiry away from.
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11.1.Multiple choice questions 1. Actions that reward those who follow the norms and reprove those who are deviant are called _________________. a. roles b. sanctions c. groupthink d. social loafing e. social facilitation 2. A form of social interaction in which individuals or groups attempt to maximize their own outcomes, often at the expense of others is.
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50-52Match Aristotelian soul to its function. 50.vegetative soul a.sensation 51.animal soul b.reason 52.human soul c.nutrition 53.You buy and are about to watch The Avengers movie on DVD. Which of the following is the best example of an efficient causal explanation of a DVD of  the movie The Avengers? a.A laser cuts divots into the surface.
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11-13. Match the group to their values: 11. Greek Bronze Age warriors a. Unit coordination and egalitarian ethos 12. Phalanx of soldiers called hoplites b. extreme ethos of the polis 13. Spartans       c.  individual glory won in battle 14.The city-state (polis) that carried Greek ideas to their extreme was: a.Sparta b.Athens c.Melos d.Carthage 15.The democratic life of the Greek.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 6 1. Which of the following terms refers to the process of identification, description and explanation of an emotional expression? a. Stress reduction   b. Display rules   c. Emotion recognition  d. Feeling rules e. Intellectual challenge 2. What is the term for an individual assessment of emotions according to certain.
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41.In contrast to Plato, but anticipating today’s cognitive psychology, Aristotle defined soul in terms of: a.personal immortality b.a separate substance (res cogitans) c.the transcendental Form it resembles d.the life functions it carries out 42.According to Aristotle, people could flourish (achieve eudaemonia) only if they: a.underwent rigorous education in ethics b.lived in the right sort of society c.were innately.
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31.To the positivist, a shortcoming of the causal perspective or explanation is: a.not having an adequate account of causation itself b.avoidance of metaphysics c.avoidance of looking for truth d.over-emphasis on laws of nature 32.The perspective on explanation that focuses on the social context of explanations is the: a.epistemic c.pragmatic b.unification d.causal 33-35.Match model of explanation to description. 33.covering law a.analysis of.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 12 1. An individual who has left his or her native country and is unwilling or unable to return to it because of persecution or fear of persecution (because of race, religion, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion) is called a(n) ______________. a. colonist .
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  11.2.   Multiple choice questions (comprehension and application) 1. According to the old Indian caste system, an individual’s social status was primarily ________________. a. achieved in adolescence b. ascribed for boys, but achieved for girls c. achievedin adulthood d. ascribed e. achieved in childhood 2. In terms of cultural context, Western countries are typically defined as _____________. a. high-context.
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11.Identifying Aristotle’s concept of mind with the Christian soul presented difficulties, because unlike the Christian soul, mind: a.represented the essence of the individual person b.was impersonal, containing only universal concepts c.was regarded as immortal d.was located in the heart instead of the head 12.More generally, Aristotle’s philosophy was difficult to merge with Christian theology because: a.Aristotle’s.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 7 1. Researching for his theory of self-actualization, Maslow collected a sample consisted primarily of_________. a. Chinese and Japanese    b. African-American and European-American c. Asian Hispanic    d. Europeans and European-Americans   e. Russian, French, and Hungarian 2. What do psychologists call the type of achievement motivation that directs a person.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.In a disturbing world, people seek freedom from disturbance. During such at time the Hellenistic schools of philosophy shared the goal of: a. attempting to seize power and control over all the other Greek cities. b.   rejecting ataraxia while focusing on economics and trade. c.      creating and teaching a therapy.
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21.An important step toward scientific psychology taken by the Islamic faculty psychologists was their: a.preservation of Aristotle's ideas b.addition of new faculties to Aristotle's list c.attempt to combine faculty psychology with brain structures d.introduction of experimentation 22.According to the Medieval philosopher-physicians such as Ibn-Sina, the only mental function which was not to be explained in.
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  11.4.  Short-answer questions 1. What is cultural embeddedness? 2. What is the difference between conformity and conformism? 3. What phenomena would be considered the opposite of social loafing? 4. How are “individualism” and “conformity” related? 5. The text discusses the distinctions between primary and secondary control as it relates to conformity.  Name a country (cited.
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11.Which of the following was the view of Reid and the Scots? a.is a God-given mental faculty and is therefore a reliable source of knowledge b.results from the Transcendental Ego’s imposition of the Categories of Apperception on raw sensory experience c.depends on careful use of demonstrative logic to prove our conclusions d.is useful in.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 8 1. The term ________ refers to the rituals that recognize an individual’s movement from one status to another. a. means of access   b. check points   c. rites of passage    d. pledges   e. written tests 2. Critics of Piaget’s theory maintain that he provoked a temptation to interpret.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 4 1. Studies suggest that individuals from hunter and gatherer cultures have _______ rates of color blindness than/as individuals from agricultural cultures. a. lower   b. the same  c. higher    d. significantly higher  e. highly unusual 2. _________ is a quiet and relaxed state of tranquility in which a.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Which of the following was NOT one of the perceived enemies of the Enlightenment Project? a.religion c.tradition b.science d.the aristocracy 2.Which of the following was considered to be the “The lamp of the Enlightenment”? a.Hume          c.    Locke b.Newton          d.    Kant 3.The 17th century figure who had the most influence on Enlightenment philosophy was: a.Descartes b.Galileo c.Newton d.Hobbes 4.Locke argued for two.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.During what evolutionary psychologists call the Era of Evolutionary Adaptation, it appears that H. Sapiens most important adaptation was not upright posture or a tool using grip, but rather _________. a.written language b.the invention of trade and money c.folk psychology d.the democratic state 2. According to XAM”s Blog (forward to the past), in.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 5 1. What is the psychological term for originality or the ability to produce valued outcomes in a novel way? a. Formal intelligence    b. Creativity   c. Informal intelligence d. Empirical  reasoning    e. Field independent style 2. What is the psychological term for experience and cognitive operations drawn from everyday.
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Cross-Cultural Psychology. Quiz on Chapter 1 1. ________ is the study that seeks to discover systematic relationships between culture and psychological variables. a. Multiculturalism   b. Cross-cultural psychology  c. Cultural relativism   d. Cultural psychology e. Cultural absolutism 2. If a researcher examines the degree to which people in a certain country accept inequality between the.
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  Cross-Cultural Psychology Quiz on Chapter 10 1. Perceived predominant behavioral and psychological features and traits common in most people of a nation are labeled as  “_______________.” a. psychological profile   b. general personality trait   c. national character d. specific personality trait      e. social profile 2. How do professionals call psychological tensions caused by the perceived.
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  10.4.   Short-answer questions 1. Imagine that a store-owner is experiencing an unpleasant state of emotions caused by a mismatch (disparity) between his belief that anger is inappropriate and his angry reaction to the rude behavior of a foreign tourist. What is the psychological term for this state? 2.  The Collectivist pattern of.
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