Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Art And Architechture)

1. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 2-propylpentanoic acid    2. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: cis-1,3-cyclopentanedicarboxylic acid    3. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: cyanoacetic acid    4. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names..
13 Views
View Answer
    51. Exhibit 16-10Propose syntheses to carry out each of the following conversions. Assume ortho and para isomers can be separated.     52. Exhibit 16-10Propose syntheses to carry out each of the following conversions. Assume ortho and para isomers can be separated.     53. Exhibit 16-10Propose syntheses to carry out each of the following conversions. Assume.
11 Views
View Answer
    11. Exhibit 16-3Consider the data below to answer the following question(s).The -NH2 group is listed in our textbook as the strongest o,p-directing activator in electrophilic aromatic substitution reactions. However, when aniline is subjected to standard nitration conditions poor yields of m-nitroaniline result. Refer to Exhibit 16-3. Draw all the resonance forms.
11 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 15-3Refer to the data below to answer the following question(s).The 1H NMR spectrum of [14]annulene at -60?C shows two signals, one at 0 ppm and one at 7.6 ppm, with an area ratio of 5:2. Refer to Exhibit 15-3. Explain why these protons have absorption at such high fields.    22. Exhibit.
12 Views
View Answer
    61. Which of the following is a meta- director? A. —BrB. —OHC. —COCH3D. —CH2CH2CH3   62. Which of the following is a deactivating group? A. —CH3B. —OHC. —CO2HD. —I   63. Which of the following is an ortho- and para- director and a deactivator? A. —NO2B. —CNC. —CH2CH3D. —FE. none of these   64. What is(are) the product(s) when the following substance reacts with Br2 in the presence of FeBr3? A. m-bromotolueneB. o-bromotolueneC. p-bromotolueneD. a mixture of o-bromotoluene (major) and p-bromotoluene.
12 Views
View Answer
    31. Exhibit 16-8Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If none is predicted, write "N.R."     32. Exhibit 16-8Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If none is predicted, write "N.R."     33. Exhibit 16-8Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If none.
12 Views
View Answer
    41. Exhibit 16-8Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If none is predicted, write "N.R."     42. Exhibit 16-8Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If none is predicted, write "N.R."     43. Exhibit 16-8Give the major organic product(s) of each of the following reactions. If none.
11 Views
View Answer
    61. Propose a structure for Compound X, which has M+ = 120 and (M + 2) = 122 of approximately equal intensity in its mass spectrum and has the following 13C NMR spectral data:  Broadband decoupled 13C NMR: 32.6, 118.8, 134.3 d DEPT-90: 134.3 d DEPT-135: positive peaks at 134.3 d; negative peaks at 32.6, 118.8 d           62. Propose.
24 Views
View Answer
    51. Exhibit 17-9Choose the best reagent(s) for carrying out the following conversions from the list provided below. Place the letter of the best choice in the blank to the left of the conversion. Reagents may be used more than once.  a. 1. CH3MgBr, ether e. 1. p-TosCl, pyridine   2. H3O+   2. NaOH b. 1. PBr3 f. CrO3, H2SO4, H2O   2. NaOH g. 1. NaBH4, ethanol c. 1. (CH3)3SiCl, (CH3CH2)3N   2. H3O+   2. CH3MgBr, ether h. Dess–Martin periodinane , CH2Cl2   3. H3O+    .
11 Views
View Answer
    11. Exhibit 17-1Rank the following groups of compounds from most acidic (1) to least acidic (4). Place the number corresponding to the compound's relative rank in the blank below the structure.     12. Exhibit 17-1Rank the following groups of compounds from most acidic (1) to least acidic (4). Place the number corresponding to.
12 Views
View Answer
    31. Exhibit 20-4Give the major organic product(s) for each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     32. Exhibit 20-4Give the major organic product(s) for each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     33. Exhibit 20-4Give the major organic product(s) for each of the.
8 Views
View Answer
    31. Exhibit 17-6Consider the Grignard reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 17-6. The alcohol product can be classified as a:  a. 1? alcohol b. 2? alcohol c. 3? alcohol d. 4? alcohol         32. Exhibit 17-7A highly useful and general method for the synthesis of alcohols is the addition of Grignard reagents to carbonyl compounds. Show what Grignard.
10 Views
View Answer
    31. Draw two resonance structures for the species below.    32. Exhibit 2-7Consider the acidity constants below to answer the following question(s).  ACID STRUCTURE pKa       phenol 10.00       ethanol CH3CH2OH 16.00       water HOH 15.74       Refer to Exhibit 2-7. Which acid will be almost completely deprotonated by NaOH?   33. Exhibit 2-7Consider the acidity constants below to answer the following question(s).  ACID STRUCTURE pKa       phenol 10.00       ethanol CH3CH2OH 16.00       water HOH 15.74       Refer to Exhibit 2-7. Which acid has the strongest.
10 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 16-7Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 16-7. The nucleophile in the reaction is:    22. Exhibit 16-7Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 16-7. The Lewis acid catalyst in the reaction is:    23. Exhibit 16-7Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s)..
11 Views
View Answer
1. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: cis-4-tert-butylcyclohexanol    2. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 3-methyl-2-buten-1-ol    3. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 2-phenyl-2-propanol    4. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: glycerol    5. Drawing Instructions:.
13 Views
View Answer
    51. Exhibit 19-8Show how the following conversions might be accomplished. Show all reagents and all intermediate structures. More than one step may be required.     52. Exhibit 19-8Show how the following conversions might be accomplished. Show all reagents and all intermediate structures. More than one step may be required.     53. Exhibit 19-9Consider the data.
9 Views
View Answer
    11. Exhibit 14-2Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s): Refer to Exhibit 14-2. The electrophile in this reaction is ____.            12. Exhibit 14-2Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s): Refer to Exhibit 14-2. The kinetically controlled product in this reaction is _____.            13. Exhibit 14-2Consider the reaction below to answer the.
10 Views
View Answer
    31. When an organic molecule is irradiated with ultraviolet radiation, the energy absorbed by the molecule corresponds to:  a. the amount necessary to increase molecular motions in functional groups b. the amount necessary to excite electrons from one molecular orbital to another c. the amount necessary to "flip" the spin of atomic nuclei d. the amount necessary to strip.
11 Views
View Answer
    11. IUPAC Naming Instructions: Provide proper IUPAC names. Name:    12. Exhibit 19-1Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s): Refer to Exhibit 19-1. Write the complete stepwise mechanism for the reaction shown above. Show all intermediate structures and all electron flow with arrows.    13. Exhibit 19-1Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s):.
12 Views
View Answer
    11. Exhibit 18-1Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 18-1. Write the complete stepwise mechanism for the reaction. Show all intermediate structures and all electron flow with arrows.    12. Exhibit 18-1Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 18-1. Mechanistically, the Williamson ether synthesis.
13 Views
View Answer
    11. Exhibit 2-2Calculate the formal charges on the indicated atoms in each compound below. Refer to Exhibit 2-2. The formal charge on phosphorous (A) is ______.   12. Exhibit 2-2Calculate the formal charges on the indicated atoms in each compound below. Refer to Exhibit 2-2. The formal charge on oxygen (B) is ______.   13. Exhibit 2-2Calculate.
10 Views
View Answer
1. Exhibit 2-1Give the letter of the term that best matches the given definition.  a. Brønsted-Lowry Acid f. Ionic Bond b. Brønsted-Lowry Base g. Covalent Bond c. Lewis Acid h. Polar-Covalent Bond d. Lewis Base i. Hydrophobic e. Electronegativity j. Hydrophilic         _____ Any species that can accept electrons.   2. Exhibit 2-1Give the letter of the term that best matches the given definition.  a. Brønsted-Lowry Acid f. Ionic Bond b. Brønsted-Lowry Base g. Covalent Bond c. Lewis Acid h. Polar-Covalent Bond d. Lewis Base i. Hydrophobic e. Electronegativity j. Hydrophilic         _____ A bond between.
18 Views
View Answer
    31. Exhibit 18-4Propose structure(s) for the starting material(s), reagent(s), or major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     32. Exhibit 18-4Propose structure(s) for the starting material(s), reagent(s), or major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     33. Exhibit 18-4Propose.
8 Views
View Answer
    61. Name the following compound.  Atoms other than carbon and hydrogen are labeled.    62. Which of the labeled peaks would allow the distinction of an aldehyde from a ketone based on this spectrum? A. 4B. 1C. 3D. 2   63. Which of the labeled peaks would allow the distinction of an aldehyde from a ketone based on a this spectrum? A. 1B. 2C. 3D. 4E. 5F. This is.
11 Views
View Answer
1. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 2-methyl-1,3-butadiene            2. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: (2Z,4Z)-hexadiene            3. IUPAC Naming Instructions: Provide proper IUPAC names. Name:            4. IUPAC Naming Instructions: Provide proper IUPAC names. Name:            5. Exhibit 14-1Circle any conjugated portions in the molecules below.             6. Exhibit 14-1Circle any.
16 Views
View Answer
    41. Exhibit 14-7Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 14-7. This is an example of a(n) ____________ reaction.  a. Woodward-Hoffman b. conjugate addition c. Diels-Alder d. electrophilic addition                 42. Exhibit 14-7Consider the reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 14-7. The dienophile in the reaction is ____.            43. Exhibit 14-7Consider the reaction below to answer.
14 Views
View Answer
    41. Exhibit 17-8Give the major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     42. Exhibit 17-8Give the major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     43. Exhibit 17-8Give the major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions..
10 Views
View Answer
    51. Exhibit 13-10Answer the question(s) for the compound whose 1H NMR spectra is shown below.C4H8OSpectrum obtained from: SDBSWeb: http://www.aist.go.jp/RIODB/SDBS/ Refer to Exhibit 13-10. Describe each signal in terms of its integration, splitting and chemical shift.    52. Exhibit 13-10Answer the question(s) for the compound whose 1H NMR spectra is shown below.C4H8OSpectrum obtained from: SDBSWeb:.
13 Views
View Answer
1. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 2,2,2-trichloroethanal (chloral)    2. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: benzophenone    3. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: trans-3-isopropylcyclohexanecarbaldehyde    4. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 5,5-dimethyl-1,3-cyclohexanedione.
14 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 19-2Consider the data below to answer the following question(s).Cyanohydrins are important intermediates in the synthesis of a-hydroxycarboxylic acids from ketones and aldehydes. The nitrile functional group can be hydrolyzed by aqueous acid to yield a carboxylic acid. Nitriles can also be hydrolyzed to carboxylic acids using aqueous base. Unfortunately,.
12 Views
View Answer
    61. Give the IUPAC name for the following compound.    62. Which of the following would have the highest boiling point? A. pentaneB. butaneC. 1- butanolD. chloropropane   63. Which of the following would be the most acidic? A. phenolB. p-chlorophenolC. p-methylphenolD. p-nitrophenol   64. Classify the following alcohol.  Atoms other than carbon and hydrogen are labeled. A. tertiaryB. secondaryC. primary   65. Which of the peak in the IR spectrum shown is due to the C—O.
13 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 20-3What is the order of increasing acidity for the following compounds? (least to most)   a. IV, I, III, II b. III, II, I, IV c. II, III, I, IV d. III, II, IV, I         22. Exhibit 20-3What is the order of increasing acidity for the following compounds? (least to most)   a. IV, I, III, II b. IV, II, III, I c. II, III,.
9 Views
View Answer
1. Exhibit 16-1MATCH a structure or term from the following list with each description below. Place the letter of the structure or term in the blank to the left of the description.  a. benzyne e. +NO b. +NO2 f. Meisenheimer complex c. R3C+ g. d. electron-donating h. electron-withdrawing i. F-TEDA-BF4             ______ The reactive electrophile in Friedel-Crafts acylation reactions.    2. Exhibit 16-1MATCH a structure or term from the following list with.
15 Views
View Answer
    31. Exhibit 19-5Give the major organic product(s) for each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     32. Exhibit 19-5Give the major organic product(s) for each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     33. Exhibit 19-5Give the major organic product(s) for each of the.
12 Views
View Answer
    41. Exhibit 19-5Give the major organic product(s) for each of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     42. Exhibit 19-6Choose the BEST reagent for carrying out each of the following conversions.   a. LiAlH4, THF b. NaBH4, ethanol c. 1. DIBAH, toluene   2. H3O+ d. All of the above work well           43. Exhibit 19-6Choose the BEST reagent for carrying out each.
11 Views
View Answer
1. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: tetrahydrofuran    2. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 12-crown-4    3. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: 1-isopropoxycyclopentene    4. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to each of the given names. Draw: allyl benzyl.
15 Views
View Answer
    41. Draw the resonance structures of cyclooctatetraene.    42. Explain in terms of MO theory, why systems with 4n + 2 p electrons are aromatic and with 4n p electrons are antiaromatic.    43. Consider the following compound.  Atoms other than carbon and hydrogen are labeled.Which of the following is not valid? A. para prefix applicableB. classified as aromaticC. 1,4-disubstitution is.
10 Views
View Answer
1. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to the given names. Draw: m-fluoronitrobenzene    2. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to the given names. Draw: p-bromoaniline    3. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to the given names. Draw: o-chlorophenol    4. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to the given names. Draw: 3,5-dimethylbenzoic acid    5. Drawing Instructions: Draw structures corresponding to the given names..
15 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 17-4To answer the following question(s), consider the reaction below: Refer to Exhibit 17-4. On the structures provided below, draw arrows which account for the complete stepwise mechanism for this reaction.    22. Exhibit 17-4To answer the following question(s), consider the reaction below: Refer to Exhibit 17-4. The dehydration of secondary and tertiary.
11 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 2-5Label the acid, conjugate acid, base, and conjugate base in each reaction below.   22. Exhibit 2-5Label the acid, conjugate acid, base, and conjugate base in each reaction below.   23. Exhibit 2-6Refer to the following equation to answer the question(s) below. Place the letter corresponding to the correct answer in the blank..
10 Views
View Answer
    41. Exhibit 2-10Consider the acid-base reaction below to answer the following question(s). Refer to Exhibit 2-10. Write the products of this Lewis acid - base reaction.   42. The following is a representation of the pain reliever, acetaminophen, the active ingredient in Tylenol®.  Indicate the positions of any multiple bonds.  Atoms other than carbon.
11 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 13-4For each compound below tell how many types of nonequivalent protons there are.     22. Exhibit 13-4For each compound below tell how many types of nonequivalent protons there are.     23. Exhibit 13-4For each compound below tell how many types of nonequivalent protons there are.     24. Exhibit 13-4For each compound below tell how many.
12 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 18-4Propose structure(s) for the starting material(s), reagent(s), or major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     22. Exhibit 18-4Propose structure(s) for the starting material(s), reagent(s), or major organic product(s) of the following reactions or sequences of reactions. Show all relevant stereochemistry.     23. Exhibit 18-4Propose.
10 Views
View Answer
    31. Exhibit 15-6Consider the data below to answer the following question(s).  C9H12; 1H NMR: 6.65 d (singlet, 3H)   2.25 d (singlet, 9H)     Refer to Exhibit 15-6. Describe the signal at 2.25 d in terms of its splitting, integration and chemical shift.    32. Exhibit 15-6Consider the data below to answer the following question(s).  C9H12; 1H NMR: 6.65 d (singlet,.
9 Views
View Answer
    11. IUPAC Naming Instructions: Provide proper IUPAC names. Name:    12. Exhibit 15-1For each molecule below, predict whether the molecule would be expected to show aromatic character or not. Explain your answer in each case.     13. Exhibit 15-1For each molecule below, predict whether the molecule would be expected to show aromatic character or not. Explain.
11 Views
View Answer
    11. IUPAC Naming Instructions: Provide proper IUPAC names. Name:    12. What is the correct name for the following structure?  a. 2-oxohexanoic acid b. 5-oxohexanoic acid c. methyl butroxoketone d. 4-ketopentanoic acid         13. Exhibit 20-1Consider the data in the Table below to answer the following question(s):  Acidities of Substituted Benzoic and Acetic Acids   pKas at 25?C     Y-C6H4COOH Y Y-CH2COOH meta para H 4.75 4.19 4.19 CN 2.47 3.64 3.55 OCH3 3.57 4.09 4.46         Refer to Exhibit 20-1. Draw the structure of the strongest.
10 Views
View Answer
    21. Exhibit 14-4The following molecules may be prepared using the Diels-Alder reactions. Write the structures of the starting diene and dienophile necessary to prepare each molecule and label them.             22. For a diene to undergo a Diels-Alder reaction it must:  a. be substituted with electron-withdrawing groups b. be able to adopt an s-trans conformation c. be substituted with.
10 Views
View Answer
    41. Name the following compound.  Atoms other than carbon and hydrogen are labeled.    42. Predict the product of the following reaction.    43. Draw the structure of the ether that could be used to produce the following compound.    44. Although not always evident in an IR spectrum, which peak in the IR spectrum below might be due to.
10 Views
View Answer
    41. Exhibit 13-8Propose structures for compounds that fit the following 1H NMR data. C3H6Br2     2H quintet at 2.4 d, J = 6 Hz     4H triplet at 3.5 d, J = 6 Hz    42. Exhibit 13-8Propose structures for compounds that fit the following 1H NMR data. C10H14     6H doublet at 1.2 d, J =.
11 Views
View Answer