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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 4

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  26. One effect of the spread of industrialization has been A. a decrease in global power. B. the destruction of indigenous economies, ecologies, and populations. C. the incorporation of indigenous communities into industrial projects. D. an increased awareness among industrialists and states of the need for environmental protection. E. an increase in the equitable distribution.

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  •   26. One effect of the spread of industrialization has been A.
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 32. The current world stratification system features a substantial contrast between capitalists and workers in the core nations, and workers on the periphery. 33. According to Wallerstein, the nations in the world system can be classified into three types: core, periphery, and frontier. 34. Trade and other economic relations between core.

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  • TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 32. The current world stratification system features a substantial
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 35. Émile Durkheim, an early scholar of religion, stressed what he termed religious effervescence. Anthropologists too have stressed the collective, social, shared, and enacted nature of religion, the emotions it generates, and the meanings it embodies. 36. Like ethnicity and language, religion is also associated with social divisions within and.

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  • TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 35. Émile Durkheim, an early scholar of religion, stressed
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1. Because our planet’s climate is always changing, the key question becomes, how much of global warming is caused by human activities versus natural climate variability? On this issue, most scientists agree that the causes are mainly A. evolutionary. B. ecological. C. anthropogenic. D. moral. E. indigenized. 2. The greenhouse effect is a natural phenomenon that.

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  • 1. Because our planet’s climate always changing, the key question
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  47. Colonialism refers to the solicitation by peripheral countries of political and financial assistance from core nations. 48. The British notion “white man’s burden” is similar to the French concept mission civilisatrice in that both were racist ideologies used to justify the colonial efforts of their respective countries. 49. French colonial strategies.

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  •   47. Colonialism refers to the solicitation by peripheral countries of
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  6. Today’s ecological anthropology, also known as environmental anthropology, attempts not only to understand but also to A. find solutions to environmental problems, acknowledging that ecosystems management involves multiple levels. B. prescribe top-down solutions to ecological problems. C. work closely with state agencies, among whom they do most of their ethnography, to promote.

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  •   6. Today’s ecological anthropology, also known as environmental anthropology, attempts
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1. ________ is synonymous with the arts. A. Social creativity B. Aesthetics C. Myth D. Expressive culture E. Performance 2. Which of the following statements is true regarding the relationship between art and religion? A. All non-Western art is produced anonymously for religious purposes. B. In all societies, art is produced for religious purposes as well as its.

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  • 1. ________ synonymous with the arts. A. Social creativity B. Aesthetics C. Myth D.
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  21. ________ refers to the blurring and breakdown of established canons—rules, standards, categories, distinctions, and boundaries. A. Chaos B. Entropy C. Postmodern D. Agoraphobia E. Diaspora 22. Social movements worldwide have adopted which term as a self-identifying and political label based on past oppression but now legitimizing a search for social, cultural, and political rights? A. indio B..

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  •   21. ________ refers to the blurring and breakdown of established
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  44. TV programming that is culturally alien tends to outperform native programming when the alien programming comes from the United States, Great Britain, and France. 45. Forces influencing production and consumption are no longer restricted by national boundaries. 46. Diaspora refers to the hegemonic policy of dominators to isolate individuals who publicly.

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  •   44. TV programming that culturally alien tends to outperform native
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  16. Which of the following perspectives emphasizes how cultural forces constantly mold human biology? A. cultural genetics perspective B. biocultural perspective C. psychological anthropological perspective D. holistic perspective E. scientific–humanistic perspective 17. Ethnography is the A. study of biological adaptability. B. preliminary data that sociologists use to develop survey research. C. fieldwork component of cultural anthropology. D. cross-cultural comparative component.

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  •   16. Which of the following perspectives emphasizes how cultural forces
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1. What is anthropology? A. the art of ethnography B. the study of long-term physiological adaptation C. the study of the stages of social evolution D. the humanistic investigation of myths in nonindustrial societies E. the exploration of human diversity in time and space 2. A holistic and comparative perspective A. makes general anthropology superior to sociocultural.

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  • 1. What anthropology? A. the art of ethnography B. the study of
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  25. Unlike “indigenous peoples,” what term, which highlights the prominence that the exclusion of strangers has assumed in day-to-day politics worldwide, has been claimed by majority groups in Europe? A. indigenous people B. autochthon C. mestizo D. euroindio E. freedom fighter 26. ________ describes the process of viewing an identity as established, real, and frozen, so.

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  •   25. Unlike “indigenous peoples,” what term, which highlights the prominence
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 29. Although anthropologists may be interested in contemporary global issues such as climate change, their perspective is necessarily limited to the local scale of their fieldwork. 30. Scientists prefer the term climate change to global warming. The former term points out that, beyond rising temperatures, there have been changes in.

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  • TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 29. Although anthropologists may be interested in contemporary global
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  21. Linguistic anthropology A. is a research strategy of biological anthropologists studying the emergence of language among nonhuman primates. B. relies heavily on the methods of phrenology. C. includes sociolinguistics, descriptive linguistics, and the study of the biological basis for speech. D. includes cultural anthropology and paleoecology. E. has securely dated the origin of hominid.

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  •   21. Linguistic anthropology A. a research strategy of biological anthropologists studying
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  6. This chapter’s description of how humans cope with low oxygen pressure in high altitudes illustrates A. human capacities for cultural and biological adaptation, the latter involving both genetic and physiological adaptations. B. how biological adaptations are effective only when they are genetic. C. how human plasticity has decreased ever since we embraced.

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  •   6. chapter’s description of how humans cope with low oxygen
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  11. What are the four subfields of anthropology? A. medical anthropology, ethnography, ethnology, and cultural anthropology B. archaeology, biological anthropology, applied linguistics, and applied anthropology C. biological anthropology, linguistic anthropology, cultural anthropology, and archaeology D. genetic anthropology, physical anthropology, psychological anthropology, and anthropology and linguistics E. primatology, ethnology, cultural anthropology, and paleoscatology 12. Anthropologists’ early interest.

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  •   11. What the four subfields of anthropology? A. medical anthropology, ethnography,
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  16. Art can often lead to an intense emotional release, also referred to as A. hypercommunication. B. catharsis. C. exalted symbolism. D. humor. E. intensive aesthetics. 17. In many non-Western societies, how are traditional manifestations of expressive culture transmitted? A. through formal state-run schools for the arts B. by chance C. in families D. through the nonproductive members of society E..

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  •   16. Art can often lead to an intense emotional release,
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  40. The differences between sociology and cultural anthropology are becoming increasingly more distinct. 41. Psychologists tend to study only people living in the non-Western world, so anthropology has very little to offer this field. 42. Applied anthropology encompasses any use of the knowledge and/or techniques its four subfields to identify, assess, and.

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  •   40. The differences between sociology and cultural anthropology becoming increasingly
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