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Anthropology Expert Answers & Study Resources : Page 13

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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 146   The functioning of the biological clock governing circadian rhythms is affected by the hormone __________. 2.Jet lag occurs because of __________. 3.For most women, the days before menstruation are reliably associated with: a. depression. b. irritability. c. elation. d. creativity. e. none of these f. a and b 4.A researcher tells male subjects that.

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  •   Quick Quiz – textbook page 146   The functioning of the biological
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81.As she watches her granddaughter’s dance recital, Patty perceives two separate groups of dancers. Her granddaughter’s group wore bright turquoise costumes with gold accents and the other group wore bright gold costumes with turquoise accents. Patty perception is supported by the Gestalt principle of _______________. a.proximity b.continuity c.similarity d.closure 82.When you look at the drawing.

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  • 81.As she watches her granddaughter’s dance recital, Patty perceives two
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  21.The difference threshold is: a.the ability of different species to detect varying aspects of electromagnetic waves, from radio waves to                             cosmic waves. b.the smallest difference in stimulation that can be detected by an observer when two stimuli are               compared. c.the difference in absolute thresholds between individuals with normal sensory abilities.

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  •   21.The difference threshold is: a.the ability of different species to detect
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5. Psychoactive drugs produce their effects primarily by acting on brain neurotransmitters. Explain this process, using cocaine’s effect on the brain as your example.                   Integrative Essay Questions: Linking the Chapters 1. What does research reveal about the accuracy of memory under hypnosis? Design your own experiment to investigate this topic..

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  • 5. Psychoactive drugs produce their effects primarily by acting brain
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31.A decline in sensory responsiveness that occurs when a stimulus is unchanging or repetitive is called               _______________. a.the difference threshold b.psychophysics c.sensory adjustment d.sensory adaptation 32.When she goes into her mother’s kitchen, Amelia doesn’t know how long she will be able to stay in the room because of the overpowering smell of onions. But.

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  • 31.A decline in sensory responsiveness that occurs when a stimulus
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91.Grant perceives snow as remaining white on cloudy days as well as on bright ones. He is not fooled, even though the amount of light the snow reflects is different on cloudy days. Grant’s perception is due to _______________. a.convergence b.relative clarity c.texture gradients d.brightness constancy 92.In the Müller-Lyer illusion, most people perceive the line.

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  • 91.Grant perceives snow as remaining white cloudy days as well
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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 182                   Even on the clearest night, some stars cannot be seen by the naked eye because they are below the viewer’s __________ threshold.                 When you jump into a cold lake and the water no longer seems so cold moments later, sensory __________ has occurred.                 If.

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  •   Quick Quiz – textbook page 182                   Even the clearest night,
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  Short-Answer Questions 1. What biological rhythms are controlled by the suprachiasmatic nucleus (SCN)? Where is the SCN located? 2. How common is premenstrual syndrome, or “PMS”? What are the major findings from research on hormones and mood? 3.Describe the changes the human body undergoes as it shifts from deep sleep to REM sleep. 4..

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  •   Short-Answer Questions 1. What biological rhythms controlled by the suprachiasmatic nucleus
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101.The amplitude of a sound wave is related to our perception of _______________. a.pitch b.timbre c.loudness d.tonal quality 102.Which of the following physical characteristics of the sound wave corresponds to the psychological               dimension of timbre? a.intensity b.pitch c.frequency d.complexity 103.Tom Petty has a nasal voice and Bob Dylan has a gravelly voice. There is a difference in the complexity.

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  • 101.The amplitude of a sound wave related to our perception
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  1.The doctrine of specific nerve energies states that: a.each type of sensory receptor releases a different type of energy. b.different sensory nerves release different neurotransmitters. c.each sensory neuron can respond to all sensory modalities. d.what a person experiences depends on which nerve was stimulated. 2.Sarah says that certain colors make her experience different smells. For.

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  •   1.The doctrine of specific nerve energies states that: a.each type of
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131.Which two senses keep us informed about the movement of our own body? a.homeostasis and balance b.equilibrium and homeostasis c.equilibrium and kinesthesis d.kinesthesis and homeostasis 132.After many ear infections during childhood, Zach developed damage to the semicircular canals in his inner ear. As a result, he periodically has difficulty standing upright and at times feels.

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  • 131.Which two senses keep us informed about the movement of
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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 198                   Which psychological dimensions of hearing correspond to the intensity, frequency, and complexity of the sound wave?                 Fred’s voice is nasal and Ted’s is gravelly. Which psychological dimension of hearing describes the difference?                 An extremely loud or sustained noise can permanently damage the _________ of.

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  •   Quick Quiz – textbook page 198                   Which psychological dimensions of
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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.The detection of physical energy emitted or reflected by physical objects is called _______________. a.perception b.sensation c.specific nerve energy d.functional encoding 2.What is the difference between sensation and perception? a.Sensation is the detection of sensory stimuli and perception is the interpretation of sensory information. b.Sensation is the interpretation of sensory information and perception is the.

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  •   Multiple Choice Questions 1.The detection of physical energy emitted or reflected
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121.Tory eats a low-salt potato chip and spits it out and says, “That’s so salty!” She also cannot eat Brussels sprouts, pickles, or anything with a lot of saccharin in it because it tastes “too bitter.” It is likely that Tory is a(n): a.supertaster. b.taster. c.umamitaster. d.ultrataster. 122.Of the smells that humans detect: a.“fruity” and “rotten”.

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  • 121.Tory eats a low-salt potato chip and spits it out
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  11.Sense receptors convert the energy of the stimulus to: a.mechanical signals. b.visual signals. c.electrical impulses. d.vibrations. 12.The doctrine of specific nerve energies states that: a.each type of sensory receptor releases a different type of energy. b.different sensory nerves release different neurotransmitters. c.each sensory neuron can respond to all sensory modalities. d.what a person experiences depends on which nerve was.

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  •   11.Sense receptors convert the energy of the stimulus to: a.mechanical signals. b.visual
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  Short Answer Questions 1.Define sensation and perception. Explain what sense receptors are. 2. What did Johannes Müller propose in his doctrine of specific energies? 3. Zoe is a participant in a psychophysical study and is having her absolute threshold for brightness measured. Describe a likely procedure for determining this measurement. 4.Despite the impressive sensory.

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  •   Short Answer Questions 1.Define sensation and perception. Explain what sense receptors
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1.What is the difference between sensation and perception? a.Sensation is the detection of sensory stimuli and perception is the interpretation of sensory information. b.Sensation is the interpretation of sensory information and perception is the detection of sensory stimuli. c.Perception refers to what goes on in the sensory organs and sensation is what happens.

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  • 1.What the difference between sensation and perception? a.Sensation the detection of
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51.Which of the following physical characteristics of light is related to brightness? a.purity b.complexity c.amount d.intensity 52.The wavelength of a light wave refers to: a.the distance between the crests of a wave. b.the amplitude of a wave. c.the maximum height of a wave. d.the variations in saturation. 53.Which of the following statements is true about white light? a.It is completely saturated.

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  • 51.Which of the following physical characteristics of light related to
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61.The visual receptors are located in the _______________, which is located in the back of the eye. a.pupil b.iris c.cornea d.retina 62.Neural tissue lining the back of the eyeball’s interior is called the _______________. a.pupil b.iris c.cornea d.retina 63.When the lens of the eye focuses light on the retina, the result is a(n): a.sideways image. b.colorless image. c.peripheral image. d.upside-down image. 64.Research on rods and.

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  • 61.The visual receptors located in the _______________, which located in
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71.Hubel and Wiesel discovered feature detector cells in the visual cortex that respond selectively to: a.spots of light in different locations. b.different colors of stimuli. c.faces. d.lines at different orientations. 72.Hubel and Wiesel identified neurons in the visual cortex that responded to lines at a particular orientation. a.feature detectors b.line cells c.pattern-sensitive neurons d.Hubel-Wiesel cells 73.The trichromatic theory states that: a.the.

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  • 71.Hubel and Wiesel discovered feature detector cells in the visual
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