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21.Injecting leptin into a leptin-deficient mouse would cause it to: a.become sedentary. b.experience pleasure. c.gain weight. d.lose weight. 22.During a critical period in infancy, __________ influences the formation of neural circuits in the hypothalamus, which are responsible for determining the body’s set point. a.leptin b.sucrose c.fructose d.pectin 23.At least ________ percent of all children and teenagers in America are now.

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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 446 1.Biological research finds that: a.homosexual behavior is found in hundreds of animal species. b.male and female sexual responses are physiologically very different. c.women have a stronger sex drive than men do, contrary to the stereotype. 2.Research on the motives of rapists finds that rape is usually a result of: a.thwarted.

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1.During the prenatal stage, the fertilized egg is called a(n): a.ovum. b.embryo. c.fetus. d.zygote. 2.The most common consequence of ________ during pregnancy is deafness. a.alcohol use b.German measles c.cigarette smoking d.cocaine use 3.The research by Margaret and Harry Harlow demonstrated a need for ________ in young rhesus monkeys. a.contact comfort b.adequate nutrition c.maternal sensitivity d.a peer group 4.Based on Mary Ainsworth’s studies, ________ children did not.

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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 406                Steve is unexpectedly called on in class to discuss a question. He hasn’t the faintest idea of the answer, and               he feels his heart pound and his palms sweat. According to Selye, Steve is in the ___________ phase of his               stress response. 2.Maria.

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  31.The ________ directly controls the secretion of epinephrine and norepinephrine by the adrenal glands. a.prefrontal cortex b.amygdala c.right hemisphere d.sympathetic nervous system 32.The ________ secrete(s) epinephrine and norepinephrine when the sympathetic nervous system becomes activated. a.left prefrontal cortex b.right prefrontal cortex c.amygdala d.adrenal glands 33.________ provides the energy of an emotion, that familiar tingle, excitement, and sense of animation. a.Melatonin b.Epinephrine c.Oxytocin d.Dopamine 34.The polygraph.

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31. Display rules are social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express, or 32. Display rules involve universal, biologically-based emotional displays evoked by particular emotional 33. Research has shown that smiles always signal the same underlying emotion, regardless of culture or situational factors. 34. After a Japanese/American.

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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 391                 Three-year-old Olivia sees her dad dressed as a gorilla and runs away in fear. What brain structure is               probably involved in her emotional reaction?                 Ana Maria is watching an old Laurel and Hardy film, which makes her chuckle and makes her want to.

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  True-False Questions 1. There is little support for Darwin’s contention that certain human facial expressions are innate or “hardwired.” 2. When people try to hide their feelings with an inauthentic expression, they use different groups of muscles 3.People trying to hide their real feelings with fake expressions use the same muscle groups that.

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  Multiple Choice Questions 1.For many decades, the study of motivation was dominated by a focus on ________, although this did not account for the full complexity of human motivation. a.mastery goals b.the need for affiliation c.biological drives d.performance goals 2.According to your textbook: a.all motivation comes from the desire for external rewards. b.today’s motivation researchers emphasize the biological.

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  True-False Questions 1. The English words “motivation” and “emotion” both come from the Latin root meaning “to move.” 2.Motivation refers to the process within a person or animal which causes organisms in a deprived state to 3.To psychologists, motivation refers to an inferred process within a person or animal which causes that 4.To psychologists,.

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91.An effective way to deal with thoughts and feelings that make you ashamed, worried, frightened, or sad is to: a.suppress them. b.continue to think about them until they decrease. c.confess them to someone else. d.try not to think about them. 92.In addition to confession, another important way of letting go of negative emotions is: a.forgiveness. b.rumination. c.revenge. d.dissociation. 93.Which of.

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  51.What is the one emotion that North American men express more freely than women? a.fear b.sadness c.humor d.anger 52.What is the correct order for the stages of the general adaptation syndrome? a.resistance phase, exhaustion phase, alarm phase b.alarm phase, resistance phase, exhaustion phase c.alarm phase, exhaustion phase, resistance phase d.resistance phase, alarm phase, exhaustion phase 53. In the ________ of.

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  Essay Questions 1. Emotions are often visibly expressed on the face. In what ways have modern psychologists confirmed Darwin’s concepts regarding facial expressions? Describe Paul Ekman’s research regarding the expression of emotion. 2. Facial expressions do not always reveal the emotions underneath. The villain in Shakespeare’s 3. Many components of emotional experience are.

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  Short Answer Questions 1. Name the seven facial expressions of emotion that Paul Ekman identified as having distinctive physiological patterns and corresponding universal facial expressions. 2. Charles Darwin argued that human facial expressions are innate. What evolutionary reason did Darwin give for the evolution of these expressions? 3.Everyone knows that feeling happy makes.

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61.________ are goals framed in terms of positive experiences that you seek directly. a.Approach goals b.Performance goals c.Secure goals d.Self-efficacy goals 62.________ are goals framed in terms of avoiding unpleasant experiences. a.Avoidance goals b.Insecure goals c.Mastery goals d.Learning goals 63.Evan wants to earn a black belt in karate. Which way of thinking is most likely to help Evan reach his.

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  71.How might a psychoneuroimmunologist explain the increased risk of catching the common cold during periods of prolonged stress? a.Stress increases the number of natural killer cells, which attack the immune system. b.Stress increases the number of white blood cells, making the body more susceptible to infection. c.Telomeres are lengthened by stress, leaving cells.

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41.________ emotions are reflected in the emotion words that young children learn first: happy, sad, a.Culturally-distinct b.Coping c.Attributional d.Prototypical 42.________ are social and cultural rules that regulate when, how, and where a person may express (or suppress) emotions. a.Emotion prototypes b.Display rules c.Primary and secondary controls d.General adaptations 43.Display rules involve: a.displaying an emotion that is not actually felt, often because.

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11.Facial feedback is defined as: a.the process by which the facial muscles send messages to the brain about the basic emotion being expressed. b.a state of arousal involving facial and bodily changes, brain activation, cognitive appraisals, subjective feelings, and tendencies toward action, all shaped by cultural rules. c.the emotional reaction of other people.

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  11.Leona engages in activities only if she will receive a reward. She: a. has a need for affiliation. b. is intrinsically motivated. c. is extrinsically motivated. d.is mastering a goal. 12.________ is the genetically influenced weight range of an individual, maintained by biological a.Extrinsic weight b.Set point c.Intrinsic weight d.Goal weight 13.The evidence for psychological theories that attribute obesity to.

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51.Getting money, taking revenge, and “evening the score” fall under the ________ category of motives for sex. a.“pleasure” b.“attaining a goal” c.“peer approval” d.“insecurity” 52.Which of the following is one of the reasons for rape given in the text? a.narcissism and hostility toward women b.unrequited love c.anxious attachment d.curiosity 53.A set of implicit rules that specifies proper sexual behavior for.

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  Integrative Essay Questions: Linking the Chapters 1.In Chapter 1 (What Is Psychology?), the textbook authors point out that one of the hardest lessons of life is how to live with uncertainty. Many questions currently don’t have answers. Integrate this critical thinking guideline (tolerate uncertainty) with the information in Chapter 12 (Motivation).

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