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  Match the term with the definition. 1)life expectancy     2)life span     3)gender age       4)gerotranscendence       5)baby boom       6)age cohort       7)baby bust       8)activity theory       9)continuity theory       10)Townsend Plan     11)dependency ratio     12)Gray Panthers     13)AARP     14)technological life     15)hospice       A)a large number of births within a relatively short span of years, leading to a population of individuals who proceed through the life course together B)an organization founded in 1970 to fighting ageism on.
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    31)A common sociological finding in Latino family research is ___________is more important in determining family life than being Latino or one’s country of origin.   A) birth of the first male child B)marriage C)social class D)confirmation of religion 32)Kim is the child of Asian American parents. When she misbehaves, how will her parents most likely.
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  10)How did John D. Rockefeller inspire the federal government to begin regulating markets? 11)Why was Coca-Cola considered a particularly good "pick-me-up" prior to 1903? 12)What are the three essential components of socialism? (2)central planning; (3)distribution of goods without a profit motive 13)How does democratic socialism differ from pure socialism? 14)How do capitalists and socialists mutually criticize.
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  5)Explain why the transfer of authority is crucial for the social stability of the state. Provide examples of how power is transferred in states based on the three types of authority. 6)What is the definition of democracy?  How does direct democracy differ from representative democracy? 7)Thomas Jefferson observed that "A little rebellion.
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  1)Explain how the accumulation of surplus contributed to the growth of social inequality. 2)Trace the transformation of economic systems, and emphasize this transformation in the United States. 3) What is meant by the term "medium of exchange"? Describe how the medium of exchange has evolved.     .
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  21)In the United States, government interventions that restrict a person's ability to immediately produce and sell a product that he or she has discovered or invented are referred to as ________. A)market restraints B)social forces C)laws of supply and demand D)patent laws 22)What is another name for "welfare capitalism"?  A) laissez-faire capitalism B)state capitalism C)pure capitalism D)"hands off".
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)micropolitics 2)macropolitics 3)authority 4)coercion 5)revolution 6)routinization of charisma 7)direct democracy 8)representative democracy 9)oligarchy 10)citizenship 11)noncentrist party 12)coalition government 13)lobbyists 14)anarchy 15)power elite A)power that people do not accept as rightly exercised over them B)a form of democracy in which voters elect representatives who meet together to discuss issues and make decisions on their behalf C)Wright Mills' term for the top people in.
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    13)What are the most common reasons some couples choose not to have children? 14)What are DINKs? 15)What is the blended family? 16)Explain the pattern of decline in two-parent families from 1970 to 2010. 17)How has the age of the first-time bride and groom and first-time parents changed since 1970?     .
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    11)Journalistic accounts often state that one out of every two marriages ends in divorce. Explain why this statement presents a distorted image of divorce in the United States. Provide an alternative statistic which presents a more accurate description of divorce in the U.S.A. 12)What pattern does the relationship between a father.
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  31)The author suggests that former capitalist nations could adopt features of socialism, while former socialist nations adopt features of capitalism. This theory is referred to as ________. A)excess value B)convergence C)transformation D)private ownership 32)What term did Durkheim use to refer to the sense of unity that comes from doing similar activities and directly sharing most.
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    1) Discuss same-sex marriages, including their historical roots, legislation, and characteristics. 2)Provide a definition of the term. What, if any, are universal themes that all family systems must deal with? 3)List and discuss the common cultural themes of family and marriage. 4)List and discuss the three systems of descent society uses to trace.
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  21)In the United States, we elect candidates whom we believe will best represent our interests in state capitals and in Washington, D.C. This is an example of a(n) ________. A)direct democracy B)indirect democracy C)citizen democracy D)representative democracy 22)Carl lives in a small New England town where he and other residents attend monthly town meetings. At.
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  1)Sociologically, what is a family? A)A man and a woman and their children engaged in a supportive relationship. B)A household composed of people of different sexes. C)Any couple who have been legally married. D)Two or more people related by blood, marriage, or adoption. 2)Frank, Jim, Martha and Louise occupy the same apartment, sharing routine chores.
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  1)What are the similarities and difference between authority and coercion? 2)What is the purpose of a revolution? 3)What are the three types of authority? 4)What are some of the characteristics required for cities to develop? 5)What is the origin of the word ? 6)What is the difference between direct democracy and representative democracy?   .
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    5)Discuss how marriage and family are viewed from the three sociological perspectives. 6)The incest taboo is a universal norm. Why, according to functionalists, is this so?   7)Compare love and marriage in the United States and in India, and briefly explain why there are differences.     .
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  4)Compare and contrast the two major economic systems. Identify a shortcoming of each system.   5)How did John D. Rockefeller create a monopoly in the oil industry? What was the ultimate outcome of his efforts? 6)Describe the changes that have occurred in the two major economic systems.   .
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    21)Maria and Brian recently gave birth to their first child. Based on sociological findings, what is the likely change in the marital satisfaction that Maria and Brian feel towards one another?   A) It will increase. B)It will decrease. C)It will probably remain the same. D)It is totally unpredictable. 22)Among married couples, who is the.
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    11)Sociologically, there is no such thing as American family, African American family, or white American family. 12)With the increase in the Latino population in the United States, the emphasis on machismo has become ever more pronounced. 13)Among all family groups, Native Americans are the most likely to be permissive with their children.
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  1)Hunting and gathering societies that generate very little surplus food and material property are described by sociologists as ________ economies. A)welfare B)capitalist C)subsistence D)socialist 2)What condition had to exist before members of a society could create a permanent or  semi-permanent place to live? A)a powerful ruler who was able to control power B)a form of barter that.
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1)The term  is one difficult to define because of the many varieties of family displayed in the world's cultures. 2)A society that prohibits interracial marriage by law is enforcing endogamy. 3)Online dating has become so popular that one fifth of heterosexual couples and three-fifths of homosexual couples now meet online. 4)The greatest emotional.
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  17)What are the similarities and differences between the mechanical and organic societies? 18)Provide an example of the close connections between the corporate and political worlds. 19)What is the difference between the ways in which men and women have traditionally appeared to approach work? 20)Why would the hunting and gathering society have the greatest.
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  11)The control of an entire industry by a single company is referred to as a monopoly. 12)A monopoly is a capitalist's worst nightmare. 13)In a pure socialist economy, members of the central committee, supervisors, and factory workers are all employees of the government. 14)In theory, socialists believe that profit is immoral and that.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)subsistence economy 2)conspicuous consumption 3)barter 4)fiat money 5)inflation 6)money 7)gold standard 8)stored value 9)capitalism 10)laissez-faire capitalism 11)state capitalism 12)socialism 13)convergence theory 14)quiet revolution 15)underground economy A)paper money backed by gold stored at Fort Knox, thus limiting the amount of dollars issued B)an economic system in which individuals own the means of production but the state regulates many economic activities for the.
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  11)What was the earliest medium of exchange? A)gold standard B)money C)land standard D)barter system 12)At the marketplace, Blossom brings pastries that she bakes to exchange for clothing. David brings chickens to trade for Blossom's pastries. What medium of exchange does this illustrate? A)deposit receipt B)barter C)stored value D)fiat money 13)The means by which people value and exchange goods and services.
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  11)Identify and discuss the two major organizations that lobby on behalf of the needs of the elderly. 12)Discuss the relationship between race-ethnicity, gender, and poverty among the elderly. 13)Describe what is meant by the term "technological life" and give an example. 14)Discuss the five-stage process of the living-dying interval proposed by Elisabeth Kübler-Ross. 15)How.
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  17)Who comprises the power elite and what is the ruling class? 18)What is the role of media in war propaganda? 19)Identify the seven fuels Timesheff claimed are the reasons countries go to war. 20)What are the current and proposed trading blocks that will be key parts of the New World Order?   .
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  1)What is the  egalitarian of all forms of society? 2)How did the advent of the steam engine affect domestic and international trade? 3)What are some of the implications suggested by the emergence of the biotech society? 4)What is the difference between fiat money in the industrial society and money in the agricultural society? 5)How.
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    1)What qualities do polyandry and polygyny share and how do they differ? 2)Why is emotional overload more common in the nuclear family than the extended family? 3)U.S. families spend about 25 percent less time doing housework than they did a generation ago. What are the two most obvious reasons for this? 4)What are.
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  11)The Democrats and Republicans are classified as noncentrist parties because their political views diametrically oppose each other. 12)People who have a burning desire for social change are the most likely to vote. 13)A political gender gap is developing in presidential polls with women being likely to support the Democratic candidate and men.
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  12)What is the primary cause of voter apathy? 13)How have voting patterns among men and women in the U.S. changed? 14)What is the primary criticism of political action committees and lobbyists? 15)Why is it wise for politicians elected to Congress to cooperate with political action committees (PACs)? 16)What are the three branches of the.
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  11)Which of the following best describes rational-legal authority? A)rule by custom and folkways B)rule by the power of personality C)rule by tradition D)rule by written laws 12)What is the literal translation of the word  based on its Greek origin?  A) It means a nation of laws, not men. B)It means a gift freely and graciously given. C)It.
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    8)Discuss the characteristics and trends in marriage among U.S. families.   9)What are the benefits and problems associated with using nannies to provide child care? 10)The combinations of relationships in blended families can get very confusing. Using the symbolic interactionist perspective, explain how members of blended families might reduce this confusion in their.
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    11)Which of the following family situations is most likely to result in emotional overload? A)Patrick and Terri live in the rural U.S. with their five children and many relatives. B)Jacob and Rebecca reside in an Amish community with their eight children. C)John and Diane live in the suburbs with their only child, John.
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  1)Define power. How does power differ from authority? 2)Who has the capacity to grant legitimacy to the power political leaders hold over citizens? What happens when power is achieved without legitimacy? 3)Why is the transfer of authority in societies governed by traditional and rational-legal authority more stable than those governed by charismatic.
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1)Power relations, wherever they exist, refer to politics. 2)Traditional authority is based on what has been agreed to by reasonable people and written into law. 3)Bureaucratic authority and charismatic authority are identical forms of power. 4)Of the three ideal types of authority, charismatic authority has the least formalized rules for succession of a.
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    7)How does the birth of the first child effect marital satisfaction? 8)What are some problems encountered between biological parents and the nanny who may be caring for the children? 9)Why don't we address families as  African American family,  Asian American family, white American family, and so on, deleting the preceding  to simply.
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  31)The present two-party system dominating political activity in the United States has been in existence since ________.  A) the signing of the Declaration of Independence B)the framing of the Constitution C)the end of the American Revolution D)the Civil War 32)Richard is an aspiring businessman that nets over 10 million dollars a year in profit..
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  8)Discuss the differences between the U.S. democratic system and the democratic system used in most European democracies. 9)Compare and contrast the first and second major waves of immigration to the United States and the impact it had on the existing population. 10) Discuss how functionalist theorists explain how government in the United.
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  41)Theorists who believe that corporations use profit as their moral guide, with no concern for how opening and closing factories affects workers, are most aligned with which sociological perspective? A)the conflict perspective B)functionalism C)symbolic interactionism D)structuralism 42)In the workplace, which attributes do men have a tendency to emphasize as part of their motive and style? A)collaboration;.
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1)The society that engaged in the lowest amount of trading was the hunting and gathering society. 2)The passing of power from heads of families and clans to the ruling elite took place as agricultural societies replaced horticultural and pastoral societies. 3)Conspicuous consumption has replaced the Protestant ethic in most industrialized nations. 4)A major.
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  1)What is another term for power relations wherever they exist? A)politics B)government C)economics D)nationalism 2)Why is every group considered as being political? A)All groups are composed of at least two parties. B)There is a power struggle of some sort in every group. C)All groups have elections and only allow members to vote. D)Democratic values are predominant in all groups. 3)The.
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  7)What are the similarities and differences between monarchies, dictatorships, oligarchies, and totalitarian regimes? 8)How was the revolutionary idea of citizenship first introduced? 9)What were the two most successful third parties in the U.S. political system in reference to presidential elections? 10)What is the profile of the average U.S. voter? 11)Why do coalitions form more.
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  41)Marcus has not voted for the last fifteen years because he feels that the political system has never done anything positive for him, so his vote really would not affect his life one way or the other. What is the emotional reaction Marcus is experiencing? A)hostility B)anomie C)alienation D)confusion 42)In the early 1900s, what did.
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