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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 33

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  1.Which is not a phase of applied anthropology? a.Research into the life ways of a particular group. b.Assembling relevant knowledge. c.Assessing the likely social and environmental impact of particular plans. d.Implementing and monitoring the program and its effects.   2.One out of two anthropologists in the United States is employed __________. a.outside of the field of applied.

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  1. Constitutionally, all U.S. states are required to have bicameral legislatures. 2. Sunshine laws are designed to bring transparency to the activities of legislative committees.   3. According to the textbook, attempts at legislative reform have had a number of unintended consequences. 4. The U.S. Supreme Court has found all forms of gerrymandering.

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  • 1. Constitutionally, all U.S. states required to have bicameral legislatures. 2.
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  11. A legislative district deliberately created to ensure that it will have a black or Hispanic representative is called a: A. traditional district. B. black/Hispanic district. C. majority-minority district. D. minority district. 12. Legislators who vote their conscience rather than voting as their constituents wish fit the role pattern of: A. trustee. B. delegate. C. politico. D..

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1. The type of local government that has decreased the most in numbers since the 1940s is: A. municipalities. B. townships. C. special districts. D. school districts. 2. A local government such as a metropolitan transit commission that performs only one service is called a: A. single purpose government. B. general purpose government. C. general commission. D. municipality. 3..

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  • 1. The type of local government that has decreased the
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    21.What type of national political systems rarely fight each other? a.totalitarian dictatorships b.participatory governments c.government by tribunal d.fascist dictatorships   22.What is one marker of the difference between most crime and terrorism? a.Criminals rarely take credit for their activities. b.Terrorists have higher motives than simple criminals. c.One country’s terrorism is another country’s salvation. d.Terrorists are not criminals, just misunderstood freedom-fighters.   23.R..

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  • 21.What type of national political systems rarely fight each other? a.totalitarian
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1. The fact that administrators are permanent employees while executives are temporary officials leads to: A. harmony between administrators and executives. B. tension between administrators and executives. C. administrators who are usually willing to follow the lead of executives because they will not be around long. D. all of the above 2. Policy implementation takes.

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  • 1. The fact that administrators permanent employees while executives temporary
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    21.A set of explicit, usually written rules stipulating what is permissive and what is not is a(n) __________. a.oath b.codified law c.ordeal d.ritual   22.States generally have all of the following except __________. a.monopoly on the use of physical force to coerce people b.complex, centralized political structure c.egalitarian distribution of wealth d.large bureaucracy   23.State-level societies generally get most of their food.

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1. The introductory case on Occupy Wall Street’s political activities demonstrates which of the following approaches to political participation? A. spectator B. gladiator C. direct democracy D. lobbying 2. Which of the following was not identified as one of the mechanisms providing traditional and legal channels of citizen input to government? A. public opinion B. the ballot.

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  • 1. The introductory case Occupy Wall Street’s political activities demonstrates
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  21. A good example of a professionally motivated interest group is: A. Amnesty International. B. the Swedish-American Friendship Society. C. the National Audubon Society. D. a state medical association. 22. An organization that collects money from individuals and uses that money to make campaign contributions is a: A. labor union. B. corporation. C. PAC. D. PIRG. 23. If.

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  • 21. A good example of a professionally motivated interest group
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    11.Applied or practicing anthropologists may be involved in all of the following except __________. a.assembling data relevant to a program b.assessing the likely social and environmental impact of particular plans c.monitoring the effects of a program d.applied anthropologists may be involved in all of the above   12.Applied anthropology in the United States developed __________. a.out of.

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1. Our expectations of state and local executives have gone through three historical states. Which of the following is not among the three stages? A. executive representation B. neutral competence C. polarized pluralism D. executive leadership 2. The demand for executive representation coincided with the period of: A. Jacksonian Democracy. B. Progressive Reformism. C. the American Revolution. D. Executive.

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  • 1. Our expectations of state and local executives have gone
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  1. Generally, state constitutions are longer than the federal constitution. 2. ?Earmarking? revenue in the state constitution can often have unintended negative consequences for the state legislature’s ability to establish policy priorities. 3. State constitutions often place restrictions on the actions of local government. 4. Courts have the power to evaluate.

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  • 1. Generally, state constitutions longer than the federal constitution. 2. ?Earmarking?
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  11. In terms of the ideological spectrum, the largest number of Americans tend to think of themselves as: A. liberal or slightly liberal. B. conservative or slightly conservative. C. extremely liberal or extremely conservative. D. moderate or middle-of-the-road. 12. A conservative would be more likely than a liberal to favor: A. regressive taxes. B. progressive taxes. C..

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  • 11. In terms of the ideological spectrum, the largest number
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  21. Which political culture is least likely to be found in the Pacific Northwest? A. the individualistic B. the moralistic C. the traditionalistic D. the opportunistic 22. Concerning political culture’s impact on state politics, researchers found that: A. political culture affected political participation. B. political culture did not affect political corruption. C. political culture did not affect.

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  • 21. Which political culture least likely to be found in
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  11.Barbara Ayres suggested that the importance of regular rhythm in the music of a culture       is related to the rhythm’s __________—that is, its associations with feelings of security or relaxation in infancy. a.devaluation b.diffusion c.evolution d.acquired reward value   12.__________ is a broad category comprising all the myths, legends, folktales, ballads, riddles, proverbs, and superstitions of.

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  • 11.Barbara Ayres suggested that the importance of regular rhythm in
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    21.CRM firms complete what type of anthropological projects? a.biological b.forensic c.contract archaeology d.residual 22.Which field of anthropology is devoted to solving crimes? a.forensic b.archaeology (but only crimes of the past) c.biological anthropology d.ethnology   23.CRM work is carried out by “contract archaeologists” who typically work under contract to __________. a.a government agency b.a private developer c.a native group d.all of the above   24.__________ is the health-related.

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  • 21.CRM firms complete what type of anthropological projects? a.biological b.forensic c.contract archaeology d.residual 22
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1. Which of the following is not one of the major legislative functions discussed in the text? A. public policy making B. legislative oversight C. representation D. capital improvements 2. Legislatures sometimes create an agency or program for a specific number of years. At the end of that period, legislators evaluate the agency or program..

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  • 1. Which of the following not one of the major
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1. Judicial review refers to: A. legislatures assessing the performance of the court system. B. chief executives deciding whether to obey judicial orders. C. administrators assessing whether their policies conform to legal guidelines. D. judges deciding whether laws are constitutional. 2. The constitution usually prescribes _____ law while the legislature prescribes _____ law. A. fundamental; statutory B..

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  • 1. Judicial review refers to: A. legislatures assessing the performance of
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  1. Although most states have county governments, counties usually have little responsibility. 2. Most local office holders see themselves primarily as volunteers with a strong sense of civic duty. 3. The city-manager form of municipal government attempts to separate the administration of city services from partisan politics. 4. Municipal governments are usually granted.

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  • 1. Although most states have county governments, counties usually have
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    11.What percent of the violence against women comes from a male intimate partner, such as a husband? a.50% b.65% c.75% d.90%   12.The reasons for infanticide are similar to those given for __________. a.murder b.abortion c.wife battering d.physical abuse   13.Cross-culturally, what is the most common form of family violence? a.murder b.child abuse c.wife beating d.husband beating   14.Societies that have violent methods of conflict resolution within communities,.

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  • 11.What percent of the violence against women comes from a
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  1.Why do climatic and other events in the physical environment become disasters? a.because people are killed b.because of the lack of medical knowledge c.because of conditions in the natural environment d.because of conditions in the social environment   2.What is the major cause of China’s Hwang River floods? a.burst dams b.deforestation c.farming on floodplains d.too few dams   3.Which did not contribute.

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  • 1.Why do climatic and other events in the physical environment
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  1.Most societies do not have a word for art. Perhaps that is because art, particularly in societies with relatively little__________, is often an integral part of religious, social, and political life.                a. specialization b.artistic ability c.invention d.unconscious invention   2.From the viewpoint of the person who creates it, art __________ feelings and ideas; from.

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  • 1.Most societies do not have a word for art. Perhaps
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  1.Religion deals with the __________. a.existential b.dialectic c.supernatural d.nonexistent   2.After their efforts at creation, many creator gods __________. a.die b.retire c.watch their creation d.demand to be worshiped   3.According to Clifford Geertz, it is when faced with ignorance, pain, and the unjustness of life that a person explains events __________. a. as capricious b.based on scientific knowledge c.as supernatural d.by the intervention of the.

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  • 1.Religion deals with the __________. a.existential b.dialectic c.supernatural d.nonexistent 2.After their efforts at cre
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    11.Gods are often anthropomorphic, that is, conceived in the image of __________. a. a person b.an animal c.a celestial body d.a geologic entity   12.To either divert anger or to attract goodwill, some societies __________ to/for a god in order to influence the god’s action.  a. perform seances b.make sacrifices c.ingest hallucinogens d.practice magic   13.One factor suggested in __________.

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  • 11.Gods often anthropomorphic, that is, conceived in the image of
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  11. John Engel’s style of gubernatorial leadership in Michigan is best referred to as: A. Demagogue. B. Policy Entrepreneur. C. Frustrated Warrior. D. Caretaker. 12. In providing policy leadership in a state, the governor does all of the following EXCEPT: A. setting the agenda for public policy decision-making. B. coordinating the formulation of policy. C. overseeing.

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  • 11. John Engel’s style of gubernatorial leadership in Michigan best
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  1. Ronald Reagan is the president most associated with New Federalism.  2. The Constitution grants unlimited powers to Congress. 3. Federal block grants usually have extensive federal guidelines stipulating how the grant can be used. 4. The federal government’s policy-making role grew under cooperative federalism. 5. Regional politics rarely play a role in.

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  • 1. Ronald Reagan the president most associated with New Federalism. 
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