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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 48

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  52. Like band societies, tribal societies: A. have highly structured and efficient political organizations B. do not have any political organizations, only kinship groupings C. have decentralized political systems in which authority is vested among a number of individuals, groups, and associations D. have acephalus political organizations 53. A form of tribal political organization found,.

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  • 52. Like band societies, tribal societies: A. have highly structured and
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  30. Modernization theory provides a model to explain how would cause social and cultural change. A. traditionalism B. dependency C. the world system D. industrial capitalism 31. In order for a society to modernize it must first: A. stress individual achievement over traditional community reciprocity B. build roads and public utilities C. achieve universal literacy D. reduce population growth 32..

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  • 30. Modernization theory provides a model to explain how would
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  40. "Fission" and "fusion" in hunting and gathering societies refer to: A. hazards of contacts with the industrialized world B. cyclical change in population density relative to resources C. decision-making processes used by tribal leaders D. the dynamics of wild plant resources 41. Hunting and gathering societies will sometimes resort to infanticide in order to: A..

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  • 40. "Fission" and "fusion" in hunting and gathering societies refer
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  50. The phrase "original affluent society" refers to: A. the earliest foragers, who lived in rich environments B. the notion that hunter-gatherers spend little time working C. the ancient Egyptian civilization D. the concept of the "noble savage" 51. It has been suggested that in forager societies the more concentrated and predictable the resources: A. the.

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  • 50. The phrase "original affluent society" refers to: A. the earliest
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  11. Reciprocity occurs only in egalitarian, non-stratified societies. 12. The attempt to get something for nothing is called negative reciprocity. 13. All forager groups have a concept of private land ownership that is similar to that found in Western societies. 14. Band organization among foragers is very rigid and unchanging since individuals must.

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  • 11. Reciprocity occurs only in egalitarian, non-stratified societies. 12. The attempt
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  41. Political systems with centralized bureaucratic institutions that establish power and authority over large populations in a specific territory are known as: A. bands B. tribes C. chiefdoms D. fiefdoms E. states 42. Clearly defined norms of a society that, when violated, provide punishment through the application of formal sanctions by ruling authority are called: A..

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  • 41. Political systems with centralized bureaucratic institutions that establish power
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  21. Since individualistic religious practices and beliefs were deemed as threatening to the state, one of the major functions of priests was to standardize religious beliefs and practices for the society. 22. In ancient agricultural states, religion sanctified and legitimized the authority of political leaders. 23. Most cultures with matrilineal social organizations.

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  • 21. Since individualistic religious practices and beliefs were deemed as
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1. States differ structurally from bands, tribes, and chiefdoms by having a bureaucratic or governmental organization. 2. The term “civilization” usually implies societies with a complex division of labor, with economic roles other than those pertaining to food production. 3. In contrast to horticulture, intensive agriculture allows a population to produce a.

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  • 1. States differ structurally from bands, tribes, and chiefdoms by
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  31. The Union of South Africa was established in 1910 by the: A. French B. Germans C. Portuguese D. British 32. The most significant factor in Latin American demographic change after the arrival of Europeans was a dramatic increase in: A. fertility B. mortality C. employment D. life expectancy 33. The most serious health problem faced by indigenous populations of.

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  • 31. The Union of South Africa was established in 1910
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  42. In general, divorces are most common among societies that are: A. patrilineal and patrilocal B. matrilineal and matrilocal C. organized into bilateral descent groups D. polyandrous and avunculocal 43. Deborah Gewertz, who has re-examined Mead's interpretations of the Tchambuli (Chambri), arrived at the conclusion that: A. Chambri women are among the most aggressive in all.

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  • 42. In general, divorces most common among societies that are: A.
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  40. The term "Second World" is used to refer to: A. modern, industrialized nation-states B. what used to be called the Soviet Union and other communist countries C. undeveloped, nonindustrialized countries D. traditional, prestate societies affected by contact with the modern world 41. Since the 1960s, the Ju/’hoansi or San have become: A. increasingly independent and.

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  • 40. The term "Second World" used to refer to: A. modern,
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  35. One goal of anthropological linguistics is to determine the number of phonemes (phonetic structure) that exist in different languages. This goal is accomplished by employing the use of: A. minimal pairs B. phone taps C. maximal differences D. syntax units 36. The word "lower" contains: A. two bound morphemes B. two bound phonemes C. two free morphemes D..

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  • 35. One goal of anthropological linguistics to determine the number
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  50. Saudi Arabian control of the Al-Murrah Bedouins has been accomplished by making their traditional leader, the emir: A. the head of an independent state B. a common Saudi citizen C. a prisoner for life D. a dependent government official 51. Throughout the Arabian Peninsula, Bedouin communities are becoming: A. absorbed into existing nation-states B. economically self-sufficient C..

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  • 50. Saudi Arabian control of the Al-Murrah Bedouins has been
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  1. Hunting and gathering societies have always existed in marginal environments. 2. By studying contemporary foragers (hunter-gatherers) anthropologists can gain a better understanding of life during the Paleolithic. 3. The nice thing about studying hunter-gather societies is the fact that they have never been in contact with or influenced by other cultures,.

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  • 1. Hunting and gathering societies have always existed in marginal
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  26. Archaeologists and historians have found that most chiefdom societies: A. occupied areas that were rich in natural resources and conducive to producing a surplus B. were located in marginal lands that demanded intensive irrigation and plow agriculture C. were based on intensive foraging, supplemented by occasional hunting and fishing D. relied on herd.

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  • 26. Archaeologists and historians have found that most chiefdom societies: A.
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