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    61.Which of the following is not a benefit of effective supply chain management?    A.lower inventory costs   B.higher productivity   C.shorter lead times   D.greater customer loyalty   E.larger number of suppliers     62.Which of the following is not a measure of the reliability of the supply chain?    A.supply chain response time   B.on-time delivery   C.fill rate   D.lead time variability   E.improving e-fulfillment statistics     63.The automatic identification of material.

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    51.The lean philosophy suggests that workers are:    A.assets.   B.liabilities.   C.interchangeable.   D.replaceable.   E.to be phased out.     52.The ultimate goal of lean operations is to have:    A.no in-process inventories.   B.cross-trained workers capable of handling every process.   C.a smooth, rapid flow of materials through the system.   D.no setup times.   E.all of the choices.     53.Which one of the following is not one of the building blocks.

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  • 51.The lean philosophy suggests that workers are: A.assets. B.liabilities. C.interchangea
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    31.A 30 percent reduction in product and service variety will not affect the efficiency of a supply chain.      32.The service function of purchasing interfaces with many areas, including legal, accounting, and engineering functions.      33.Gatekeeping manages the cost of shipping returned goods.      34.Outsourcing logistics gives a company less flexibility because it forces them to.

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  • 31.A 30 percent reduction in product and service variety will
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    101.Cycle stock inventory is intended to deal with:    A.excess costs.   B.shortage costs.   C.stockouts.   D.expected demand.   E.quantity discounts.     102.An operations strategy which recognizes high carrying costs and reduces ordering costs will result in:    A.unchanged order quantities.   B.slightly decreased order quantities.   C.greatly decreased order quantities.   D.slightly increased order quantities.   E.greatly increased order quantities.     103.The need for safety stocks can be reduced by an operations.

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  • 101.Cycle stock inventory intended to deal with: A.excess costs. B.shortage costs. C.stoc
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  Chapter 14 JIT and Lean Operations   True / False Questions  1.In lean operations, input resources arrive for processing only after the preceding batch has been completed.      2.A functioning MRP system is required prior to adopting lean planning and control systems.      3.In a lean environment, anything not essential to the product or process is viewed as.

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  • Chapter 14 JIT and Lean Operations True / False Questions 1.In lean operations,
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    61.Which sequencing rule is designed specifically to minimize job tardiness?    A.S/O   B.EDD   C.FCFS   D.SPT   E.LPT     62.A scheduling rule used for sequencing jobs through two work centers is:    A.critical ratio rule.   B.Johnson's rule.   C.slack per operation rule.   D.shortest processing time rule.   E.Pareto rule.     63.For the jobs listed below, which processing sequence would result using Johnson's rule?      A.c-a-d-b   B.b-d-a-c   C.a-b-c-d   D.d-c-b-a   E.c-a-b-d     64.What is the optimum job sequence for the.

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  • 61.Which sequencing rule designed specifically to minimize job tardiness? A.S/O B.EDD C.F
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    71.One important objective of purchasing is to:    A.set quality standards for purchased items.   B.be knowledgeable about new products.   C.maintain numerous sources of supply.   D.obtain the lowest prices on all purchased items.   E.determine the processes that should be used.     72.The purchasing cycle begins with:    A.selecting a supplier.   B.placing an order.   C.evaluating potential vendors.   D.conducting a value analysis.   E.receiving a requisition.     73.Examination of the.

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  • 71.One important objective of purchasing to: A.set quality standards for purchased
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    21.Global supply chains make purchasing easier because there are more options.      22.Centralized or decentralized purchasing is directly related to the size of an organization.      23.The optimization of the supply chain uses a mathematical model to determine the optimal number of business organizations to be included in the chain.      24.Information technology is the key.

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  • 21.Global supply chains make purchasing easier because there more options. 22.Centralized
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  151.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  For the economic order quantity, what are average weekly ordering costs?            152.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  For the economic order quantity, what are average weekly carrying costs?            153.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  For the economic order quantity, what.

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  • 151.Given the following data for a particular inventory item: For the
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    41.Which of the following is not usually a characteristic of successful high-volume systems?    A.smooth workflow through the system   B.customized output   C.rapid repair of breakdowns   D.minimal quality problems   E.reliable supply schedules     42.Primary considerations in scheduling high-volume systems involve:(I) coordinating the flow of inputs.(II) overcoming the disruptions to planned outputs.(III) assigning workers to work centers.    A.I and III   B.I and.

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    81.The purchasing perspective of the supplier as a partner is characterized by:    A.an emphasis on low prices.   B.one or a few suppliers.   C.low flexibility.   D.100 percent inspection for quality.   E.low volume.     82.Vendor analysis is the examination of the _________ of purchased materials.    A.function   B.source   C.quality   D.cycle   E.quantity     83.Last quarter, a retailer sold 8,000 T-shirts, 7,000 of which were sold directly from on-hand.

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  • 81.The purchasing perspective of the supplier as a partner characterized
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  Multiple Choice Questions  11.As a piece of equipment begins to break down more often, the manager is often faced with a trade-off in which __________ are weighed against the __________.    A.failure rates; maintenance probabilities   B.maintenance intervals; maintenance programs   C.operating costs; variable costs   D.replacement costs; continued maintenance costs   E.fixed costs; maintenance costs     12.Suppose that for a particular piece.

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  • Multiple Choice Questions 11.As a piece of equipment begins to break
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    31.In a pull system, a quantity of inventory in front of a workstation indicates problems at that workstation.      32.Limited WIP lowers inventory carrying costs but reduces flexibility.      33.Engineering changes should not be made in the six-month period following the introduction of a new product.      34.Kanban is the Japanese term for autonomation.      35.Increased setup times.

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  126.Using the cost information given in the following table, assign work crews to jobs so that total cost is minimized.              127.The costs to do each of the three jobs on three alternate pieces of equipment are given below. Determine the job-equipment combination that will minimize total cost.              128.A manager must assign four.

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  • 126.Using the cost information given in the following table, assign
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    11.The design of the supply chain and establishing partnerships with vendors and distributors are examples of operational issues in a supply chain.      12.Traffic management refers to truck movement within our parking areas.      13.One of the major reasons for a company to adopt third-party logistics is to concentrate on one's core business.      14.E-commerce refers.

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  • 11.The design of the supply chain and establishing partnerships with
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    41.A benefit of the lean philosophy is the flexibility to respond quickly to changing customer requirements.      42.A benefit of lean systems is that lead times are increased, allowing more time for processing.        Multiple Choice Questions  43.Which of the following is not something commonly found in lean systems?(I) Waste reduction(II) Output match to a.

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  • 41.A benefit of the lean philosophy the flexibility to respond
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    21.Priority rules are widely used to sequence jobs in high-volume systems.      22.The assignment method is limited to a maximum of two jobs per resource.      23.Priority rules generally assume that job setup cost is independent of processing sequence of jobs.      24.In a single work center, makespan improvement can be accomplished by selecting the optimal.

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  • 21.Priority rules widely used to sequence jobs in high-volume systems. 22.The
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    51.One of the biggest ethical risks in supply chain management is that the __________ supply chain member tends to be the one that suffers the blame and/or lost goodwill when something goes wrong.    A.most responsible   B.buying   C.most visible   D.supplying   E.most ethical     52.The more __________ a company's supply chain, the more difficult it is to ensure that.

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    21.The optimum amount of preventive maintenance occurs when:    A.total breakdown costs are at a minimum.   B.total preventive maintenance costs are at a minimum.   C.each maintenance component cost is at a minimum.   D.total maintenance costs are at a maximum.   E.total maintenance costs are at a minimum.     22.The type of maintenance which is periodic in nature is:    A.breakdown maintenance.   B.predictive.

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  • 21.The optimum amount of preventive maintenance occurs when: A.total breakdown costs
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    71.Which of the following questions is not answered by value stream mapping?    A.Where does waste occur?   B.Which processes or subprocesses exhibit the most variability?   C.Where are the best opportunities to extract more value from customers?   D.Where are process bottlenecks?   E.Where do errors occur?     72.A successful conversion to a lean system requires that the conversion:    A.be done as.

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    11.If a firm's product mix is 60 percent of product A and 20 percent each of products B and C, an optimal mix-model production schedule would be successive sequences of AAABC.      12.Quality and highly capable production systems are requirements for the successful implementation of lean operations.      13.The small lot-sizing policy works well.

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  • 11.If a firm's product mix 60 percent of product A
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    True / False Questions  1.The goal of maintenance is to minimize cost.      2.The goal of maintenance is to maintain the productive system in good working order while minimizing or eliminating the cost of preventive maintenance.      3.Breakdown maintenance includes activities such as equipment inspection and adjustment.      4.Degree of technology is a factor affecting the decision.

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  • True / False Questions 1.The goal of maintenance to minimize cost. 2.The
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    61.The term that refers to the automatic detection of defects is:    A.kaizen.   B.kanban.   C.autonomation.   D.automation.   E.100 percent inspection.     62.A basic requirement for operating with the low inventories present in lean systems is:    A.Inventory space must be increased.   B.Inventory investment must be increased.   C.Major problems must be identified.   D.Major problems must have been solved.   E.Inventories must be reduced rapidly.     63.Which of the following.

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  • 61.The term that refers to the automatic detection of defects
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    71.The following table contains information about five jobs waiting to be processed at work center number three.  Using the EDD rule, the sequence of jobs would be:    A.d-e-b-a-c.   B.a-d-c-b-e.   C.e-d-b-a-c.   D.a-d-c-e-d.   E.e-b-c-d-a.     72.There are four resources and four jobs to be done. The time required for each resource to do each job is as follows:  After the row.

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  • 71.The following table contains information about five jobs waiting to
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    31.The total maintenance curve (preventive maintenance cost plus breakdown and repair cost):    A.slopes up as the number of preventive maintenances increases.   B.slopes down as the number of preventive maintenances increases.   C.starts low, increases rapidly, and then drops back down as the number of preventive maintenances increases.   D.starts high, drops gradually, but then goes back.

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  • 31.The total maintenance curve (preventive maintenance cost plus breakdown and
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  True / False Questions  1.Flow-shop scheduling is used in high-volume systems.      2.Line balancing is a major factor in the design and scheduling of low-volume systems because of batch processing.      3.Scheduling in intermediate-volume systems has three basic issues: run size, timing, and sequence.      4.When operations are often bottlenecked, additional planned idle time will improve the.

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  • True / False Questions 1.Flow-shop scheduling used in high-volume systems. 2.Line balancing
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    41.Vendor analysis is the process that evaluates the source of supply in terms of price, quality, reputation, and service.      42.In e-commerce, the front-end design is significantly more important than the back-end design.      43.One disadvantage to RFID is that it requires a clear "line of sight" to operate.      44.Decentralized purchasing can usually offer quicker.

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  • 41.Vendor analysis the process that evaluates the source of supply
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    21."Autonomation" indicates that the firm is attempting to reduce its dependence on automated equipment.      22.Preventive maintenance is additional maintenance done immediately after a breakdown has occurred to help prevent any further breakdowns.      23.In the lean approach, inventories are reduced gradually, instead of eliminating inventories as rapidly as possible.      24.One problem with lean operations.

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  • 21."Autonomation" indicates that the firm attempting to reduce its dependence
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    11.The output of the system cannot exceed the output of the bottleneck operation(s).      12.The elimination of idle time on both bottleneck and non-bottleneck operations must be accomplished to optimize output.      13.As long as the bottleneck operations are used effectively, idle time in non-bottleneck operations will not affect the overall productivity of the.

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  • 11.The output of the system cannot exceed the output of
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    81.The owner/operator of the local franchise of Handyman, Inc., has four jobs to do today, shown in the order they were received:  If he uses the first come, first served priority rule to schedule these jobs, what will be the average completion time?    A.7.5 hours   B.5 hours   C.3 hours   D.2.5 hours   E.2 hours     82.The owner/operator of the.

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  • 81.The owner/operator of the local franchise of Handyman, Inc., has
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    31.The theory of constraints has a goal of maximizing flow through the entire system.        Multiple Choice Questions  32.Similar to that in manufacturing, the service scheduling hierarchy begins with __________ and ends with _________.    A.aggregate planning; detailed daily scheduling   B.aggregate planning; master scheduling   C.master scheduling; detailed material planning   D.aggregate planning; detailed material planning   E.quarterly planning; monthly planning     33.Which of.

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  • 31.The theory of constraints has a goal of maximizing flow
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    True / False Questions  1.A company's supply chain involves the flow of materials and information from suppliers, through production, to the end users.      2.In supply chain organizations, functions must operate independently of each other.      3.In purchasing, one's only ethical obligation is to one's suppliers.      4.Using third-party logistics involves using your organization's logistics function to.

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  • True / False Questions 1.A company's supply chain involves the flow
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