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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 51

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1) The unique trait(s) of the hominins are A) habitual bipedalism B) canine reduction C)brain enlargement D)speech and language E)all of the above 2) The use of technology is mostly associated with the A)hominins B)Homo C)Homo sapiens D)hominoids E)primates 3) Evidence for hominid bipedalism A)postdates stone tools by 2.4 million year B)predates stone tools by at least 1.7 million years C) predates stone.

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  • 1) The unique trait(s) of the hominins are A) habitual bipedalism
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    21)In primates, the position of the foramen magnum is correlated with habitual posture and thus can give important clued about locomotion. 22)Raymond Dart concluded that Australopithecus africanus anticipated the modern human condition, and departed from the ape condition, with regard to facial and cerebral characters. 23)Raymond Dart's discovery and announcement of an.

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  • 21)In primates, the position of the foramen magnum correlated with
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    21)Which list of traits best describes mountain gorillas? A)harem polygyny; adults are monomorphic in body size; occasional infanticide B)unimale-multifemale harems; nonterritorial; strongest social bonds are between adult females and the silverback male C)promiscuous mating system; territorial defense between groups; largely terrestrial D)large-bodied African apes characterized by monogyny; commonly use tools to hunt small animals E)multi-male,.

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  • 21)Which list of traits best describes mountain gorillas? A)harem polygyny; adults
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  43.21.  The Decisional Balance Sheet can be criticized for failing to take into account (a)multiple goals (b)irrational forces such as emotions (c)the benefits of decomposition (d)the benefits of a quantitative method of combining information (e)the benefits of externalization   **43.22.  People who use the Decisional Balance Sheet (a)are more prone to postdecisional regret (b)are less likely to persevere in.

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  • 43.21.  The Decisional Balance Sheet can be criticized for failing
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1) The postcranial anatomy of the australopithecines includes A)relatively long arms and short legs B)an apelike pelvis with tall and narrow iliac blades C)a narrow sacrum D)a barrel shaped ribcage E)all of the above 2) Fossil evidence of the East Africa robust australopithecine suggests that it lived between A)4.0 to 1.0 million years ago B)2.5 to 1.9 million.

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  • 1) The postcranial anatomy of the australopithecines includes A)relatively long arms
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    11)Which of the following is a New World monkey? A)guenons B) macaques C)gibbons D)marmosets E)mandrills 12)Among the anthropoids, hominoids are characterized by A)lacking tails and having long backs and 3-cusped molars B) lacking tails and having short backs and Y-5 molars C)having long tails, narrow chests, and complex brains D)having dorsal shoulder blades, broad chests, and a lower.

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  • 11)Which of the following a New World monkey? A)guenons B) macaques C)gibbons D)marmosets E)mandrills 12)Among
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    11)Compared to common chimpanzees, bonobos show A)stronger social bonds and alliances among males B) more frequent and inventive tool use C)more frequent and varied sexual behavior D)more frequent organized hunting behaviors E)all of the above 12)Sexual dimorphism in behavior takes what form(s) among chimpanzees? A) Males hunt for meat more than do females. B)Females use tools.

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  • 11)Compared to common chimpanzees, bonobos show A)stronger social bonds and alliances
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    41)Homo habilis had much in common with the australopithecines named ________ and ________. 42)________ is the main factor that differentiates the early hominines from the australopithecines. 43)The average brain size of the early hominines is ________ and the average size of an australopithecine brain is ________. 44)________ from Koobi Fora is the best.

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  • 41)Homo habilis had much in common with the australopithecines named
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    11)The term heritability refers to: A)the degree of similarity between parent and child B)the proportion of a phenotypic trait's variance that is attributable to genetic variance between individuals C)the proportion of a population's total phenotypic variation that is attributable to the effects of the environment D)the average phenotypic change between succeeding generations E)those phenotypic traits.

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  • 11)The term heritability refers to: A)the degree of similarity between parent
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    31)There are genes for which the environment has no effect on the expression of the gene. 32)Allopatric speciation usually starts with the intensification of gene flow between and isolated population and the parent species. 33)Directional natural selection occurs in response to environmental change and results in modifications of the population's collective phenotype. 34)Evolution.

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  • 31)There genes for which the environment has no effect the
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    21)The archaeological record suggests that Oldowan tools were made and used A)exclusively by men B)exclusively by women C)by both men and women D)as weapons and not for processing food E)the archaeological record reveals nothing about how the tools were used 22)Current interpretations of the fossil and archaeological records lead most anthropologists to A)limit the label "human" to.

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  • 21)The archaeological record suggests that Oldowan tools were made and
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1) Most genes are located in the nucleus of the cell, but a few are found in the: A)chromosomes B)spindle C)mitochondria D)chiasmata E) vacuoles 2) Variant forms of a particular gene are called: A)hereditary variants B)alleles C)gene morphs D)subgenes E)adaptive variation 3) Structural genes are involved in such features as: A)eye color and susceptibility to certain diseases B)skin color and metabolism C)energetic and biosynthetic.

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  • 1) Most genes located in the nucleus of the cell,
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    41)Among ________ females have more social power than chimpanzees. 42)________ live solitary lives with the exception that mothers travel with their dependent offspring. 43)________ have a harem polygyny mating system that is based on strong male-male sexual competition. 44)________ are molecular measures for estimating the time of divergence of living species from a.

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  • 41)Among ________ females have more social power than chimpanzees. 42)________ live
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    41)A(n) ________ is a fossilized cast of the interior of a skull. 42)Raymond Dart believed that the Taung child was bipedal because of the location of the ________. 43)________ created the name Australopithecus africanus. 44)________ discovered and named the first Paranthropus robustus at a site called Kromdraai. 45)The subfamily Australopithecine is a member of.

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  • 41)A(n) ________ a fossilized cast of the interior of a
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    21)Phyletic transformation A)is one of the major forms of speciation in nature B)results in a strong increase in the number of contemporaneous species C) is a form of pseudoextinction D)is one circumstance under which extinction occurs E)is the result of gene flow 22)Extinction has the effect(s) of A)reducing both species diversity and the number of available.

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  • 21)Phyletic transformation A)is one of the major forms of speciation in
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1) Which of the following procedures is not a chronometric dating technique? A)carbon 14 B)stratigraphy C)potassium-argon (K/Ar) D)fission-track E)thermoluminescence 2) Proving that rock layers at different sites are the same age can A)involve the use of fossils as historical markers B)be done through faunal correlation C)be done by matching the "chemical signatures" of strata D)be done with stratigraphic sequences E)all of.

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  • 1) Which of the following procedures not a chronometric dating
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  N.1.  Which of these demonstrated that people underestimate the power of the situation? (a)  Freud (b) Milgram (c) Piaget (d) Pavlov (e) Skinner   N.2.  Which of these is associated with a theory of cognitive development? (a)  Freud (b) Milgram (c) Piaget (d) Pavlov   N.3.  Which of these is associated with classical conditioning? (e) Skinner (a)  Freud (b) Milgram (c) Piaget (d) Pavlov (e) Skinner   N.4.  Which of these.

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  • N.1.  Which of these demonstrated that people underestimate the power
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1) Solly Zuckerman who studied hamadryas baboons in the London Zoo concluded that the force holding primate social groups together is A)dominance relations B)genetic kinship C)defense against predators D)sexual behavior E) altruism 2) Dominance relations are sometimes associated with A) winning or losing fights with groupmates B) forming alliances among groupmates C)access to food, water, or mates D)grooming.

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  • 1) Solly Zuckerman who studied hamadryas baboons in the London
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    11)At Omo, Clark Howell's researchers found A)very few animal fossils because the environment did not support much animal life in the past B)the first remains of Paranthropus aethiopicus C)mostly postcranial bones D)hominid remains dated to around 500,000 years ago E)the first remains of Kenyanthropus platyops 12)Which list of traits best describes Ardipithecus ramidus? A)short incisiform canines B)lower first.

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  • 11)At Omo, Clark Howell's researchers found A)very few animal fossils because
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    41)The ________ is the name given to the earliest known stone-tool culture. 42)Paranthropus boisei was dated to ________ by the ________ method. 43)________ discovered Paranthropus boisei. 44)________ was the original name of Paranthropus boisei. 45)________ is the likely ancestor of Paranthropus boisei. 46)________ is the genus and species name of Lucy 47)The fossil remains of Ardipithecus.

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  • 41)The ________ the name given to the earliest known stone-tool
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    31)Although habitually upright, the australopithecines apparently depended more on side-to-side swaying for balance than do modern humans. 32)Paranthropus robustus apparently evolved earlier and went extinct before Australopithecus africanus. 33)Both of the South African australopithecines species showed the hominids traits of bipedalism and short canines. 34)There seems to be little about the anatomy of.

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  • 31)Although habitually upright, the australopithecines apparently depended more side-to-side swaying
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  41)strict Darwinian evolution is also known as gradualism Short Answer Questions 42)Phenotypic traits produced by ________ may disappear for a generation, only to reappear later. 43)Crossing two heterozygous individuals (Aa X Aa) can produce ________ genotypic conditions in the offspring. 44)The writings of Charles Darwin were inspired by a book by ________. 45)________ developed the.

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  • 41)strict Darwinian evolution also known as gradualism Short Answer Questions 42)Phenotypic traits
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    21)Speech is A)absent among even the most humanlike apes, chimpanzees and bonobos B) the oral expression of human language C)impossible without symbolic thinking and grammar D)dependent on physical structures found only in humans E)all of the above 22)Many primate species are threatened with extinction because of human activities. In order to improve primate's chances of.

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  • 21)Speech is A)absent among even the most humanlike apes, chimpanzees and
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1) The system of classification devised by Linnaeus in the 18th century was: A)based on knowledge of evolutionary relationships B)phenetic, based on physical similarities C) cladistic D) based on the "kinds" of organisms described in the Genesis creation story E) based on amassed fossil evidence 2) Cladistic classifications and phylogenetic classifications: A)are both based on.

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  • 1) The system of classification devised by Linnaeus in the
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    21)Evidence at this time suggests which East African Australopith(s) used stone tools? A)Australopithecus garhi B)Australopithecus afarensis C)Orrorin tugensis D)Ardipithecus ramidus E) all of the above 22)Australopithecus anamesis A)was found by Meave Leakey 1995 B)is dated to 4.2 to 3.9 million years ago C)was a mosaic of apelike and humanlike traits D)has been found at Kanapoi and Allia Bay, Kenya E)all.

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  • 21)Evidence at this time suggests which East African Australopith(s) used
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44.1.  People can use machines more easily (a)when the control information is in the environment (b)when the control information has to be memorized (c)when the designer employs user-centered conceptual models (d)when control information is meaningful, not arbitrary (e)A, C and D are all correct   **44.2.  People can use machines more easily when the control information is.

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  • 44.1.  People can use machines more easily (a)when the control information
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    21)During the Paleocene the northern continent of Laurasia was intact and animals could range across North America and Europe. 22)During the early Cenozoic, topical forests were located much farther north and south of the equator than at present. 23)The plesiadapiforms are generally recognized as the ancestor of all other primates. 24)Although there are.

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  • 21)During the Paleocene the northern continent of Laurasia was intact
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    11)The anatomy of the fossil known as "Little Foot" would suggest that A)the autralopithecines were mostly arboreal B)Paranthropus was more arboreal than Australopithecus C) the australopithecines were mostly terrestrial D) the australopithecines were partly arboreal and partly terrestrial E) Paranthropus was mostly terrestrial 12)The large grinding teeth of Paranthropus robustus suggest a diet of A)mostly.

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  • 11)The anatomy of the fossil known as "Little Foot" would
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  Ep.1.  Scientific knowledge (a)can show that capital punishment is morally wrong (b)can show that capital punishment is morally acceptable (c)has nothing to contribute to debates on moral issues, such as capital punishment (d)may be relevant to factual arguments made on one side or the other in arguments about capital punishment   **Ep.2. Facts refer to _____; values to.

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  • Ep.1.  Scientific knowledge (a)can show that capital punishment morally wrong (b)can show
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    31)Prosimians show that the last piece of bony orbital protection to evolve was the post-orbital bar. 32)Whether tarsiers should be grouped with the prosimians or the anthropoids is a matter of disagreement among primate taxonomists. 33)Prosimians show the distinctive primate traits of stereoscopic vision and grasping hands and feet. 34)Prehensile tails are found.

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  • 31)Prosimians show that the last piece of bony orbital protection
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