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36. David Pilbeam suggests that tool use was of no benefit to hominids. True False 37. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh suggests that the ability to snap the wrist aided in the development of weapons to protect against predators. True False 38. There are no “costs” of bipedalism. True False 39. Peter Wheeler suggests that bipedalism aids in regulating body temperature. True False 40. Sahelanthropus.

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1.   The earliest identifiable stone tools come from                . a.  Asia b.   North America c.  East Africa d.   Europe 2.   Early tools were made by striking a stone with another - a technique called _. a.  percussion pounding b.   edge flaking c.  pounding d.   percussion flaking 3.   The Olduvai site was accidentally uncovered.

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11. The primary mechanisms of adaptation for Homo were                 . a.  biological b.   cultural c.  social d.   environmental 12. The stone tool traditions of Homo erectus are traditionally called              . a.  Lower Paleolithic b.   Acheulian c.  hard hammer d.   Upper Paleolithic 13. The Acheulian tool tradition dates to about           .

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11.                             is a population that consists of organisms able to interbreed and produce fertile and viable offspring. a. Species b. Gene c. DNA d. RNA 12.                             is a change in the DNA sequence that can produce an altered gene. a. RNA b. Species c. Segregation d. Mutation 13. Mendel’s units of heredity were.

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36. The best-known genus of proto-ape is Proconsul. True False 37. The first definite apelike finds come from East Africa in the middle Miocene, 16 million to 10 million years ago. True False 38. Kenyapithecus was probably more arboreal than Proconsul. True False 39. Kenyapithecus is definitely the ancestor of modern humans. True False 40. It is quite easy to identify evolutionary.

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36. Beads and carvings are the earliest trace of Upper Paleolithic art. True False 37. Upper Paleolithic art was confined to cave paintings. True False 38. What the Venus figurines mean is absolutely agreed on by archaeologists. True False 39. LeRoy McDermott has argued that the Venus figurines are fertility symbols. True False 40. In South Asia the Upper Paleolithic saw an.

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1.   The cranial capacity of the australopithecines was about             cc. a. 350-380 b. 380-530 c. 530-830 d. 600-700 2.   Early Homo had about _        percent of the brain’s capacity of modern humans. a. 50 b. 60 c. 25 d. 45 3.   All of the following are characteristics of australopithecines except                   . a.  relatively large teeth b.   thick jawbones c.  oversized ears d.  .

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24. A mutation is a change in the DNA sequence. True False 25. Genes are located on chromosomes. True False 26. DNA’s structure and function aids in understanding human genetics and development. True False 27. Variety, produced through genetic recombination, is essential for the operation of natural selection. True False 28. All mutations have lethal consequences. True False 29. Speciation may occur if one subgroup.

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31. Prolonged infant dependency has probably been of great significance in human cultural evolution. True False 32. Women with young children may have gathered wild plants near the home place. True False 33. Language is the primary system of human communication. True False 34. The only means of communication is language. True False 35. Nonhuman primates communicate vocally. True False 36. Humans can transmit more.

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34. Some variations may be linked to climate. True False 35. Differences in human size seem to be the result of only adaptation. True False 36. The sickling trait keeps people from contracting malaria. True False 37. A person without lactase can digest milk properly. True False 38. Some scholars have attempted to demonstrate behavioral differences in races. True False 39. According to legend the.

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24. IQ scores can be influenced by the social environment. True False 25. The perpetuation of genetic variability is probably more advantageous than the creation of a perfect and invariable human being. True False 26. Most biological anthropologists agree that race is a useful category to define humans. True False 27. The physical environment can produce variation even in.

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1.                         anthropology is covered with making anthropological knowledge useful. a. Forensic b.   Cultural c.  Applied d.   Biological 2.                         anthropology is used to help solve crimes. a.  Forensic b. Cultural c.  Applied d.   Biological 3.   In               , John Collier got legislation passed that provided protection for Native American land. a. 1964 b. 1934 c. 1924 d. 1944 4.   Margaret Mead estimated.

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35. Small stone tools are called microliths. True False 36. Pottery and ground-stone tools define the Neolithic. True False 37. Plant and animal domestication led to modification of wild varieties of plants and animals. True False 38. The proportion of young to mature domesticated sheep is much higher than that among wild sheep. True False 39. People at Ali Kosh ate emmer.

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  1.The study of the cultural anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean is relevant for all of the following reasons except:   A)economic B)geo-political C)ethnocentric D)demographic     2.Between 1990 and 2000, the number of Hispanic/Latino-identifying individuals in the United States reached approximately:   A)102 million B)82 million C)36 million D)21 million     3.According to the 2000 US Census Bureau, in the United States, approximately.

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1.   Charles Darwin's theory of evolution suggests that                           . a. different species develop one from another b. inheritance plays no role in evolution c. acquired characteristics are predominant in evolution d. evolution is a myth 2.   The third principle of natural selection is                        . a. biodiversity and heritability b. natural selection c. particular.

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1.   The famous footprints of Australopithecus were found at a. Laetoli. b. Alexandria. c. Nairobi. d. Addis Ababa. 2.   Gracile australopithecines include all of the following except a. A. anamensis. b. A. afarensis. c. A. aethiopicus. d. A. africanus. 3.   Robust australopithecines include all of the following except a. A. aethiopicus. b. A. boisei. c. A. africanus. d..

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11. Which of the following is NOT a theory about what happened to the Neandertals? a. interbreeding b. genocide c. extinction d. multinational 12. Toward the end of the Acheulian period a technique developed that enabled the toolmaker to produce flake tools of a predetermined size, the                         method. a. Mousterian b. Oldowan c. Levalloisian d..

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33. Mitigation is the third phase of the CRM process. True False 34. Forensic anthropology is seeing increased attention by the public. True False 35. The forensic anthropologist can sometimes suggest cause of death. True False 36. All human remains found on a crime scene are bones. True False 37. A criminal investigation can proceed without a “corpus delicti.” True False 38. No one knows.

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26. Humans share a common evolutionary history with the other primates. True False 27. Gorillas and chimpanzees have DNA and proteins remarkably similar to humans. True False 28. Hominids include gorillas and humans. True False 29. The anthropoid is divided into three main groups. True False 30. Hominids are totally bipedal. True False 31. Group life may be crucial to diurnal primates. True False 32. Primates learn nothing.

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36. Katherine Milton’s research has been dedicated, for the most part, to studying the importance of diet for both human and nonhuman primates. True False 37. Orangutans survive only on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. True False 38. Gorillas have been studied far more than chimpanzees. True False 39. Chimpanzees are primarily leaf eaters. True False 40. The cerebral cortex is.

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11. Culture appears to have evolved around                 years ago. a.  2.5 million b.   2 million c.  3 million d.   3.5 million 12. Primates use               methods of communication. a. 3 b. 4 c. 1 d. 2 13. Children the world over tend to progress to two-word sentences at                  . a.  18-24 months b.   6-12 months c. .

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11. The arboreal theory of primate evolution was put forward in 1912 by a. Charles Darwin. b. Frederick Wood Jones. c. G. Elliot Smith. d. Russell Wallace. 12.                             highlighted some weaknesses in the arboreal theory. a. Frederick Wood Jones b. Matt Cartmill c. Charles Darwin d. G. Elliot Smith 13. The earliest definite primates appeared.

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33. Homo floresiensis is a tiny version of Homo erectus. True False 34. Pair bonding is common among all species. True False 35. We have no way of knowing if Homo erectus had fur. True False 36. Homo erectus was able to adapt to new environments quickly. True False 37. One primary gene responsible for body size is MCIR. True False 38. Tool traditions differ.

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23. Anthropology is solely an academic subject. True False 24. Applied and practicing anthropologists are not the only ones interested in solving problems. True False 25. Basic and applied research may both be motivated by a desire to improve quality of life. True False 26. Anthropologists have usually studied people who are disadvantaged. True False 27. In 1960, anthropologists founded the Society.

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True - False 26. The most well known of the plesiadipiforms is Plesiadapis. True False 27. Carnivores have forward-facing eyes. True False 28. Parapithecids were tarsierlike. True False 29. Proplipithecids had the dental formula of the Aegyptopithecus. True False 30. The Miocene epoch lasted from 24 to 5.2 million years ago. True False 31. As the Miocene progressed into its later period, climate conditions became wetter. True False 32..

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34. During the fourteenth century leprosy killed 75 million people in Europe. True False 35. As of December 2002, 42 million people were living with HIV/AIDS. True False 36. As of now, there are only two known ways to reduce the likelihood of sexually transmitted HIV. True False 37. Around the world, fatness is generally considered more desirable. True False 38..

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33. There is strong evidence supporting the interbreeding scenario regarding Neandertals. True False 34. Not a single murdered Neandertal has ever been found. True False 35. The best archaeological support is given to the extinction scenario. True False 36. The Upper Paleolithic seems to mark a watershed in human culture. True False 37. There is evidence that some Neandertal groups borrowed toolmaking.

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1.   Variation between human populations may be the result of a.  differences in genes. b.   growing up in a particular environment. c.  interaction between genes and environment. d.   all of the above. 2.                             are changes in the structure of genes. a.  Mutations b.   Gene frequencies c.  DNA molecules d.  .

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11. The amount of melanin in the skin seems to be related to the                       where a person lives. a. weather b.   climate c.   rainfall d.   moon 12. An advantage of light skin is greater absorption of vitamin a.  A. b.   B. c.   C. d.   D. 13. It can be concluded that                            .

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1.   Primatology is the study of a. insects. b. plants. c. stars. d. primates. 2.   Anthropologists study primates primarily to understand the behavior and evolution of the a. howler monkey. b. bonobo. c. orangutan. d. human primate. 3.   Fossil evidence together with anatomical and behavioral evidence may help us understand what early a. dinosaurs b. mammals c. primates d..

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True - False 23. Most anthropologists agree that Homo erectus evolved into Homo sapiens. True False 24. Most anthropologists agree on the date that the evolution into Homo sapiens took place. True False 25. Many scholars argue whether Homo heidelbergensis is a separate species. True False 26. There is relatively unanimous agreement that the Neandertals should be classified as Homo sapiens.

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11.                     percent of all employed archaeologists in the U.S. have jobs directly related to the CRM. a. 25 b. 50 c. 40 d. 60 12. Forensic anthropologists are trained to follow police standards in human remains. a.  labeling b.   handling c.  transporting d.   all of the above 13. To make an identification of a victim a forensic anthropologist may use . a.  .

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34. The human genome project set out to assemble a complete genetic map for humans. True False 35. Messenger RNA directly affects the formation of the cell. True False 36. Random segregation of chromosomes in meiosis is a cause of genetic variation. True False 37. Crossing-over is the exchange of sections of chromosomes between one chromosome and another. True False 38. Most.

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True - False 26. Protominids were capable of occasional bipedalism. True False 27. Undisputed bipedal hominids lived in East Africa about 4 million years ago. True False 28. Animals were equipped for hunting before tools. True False 29. In both ancient and modern apes the spinal column enters the skull toward the back. True False 30. The fossil record between 8 and 4.

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11.                         looks at how a tool similar to one found in the past is used by people today. a. Ethnographic analogy b. Ethnologic analogy c. Archaeological ethnography d. Thick description 12.                   are the scholars who most frequently study Upper Paleolithic peoples and cultures. a. Paleoanthropologists b. Archaeologists c. Ethnographers d. Linguists 13. In.

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