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    21)Only language is considered true communication. 22)Regarding Hockett's design features of human language:  only humans have all 16. 23)Small scale social organizations and simple technology lead to primitive languages. 24)All languages use emblems but there are no universal emblems. 25)The study of proxemics shows that the cultural use of space is a means of.

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1)The institution of marriage within a society always includes all of the following EXCEPT A)socially recognition of a union. B)a public wedding ceremony. C)the establishment of a family. D)a societal blessing to produce children. E)a new alliance or the strengthening of an existing one. 2)Marriage can solve which of the following problems? A)channels human sexuality B)provides long-term care of.

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    21)Cultural ecology emphasizes the interaction between A) technology, economics, and social complexity. B)individuals within a society. C)cultures and the environment. D)both A and B. E)A, B, and C. 22)Participant observation is what makes sociology different from other social and behavioral sciences. 23)Anthropologists are sometimes incorporated/initiated into the culture. 24)Anthropologists sometimes use directed interviews and questionnaires. 25)Anthropologists do not.

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    11)Throughout human history A)women have often held most of the power. B)women have had extremely little influence. C)women have ruled matriarchies D)women have usually controlled religious aspects of culture. E) none of the above 12)________ culture is exceptional for its gender equality. A)Vietnamese B)Dani C)Irish D)Kwa Kwaka'  Wakw E)none of the above 13)Manifestations of sexuality include A) procreation. B)visual and verbal art. C)pornography.

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1)Who is credited with identifying the 16 design features of human language? A)Edward Sapir B)Charles F. Hockett C)Ray L. Birdwhistell D)Benjamin Whorf E)Alan Lomax 2)Chimpanzees, who have been taught non-verbal communication, A) cannot associate hand gestures with certain objects. B)have infinite creativity. C)have proven to be smarter than bonobos. D)cannot learn a real language as defined by Hockett. E)none of.

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    11)The Sapir-Whorf hypothesis asserts that  A) language reflects culture. B)language shapes culture. C)people’s perceptions of the world are filtered through the structure of their     language. D)all of the above E)A and C only 12)The current debate about the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis centers on the concept or concepts A)sociolinguistics: the study of language in its social context. B)linguistic determinism,.

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1)Examples of applied anthropology are A) the study of HIV/AIDS. B)the study of menopause. C)the study of knowledge of plants in a particular environment. D)the study of development projects. E)all of the above. 2)Lock's medical anthropology study of menopause has led to the insights that A) Japanese and American women have different symptoms. B)Japanese and American.

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    11)A woman’s family giving some significant wealth to her husband’s family at the time of marriage is called A)dowry. B)bride wealth. C)bride service. D)both B and C. E)none of the above 12)A husband’s family compensating the wife’s family with money and/or goods at the time of marriage is called  A) dowry. B)bride wealth. C)bride service. D)betrothal. E)none of the above 13)Different.

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  11)Lamarck used giraffes to demonstrate his belief that okapi-like animals changed to giraffes. 12)The three cornerstones to explain evolution are inheritance, natural selection, and mutations. 13)If there are two and only two forms of a gene for a trait, each is called an allele. 14)Mendel’s principle of segregation claims that genes for different.

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1)Anthropologists have suggested that religious ritual is A)an acting out of the society itself, a dramatization of the moral community of the group. B)a superstitious practice which has no validity in real life. C)a way to alleviate individual anxieties at critical life moments. D)both A and C. E)none of the above. 2)In Malinowski's research, Trobriand Islanders.

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    11)Which characteristic below is NOT supported by the cross-cultural data on the nature of war? A)War involves structures of command and control. B)War is an almost exclusively male undertaking. C)Wars have rules. D)All societies have war. E)War involves homicide. 12)Define law’s relationship to basic cultural postulates.  A) Law reflects basic cultural postulates. B)Law is in opposition to.

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1)Gender, which is culturally constructed, A)is used to organize cultural activity. B)may be represented by more than two genders in a society. C)has variation in meanings depending on the society. D)all of the above E)none of the above 2)Anthropology has neglected the topic of sexuality primarily because A) of issues regarding privacy. B)of issues of impropriety. C)sexuality was.

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1)Archaic traits are A)arrow heads used by Native Americans. B)persistent remnants from earlier times that are found in cultures. C)those characteristics which define a hierarchy. D)the characteristics of hereditary transmission and variation. E)none of the above 2)An anthropologist who studies the cultural changes that occur from extended, direct contact between two or more autonomous group is.

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    21)The anxiety theory of religion means that religion makes people anxious. 22)All cultures believe in supernatural beings. 23)Most Americans do not practice any kind of magic. 24)The only purpose of religious rituals is to give people hope. 25)Scapulamancy, an adjunct to hunting, may function within the ecological system. 26)Rites of passage are found only in.

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    21)In what country does The Nuer take place and in what other country do most Nuer live? A)Congo and Liberia B)Ethiopia and Sudan C)Namibia and Botswana D)Congo and Sudan E)Ethiopia and Botswana 22)The gar ceremony in The Nuer initiated young men into  A) their patrilineage. B)their patrilocal residence group. C)a new age grade. D)their matrilineage. E)the village secret society. 23)In the.

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    11)The etic approach to kinship studies is A) known as culture-neutral analysis. B)is less useful because it does not use the culture's terms. C)useful for understanding kinship from the native perspective. D)all of the above. E)none of the above. 12)Minangkabau matrilineal society  A) is nonterritorial. B)is composed of a core group of women. C)is exogamous. D)has some polyandrous.

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1)Human psychology is A)the same for all peoples. B)variable only within a culture. C)variable between cultures. D)a Western concept. E)none of the above. 2)Psychology concentrates primarily on A) culture and perception. B)mental illness. C)personality and perception. D)people as members of social groups. E)none of the above 3)Margaret Mead's study of Samoan adolescents yielded A) some popular books only. B)the theory that sex.

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    21)The "principle of sexual dimorphism" has had little effect on Western thought. 22)Careful fieldwork among the foragers of the Kalahari Desert has shown that men provide more food than women. 23)Men in Mexico develop a macho identity so there are no "ambiguous relationships" between genders in Mexican culture. 24)Matriarchal myths validate the patriarchy,.

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  1)Bioanthropologists might study all of the following topics except A)people’s cultural pasts B)comparative femur bones of prehumans C)a comparison of head shapes all over the world D)how colobus monkeys behave 2)The best way to study science is by its A)method of inquiry B)use of quantitative methods C)adherence to rules of math and physics D)ability to repeat experiments 3)If you wanted.

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    31)The main function of the Dani moiety is to regulate warfare and create two opposing sides. 32)Marriage creates affinal kin; birth creates consanguinal kin. 33)Exogamy means that marriage is forbidden between members of the same group. 34)Matrilineality is found only in matriarchies. 35)Raymond Firth discovered that Maori of New Zealand have a unilineal descent.

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  21)In the film Milagro Beanfield War, the food production strategy threatened by the  development of a golf resort was                A) slash-and-burn horticulture. B)herding. C)small scale intensive agriculture. D)pastoralism. E)agribusiness. 22)Innovation leads to two sorts of change:  cultural change and environmental change. 23)The environment determines the ways in which a culture will elaborate. 24)Division of labor by.

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    21)All societies have explicit legal systems. 22)It's easy to distinguish between "laws" and "customs" because laws are written and do not change. 23)Deviants and deviant behavior are of interest to anthropologists because they can help explain the rules of the culture. 24)The states in antiquity, including Greece, Rome, Egypt, and the Aztecs, all.

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  11)The AMA was the first professional organization to pass a code of ethics. 12)The capacity for culture is defined as the biological underpinnings that allow people to have culture.   1)The following are all professionals in subfields of anthropology along with what they study EXCEPT A)archaeologists reconstruct past cultures of humans B)bioanthropologists study the evolution.

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    11)In the film El Sebou’: An Egyptian Birth Ritual, the twin babies are in which stage of this rite of passage (following van Gennep and Turner) before being “winnowed”? A)separation B)reincorporation C)evaluation D)liminal E)post-ritual state   12)The rite of intensification is designed to dramatize and reaffirm the social network of a culture. Which would be considered a.

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    21) Margaret Mead wrote The Chrysanthemum and the Sword. 22)Margaret Mead's studies confirmed biological determinism. 23)Cultural themes are no longer considered useful in anthropology though they were   once a central focus of cultural anthropological studies. 24)Standardized testing is unreliable if it is culture-specific. 25)"Experience is the best teacher" is an example of embodied or.

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1)Cultural adaptation involves A) innovation. B)cultural change. C)environmental change. D)all of the above. E)none of the above. 2)Which of the following are NOT true?  The case study on Dirty Dani pigsties shows that   A) pigs cause disease. B)pigs are helpful to humans. C)traditional knowledge is important. D)pigs close to home are harder to steal. E)pigs are important to the.

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    11)Modern foragers were A)living artifacts of our early ancestors. B)more primitive and less adapted than our early ancestors. C)more biologically advanced than our early ancestors. D)not to be equated exactly with our early ancestors. E)none of the above 12)Foragers have always lived only in A) ideal environmental settings. B)marginal environments. C)extremely cold or extremely hot environments. D)temperate climates. E)none of.

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  19)Chromosomes are segments of DNA on genes that give instructions for traits. 20)Adaptation to an existing environment is usually easy to see. 21)Zygotes never have the same genotype as either parent. 22)Mutations must occur in the body cells for them to have evolutionary significance. 23)The geneticist Sewall Wright discovered that populations can change from.

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1)Smaller societies generally exhibit A) less importance to kinship. B)more sophisticated languages. C)more subunits. D)less sophisticated languages. E)none of the above 2)Anthropologists differ from sociologists in that they give more attention to A) kinship and family. B)occupation. C)power relationships. D)social class. E)all of the above. 3)Kinship groups function to provide A) rules of behavior. B)a common identity. C)a basis for organizing people.

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1)Bands, tribes, chiefdoms, and states are categories based upon A) economic activity. B)subsistence strategy. C)sociopolitical organization. D)composition of tools and technology. E)none of the above 2)The paradigm of social control in culture-neutral terms is A) laws, crimes, and punishment. B)morals, sins, and adjudication. C)norms, transgressions, and resolution. D)morals, transgressions, and punishment. E)none of the above. 3)A traffic light is an.

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    11)People think, learn, and organize knowledge A) in basically the same way in most cultures. B)differently in different cultures. C)differently based on mental capabilities. D)from instinct. E)none of the above 12)Howard Gardner’s theory of multiple intelligences identifies A)logical-mathematical, bodily-kinesthetic, spatial, and interpersonal intelligences. B)mechanical, artistic, and scientific intelligences. C)linguistic, musical, and intrapersonal intelligences. D)all of the above E)A and C.

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    11) Who filmed The Medium is the Masseuse? A)Robert Gardner B)Karl Heider C)John Marshall D)Timothy Asch E)Linda Connor 12) In the film The Medium is the Masseuse, the healer A)uses massage for diagnosing as well as treating her patients. B)treats a  Brahmin (high caste) patient. C)notes that sorcery is one of the causes of her pateint's illness. D)points out that.

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  11)An exception to Mendel’s genetic principles would result if A)individuals are heterozygous for a trait if a sibling is homozygous B)two traits are found on the same chromosome C)both parents had two dominant genes for a trait D)both parents had two recessive genes for a trait 12)Watson and Crick discovered there were only four ___.

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  1)Of the following, all are inherent problems in studying humans rather than other species EXCEPT A)human generations are very long B)it is difficult for scientists to control human matings C)the human genetic code is different from all other animals in basic DNA D)humans have relatively small numbers of offspring 2)Geneticists traditionally use fruit flies in.

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    11)Technology refers to the tools and techniques of manufacture and production including A) material objects. B)cultural ideas. C)psychology. D)both A and B. E)none of the above. 12)Anthropologists theorize that food sharing A)encourages others to share when you need it. B)weakens social networks because of competition. C)eliminates ceremonial relationships. D)both B and C E)none of the above 13)Historically, Ju/’hoansi primarily practiced  A).

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    11)The emphasis is on material goods that will magically appear. 12)A new era is anticipated in which the poor and disadvantaged will be saved. 13)Isolated cultures A)are found, rarely, only in remote areas of the Amazon. B)remain stable. C)did not trade with the outside world. D)were tied into regional systems of trade. E)none of the above 14)The Cherokee.

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1)Distribution, or the exchange of goods and services, serves to A) form strands of social networks. B)decrease solidarity. C)cause tension between groups. D)both B and C E)none of the above 2)Small-scale societies (band, tribes) have the following types of exchange: A) reciprocity, redistribution, and markets. B)reciprocity and redistribution. C)reciprocity. D)redistribution. E)none of the above 3)Midsized societies with some central power.

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