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  11)There is undisputable evidence for huts at Terra Amata, France. 12)Middle Paleolithic and Middle Stone Age groups did not make stone blades, microliths, or bone tools 13)The Neandertal diet consisted primarily of plant foods. 14)Ochre has been found at many Middle Paleolithic / Middle Stone Age sites. 15)Modern humans had reached all parts of.

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1)Complex chiefdoms are another term for state societies. 2)Basalt was a luxury commodity used for elite purposes in Olmec cultures. 3)The Olmec site of El Manatí has the earliest evidence for the Mesoamerican ballgame. 4)City planning at Teotihuacan was on a grid system centered on two long, intersecting avenues. 5)The Aztecs worshipped some Teotihuacan.

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  1)The period between 2.3 myr and 11.5 kyr ago is known as A)the Holocene B)the Pleistocene C)the Miocene D)the Pliocene 2)Paleolithic is A)an archaeological term B)a biological term C)a geological term D)an anatomical term 3)The earliest evidence for hominid activity is in A)the USA B)East Africa C)Europe D)Asia 4)Oldowan / Mode I technology  refers to A)Mary Leakey B)Olduvai Gorge C)earliest stone tools D)hand axes 5)The patterning of materials at an.

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  11)Ancient Egypt was rich in mineral resources, but poor in good quality wood. 12)Slaves built Egyptian pyramids. 13)The Indus state was the earliest state of Pakistan and India. 14)The Indus state was ruled by a dynasty of hereditary kings. 15)Stone architecture dominates Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. 16)Shang kings were not powerful politically. 17)Shang bronze technology was an.

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  1)The Last Common Ancestor can be characterized as likely showing all of the following traits EXCEPT A)generalized in locomotion B)equally adept in trees and on the ground C)quadrupedal D)specialized on the ground as weight bearing knuckle walkers 2)Which hominid trait came first? A)bipedalism B)large brain C)U-shaped dental arch D)hairlessness 3)What happened to the spine when some quadruped group evolved to bipeds? A)it.

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  11)Chavín de Huántar was the first South American state. 12)Workers who built the Moche Pyramids of the Sun and Moon may have been fulfilling a form of state tax. 13)Textiles were considered prestige items in Andean society. 14)Moche portrait pottery vessels depict deities worshipped by the Moche. 15)Tiwanaku and Wari were contemporary states. 16)Tiwanaku and.

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  1)The primary aim of prehistoric archaeology is to A)excavate sites B)collect artifacts C)describe the life of people in the past D)date sites 2)Archaeological features include A)pits B)walls C)hearths D)all of the above 3)By definition, ecofacts allow archeologists to reconstruct A)any and all material culture items B)human diets C)the world of the supernatural D)communication in the past, mostly in the form of language and speech 4)Provenience.

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1)Glacial conditions were present throughout the Paleolithic / Stone Age. 2)Permafrost is permanently frozen ground beneath surface sediments. 3)Woolly mammoth, woolly rhinoceros, musk ox, steppe bison, reindeer and wild horse are cold loving, migratory herbivores. 4)Groups in the Paleolithic / Stone Age were hunter-gatherers and farmers. 5)Stone artifacts at Gona and Lokalalei shows an.

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  1)An example of the principle of homology is A) bat and butterfly wings B)whale flippers and bird wings C)hair on bodies of chimpanzees and gorillas D)bipedalism in humans and kangaroos 2)The principle that claims scientists believe populations changed in the past for the same reasons they change today is called A)inferencing B)biouniformitarianism C)natural selection D)contingency 3)The best estimate for.

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  11)The function of the postorbital bar is to A)protect the hearing mechanism B)surround and protect the eye C)give 3D vision D)separate vision and hearing 12)How long ago does molecular evidence predict monkeys split from the lineage leading to humans? A) 60 myr ago B) 40 myr ago C)20 myr ago D)l0 myr ago 13)Primates initially became arboreal in order.

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  1)Primatologists properly use the study of any or all primate species to A)represent stages in human evolution B)infer behavioral evolution C)generate hypotheses about human evolution D)both A and B are correct 2)In which primate research situation is there the least amount of human interference? A)zoos B)laboratories C)provisioned field situations D)unimprovised field situations 3)There are more primates per geographic unit of.

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1)Because the Americas enjoyed similar ecological conditions there is little diversity in culture in the continent. 2)Beringia, exposed during glacial periods, lies beneath the Bering Strait. 3)Dental and molecular evidence suggests that the first Americans derived from northeast Asia. 4)Clovis is the name given to the first groups to enter the Americas. 5)The term.

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  11)Which of the following correctly defines Shang oracle bones: they were A)medium through which people received counsel from their ancestors B)the medium on which Shang laws were inscribed C)the remains of ritual feasting D)the only form of Shang writing 12)Shang bronzes are often very large because A)there was an abundance of bronze available B)they were needed for.

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  11)Neandertal’s large nasal opening is likely connected to breathing in cold weather. 12)Neandertal may have been shorter than modern humans, but they had larger cranial capacities. 13)Because Neandertals had a larger cranial capacity than modern humans, they were probably smarter as well. 14)Experts believe Middle Eastern Neandertals migrated from Europe during a warm.

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  1)Which of the following various ways of primate locomotion shows similar length of front and back limbs? A)leapers and clingers B)brachiators C)suspensory primates D)arboreal or terrestrial quadrupeds 2)If you were classified as a cathemeral primate, you would: A)hang out around edges of churches B)be active at any time of day or night C)eat only insects and their larvae D)hibernate.

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  11)The first animals in the Cambrian had A)a four chambered heart B)skeletal hard parts C)bilateral symmetry D)both A and C are correct 12)The Changjiang Formation is important because it A)was the first Cambrian era fossil find B)showed early mammal diversity C)was excavated exclusively by Chinese scientists D)shows the first nucleated cell life 13)Which was not in the human lineage? A)ray-finned fish B)amphibians C)tetrapods D)amniotes 14)Which.

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1)Experts point to encephalization as the single most important factor characterizing the evolution of the genus Homo. 2)Bones (fossils) are a better indicator of a population’s distribution than artifacts. 3)The cranial capacity of Homo erectus hovers around 1000 cc. 4)By Homo erectus times, modern proportions of legs and arms had evolved. 5)The fossil called.

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  11)Many present-day food staples in the world were originally domesticated in the Americas. 12)Quinoa and tubers grow in the high altitudes of the Andes. 13)Hopewell sites are located in the central riverine area of Eastern North America. 14)The Hohokam practiced irrigation agriculture. 15)Ballcourts and platform mounds in the American Southwest indicate Mexican influence. 16)Chiefs of.

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  11)Identifying the species of animal in bone remains is the job of the A)palynologist B)archaeobotanist C)GIS expert D)zooarchaeologist 12)The lithic analyst studies A)bone B)pottery C)stone tools D)plants 13)Processual archaeology that began in the 1960s focused primarily on A)describing past cultures B)scientifically explaining culture C)using symbols to interpret cultures D)predicting culture change by climate 14)The first technique ever used to date artifacts or bones was A)14C B)K-Ar C)stratigraphy D)coins 15)All of.

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  11)A ‘tell’ is a natural hill on which people constructed their homes. 12)Central and Northern European farmers adapted to climatic conditions of the region by planting their crops for summer harvesting. 13)LBK groups adopted the farming package from migrant farmers. 14)Scandinavian groups took up farming at the same time as LBK groups. 15)Rice, millet,.

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  1)The Younger Dryas refers to the A)coldest period of the last Ice Age B)cold snap that occurred before the onset of the Holocene C)Holocene D)the beginning of agriculture 2)Shell middens indicate A)intensive exploitation of shell fish by humans B)natural accumulation of fish C)tidal deposition of shell fish D)shell working production sites 3)The period spanning the Late Glacial and Early Holocene.

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  18)The ability to intentionally deceive others is found A)only in primates B)cats, dogs, apes, monkeys, humans C)in three orders of mammals D)only in apes and humans 19)Experts turn to gibbons to generate hypotheses about early humans because of all of the primate groups, gibbons show _______ that is similar to modern humans A)monogamous pair bonds B)equal amounts.

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  11)The Japanese school of primatology is more apt to anthropomorphize their primates than Westerners. 12)All prosimians use scent marking glands in their genital area to mark their territory. 13)DNA evidence suggests the large variability in Madagascar prosimians is due to multiple raftings from Africa to the island, one rafting per modern species. 14)The.

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  11)All monkeys, Old and World alike, share all of the following traits EXCEPT A)bilophodont teeth B)external tails C)quadrupedalism D)Y-5 molars 12)The main reason why most experts do not believe NW monkeys evolved separately from OW is because A)there are more than 15 myr separating any ancestral primates in the NW from earliest monkeys B)parallel evolution cannot account.

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  1)The primary importance of monumental architecture is to A)exploit local resources B)keep citizens busy with work C)symbolize the power of the state D)promote places of worship 2)The systems model of state development considers A)an increase in population size to be the defining factor in state formation B)states as part of an integrated cultural and ecological whole in.

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  11)Levallois is a A)site in Africa B)characteristic tool technique associated with Neandertals C)characteristic tool technique associated with modern humans D)characteristic tool technique of the Lower Paleolithic 12)Variability in Middle Paleolithic stone tool kits may due to A)ethnic differences B)the nature of tasks undertaken C)change through time D)a combination of factors 13)Middle Paleolithic/Middle Stone Age groups A)never buried their dead B)practiced cremation C)buried all.

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  11)Increased aggression between Northwest Coast groups after 4000 years ago may A)have been to protect territories and resources B)indicate starvation periods C)be part of ceremonial ritual D)indicate groups that are out of control 12)The people from the Channel Islands of Southern California A)did not hunt dolphin because they did not have boats B)did not hunt dolphin because.

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1)Contraction of glaciers caused sea levels to rise in the Late Glacial / Early Holocene period. 2)Many Scandinavian Mesolithic and Japanese Jomon groups intensively exploited marine and riverine resources 3)There is good evidence for extensive salmon exploitation in the Jomon. 4)Groups at Abu Hureyra successfully targeted gazelle migrations for thousands of years. 5)The increase.

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