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  7)Based on Ogburn's theory, identify and explain the three processes of social change and provide an example of each process. 8)How does technology reshape a society? What are the four ways that technology reshapes a society? Define each. 9)Trace how the automobile changed dating practices in suburban and rural America, the role.
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  16)What was a "night rider?" 17)How did the automobile change a woman's role from being a producer of food and clothing to  a consumer of nationalbrand goods and ready-made clothes? 18)The text describes fascinating advances in military technology that includes remote control drones, killer satellites, and laser guided bombs. Will advances such.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)Gemeinschaft 2)Gesellschaft 3)geopolitics 4)unilinear theory 5)multilinear theory 6)dialectical process 7)invention 8)discovery 9)diffusion 10)alienation 11)distance learning 12)acid rain 131) global warming 142) environmental sociology 15) ecosabotage A)theories that assume all societies follow the same path of development from the simple to the more complex B)Marx's term for workers' lack of connection to the product of their labor C)actions taken to sabotage the efforts.
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  31)What is infrastructure? A)Unknown costs in money and resources needed to complete a project. The ruling body of a society, especially in a non-democratic society. The essential factors on which cities depend, such as rapid transportation and communications.  A condition of social inequality that pits the haves and have nots in the same.
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  11)The United States has a greater number of pull factors than it has push factors, which is why it is the nation with the highest immigration rate. 12)Although some experts claim immigrants drain the U.S. economy more than they contribute to it, others take the reverse view, concluding that immigrants produce.
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  1)What is demography? 2)What is the basic premise of the Malthus theorem? 3)Approximately how long did it take the world population to reach 1 billion, then each successive billion after that to reach the 6 billion mark? 4)What are the four stages of the demographic transition theory? 5)Since the food supply is arithmetic, how.
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  11)In an acting crowd, a sense of excitement that is passed from one person to another is called ________.  A) cultural transmission B)compurgation C)social contagion D)organic solidarity 12)Which participants in a crowd are most important for setting the crowd on a particular course of action?  A) curious spectators B)the ego-involved C)insecure participants D)exploiters 13)During the trial deliberation period.
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  7)Why are most rumors short-lived? 8)What are the three main factors associated with rumors that increase their effectiveness? 9)What does recent analysis of the broadcast of 1938 indicate in respect to the mass hysteria that has been reported to have accompanied the broadcast? 10)What is mass hysteria? 11)How did most employees of the Beverly.
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  1)A shift in the characteristics of culture and society over time is known as___________. A)social change B)cultural tradition C)technology advancements D)social life 2)When did the first social revolution occur? A)when man learned how to make fire B)with the domestication of plants and animals C)when the plow was invented D)when cities developed 3)The invention of the plow is to the second.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)social contagion 2)minimax strategy 3)emergent norms 4)panic 5)role extension 6)mass hysteria 7)moral panic 8)fad 9)craze 10)flash mob 11)fashion 12)urban legend 13)social movement 14)millenarian social movement 15)agent provocateur A)Turner's and Killian's term for people developing new norms to cope with a new situation to explain crowd behavior B)an imagined threat that causes physical symptoms among a large number of people C)a sense of.
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  11) Discuss the similarities and differences between a conflict of interest in medicine and medical fraud. 12) Define and explain the medicalization of society from the three sociological perspectives. 13) Discuss medically assisted suicide as it is practiced in Europe and the United States.   .
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  1)Actions performed by a group of people who bypass the usual norms governing their behavior and do something unusual are referred to as ________.  A) collective behavior B)cultural deviance C)bureaucratic ritualism D)the Peter Principle 2)Charles Mackay noticed that country folk, who are ordinarily reasonable people, sometimes did "disgraceful and violent things" when they formed.
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  41)When did the frontal assault on nature begin to take its most serious toll?   A) when nations industrialized B)when cities developed C)when the first social revolution erupted D)when the post industrial society emerged 42)In the northeast United States, some lakes which were once considered good fishing spots no longer have fish living in them..
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  1)Why did Charles Mackay consider collective behavior to be the result of "herd mentality?" 2)What did Robert Park mean by circular reaction? 3)According to Blumer, what are the five stages that precede the development of an acting crowd? 4)What is the minimax strategy? 5)What were the five kinds of participants identified by Turner and.
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  41)An institutionalized social movement is underway on campus to reduce violence against women. In view of this, which of the following actions is least likely to occur? A)The police will be arresting almost any man who is accused of assaulting his girlfriend or wife. B)The women protesting may strike out violently at.
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  41)The concept of human ecology to describe the ways in which people adapt to their environment was developed by sociologist ________. A)Robert Park Joseph F. Cimini Frank Taylor William Beaver A 42)The model of urban growth that views the city as a series of somewhat circular zones occurring outward from its center is called the ________.
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  31)The two social movements that target the individual are ________ and ________ social movements.   A) reactive; transformative B)alterative; redemptive C)reformative; transformative D)millenarian; redemptive 32)The target of a redemptive social movement is the ________, and the goal is ________. A)individual; to change a particular behavior B)society; to change specific aspects of society C)society; to transform the social order D)individual;.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)demographic transition 2)population pyramid 3)fertility rate 4)fecundity 5)net migration rate 6)basic demographic equation 7)city 8)micropolis 9)human ecology 10)concentric zone model 11)sector model 12)norm of noninvolvement 13)diffusion of responsibility 14)redlining 15)enterprise zone A)a six zone model of urban growth developed by Ernest Burgess B)growth rate equals births minus deaths plus net migration C)Robert Park’s term for the relationship between people and their environment D)a.
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  11)In the realignment of the world's powers after World War II, the center of the European component of the realignment became ________. A)Germany B)Great Britain C)France D)the Soviet Union 12)The addition of which nation transformed the Group of 7 into the Group of 8? A)France B)China C)Iceland D)Russia 13)Of the following, the most important threat to global control by the.
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1)Technology is the driving force behind social change. 2)According to Karl Marx, capitalism was responsible for the masses moving from the country to the city. 3)The donation of medicine and food by the Most Industrialized Nations to the Least Industrialized Nations has upset the demographic transition and the balance between family and.
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  1) Historically, four social revolutions have occurred as a result of new technologies. List the technologies which led to these social changes and their consequences. 2)What is geopolitics and what role do the nations belonging to this group play in it? 3)Why was it necessary for the world's most powerful nations to.
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  7)List and define the three demographic variables that are used to project the future of populations. 8) Discuss migration, its types, and the factors that impact the level of migration a nation experiences. 9)Using the basic demographic equation, analyze each factor to explain why Europe is experiencing population shrinkage and Africa is.
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  10)Is increased social inequality an inevitable consequence of technological change? Must the current Least Industrialized Nations remain in a perpetual pauper status in relation to the Most Industrialized Nations? Explain why or why not. 11) Explain why the idea of an energy shortage is a false prediction and how are Most.
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  4)Turner and Killian have categorized crowd participants into five types. What are those types and what are the characteristics of each type? 5)Why has it been believed for the past sixty years that mass panic followed the 1938 broadcast of ?  How have sociologists reconstructed the event to offer evidence that.
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  31)Tools as simple as a comb and as complicated as the space shuttle require skills to use them. These skills are referred to as ________. A)science B)materialism C)technology D)diffusion 32)The development of the assembly line process and use of interchangeable parts is an example of how technology has changed ________. A)social organization B)society's values C)social relationships D)a society's ideology 33)Changes.
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  11)The process by which a country's population becomes smaller because its birth rate and net migration are too low to replace those who die and emigrate is called ________. A)demographic free fall B)population implosion C)demographic decline D)population shrinkage 12)What is the most logical conclusion that can be reached regarding the debate about projected population trends.
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  12)What is the formula for the basic demographic equation? 13)In countries that practice infanticide, why are politicians becoming concerned about a prime  sociological implication associated with it? 14)Why was it necessary for the development of more efficient agriculture before cities could develop? 15)What are the "pulls" of urban life? 16)What is a megacity and.
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  11)Democracy, citizenship, and capitalism all qualify as being social inventions. 12)Cultural lag was a term coined by William Ogburn to refer to a situation in which some parts of a culture adapt to an invention or discovery more rapidly than other parts. 13)Changes in social organizations, ideologies, conspicuous consumption, and social relationships.
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  21)Which of these nations is reported to have the lowest death rate? A)Qatar B)Afghanistan C)United States D)Sweden 22)To determine a country's growth rate, what three variables would a demographer use? A)race, sex, life expectancy B)life span, life expectancy, migration C)fertility, mortality, migration D)race, fertility, life span 13) The region of the world with the highest number of legal immigrants is.
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1)For an action to be classified as collective behavior, it must be conducted by a group of people seeking to make a change in society. 2)Charles Mackay's explanation for crowd behavior is that people acquired a "herd mentality." 3)Because people involved in collective behavior do so anonymously and are swept up by.
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  21)When large numbers of people become intensely concerned, even fearful, about some behavior and their fear is out of proportion to any supposed danger it is referred to as a ________. A)protest B)social movement C)revolt D)moral panic 22)Three hundred students marched into the student dining hall and then sat on the floor in a large.
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  14)Why is Islamic fundamentalism classified as a metaformative social movement? 15)What are the three levels of membership in a social movement? 16)Why does your author suggest that because we are so diverse, we are destined to live in an exciting society? 17)What are the three types of public responses to social movements? 18)What is.
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  7)Why are the Most Industrialized Nations changing their attitudes and behavior towards Africa? 8)What are the two types of evolutionary theories? 9)What are the four stages in Karl Marx's model of historical change? 10)Why are the ancient civilizations of Egypt, Greece, and Rome classic examples of the cyclical theory of cultural evolution? 11)Why is.
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  4)Explain the different assumptions that unilinear and multilinear evolutionary theories have about the social changes in society. 5) Briefly summarize the evolutionary theory of social change proposed by Karl Marx and discuss why his theory is no longer used to explain social change. 6)Explain Marx's model of historical change.   .
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  11)Mass hysteria, when an imagined threat causes physical symptoms among a large number of people, such as in the case at a New York school in 2012 where twelve female students started displaying symptoms of Tourette’s Syndrome, is likely the result of suggestibility. 12)Flash mobs, a behavior craze of 2003, resulted.
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  11)Discuss the factors that social movement leaders take into consideration in selecting tactics. 12)Apply conflict theory to the mass media. Why might all mass media communications be considered propaganda? 13)Briefly summarize relative deprivation theory and apply it to why people join social movements. 14)What were the major issues Gary Marx identified as influencing.
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  1)What was the impetus for each of the four social revolutions? 2)Why do Gesellschaft societies emphasize formal education and career ladders so much more than the Gemeinschaft societies? 3)What was the impetus for the development of modernization? 4)What is geopolitics? 5)Why did the stratification and global division of nations begin to emerge in the.
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  4)Compare and contrast the symbolic interactionist and conflict theorists’ explanation for why people in poor nations have so many children. 5)Explain how the distribution of birth control information to the masses and selling weapons to the elites in the Least Industrialized Nations promotes political stability and the dominance of the Most.
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  1)Describe the Malthus theorem and the exponential growth curve. 2)Summarize the historical process of population growth, referred to as the demographic transition that occurred in Europe. 3) How have the Most Industrialized Nations affected the Least Industrialized Nations in Stage 2 of the demographic transition?   .
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  7) Define what constitutes a moral panic. How do moral panics reflect other social issues for the particular time they occur? 8)What are urban legends and what purpose do they serve? Provide a brief example of one urban legend. 9)Explain how proactive and reactive social movements differ. Provide examples of each. 10)Describe the.
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  1)What is demography? A)the study of the size, composition, growth, and distribution of human populations B)the study of the location, size, and influence of nations of the world C)the study of the manufacture, distribution, and consumption of material goods  D) the study of the acquisition and exercise of power 2)The product that Spanish conquistadors.
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1)Demography is the study of health, disease, and medical care. 2)The Malthus Theorem states that population grows geometrically, while the food supply increases arithmetically. 3)At the time of the birth of Christ, the world's population began to increase at an accelerated rate. 4)The second stage of the demographic transition is characterized by a.
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  21)Based on the classic Marxist view, what is the new arrangement of power that develops when the previous position is altered due to its inherent contradictions? A)the thesis B)the antithesis C)the metamorphosis D)the synthesis 22)According to Marx, human history shows that struggle develops between the thesis and its antithesis, leading to a synthesis. Marx called.
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  Match the term with the definition. 1)shaman 2)health 3)sick role 4)epidemiology 5)defensive medicine 6)adverse event 7)depersonalization 8)medicalization 9)active euthanasia 10)passive euthanasia 11)dumping 12)group care 13)disabling environment 14)greenhouse effect 15)alternative medicine A)a human condition measured by four components: physical, mental, social, and spiritual B)the study of disease and disability patterns in a population C)the transformation of a human condition into a matter to be treated by physicians D)an environment that.
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  7)What is the difference in population growth between the Least Industrialized Nations and the Most Industrialized Nations? 8)What are the three reasons that support why bearing many children plays a central role in the lives of women from the Least Industrialized Nations? 9)Based on the conflict perspective, how have the Most Industrialized.
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  1)According to Charles Mackay, Gustave LeBon, and Robert Park, the crowd transforms the individual. Explain what each theorist meant by that and how this affected the field of collective behavior. 2)There are many forms of collective behavior. List and discuss at least three of the major forms of collective behavior cited.
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