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Study Resources (Anthropology)

Question Describe the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) lifestyle, settlement patterns and diet. What technologies (tools, weapons, etc.) did they employ in support of their lifestyle, diet and settlement patterns? Please be specific and cite accepted anthropological examples. .
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  11.              The hallmark of ethnographic fieldwork is a.participant observation. b.formal interviews. c.fieldnotes. d.applied anthropology. e.holism. 12.              In-depth descriptive studies of specific cultures are called a.ethnologies. b.ethnobotanies. c.biologies. d.ethnographies. e.anthropologies. 13.              Anthropologists doing fieldwork typically involve themselves in many different experiences.They try to investigate not just one aspect of culture (such as the political system) but how all aspects relate to each other.
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Question The agriculture techniques of many primitive cultures share a common feature. There are very few large plots of land; instead, each farmer owns several small plots scattered around the village. Anthropologists have long questioned the reasons for this scattering, because it is more efficient for a farmer to farm a.
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Question discuss the role anthropology plays in responding to mental health issues around the world. What has happened to culture specific mental illnesses (culture bound syndromes), and what are some dangers associated with globalizing western definitions of mental illnesses? .
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  31.              Clans, because they may have members living in many different villages, depend on _____ to provide symbolic identification and promote solidarity. a.totems b.signs c.promises d.treaties e.feasts 32.              A phratry is a unilineal descent group composed of two or more _____ that believe they are related to each other. a.moieties b.totems c.kindred d.lineages e.clans 33.              Members of a moiety a.belong to one of.
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  11.              Which cultural group has an age grade that has the eunoto ceremony to mark the passage from Warrior age grade to that of Junior adults, able to marry and start families? a.Tiriki b.Maasai c.Yakuza d.Zuni e.Ju/’hoansi 12.              Associations resulting from an act of joining because of similar activities and interests are called a.common-hobby association. b.common-interest association. c.age-grade association. d.voluntary.
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Question In the chapter titled "The Madness Gene," Elizabeth Kolbert considers how and why Neanderthals disappeared: Modern humans arrived in Europe around forty thousand years ago, and again and again, the archaeological record shows, as soon as they made their way to a region where Neanderthals were living, the Neanderthals in that.
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  11.              The tonowi of the Kapauku of New Guinea acquires political power by all of the following except: a.being generous. b.being coercive. c.being a good talker. d.being wealthy. e.being a male. 12.              The source of the Kapauku tonowi’s wealth is a.money. b.cows. c.pigs. d.land. e.shell necklace. 13.              A ranked society in which every member has a position in the hierarchy and an.
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  11.              Social impact assessments are required of any projects that use bank loans or any type of borrowed monies. 12.              The Dalits are also known as the Sudras in the caste system. 13.              South Africa during apartheid years was a pluralistic country with social stratification. 14.              Differences in life chances may also signal.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.              DNA studies prove that the Maori origin myths about migration routes from northern Africa are correct. 2.              The more individuals become enmeshed into larger social networks, as happens in political states, the more they rely on kinship. 3.              Unilineal descent means that relatives are traced on either the male or female.
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  11.              Among the traditional Igbo of Midwestern Nigeria, women were not allowed positions in the administrative hierarchy. 12.              Cultural control is control through external sanctions against individual misbehavior. 13.              The Azande use a talking circle in order to detect who is accused of wrong-doing. 14.              Punitive justice has been extremely successful in changing.
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  21.              The protection of cultural resources as part of archaeology is called a.ethnographic resource management. b.cultural resource management. c.cultural resource administration. d.cultural area management. e.cultural resource excavation. 22.              As part of your job, you may study the frequency of blood types in human populations, or watch the behavior of monkeys and apes, or dig for early.
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Question Examples of rotational motion are: (1) The earth rotating around the Sun. (2) Wheels of the vehicles (such as car/bicycle) rotate on their movement. (3) Ceiling fan (4) Agitator in washing machines (5) Electric motors, turbines ..etc Question: what other forces act on this rotation (these examples) .
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  21.              A society composed of several groups that differ in their access to resources and prestige is said to be a.stratified. b.unstratified. c.egalitarian. d.open. e.accessible. 22.              You are a member of a Ju/’hoansi hunter-gatherer band. Which of the following statements demonstrates that you belong to an egalitarian society as opposed to a stratified society? a.Your father is.
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  11.              Molecular anthropology is the study of primates and the closest human relatives. 12.              Physical anthropologists are only concerned with the past evolutionary development of the human animal and the biological variations with the species that occurred in the past. 13.              Besides providing factual accounts of the fate of victims who had.
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Question The form of social organization and resource acquisition that requires the highest degree of labor specialization is _______ Select one: middle class egalitarianism. Industrialization participant observation cultural relativism The position that allows anthropologists to free themselves, as much as possible, from ethnocentrism and approach each culture on its own terms.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.              All human societies have some division of labor along gender lines. 2.              From the age of nine, Mundurucu males live with adult men in the men’s house. 3.              Age sets are distinct from simple age grades. 4.              In American society, age does not play a role in social organization. 5.              The Tiriki have.
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  21.              Bilateral descent is commonly found among all of the following except: a.postindustrial societies. b.agricultural societies. c.tribal societies. d.industrial societies. e.foraging societies. 22.              What are honor killings? a.Murder condoned by the genealogical group in order to retaliate for shame of unapproved sexual activity b.Murder against the genealogical group by those who wish to take its women and other.
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1.              Anthropology is a.the study of Western culture primarily through the analysis of its folklore. b.the study of humankind everywhere, throughout time. c.the study of nonhuman primates through an analysis of their myth and folklore. d.the study of the species Homo sapiens by analyzing its cultural but not its biological dimensions. e.the analysis of humankind.
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  31.              Based on primatological studies, what does Richard Wrangham conclude about human violence and sexual selection? a.Males are better at diplomacy than females b.Sexual selection has no effect on biological differences c.There are no differences between males and females d.Females’ evolutionary interests cannot be met without cooperation from males e.Females are far more aggressive than.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.              Among the _____ of the Amazon, men not only work apart from women, but eat and sleep separately as well. a.Mundurucu b.Kapauku c.Ju/’hoansi d.Iroquois e.Ibo 2.              Mundurucu see the relations between the sexes as one of opposition and challenge. This is based on a.the high cost of bridewealth. b.the power and dominance women hold in the.
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  11.              You belong to a patrilineal descent group. Which of the following belong(s) to the same group? a.Your mother b.Your father’s sister c.Your mother’s sister d.Your mother’s father e.Your father’s sister’s children 12.              An extended unilineal descent group whose members claim descent from a common ancestor but who cannot trace their genealogical links to that ancestor.
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  31.              Which of the following is not a factor in determining what caste one is assigned in the Indian caste system? a.Occupation b.Food habits c.Wealth d.Dress e.Ideas of purity and pollution 32.              All of the following are true of Indian harijan except: a.they endure discrimination based on their birth status. b.they make up about 15% of the Indian.
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  31.              Anthropology studies the language of a culture, its philosophy, and its forms of art. In the process of doing research, ethnographers involve themselves intensively in the lives of those they study, trying to experience culture from their informants’ points of view. In this sense, anthropology is a.scientific. b.humanistic. c.radical. d.conservative. e.systematic. 32.              Anthropology has been.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.              All social relations involve power. 2.              “Political organization” refers to the way power has evolved, whether from war, political intrigue, or by ascription. 3.              Bands have formal leadership, although it changes when necessary. 4.              Relationships among members of a chiefdom are egalitarian. 5.              Leadership in a tribe is formal. 6.              An example of tribal.
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  TRUE/FALSE 1.              Anthropology is different from other disciplines that study humans because it is very focused on singular aspects of a culture. 2.              Ethnocentrism is the belief that one’s own culture is superior to another. 3.              One way that culture is preserved and shared is by language. 4.              Ethnographic fieldwork is never done in.
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Question T/F: Linguistic anthropologists disagree with the view dominant in linguistics, psychology, and cognitive science that humans are born with a large set of pre-existing universal concepts and that humans invent words that label their concepts.   .
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.              A network of relatives within which individuals possess certain mutual rights and obligations is called a.kinship. b.descent. c.relative network. d.social network. e.affinal relationships. 2.              Descent groups are associated with all of the following except: a.they provide social security for the elderly members. b.they promote harmony through worship of ancestors. c.they play a role in arranging marriages for.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.              Anthropology examines spirituality and religion in terms of the society’s a.traditions. b.expectations. c.worldview. d.belief systems. e.sacred places. 2.              All of the following constitute a definition of religion except: a.a means by which people deal with things beyond their control. b.a group of associated ceremonial practices. c.a system by which people interpret aspects of the universe. d.a sacred narrative.
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  21.              The use of wealth to support the tonowi’s power, the belief in the divine right of kings to rule, and the choice of the oldest living male becoming the head of the Dahomey state of West Africa all have in common that they a.have to do with a system of.
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Question Exoplanets or extrasolar planets are planets that orbit stars other than the Sun. Do a web search for Exoplanets. Questions: How many of these planets are thought to have been detected? How were they detected? Do any of these planets orbit stars similar to the Sun? Are any of these planets similar to the Earth.
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MULTIPLE CHOICE 1.              The ability of individuals or groups to impose their will upon others and make them do things even against their own will is called a.power. b.force. c.coercion. d.legitimacy. e.authority. 2.              Politics is best defined as a.the process of electing officials and making decisions. b.the process determining who gets what, when, and how. c.the structure that determines the.
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  11.              Lineages use endogamy as a way of creating new social alliances. 12.              Totemism is associated with clan organizations. 13.              A moiety is a larger group than a phratry. 14.              Kindred and bilateral descent can be used interchangeably since they mean the same thing. 15.              Another name for kindred is “the relatives.” 16.              The Hawaiian.
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