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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The word art encompasses many meanings, including process. Which of the following is considered an artistic process? a.a tapestry b.human capacity c.sculpting d.a building e.memorization 2.Examining a work of art in its historical, social, and political ____ enables you to better understand it. a.design b.context c.element d.genre e.ideology 3.What civilization was obsessed with its idea of beauty, and developed mathematical formulas.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Artist Lawrence Weiner sold a concept to a patron who subsequently installed his own work. What was the concept? 2.List five items in Miriam Schapiro's Wonderland collage that symbolize women's domestic culture. 3.In his Self-Portrait, why is Robert Mapplethorpe holding a cane with a skull? 4.What was the WPA? 5.Why did the 19th-century.
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  11.In La Source, Prud'hon's nude figure is ____. a.carefully modeled and three dimensional b.heavily outlined c.flat and two dimensional d.sharply contrasted e.brightly colored 12.A triangular glass solid that breaks down sunlight or white light into different colors is called a(n) ____. a.lens b.kaleidoscope c.prism d.oculus e.crystal 13.The message or meaning in Helen Frankenthaler's amorphous abstract Bay Side seems to lie primarily in.
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  11.Rembrandt used ____ to create his oil-on-board painting of the Head of St. Matthew. a.tenebrism b.plasticity c.impasto d.relief e.cross-hatching 12.When a painter's oil paint becomes too thick, he has to thin it with a ____. a.vehicle of turpentine b.medium of turpentine c.medium of linseed oil d.vehicle of linseed oil e.medium of water 13.Pop artist Roy Lichtenstein's portrait of George Washington is an.
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  ESSAY 1.Compare and contrast Ando Hiroshige's Rain Shower on Ohashi Bridge and Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond in terms of their visual impact. 2.Describe the processes involved in producing a wood engraving and the range of effects that can be achieved. 3.Evaluate the following quote by printmaking author Arthur M. Hind: 4.Describe.
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  6.Compare and contrast Frida Kahlo's Self Portrait with Monkey to Andy Warhol's Four Marilyns. 7.The 19th-century painter Paul Cézanne once remarked that all of nature could be reduced to the cylinder, the sphere, and the cone." Analyze this remark based on your own experience of nature. 8.Describe how some 20th-century artists have.
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  6.Explain the evolution of the pencil and how it is now made. 7.Compare and contrast the effects achieved by the use of chalk in Michelangelo's Studies for the Libyan Sybil and Claudio Bravo's Package. 8.Should Jackson Pollock's drip paintings on paper be categorized as drawings? Why or why not? 9.Explain why Adrian Piper.
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  6.The Postimpressionist artist Vincent van Gogh used color expressively rather than realistically in his painting The Night Café. Justify this statement. 7.An art critic once called Marcel Duchamp's Nude Descending a Staircase "an explosion in a shingle factory." How would you critique this painting and why? 8.How does Bernini's Baroque sculpture of.
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  21.One of the best ways to create the illusion of motion on a two-dimensional surface is by ____. a.thickening outlines b.blurring outlines c.defining outlines d.separating outlines e.increasing outlines 22.When you look at a(n) ____ painting, your eyes are manipulated to see rippling movement and afterimages. a.Op art b.Pop art c.Futurist d.Impressionist e.Surrealist 23.What inspired Picasso to create his groundbreaking painting known as.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.figurative art b.American Gothic c.no reference to reality or nature d.The Kiss e.underlying symbolism f.The Two Girlfriends g.portrayal of reality without distortion h.Voodoo i.distorts for emotional effect j.The Tempest     1.Kokoschka   2.realism   3.nonobjective art   4.Toulouse-Lautrec   5.iconography 6.expressionism 7.Grant Wood 8.Judy Pfaff 9.representational art 10.Constantin Brancusi     .
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  ESSAY 1.Picasso stated that, "Everyone wants to understand art. Why not try to understand the song of a bird? Why does one love the night, flowers, everything around one without trying to understand them? But in the case of painting, people have to understand." Do you agree with this statement and.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Name the visual elements of art. 2.Three-dimensional shadows can be created by the use of dots and lines. List three methods for shading and contouring in this manner. 3.Associate any four emotions with a corresponding color. 4.What phenomenon was modern artist Jasper Johns trying to illustrate in his 1986 Spring painting? 5.How does.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.What advantages does canvas have over wood as a painting surface? 2.From what sources do pigments derive their many colors? 3.List seven commonly used paint vehicles. 4.What type of painting was Vasari referring to when he said it "is the most masterly and beautiful because it consists in doing in a single.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Who advised artists to keep a "little book of leaves" and sketch what they saw in order to serve their future plans? 2.Identify six types of dry media used for drawing. 3.List two techniques by which artists can achieve dramatically different effects with fluid media. 4.Why was Gary Kelley's pastel drawing, reminiscent.
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  MATCHING Match the following: a.need to fulfill one's unique potential b.French multimedia performance artist c.color, line, shape, texture d.display of the harmony of Zen Buddhism e.found objects turned into art f.priest or medicine man g.5th-century chapel filled with Byzantine mosaics h.seat and handles of an old bicycle i.1960s art depicting commercial and commonplace images j.an organized collection of ideas     1.visual elements   2.Shaman   3.Pop art 4.Japanese.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The working surface from which a print is made is called a ____. a.metal plate b.matrix c.ground d.palette e.screen 2.The oldest form of printmaking is ____, and most likely the first people to use it were the ancient ____. a.lithography; Romans b.engraving; Greeks c.etching; Babylonians d.woodcut; Chinese e.serigraphy; Egyptians 3.Zhao Xiaomo's Family by the Lotus Pond is a(n) ____. The areas.
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  11.Etching is a very versatile medium. In Henri Matisse's Loulou in a Flowered Hat, he used ____ to represent the essential features of a woman. a.hazy shading b.numerous thin and thick lines c.a combination of drypoint and etching d.tight, rhythmic, flowing lines e.only a few uniformly etched lines 12.The popularity of relief printing declined with the.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.Broadly defined, ____ is the art of running an implement that leaves a mark over a surface. a.painting b.hatching c.contouring d.drawing e.stippling 2.With a drawing, the quality of line and the nature of shading are very much affected by the ____ of the support. a.color b.texture c.form d.weight e.consistency 3.____ chose the medium of drawing to render her dramatic Self-Portrait Exaggerating.
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  ESSAY 1.Identify and discuss the three categories of drawings and provide an artistic example from each category. 2.Salvador Dalí said, "Drawing is the honesty of the art. There is no possibility of cheating. It is either good or bad." What is your interpretation of his meaning? 3.Explain the delicate process of silverpoint drawing.
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  ESSAY 1.Discuss how and why the art of photography is far more than a mechanical process. 2.Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of digital photography. 3.Explain the process of producing a daguerreotype and the limitations and later refinements of this photographic medium. 4.Summarize three reasons for the lack of commercial and popular success of Matthew.
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  11.Donna Rosenthal's male and female figures in He Said...She Said are implied by a suit and party dress made from ____. a.recycled plastic b.paper doll clothing c.painted plaster d.pages of discarded books and newspapers e.Styrofoam 12.Compositions such as Barbara Hepworth's Two Figures are termed ____ because they make no reference at all to nature or reality. a.Abstract b.Expressionistic c.Nonobjective d.Representational e.Figurative 13.In.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The advent of the camera replaced the age-old need of art to imitate nature as closely as possible, and this change, in turn, led to the development of 20th century artistic ____. a.realism b.abstraction c.Pop Art d.cartoons e.modernism 2.The word photography is derived from Greek roots that mean ____. a.the art of light b.to write with pictures c.to.
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  11.Käthe Kollwitz's Self Portrait (Fig. 5-8) reveals one aspect of the character of the ____. a.silverpoint b.chalk c.pencil d.pen and wash e.charcoal medium 12.Pastels consist of ground chalk mixed with powdered pigments and a binder. Whereas chalk drawings can be traced to prehistoric times, pastels did not come into wide use until the ____. a.1300's b.1400's c.1700's d.1800's e.1900's 13.Many of the.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.Spear-bearer b.design elements radiate from a center point c.specific part of a work that seizes the viewer's interest d.orderly progressions e.refers to relative size compared to other objects f.easiest and most precise way to create rhythm g.length is 2.236 times its width h.oneness or wholeness i.relationship of the size of the parts to the whole j.relative size.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.In art, a ____ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex of the visual elements. a.space b.shape c.mass d.line e.contour 2.In works with ____, the lines are completed by the viewer. a.actual line b.outline c.implied line d.curved line e.heavy line 3.In Emily Mary Osborne's Nameless and Friendless, ____ visually connect and lead the.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.the art of creating motion pictures b.photosensitive surface c.asphalt residue d.allows for a positive print image e.dedicated to advancing photography as a separate art form f.presentation of a rapid progression of images of stationary objects g.performed the first successful experiments in cinematography h.one of the first female war photojournalists i.unlimited view in all directions j.creating a film.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.application of pigment to a surface b.solvent or thinning agent c.watercolor mixed with an opaque ingredient d.binding agent e.painting on dry plaster f.application of layers of transparent paint to a surface g.graffiti artist h.pasting materials to a two-dimensional surface i.unification of feminine imagery and collage j.ground     1.glazing   2.femmage   3.gouache   4.Crash   5.vehicle   6.painting   7.collage   8.fresco secco   9.medium 10.gesso     .
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.transferred image b.cut into with a sharp tool c.sharp pointed cutting tool used for engraving d.rubber bladed tool used in serigraphy e.solution of sugar and water creates a nonlinear etching f.printing from a flat surface g.inkless intaglio h.curved, multi-toothed tool used in nonlinear etching i.creates photographic images on a screen covered with light-sensitive gel j.nonlinear printmaking technique     1.hatcher   2.burin   3.lift-ground   4.photo.
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  ESSAY 1.Compare and contrast Sol LeWitt's Lines from Four Corners to Points on a Grid with Jackson Pollack's Number 14. 2.Discuss the use of implied line in Leonardo da Vinci's Madonna of the Rocks. 3.Explain the difference between actual mass and implied mass and provide an artistic example of each. 4.Explain how secondary and.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.List four things that influence the nature of the artist-photographer's creative product. 2.List and describe the four ways in which black-and-white films differ and a fifth way in which color films differ. 3.What is a camera obscura, and how was it used by Renaissance artists? 4.What company replaced autochrome technology with a.
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  ESSAY 1.Compare and contrast the paintings of George Washington by Gilbert Stuart and Roy Lichtenstein. 2.Considering the advantages and disadvantages of each medium, do you think oil or acrylic is the better medium? 3.Discuss the cultural tensions symbolized in Roger Shimomura's Untitled painting. 4.Analyze graffiti and street art as an art form and explain.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.List four types of matrices used in printmaking. 2.List five types of intaglio printmaking. 3.What is the subject matter of Käthe Kollwitz's lithograph The Mothers? 4.How is it possible to produce gauffrage, or inkless intaglio prints? 5.List two reasons why printmaking is an important artistic medium.     .
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  135) Discuss the importance of labor unions. Compare and contrast the labor-management relations in different countries. 136) In a short essay, explain the factors that determine how nonmanagerial workers are compensated.   137) What challenges do international labor unions face as they try to accomplish their objectives?       .
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  11.Robert Barry wrote:   All of the things I know But of which I am not At the moment thinking - 1:36PM; June 15, 1969   This is an example of a ____. a.poem b.wordwork c.haiku d.social protest e.psychoanalysis 12.The 19th-century painter Jean-François Millet wrote, "I try not to have things look as if chance had brought them together, but as if they.
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  11.William Henry Fox Talbot's first "photogenic drawings" were eerie, delicate photographs of ____, produced from a ____. a.women; contact print b.plants; negative c.still-lifes; pewter plate d.flowers; camera obscura e.landscapes; copper plate 12.After the daguerreotype, the next major advance in the history of photography was the development of the ____ process, an example of which is Young.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The process of organizing the visual elements to achieve a desired aesthetic in a work of art is known as ____. a.language b.assembly c.design d.variety e.decoration 2.The device of ____ to create unity is reflected in the ages of the youth, their ethnicity, and their suggested bond of friendship in Delilah Montoya's Los Jovenes (Youth). a.variety b.continuity c.texture d.grid e.value 3.Although.
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  6.Compare and contrast the intaglio processes of engraving and etching. 7.Describe the process of creating a mezzotint engraving. 8.Describe the process of producing lithographic prints. 9.Describe the process by which Alex Katz's Red Coat was created. 10.Explain which of the printmaking processes is most appealing to you and why?     .
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  ESSAY 1.Explain the relationship of psychic automatism to Jackson Pollock's composition Male and Female. 2.Why is Oskar Kokoschka's The Tempest an excellent example of expressionism? 3.Analyze the stylistic and contextual realism of Grant Wood's American Gothic and explain why you think the image has been commercially reproduced so many times? 4.Evaluate why Donna Rosenthal's.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Identify six design principles. 2.Which is more typically found in both art and nature: pure symmetry or approximate symmetry? Why? 3.List four examples of radial balance found in nature. 4.Provide two artistic examples from Chapter 3 in which the scale of the objects in the compositions have been manipulated or distorted. 5.The ancient.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.regular and precise b.without clear shape or form c.visual ambiguity d.color e.neutral color f.thick buildup of paint g.location of the viewer's eyes h.geometricizes organic forms i.pureness j.produced by adding white     1.achromatic   2.Cubism   3.amorphous   4.tint   5.geometric shapes   6.hue   7.figure-ground reversal   8.vantage point   9.saturation   10.impasto     .
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  21.Images painted directly on a wall or intended to cover a wall completely, such as José Clemente Orozco's Epic of American Civilization: Hispano-American, are known as ____. a.gesso b.dry points c.murals d.triglyphs e.tympanums 22.Judy Chicago's triangular installation called The Dinner Party was constructed to honor and immortalize ____. a.the French aristocracy b.history's notable women c.United States presidents d.the House of.
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  SHORT ANSWER 1.Define psychic automatism. 2.What is formalist criticism? 3.What are the three levels of content? 4.Is it possible for the viewer to assign to an artwork underlying themes that the artist never intended? Provide an example. 5.Are there any images in Jackson Pollock's Male and Female that link back to the title of the.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.____ refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period. a.content b.form c.style d.creativity e.context 2.Roy Lichtenstein's Forget It, Forget Me! is an example of Pop Art that has the visual appearance of a(n) ____. a.sculpture b.magazine ad c.photograph d.comic strip e.ink.
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  21.If you superimpose a diagram of a ____ over a photograph of the East façade of the Parthenon, it is a perfect fit. a.Golden Mean b.Golden Rectangle c.Golden Triangle d.root five rectangle e.square 22.Whether conscious of the mathematical basis of ancient Greek architectural designs or not, Michelangelo utilized their components when he painted the ____. a.School of.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.The binding agent that powdered pigment is mixed with to form paint is known as the ____. a.medium b.canvas c.vehicle d.turpentine e.support 2.True fresco, or ____, is executed on damp ____. a.fresco secco; dry plaster b.buon fresco; lime plaster c.fresco verite; lime plaster d.fresco secco; walls e.fresco; plaster 3.In Giotto's 14th-century painting Lamentation, joints can clearly be seen that break the.
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  MATCHING   Match the following: a.most basic of the two-dimensional art forms b.one colored c.surface d.sticky substance in acacia plants used to bind pigments e.diluted ink applied with a brush f.burnt wood g.type of pen that replaced the quill h.dark yellow tint i.gross exaggeration of natural features to ridicule j.material that binds substances together     1.wash   2.support   3.charcoal   4.caricature   5.ocher   6.monochromatic   7.drawing   8.nib and stylus   9.gum Arabic   10.binder       .
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  11.Leonardo da Vinci's Proportion of the Human Figure can best be considered an example of ____. a.asymmetrical balance b.bilateral symmetry c.actual balance d.informal balance e.horizontal balance 12.Andy Warhol's grid-based composition, Ethel Scull Thirty-Six Times, exhibits ____ due to the multidimensional and varied views of Scull's personality and expressions. a.repetition b.contrast c.structure d.variety within unity e.ordered chaos 13.____ is often a major design.
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  6.Summarize why David's The Oath of the Horatii was a pictorially groundbreaking composition. 7.Compare and contrast David's The Oath of the Horatii and Barbara Kruger's Untitled: We Don't Need Another Hero in terms of their subject matter. 8.Explain the similarities between David's Death of Marat and Sandow Birk's Death of Manuel in.
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  ESSAY 1.Explain how repetition and symmetry affect the symbolism of the United States Capitol building. 2.Discuss the conceptual unity and bitter message found in Emma Amos' painting Measuring, Measuring. 3.Critique the following quote by the 20th-century painter Oskar Schlemmer: 4.Summarize the intended message conveyed by the repetition of forms in Magdalena Abakanowicz's Backs. 5.Explain the.
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