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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 46

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1. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), public interest ethnography looks at public policy from the perspective of those who are affected by it.   2. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), public interest ethnography involves fieldwork among policy makers.   3. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest),.

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  • 1. According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), public
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  47.The Amish emphasize their ethnic differences through __________. A.language and dress B.strange haircuts C.cars and trains D.using the newest technology 48.Which of the following is true of symbols? A.They are rooted deeply in genetic structure. B.They are different for everyone. C.They cannot be easily identified. D.They are arbitrary but meaningful units we use to represent reality. 49.Ways of enforcing mores.

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  • 47.The Amish emphasize their ethnic differences through __________. A.language and dress B.strange
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  20.The scientific method is a logical system used to evaluate data derived from systematic observation. 21.Inductive reasoning takes general statements and develops specific facts. 22.Applied research in anthropology involves using the research methods and findings developed in basic research to solve human problems and fulfill the perceived needs of various societies. 23.The deductive.

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  • 20.The scientific method a logical system used to evaluate data
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1.Although anthropologists study the unique features of diverse cultures, they also recognize the fundamental similarities among all peoples in the world. 2.The field of anthropology has been divided into four branches: physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology or ethnology. 3.Physical anthropologists focus their research in two areas: human evolution and.

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  • 1.Although anthropologists study the unique features of diverse cultures, they
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  41.The human capacity for culture is: A.learned after birth B.genetically programmed C.weaker than for instinctual behavior D.severely limited 42.Most modern anthropologists are of the opinion that individual human behavior is: A.influenced more strongly by cultural than by hereditary factors B.controlled primarily by inherited characteristics in the structure of the brain C.completely a product of learning and culture, with.

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  • 41.The human capacity for culture is: A.learned after birth B.genetically programmed C.weaker than
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  1. Innovation is the recombination of concepts, which are previously known, to form something qualitatively new.   2. Acculturation refers to the process of learning one's culture.   3. Social acceptance of an innovation involves three steps: identification, analysis, and substitution.   4. If an anthropologist studied how the use of tobacco spread throughout the world,.

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  • 1. Innovation the recombination of concepts, which previously known, to
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  31.According to Piaget, humans demonstrate the ability to use symbols from the time they are born. 32.Evolutionary psychologists emphasize innate human predispositions. 33.Psychological anthropologists differ from psychologists in that their research focuses on: A.the behavior of social deviants B.physiological characteristics of the human brain C.cross-cultural similarities and differences D.individuals in their own societies 34.The process by.

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  • 31.According to Piaget, humans demonstrate the ability to use symbols
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  26.One methodology for the study of extraterrestrial cultures that would come from anthropology would be: A.field studies of planetary geography and geology B.participant observation to get an "insider's" perspective C.lab studies of comparative anatomy and physiology D.interpretations of alien songs and poetry 27.According to the author of your textbook, the major goal(s) of anthropology is/are: A.to.

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  • 26.One methodology for the study of extraterrestrial cultures that would
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  11.Culture allows humans to adjust to a wide range of physical environments. 12.According to the culture-and-personality theory, there is a correlation between personality and ethnicity. 13.Franz Boas had a guiding influence on Margaret Mead. 14.According to Mead, Samoan adolescents engaged freely in premarital sex. 15.Human behavior can be entirely attributed to cultural factors. 16.According to.

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  • 11.Culture allows humans to adjust to a wide range of
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  21.Children can be active agents in the enculturation of their siblings and parents. 22.Individualism is valued differently in different cultures. 23.According to Francis Hsu, the individual in China is strongly encouraged to reject familistic and group norms. 24.Melford Spiro's research was strongly influenced by the theories of Sigmund Freud and Carl Jung. 25.Incest avoidance.

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  • 21.Children can be active agents in the enculturation of their
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  28.Most cultures have developed sophisticated ideas and myths to provide answers to fundamental questions such as: "Who are we?", "Where did we come from?", and "Why are we here?"  These conceptual frameworks that present the universe as an orderly system and answer these basic questions are called __________. A.analogs B.cosmologies C.paradigms D.apologies 29.The theory of.

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  • 28.Most cultures have developed sophisticated ideas and myths to provide
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  44.Anthropology is said to be "holistic" because it: A.is concerned with primitive societies B.makes use of both written and spoken sources C.combines studies of biological and cultural phenomena D.studies the mystical aspects of human experience 45.The use of anthropological data to offer practical solutions to problems within a society is called: A.applied anthropology B.forensics C.ethnography D.participant observation E.holism   46.An example of.

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  • 44.Anthropology said to be "holistic" because it: A.is concerned with primitive
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  48.The Upper Paleolithic period, which dates from about 40,000 to 10,000 years ago, was characterized by: A.big game hunting B.blade tools of many traditions C.the invention of composite tools D.cave art E.all of these choices 49.Upper Paleolithic hunters increased the power and accuracy of their projectiles by using: A.slingshots B.spear throwers C.bows and arrows D.stone projectile points 50.The term "composite tool".

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  • 48.The Upper Paleolithic period, which dates from about 40,000 to
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1. According to Alverson (Advice for Developers), Peace Corps volunteers working in Botswana often isolated themselves, hung out with other Americans or Europeans, felt spiteful toward the Tswana, and failed to complete contracts.   2. According to Alverson (Advice for Developers), Peace Corps volunteers maintained an aloof distance when they talked with.

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  • 1. According to Alverson (Advice for Developers), Peace Corps volunteers
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1.According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), the Women‘s Prison Healthcare Project she directed discovered that a.women lived in overcrowded cells. b.women were paid very little for the work they did in the prison. c.women sometimes faked illness to get special attention. d.two of the above  e. a, b, and c above   2.According to Stryker.

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  • 1.According to Stryker (Ethnography in the Public Interest), the Women‘s
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  36.Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. archaeologist, studied: A.Brazil B.gender approaches to the archaeological record C.tropical rainforests D.East Africa 37.The people known as classical archaeologists conduct research on: A.ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome B.the evolution of prehistoric stone tools C.societies of the more recent past D.ancestors of contemporary Native Americans     38.Research on artifacts found in the remains of slave quarters.

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  • 36.Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. archaeologist, studied: A.Brazil B.gender approaches to the
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1.Culture consists of both material and nonmaterial components. 2.The concept of "culture" is central to many anthropological discussions and issues. 3.Culture can be defined as a shared way of life that includes values, beliefs, and norms that are transmitted within a particular society from generation to generation. 4.A society and a culture are.

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  • 1.Culture consists of both material and nonmaterial components. 2.The concept of
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  1.According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), in India leprosy is  a. easily treated. b.highly contagious. c.caused by a bacterium that kills the body‘s cells in one‘s hands and feet and other extremities. d.carried by mosquitoes. e.none of the above   2.According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), the Ganges river water a. ritual pollutes the bodies.

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  • 1.According to Barrett (Leprosy the Ganges), in India leprosy is 
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  38.One of the most important tool types invented by Homo erectus was the: A.Mousterian hammerstone B.Clovis projectile point C.Neolithic grinding stone D.Acheulian hand axe 39.The stone tool industry associated with Neandertal populations was called the: A.Oldowan complex B.Mousterian tradition C.Acheulian technology D.chopper tool system E.composite tool tradition 40.The climate characteristic of environments occupied by Neandertals was: A.hot B.warm C.temperate D.cold 41.Fossil and archaeological evidence suggests that.

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  • 38.One of the most important tool types invented by Homo
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1. According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), medical anthropologists treat disease and illness as related but different concepts.   2. According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), medical anthropologists focus their ethnographic research on the social aspects of disease.   3. According to Barrett (Leprosy on the Ganges), the Indian city of Varanasi.

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  • 1. According to Barrett (Leprosy the Ganges), medical anthropologists treat
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  21.Upper Paleolithic people of Europe produced ivory sculptures and mural paintings. 22.During the Upper Paleolithic period, modern Homo sapiens migrated throughout the world, including North and South America and Australia. 23.Homo erectus was the first hominid species to intentionally bury their dead. 24.Neandertals had a much reduced cranial capacity and intellect compared to.

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  • 21.Upper Paleolithic people of Europe produced ivory sculptures and mural
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  21.According to Marvin Harris, the dietary practices of various cultures may be rooted in ecological conditions. 22.Anthropologists have determined that specific food preferences are biologically based, not culturally influenced. 23.Cultural diversity is a reflection of environmental adaptations and the consequence of symbolic creations. 24.The Rastafarian movement of Jamaica is an excellent example of.

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  • 21.According to Marvin Harris, the dietary practices of various cultures
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  37.The earliest traces of material culture are: A.fossil teeth of the species Australopithecus B.words like "ma" to indicate mother C.simple stone tools, like choppers and scrapers D.forms of social organization among different primates 38.Which of the following would NOT be considered a form of material culture? A.igloos B.cufflinks C.lullabies D.forks 39.The term "ideology" refers to: A.signs and symbols used to communicate.

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  • 37.The earliest traces of material culture are: A.fossil teeth of the
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  19.Most anthropologists maintain that language influences a person's thinking and worldview, but language does not determine thought. 20.Using glottochronology, historical linguists can work with archaeologists in order to reconstruct protolanguages and prehistoric migrations. 21.Glottochronology is the study of the interrelationships among the vocal tract, glottis, larynx, and pharynx in the production of.

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  • 19.Most anthropologists maintain that language influences a person's thinking and
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  27.A way of life shared by a group of human beings – including their language, beliefs, and things they make and use – is referred to by anthropologists as their __________. A.religion B.heritage C.culture D.environment 28.__________ is credited with providing us with the first, detailed definition of culture, "...that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,.

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  • 27.A way of life shared by a group of human
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  51.Cross-cultural studies of human sexual desire have revealed that: A.in all cultures, adults seek to engage in regular sexual activity B.sexual desire and sexual activity are strongly conditioned by cultural practices C.there are universal taboos against premarital sex D.human sexual desire is greatest among people who live in the tropics 52.Value judgments concerning homosexuality are.

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  • 51.Cross-cultural studies of human sexual desire have revealed that: A.in all
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