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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 50

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    11)G. Rollefson and I. Kohler found that in the Levant around 6,000 years ago the early civilization collapsed because A)of a change in rainfall B)extensive felling of woodland C)lack of lime plaster D)salination of farmland E)disappearence of antelope herds 12)Skin heavily pigmented with melanin A)correlates with latitude B)decreases the risk of skin cancer C)does not interfere with the production.

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  • 11)G. Rollefson and I. Kohler found that in the Levant
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1) Homo erectus first used which of the following as tools? A)cleavers B)bifacial tools C)Acheulean tools D)Oldowan choppers and flakes E)digging sticks 2) The Acheulean stone tool industry A)first appears in Africa about 1.4-1.7 million years ago B)succeeded bamboo tools in Asia abut 1.6 million years ago C)was ultimately used by Homo erectus people from western Europe to Java D)was.

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  • 1) Homo erectus first used which of the following as
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  10.Ethnology, or cultural anthropology, is the branch of anthropology that studies contemporary societies throughout the world in an attempt to understand human diversity and discover similarities. 11.All human cultures have a form of "baby talk" that adults use when they are speaking with small children. 12.An ethnography is a written description of.

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  • 10.Ethnology, or cultural anthropology, the branch of anthropology that studies
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  21. Elizabeth Brumfiel’s investigation into the role of women in Aztec society utilized: A. primatology and sociolinguistics B. ethnoarchaeology and psychological anthropology C. archaeology and historical records D. population genetics and carbon dating 22. One of the first fossil finds of human ancestors was in Germany; this early human species was: A. a Cossack B. a powerfully-built.

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  • 21. Elizabeth Brumfiel’s investigation into the role of women in
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    11)Paleoanthropologists are A)in agreement about classifying the Neandertals as Homo sapiens saplens B)in agreement about classifying the Neandertals as Homo neanderthalensis C) split on their judgment about Neandertal classification D) in agreement that Neandertals should be classified as Homo heidelbergensis E) in agreement that Neandertals should be classified as Homo ergaster 12)In the Middle.

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  • 11)Paleoanthropologists are A)in agreement about classifying the Neandertals as Homo sapiens
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    21)Compared to most mammals A)only modern humans show unusually high encephalization quotient (EQ) values B) only living and extinct hominids show unusually high EQ values C) anthropoid primates generally show higher EQ values D)all primates show significantly higher EQ values E)only humans and chimpanzees show higher EQ quotients 22)According to Richard Passingham the human.

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  • 21)Compared to most mammals A)only modern humans show unusually high encephalization
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    41)Hominids and apes diverged about ________. 42)Campbell and Loy suggest that early hominids were living where multiple ________ meet and were exploiting a ________. 43)________ argued that bipedalism led to tool and weapon use and then to smaller jaws and teeth. 44)________ suggested that tool use helped to develop bipedalism. 45)________ has argued that.

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  • 41)Hominids and apes diverged about ________. 42)Campbell and Loy suggest that
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    31)All anatomically modern human populations are associated with Upper Paleolithic implements. 32)The Upper Paleolithic began about 130,000 years ago with the first appearance of the modern humans Klasies River Mouth. 33)Campbell and Loy suggest that Neandertals succumbed to ecological competition from modern humans, not to violent extermination. 34)Modern people are found earlier in.

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  • 31)All anatomically modern human populations associated with Upper Paleolithic implements. 32)The
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    31)Homo heidelburgensis teeth are larger the those of Homo erectus. 32)The best evidence for Homo heidelburgensis hunting comes from tropical areas. 33)There is considerable evidence that Homo heidelburgensis used clothing in colder areas of its range. 34)Current evidence places Homo heidelburgensis north of the Pyrenses Mountains in Europe after 500,000  years ago. Short Answer.

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  • 31)Homo heidelburgensis teeth larger the those of Homo erectus. 32)The best
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    21)The scientific community was eventually shown to be correct in their rejection of the hominid status of Pithecanthropus erectus as proposed by Eugene Dubois. 22)Eugene Dubois conclusion that Pithecanthropus erectus was an ancestor of modern humans was disproved by the discovery of Sinanthropus pekinensis. 23)The anticipation that increases in brain size came.

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  • 21)The scientific community was eventually shown to be correct in
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      1.Although anthropologists study the unique features of diverse cultures, they also recognize the fundamental similarities among all peoples in the world. 2.The field of anthropology has been divided into four branches: physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology or ethnology. 3.Physical anthropologists focus their research in two areas: human evolution and.

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  • 1.Although anthropologists study the unique features of diverse cultures, they
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1) Campbell and Loy argue that the hunting and gathering way of life A)began with the australopithecines B)resulted because of a dearth of plant food C)began with Homo erectus people D)began with Homo heidelburgensis E) none of the above 2) Where did the evolution of Homo heidelbergensis take place? A)Southeast Asia B)Spain C)South Africa D)The location of the origin.

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  • 1) Campbell and Loy argue that the hunting and gathering
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    11)Bone, antler, and ivory A)were used like plastic is today B)could be made into household implements like spatulas and scrapers C) could be turned into beads and bracelets D)were very important materials for Magdalenian technology E)all of the above 12)In addition to the spear and spear thrower, Upper Paleolithic people also A)drove animals into pit traps.

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  • 11)Bone, antler, and ivory A)were used like plastic today B)could be made
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    26.One methodology for the study of extraterrestrial cultures that would come from anthropology would be: A.field studies of planetary geography and geology B.participant observation to get an "insider's" perspective C.lab studies of comparative anatomy and physiology D.interpretations of alien songs and poetry 27.According to the author of your textbook, the major goal(s) of anthropology is/are: A.to.

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  • 26.One methodology for the study of extraterrestrial cultures that would
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    31)Anthropologists now think that the beginning of stone tools mark the beginning of hunting. 32)Currently it is difficult to reconcile the thin enamel of Ardipithecus ramidus and the seed-eating hypothesis. 33)Campbell and Loy suggest that bipedalism may have begun when smallest apes stood to brandish sticks and branches, and appear more formidable. 34)Studies.

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  • 31)Anthropologists now think that the beginning of stone tools mark
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    21)During the Upper Paleolithic people became more nomadic as they followed migrating herds of animals. 22)Iron pyrite is necessary for making fire and would have been highly valued by Upper Paleolithic people. 23)Because Upper Paleolithic people were more sedentary than archaic humans, they likely lived longer. 24)All of the laurel-leaf blades produced during.

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  • 21)During the Upper Paleolithic people became more nomadic as they
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    31)The bipedalism of Homo erectus as reconstructed by paleoanthropologists is essentially modern. 32)There are no known fossils in Europe or Africa that are older than Homo erectus. 33)The braincase of Homo erectus seems larger than it really is because of a sagittal crest. 34)Currently the evidence suggests that Homo erectus is about equally.

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  • 31)The bipedalism of Homo erectus as reconstructed by paleoanthropologists essentially
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    31)Magic was used by Upper Paleolithic people to control events that were essentially uncontrollable and unpredictable. 32)European cave art was apparently produced mainly for occasional ritual use, not for everyday viewing. 33)Sympathetic hunting magic seems to be a good, but incomplete, functional explanation for Upper Paleolithic cave art. 34)The proportions and features of.

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  • 31)Magic was used by Upper Paleolithic people to control events
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  11)Who has been involved in the argument that Acheulean tools were for dismembering large animal carcasses? A)Kathy Schick B) Meave Leakey C) Pat Shipman D)Leslie Aiello E)Francois Bourdes 12)Who has challenged the suggestion that fire played a regular role in the daily life of Homo erectus people at Zhoukoudian, China? A)Randy Bellomo B)Henry De Lumley C)Lewis Binford D)Geoffrey.

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  • 11)Who has been involved in the argument that Acheulean tools
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  36.Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. archaeologist studied A.Brazil B.gender approaches to the archaeological record. C.tropical rainforests D.East Africa 37.The people known as classical archaeologists conduct research on: A.ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome B.the evolution of prehistoric stone tools C.societies of the more recent past D.ancestors of contemporary Native Americans     38.Research on artifacts found in the remains of slave quarters.

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  • 36.Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. archaeologist studied A.Brazil B.gender approaches to the
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