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  6.11. Compared to the right hemisphere, the left hemisphere tends to be (a)more analytical (b)larger (c)more global (d)more simple neurologically   6.12. Compared to the left hemisphere, the right hemisphere tends to be (a)more analytical (b)smaller (c)more global (d)less complex neurologically   6.13. A “split brain” patient has had what structure surgically severed? a)  hippocampus (b) Broca’s Area (c) Wernicke’s Area (d) corpus callosum   6.14.  Although it.

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  9.11.The Müller-Lyer illusion illustrates the influence of (a)the Gestalt principle of good continuation (b)spatial context (c)temporal context (d)all of the above   9.12.  One figure that appears different at different times even though there is no change in the figure itself is a (a)Stratton figure (b)Necker cube (c)Gestalt figure (d)parallax square   9.13.  A figure with a black blob on a white.

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**18.1.  I recall vividly where I was and what I was doing when I heard that President Kennedy had been shot.  That sort of memory is called a _____ memory. (a)  semipermanent (b) flashbulb (c) epiphenomenal (d)  utilitarian (e) causal   18.2.  Bahrick's studies of long term memory included studies of (a)  places (b) names and faces (c) mathematics (d)  Spanish.

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**10.1.  When you hear the speech of your native language, individual words are clear to you even though they are spoken in succession fairly quickly. This is an example of (a)cognitive perception (b)achromatopsia (c)contiguous adaptation (d)perceptual learning   10.2.  A person with congenital achromatopsia experiences an extreme and painful hypersensitivity to bright light. This is because.

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    I.1. There are two broad classes of psychological research: (a)  internal and external (b) direct and indirect (c)  behavioral and nonbehavioral (d) experimental and correlational (e)  theories and hypotheses   I.2.  Sir Karl Popper is known for his ideas concerning the role of ______ in science, a concept related closely to the idea of letting evidence constrain.

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**20.1.  Which of these is a heuristic that involves judging how probable something is by how similar an instance is to a more general category? (a)availability (b)representativeness (c) constructivism (d)  confirmation bias (e) chunking   20.2. A procedure that guarantees the correct answer to a problem, if used correctly, is called (a)a heuristic (b)representativeness (c)availability (d)an algorithm (e)a base rate procedure   20.3. A.

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  5.11. The firing of a neuron is called a/n (a) synapse (b) action potential (c) axonal eruption (d) dendritic event   5.12.  An action potential occurs: (a)when positively charged particles flow into a neuron and then quickly   flow back out (b)when negatively charged particles flow into a neuron and then quickly   flow back out (c)when positively charged particles flow.

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  19.21. Master chess players readily recall the location of chess pieces from real games, but not when the pieces are placed randomly.  This illustrates that having a ______ is helpful in learning new information (a)  flashbulb memory (b) mnemonic (c) chunk (d) schema   **19.22.  An organized knowledge structure is called (a)the method of loci (b)a representation (c)intuitive judgment (d)a.

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**4.1.  When speaking of evolution, the term "fitness" refers to (a)  an increase in the amount of DNA (b) a decrease in one’s gene pool (c)  increased reproductive success (d) increased strength and size   4.2. Biological fitness is defined ultimately in terms of (a)  strength (b)  size (c)  aggressiveness (d)  reproductive  success   4.3. The theory that important aspects of behavior.

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14.1.   Which is one of the rules of thumb for using punishment? (a)don't expect miracles (b)expect side effects (c)deliver the punishment quickly and consistently (d)distinguish between suppression and retribution (e)all of the above   2. Skinner wrote that the commonest technique of control in modern life is: (a)  positive reinforcement (b) negative reinforcement (c)  punishment (d) reward   14.3. A high school senior.

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22.1.  The idea that inconsistency between one's beliefs and one's behavior leads to an aversive state is known as (a)correlation (b)justificationism (c) the Fundamental Attribution Error (d)  schema based reasoning (e) cognitive dissonance   22.2.  Having people do a dull task and then getting them to lie about it was done to test the idea that (a)people are.

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  21.11. People demonstrate confirmation bias by (a)focusing on positive information (b)not considering alternatives (c)not looking for contrary facts (d)explaining contrary facts away (e)all of the above   21.12. In a laboratory experiment with two large sacks of marbles, when people were given a sample from sack A and asked which sack they’d want another sample from, the great.

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  IV.21.  Which is not a similarity between classical and operant conditioning? (a)acquisition (b)extinction (c)spontaneous recovery (d)partial reinforcement effect   IV.22.  Which of these statements is false? (a)classical conditioning involves substitution of one stimulus for another (b)operant conditioning involves the consequences of a response (c)  the power of operant conditioning is limited by built-in response tendencies (d)extinction occurs without the use of.

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  19.31.  Which of these is not a memory process? (a)  storage (b) retrieval (c) generalization (d) encoding   19.32.  The capacity of LTM is (a)about the same as that of working memory (b)about 7±2 chunks (c)about 7±2 individual items but only 1 or 2 chunks (d)easily changed by practice (e)infinite   19.33. Which of the following is/are true? (a)given proper stimulation, we can remember.

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13.1.  For Skinner, behaviorism meant studying the environmental conditions that precede the response, the response, the environmental conditions immediately after the response, and (a)the mental (cognitive) events assumed to intervene between S and R (b)the intention behind the response, that is, the goals of the organism (c)the personality pattern if the organism studied.

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    16.11. Why does the text say that it is better for kids to watch PBS than network TV? (a)they do not get commercials on PBS (b)television has substantial effects on beliefs and behavior (c)behavior affects beliefs (d)TV helps children learn to distinguish between fantasy and reality (e)they will adapt to what they see on TV   16.12..

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  18.11.Suppose you take a couple of college French classes and one college math class.  In 45 years, you are more likely to retain: (a)basic French vocabulary (b) primary mathematical skills (c)neither - decay will be too great (d) both French and math about equally   18.12.Loftus’ research on eyewitness testimony is evidence for what property of LTM? (a)flashbulb.

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  13.11. The essential feature of operant learning is that there is a contingency between: (a)  a response and a reinforcer (b) recovery and reinforcement (c)  recovery and response (d) a response and a cumulative curve   **13.12. The simplest way to produce extinction of learned behavior is through (a)  shock therapy (b) negativism (c)  withholding reinforcement (d) increasing conflicting reinforcement   13.13. Reinforcers.

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6.1.  The idea that brain functions are spread uniformly over the brain is called (a) equipotentiality (b) localization (c) hippocampal equalization (d) hippocampal homogeneity (e) cerebellar homogeneity   6.2.  The idea that brain functions are spread pretty uniformly over the brain is probably: (a) True (b) False   **6.3.  The idea that brain functions are not spread uniformly over the brain.

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11.1. Why hasn’t anyone collected the Amazing Randi’s $1,000,000? (a) there is no credible evidence for the existence of paranormal effects (b) the scientific community has accepted that telepathy exists, but Randi is unconvinced (c)because, as the photographer said, the force is “tricky” (d)when ESP is put under test, the bad vibes caused by the.

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  7.21.  Which of these statements is not consistent with a sociobiological view of gender differences in sexual behavior? (a)Most men say a partner’s sexual affair would be worse than an emotional                 affair. (b)Most women say a partner’s emotional affair would be worse than a   sexual affair. (c)In Tinbergen’s research, male.

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8.1.  The sense associated with our muscles, joints & tendons is called (a)  the vestibular sense (b) olfaction (c) transduction (d)  kinesthesis (e) the pheromone sense   **8.2. Our senses respond to: (a)change (b)dependent variables (c)constant stimulation (d)perceptual processes (e)sensations   8.3. The basic stimulus for vision is changes in (a)  the lens (b) electromagnetic radiation (c) kinesthetic stimuli (d)  mechanical pressure on the retina (e) events in the.

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    **17.11.  If you try to multiply 747 x 413 in your head you will likely "get lost" in the problem and forget where you are.  Why? (a)sensory memory is subject to decay (b)your working memory lacks sufficient space, or capacity (c)you don't have the rules accessible in LTM (d)LTM is accessed via retrieval cues (e)insufficient.

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  20.11. Important problems ought to be approached with both (a)representativeness and availability (b)causal reasoning and effect reasoning (c)algorithms and heuristics (d)ratio concepts and percentage reasoning   **20.12. Suppose you are shown a description of a woman that is similar to your stereotype of a romance novelist.  You are asked whether it is more likely that the.

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  11.11. Psychokinesis refers to which of these alleged phenomena? (a)mind to mind communication without ordinary physical means (b)perceiving remote events (c)moving material objects by mental effort (d)foretelling the future (e) none of the above   11.12. Precognition refers to which of these alleged phenomena? (a)mind to mind communication without ordinary physical means (b)perceiving remote events (c)moving material objects by mental.

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5.1.  The “starlike bodies” seen by early scientists who looked at the nervous system were (a) synapses (b) neurons (c) axons and dendrites (d) none of the above   5.2.  The “pellucid threads” seen by early scientists who looked at nervous system were (a) synapses (b) neurons (c) axons and dendrites (d) none of the above   **5.3.  The specific part of a nerve.

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  12.21. In Pavlov's terminology, the tuning-fork tone (a)changed from unconditioned stimulus to neutral stimulus (b)changed from conditioned stimulus to neutral stimulus (c)changed from neutral stimulus to conditioned stimulus (d)had no appreciable effect   12.22.  In classical conditioning, the optimal order is: (a)unconditional stimulus - lengthy break - neutral stimulus (b)neutral stimulus - lengthy break - unconditioned stimulus (c)unconditioned stimulus.

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