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  91.Which of the following is a characteristic of a mechanistic organization?  A.It has a democratic decision-making style. B.It uses a lateral communication pattern. C.It has a low degree of hierarchical control. D.It has flexible and varied tasks. E.It places a high emphasis on obedience and loyalty. 92.An organic organization has:  A.a top-down communication approach. B.specific obligations and rights.

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  71._____ is defined as the structures of accountability and responsibility used to develop and implement strategies, and the human resource practices and information and business processes that activate those structures.  A.Organizational chart B.Organizational culture C.Organizational psychology D.Organizational assimilation E.Organizational design 72.A functional structure groups together:  A.people who are experts at serving a particular need of the customers. B.people.

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  51. Margaret Mead, a cultural anthropologist and feminist helped to pioneer field work studies of: A. homosexual relationships among the tribal cultures of Australia. B. childhood and adolescent sexual development in various cultures. C. adolescent sexual development and problems in the U.S. D. sexual chauvinism present in different cultures of the world. E. sexual perverts.

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  111.When measuring organizational effectiveness, the _____ approach is appropriate when inputs have a traceable impact on results or output.  A.internal processes B.goal accomplishment C.stakeholder audit D.strategic constituencies E.resource acquisition 112.When measuring organizational effectiveness, the _____ approach is appropriate when organizational performance is strongly influenced by specific processes.  A.internal processes B.goal accomplishment C.stakeholder audit D.strategic constituencies E.resource acquisition 113.When measuring organizational effectiveness, the.

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  91. Which of the following still remains almost universally condemned among all Christian groups? A. Abortion B. Homosexuality C. Adultery D. Contraception E. Premarital sex 92. Which of the following is the primary purpose of the United Church of Christ (UCC)? A. To help society increase its positive acceptance of sexuality B. To help regional churches to control.

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    21.Like the systems model of change, Kotter's eight-step process for leading organizational change is diagnostic in orientation.  22.Kotter's research reveals that because managers most often make mistakes at the end, it is ineffective to skip steps.  23.Organization development does not entail a structured sequence as proposed by Lewin and Kotter, but it.

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  87.Which of the following is a very useful control-oriented strategy for dealing with stress that can be used by everyone?  A.Escape strategy B.Take-charge tone C.Avoiding the problem D.Psychological detachment E.Confrontation 88.Which of the following defines esteem support?  A.Providing help in defining, understanding, and coping with problems. B.Spending time with others in leisure and recreational activities. C.Providing information that a.

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  41. The study of the unconscious that focuses on the mind and “talking therapy” is referred to as: A. epidemiology. B. etymology. C. biostatistics. D. psychoanalysis. E. angelology. 42. Which of the following is a major drawback of Freud’s methodology? A. He observed only adults, not children. B. He observed only women and not men. C. He observed only.

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    57.Which of the following is an assumption of Lewin's change model?      A.Effective change requires proper reinforcement of new behaviors and attitudes. B.The change process involves adapting something previously learned. C.People can be made to change even when they are not motivated to do so. D.If the goals of change are highly desirable, resistance will.

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  11. The biological and evolutionary perspectives on sexuality contradict each other. 12. Qualitative research methods focus on gathering numeric information or nonnumeric information that is easily encoded into a numeric form. 13. In the context of quantitative research, independent variable is the variable that is measured. 14. The main advantage of case study.

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  21. _____ has been defined as the knowledge and skills needed to promote and protect sexual well-being. A. Sexual chauvinism B. Cultural chauvinism C. Sexual literacy D. Holistic sexuality E. Ontogeny 22. As you develop your sexual literacy you are most likely to: A. have a positive attitude toward sexual chauvinism. B. enhance your own holistic sexuality. C. consider.

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    61.An open system is:    A.a self-sufficient entity. B.rarely capable of adaptation and growth. C.seldom capable of self-correction. D.dependent on the environment for survival. E.characterized as a well-oiled machine. 62.A _____ is a group of people working together to collectively enhance their capacities to create results that they truly care about.  A.closed system B.legacy organization C.downsized system D.traditional organization E.learning organization 63.An organization.

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  Multiple Choice Questions   47.Education and skill level are examples of _____ that constitute a major external force for change.  A.technological advancements B.demographic characteristics C.social and political pressures D.human resource problems E.market changes 48.Reward systems and structural reorganization are examples of _____ that constitute a major internal force for change.  A.demographic characteristics B.customer and market changes C.human resource problems D.managerial behavior E.social and.

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    31.Personality conflicts are one reason employees resist change.    32.Resilience is reduced when change agents and recipients have a positive, trusting relationship.  33.Managers should not assume that people are consciously resisting change when they are trying to implement change.  34.A drawback to the manipulation + co-optation approach to overcoming resistance to change is that.

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  71. In general, compared to polytheistic religions, monotheistic religions are: A. more sex-approving. B. more approving of worshipping multiple deities. C. less sex-negative. D. less approving of sexual chauvinism. E. less sex-approving. 72. Whether a religion is polytheistic or monotheistic: A. has no influence over people’s sense of reality as a community. B. influences people’s attitude toward sex.

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  81.Which of the following is a principle for designing a horizontal organization?  A.Organize around tasks rather than complete workflow processes. B.Strengthen hierarchy and minimize the use of teams. C.Appoint process team leaders to manage internal team processes. D.Limit supplier and customer contact. E.Restrict the use of external expertise. 82.A hollow organization results from strategic application of.

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  11.In Lewin's change model, the unfreezing stage involves providing employees with new information, new behavioral models, or new ways of looking at things.  12.Benchmarking is a process by which a company compares its performance with that of high-performing organizations.  13.In Lewin's change model, the changing stage involves providing employees with new information,.

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  71. In the context of sexual research, which of the following is an ethical practice? A. Protecting the people who participate in sex research B. Leaving out ethnic minorities from studies of sexual behavior C. Keeping out homosexuals from studies of sexual behavior D. Rejecting the research results that go against religious beliefs E. Concealing.

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    Multiple Choice Questions   51.Organization theorists refer to coordination of effort, a common goal, division of labor, and a hierarchy of authority as the organization's:  A.value system. B.technical system. C.managerial system. D.structure. E.goal. 52.According to the unity of command principle:  A.managers should have a narrow span of control. B.each employee should report to only one manager. C.staff positions should outnumber line.

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    41.Stressors are environmental factors that produce stress.    42.A secondary appraisal occurs only in response to a stressful primary appraisal and results in categorizing a situation or stressor as irrelevant, positive, or stressful.  43.Control strategy consists of using methods such as relaxation, meditation, medication, or exercise to manage the symptoms of occupational stress.  44.Hardiness.

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  101.Brown's Corp. set a number of objectives for the quarter, including increasing productivity by 10 percent and reducing turnover by 20 percent. As a whole, the organization accomplished both these objectives. Brown's Corp. is successful according to which organizational effectiveness criterion?  A.Resource allocation B.Internal processes C.External processes D.Goal accomplishment E.Strategic constituencies satisfaction 102.According to the criterion.

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  67.According to John Kotter, when managers want to create a cross-functional, cross-level group of people with enough power to lead the change, they should:  A.communicate the change vision. B.create a guiding coalition. C.develop a vision and strategy. D.generate short-term wins. E.establish a sense of urgency. 68.Which of the following is true of organization development (OD)?  A.It involves.

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