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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 49

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  21. In order to understand variation in human populations, anthropologists must consider three primary causes: (1) evolutionary processes, (2) the environment, and (3) __________. A. culture B. race formation C. genetic induction D. polymorphism 22. All of the genes possessed by a population are known as its: A. genetic complement B. gene pool C. polymorphic unit D. polytypic unit 23..

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  • 21. In order to understand variation in human populations, anthropologists
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  31. According to scholars Ester Boserup, Lewis Binford, and Mark Cohen, the principal factor responsible for the beginning of plant and animal domestication was: A. resource availability in key environmental niches B. seasonal differences in the abundance of wild species C. population pressure on finite natural resources D. the increased cranial capacity of Pleistocene.

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  • 31. According to scholars Ester Boserup, Lewis Binford, and Mark
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  21. According to Marvin Harris, the dietary practices of various cultures may be rooted in ecological conditions. 22. Anthropologists have determined that specific food preferences are biologically based and not culturally influenced. 23. Cultural diversity is a reflection of environmental adaptations and the consequence of symbolic creations. 24. The Rastafarian movement of Jamaica.

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  • 21. According to Marvin Harris, the dietary practices of various
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  51. It would be fair to say that, in a multicultural society such as exists in the United States: A. there is one common idea about social norms B. there are conflicting systems of norms and values C. mores are well-defined and reflected by all D. the strict enforcement of cultural mores is a.

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  • 51. It would be fair to say that, in a
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  31.Which of the following sites has yielded Acheulian tools? A.Torralba and Ambrona B.Cro-Magnon C.Le Moustier D.Lascaux 32.One of the most important tool types invented by Homo erectus was the: A.hammerstone B.projectile point C.grinding stone D.hand axe 33.A shelter of stones and saplings was built by people who used Acheulian tools at the site of: A.Zhoukoudien B.Terra Amata C.Olduvai Gorge D.Cro-Magnon     34.The Levalloisian technique refers to.

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  • 31.Which of the following sites has yielded Acheulian tools? A.Torralba and
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  41. The earliest agricultural complexes of South America are noteworthy for their inclusion of: A. medicinal plants, like hemp and flax B. non-food plants, like cotton C. cultivated grasses, like oats and barley D. domesticated animals, like horses and cattle 42. Maize cultivation in North America was the result of: A. independent domestication of maize in.

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  • 41. The earliest agricultural complexes of South America noteworthy for
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  33. Psychological anthropologists differ from psychologists in that their research focuses on: A. the behavior of social deviants B. physiological characteristics of the human brain C. cross-cultural similarities and differences D. individuals in their own societies 34. The process by which an individual learns how to behave within a particular society is known as: A. cognition B..

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  • 33. Psychological anthropologists differ from psychologists in that their research
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  1. According to paleontological evidence, human beings are descended from modern day chimpanzees. 2. Among the most important physical characteristics of primates is their generalized skeletal structure, which allows for a great deal of flexibility in movement. 3. Two important distinguishing features of the primate hand are the opposable thumb and the.

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  • 1. According to paleontological evidence, human beings descended from modern
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  53. The term berdache is used to refer to men in Native American societies who: A. asserted their personal power through public displays of heterosexual prowess B. chose to abstain from sex so that they could focus on spiritual growth C. wore female clothing and offered sexual services to male warriors D. participated in.

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  • 53. The term berdache used to refer to men in
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  11. Culture allows humans to adjust to a wide range of physical environments. 12. According to the culture-and-personality theory, there is a correlation between personality and ethnicity. 13. Franz Boas had a guiding influence on Margaret Mead. 14. According to Mead, Samoan adolescents engaged freely in premarital sex. 15. Human behavior can be attributed.

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  • 11. Culture allows humans to adjust to a wide range
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  1. Modern humans are divided into four distinct species that correspond to the major geographic areas of Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. 2. Cultural practices affect genetic and physical variation by influencing gene flow or altering the environment. 3. Anthropologists speculate that Paleolithic populations consisted of small bands (30-100 individuals) in.

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  • 1. Modern humans divided into four distinct species that correspond
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  21. The primary characteristic that identifies hominids as a taxonomically distinct group from other primates is: A. social behavior B. aggression and murder C. habitual bipedalism D. the number and type of teeth 22. According to your text, paleoanthropologists suggest that the fossil forms called _________ precede the genus Homo. A. Aegyptopithecus B. Proconsul africanus C. Australopithecus D. Ardipithecus 23..

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  • 21. The primary characteristic that identifies hominids as a taxonomically
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  21.The earliest stone tools, which have been found in East Africa, are called __________ tools. A.Oldowan B.Acheulian C.Mousterian D.Composite 22.The term "manuport" refers to: A.a type of unifacial pebble chopper B.a fossilized bone at an early hominid site C.a stone found where it does not naturally occur D.a chip struck off of a stone during percussion flaking 23.When an archaeologist.

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  • 21.The earliest stone tools, which have been found in East
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  21. Individuals who study living, nonhuman primates are known as: A. ethnologists B. pongidologists C. primatologists D. astrologists 22. What characteristic is not commonly used to describe the Primate order? A. long gestation period B. habitual bipedal locomotion C. opposable thumb D. lack of specialization in the diet (omnivore) E. generalized limb structure 23. Primate evolution has produced some morphological characteristics.

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  • 21. Individuals who study living, nonhuman primates known as: A. ethnologists B.
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  41.Upper Paleolithic hunters increased the power and accuracy of their projectiles by using: A.slingshots B.spear throwers C.bows and arrows D.stone projectile points 42.The term "composite tool" refers to an artifact made by: A.firing clay into a hard material B.using bone or antler to remove thin flakes C.putting two or more materials together D.several different people 43.At the 15,000 year-old site.

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  • 41.Upper Paleolithic hunters increased the power and accuracy of their
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  41. Integrationist theories of state formation: A. emphasize domination and exploitation B. assume state formation resulted from its beneficial effects C. place state authority in the hands of the merchant class D. emphasize revolts against monopoly control 42. The theories about the effects of external contacts on ancient cultures of the Americas that have been.

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  • 41. Integrationist theories of state formation: A. emphasize domination and exploitation B.
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  11.Homo erectus was the first hominid species to intentionally bury their dead. 12.Neandertals probably cared for individuals with disabilities. 13.Burins were special, chisel-like tools for working wood, ivory, and bone. 14.The harpoon was invented by people with a Lower Paleolithic technology. 15.Upper Paleolithic artisans made stone tools in a limited range of styles that.

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  • 11.Homo erectus was the first hominid species to intentionally bury
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  31. Lemurs are found in what part of the world (not counting zoos)? A. Australia B. Iceland C. Asia D. South and Central America E. Madagascar 32. The fossil record of the evolution of the primates in the Americas is: A. abundant B. completely unknown C. sparse and consists of fragmentary evidence D. one of the best fossil records we.

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  • 31. Lemurs found in what part of the world (not
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