Info
Warning
Danger

Study Resources (Anthropology)

1.Which of the following is not correct with regard to the Eocene epoch? a.Primates lived mainly in North America, Europe, and Asia. b.A few primates lived in Africa. c.All primates disappeared from North America by the end of this epoch. d.The primates initially spread widely and then almost disappeared toward the end of the.
32 Views
View Answer
  11.Most cave-painted animals are rendered three-dimensionally. 12.Cave art rarely shows depictions of animals being hunted. 13.Venus figurines are interpreted differently by different scholars. 14.Upper Paleolithic peoples engaged in long-distance trade. 15.The United States has a World Heritage Site that is on the endangered list. 16.American Indian ancestry can be traced back to Asian origins. 17.The efficiency.
27 Views
View Answer
  21.Native Americans domesticated over 300 food crops, including two of the four most important ones in the world today: a.tomatoes and squash. b.wheat and rice. c.potatoes and maize. d.broccoli and asparagus. e.peas and carrots. 22.Sixty percent of the crops grown in the world today were invented by _____, who not only remain the developers of the.
26 Views
View Answer
  11.Under what kinds of conditions would you expect to find convergent evolution? a.Similar environmental pressures on various species b.Environment in which two or more species occupy the same ecological niche c.Environment in which there are scarce resources d.Environment that is facing climate change e.Environment of abundant resources where no species needs specialization 12.What kind of evidence.
27 Views
View Answer
  21.Australopithecus is a genus that includes as many as eight species. Which of the following is not a proposed Australopithecine species? a.A. ramidus b.A. garhi c.A. boisei d.A. bahrelghazali e.A. robustus 22.Which of the following characteristics of A. anamensis is considered most ape-like? a.Bipedalism b.Thick enamel on the molar teeth c.A lower premolar tooth shaped to hone the upper.
24 Views
View Answer
  31.Skeletal analyses have become more difficult to carry out, especially in the U.S., where American Indian communities now often request the return of skeletons from archaeological excavations for reburial, as required by federal law. Which of the following techniques helps to resolve this conflict? a.Coating it with latex b.Dissolving it with chemicals c.3D.
24 Views
View Answer
    21.Where do the majority of anthropologists work? a.At universities and colleges b.At archaeological sites c.In some federal, state, or local governmental agency or in the private sector d.In major corporations       22.Developmental anthropologists have worked for all of the following except: a.U.S. Agency for International Development. b.The Red Cross. c.World Bank. d.United Nations.       23.Which of these is most likely to be.
26 Views
View Answer
  11.Which of the following statements about rank is true for bonobos? a.Number of offspring is the sole factor involved in determining rank b.Female rank determines the social hierarchy of the group exclusively c.Male rank determines the social hierarchy of the group exclusively d.Female rank determines the social order of the group more than male.
27 Views
View Answer
1.About 12,000 years ago, what environmental changes created a shift in food production? a.The climate of the north grew colder b.Tundras and the large herd animals that they supported spread throughout the Old World c.Glaciers melted and the sea levels rose d.Deserts replaced forests e.The fish disappeared from the ocean 2.About 12,000 years ago, climatic conditions.
29 Views
View Answer
  21.Which of the following statements about the population of H. florensis is not correct? a.It was an island-dwelling dwarf hominid species. b.The hominid fossils there show very clear transition from H. erectus to H. sapiens. c.It has archaeological evidence of 800,000-year-old stone tools. d.It can be reached only by water navigation. e.The hominid fossils on.
26 Views
View Answer
  11.The scientific team mentioned in the article “Whispers from the Ice,” determined by radiocarbon dating that the girl died about a.1 million B.C. b.20,000 B.C. c.5,200 A.D. d.1,200 A.D. e.1,200 B.P. 12.Laboratory tests and analysis of the girl’s frozen body in the original study “Whispers from the Ice” will not contribute much to which of the.
27 Views
View Answer
1.European remains of the Upper Paleolithic after about 36,000 years ago are usually classified as a.Neanderthal. b.Upper Paleolithic peoples. c.Cro-Magnon. d.anatomically modern H. sapiens. e.Homo erectus. 2.What was the typical Upper Paleolithic tool? a.Burin b.Blade c.Hand axe d.Scraper e.Chopper 3.Modern Europeans resemble Cro-Magnon in all of the following physical characteristics except: a.similar shape of the braincase. b.narrow nasal openings. c.both had high, broad foreheads. d.both had.
29 Views
View Answer
  11.According to this theory, animal domestication began because permanent water holes attracted hungry animals that came to graze on the stubble of the grain fields. People, finding these animals too thin to kill for food, began to fatten them up. This theory is known as the desiccation theory, or a.hilly flanks.
26 Views
View Answer
    11.What do we call biological anthropologists who work with law enforcement agencies to identify and analyze human skeletal remains? a.Primatologists b.Paleoanthropologists c.Physical anthropologists d.Forensic anthropologists       12.The primary difference between prehistoric archaeology and historic archaeology is: a.the lack of fieldwork involved in historic archaeology. b.prehistoric archaeologists work in more exotic places than historic archaeologists. c.historic archaeology uses excavations to.
29 Views
View Answer
  31.Unique to lemurs and lorises are all of the following except: a.use of their hands in pairs instead of separately. b.a dental comb for grooming. c.a 2-1-2-3 dental formula. d.retention of a claw on their second toe for scratching. e.particularly strong and sensitive fingerpads. 32.Tarsiers resemble monkeys in their noses and lips, and in that part.
26 Views
View Answer
  11.The vast majority of primate species as monogamous. 12.Natural selection may have favored single births in so many primates because we evolved as tree-dwellers and could not effectively hold and protect more than one offspring. 13.Smiles and embraces have long been understood to be universal among humans and our closest relatives. 14.Vervet monkeys.
28 Views
View Answer
  21.Flutes and whistles made of bone have been found as early as 35,000 years ago, but it is reasonable to suggest that stringed bows during the Upper Paleolithic could have a.been used only for hunting. b.been used to make farming implements. c.served as the oldest stringed instrument. d.fostered entopic phenomena. e.been used by female hunters. 22.Abstract.
24 Views
View Answer
1.The durable aspects of culture such as tools, structures, and art are known as a.fossils. b.artifacts. c.material culture. d.prehistory. e.intangibles. 2.Which of the following statements about prehistory is incorrect? a.Prehistory refers to a time period that occurred before history existed. b.Prehistory occurs before the existence of written history. c.Paleoanthropologists and archaeologists share a focus on prehistory. d.Prehistory is an important.
30 Views
View Answer
  1.The sexual division of labor that we find today among foragers is based on biological constraints. 2.Archaeologists have ascertained that early Homo was a tertiary scavenger based on microscopic analyses of cut marks on bones. 3.Modern-day humans do have wild predators that threaten them. 4.Larger hominid brains required parallel improvements in diet. 5.Remains of.
27 Views
View Answer
  1.The arboreal theory for primate evolution argues that primate visual and grasping abilities were associated with hunting for insects by sight. 2.During the Eocene, the primates diversified and expanded their geographical range. 3.New World monkeys most likely emerged during the Oligocene epoch. 4.Proconsul was the first bipedal primate. 5.Bipedalism is the one trait that.
25 Views
View Answer
  11.A bioarchaeologist specializes in both archaeology and geology. 12.Analyses of DNA become increasingly unreliable when the sample is more than 5,000 years old. 13.Bioarchaeologists can determine gender from skeletal analyses. 14.There is no equivalent international law to NAGPRA to protect aboriginal graves worldwide. 15.Because of the controversy, Kennewick Man has not yet been studied.
27 Views
View Answer
1.“Habituation” refers to acceptance by wild animals of a human observer as a neutral element in their environment. It affects the gorilla groups discussed in the text in all the following ways except: a.changes in daily ranging behavior. b.decreased movement overall. c.artificial increase in group size. d.exposure to disease. e.vulnerability to poachers. 2.Which of the following.
30 Views
View Answer
  31.Watercraft are suggested at least 60,000 years ago, perhaps as people managed to get to Australia and New Guinea, which were then connected to one another in a single land mass called a.Sunda. b.the Aleutians. c.the Philippine archipelago. d.the Malay Peninsula. e.Sahul. 32.Which hominid species is believed to have first inhabited the Sahul region? a.H. erectus b.H. habilis c.Archaic.
25 Views
View Answer
  21.Among many species, males possess larger canine teeth than females. This is an example of a.prowess. b.dominance. c.incompatibility. d.sexual dimorphism. e.polygenetic inheritance. 22.Primates have a fovea centralis, leading to which of the following consequences? a.They can focus clearly on a particular object b.They can hear sounds from two different directions c.Their fingers are better at feeling d.They are less likely.
26 Views
View Answer
1.Percussive method of tool manufacture is a form of technology that is associated with all of the following except: a.marked the beginning of the Lower Paleolithic. b.utilized fossils. c.was evidenced in Oldowan tool tradition. d.made possible the butchering of meat from scavenged carcasses. e.used sharp-edged flakes from stones. 2.Experimental archaeology is best described as a.excavating test pits.
32 Views
View Answer
  11.The fossil Lucy was better adapted to tree climbing than more recent human ancestors. 12.The earliest Australopithecines were found in southern and western Africa. 13.Chimpanzees and humans use their ankles in much the same way while climbing. 14.Early hominins likely had to lose some of their climbing abilities in order to obtain efficient.
26 Views
View Answer
  11.Most applied anthropologists have their most extensive training in cultural anthropology.     12.All of the subfields of anthropology share an interest in human diversity.     13.Now that anthropologists study modernized societies more frequently, there is no real difference between anthropology and sociology.     14.By the turn of the twenty-first century, the process of globalization was completed.     15.The.
24 Views
View Answer
  11.Humans may have developed large brains as an accidental byproduct of jaw-size reduction. 12.The fossil record does provide evidence for the evolution of language. 13.The cranial capacity of late H. erectus is 47% bigger than that of the earlier forms. 14.Hafting tools begins around the time of the Mousterian tradition. 15.The Neanderthals were once.
27 Views
View Answer
1.Jane Goodall did her pioneering field research on chimpanzees at Gombe Stream Chimpanzee Reserve. In what country is this located? a.Uganda b.Kenya c.Japan d.Tanzania e.Brazil 2.Male baboons are significantly larger than female baboons. This anatomical difference is called a.sexual diversity. b.sexual dimorphism. c.gender morphology. d.morphological distinction. e.anatomical errancy. 3.In what century did paleoanthropologists begin to observe living apes to shed light on.
31 Views
View Answer
  1.The Cro-Magnon face was taller and narrower than the modern-day European face. 2.Living people today such as the aborigines of Australia do not meet the definition of anatomical modernity proposed in the recent African origins model. 3.Mitochondrial DNA is subject to very steady genetic recombination rates. 4.Paleoanthropologist Xinzhi Wu argues that Chinese evidence.
24 Views
View Answer
  31.Close contact with the farmers in Jericho and other villages is indicated in the common features found in all of the following except: a.art. b.ritual. c.use of prestige goods. d.burial practices. e.political organization. 32.For the first time in human history, clothing was made of woven textiles during the a.Mesolithic. b.Upper Paleolithic. c.Neolithic. d.Middle Pleistocene. e.Holocene. 33.The archaeological record shows that Neolithic peoples.
25 Views
View Answer
  31.Chimpanzees use which of the following communication signals to announce the arrival of another individual? a.Lip smacking b.Pant hoots c.Trail marking d.Clapping hands e.Shaking hands 32.Which of the following statements is correct regarding vervet monkey alarm calls? a.They make alarm calls to signal the location of food. b.There is no distinction between any alarm calls. c.Each alarm call communicates.
25 Views
View Answer
  11.Why do human femora (thighbones) angle toward each other from the hip to the knee (“knee-in”)? a.The femora are angled so that foot stance of humans can be wider than the pelvis width b.They structurally orient the body from a wider pelvis to more narrowly spaced feet c.They shift support of the upper.
28 Views
View Answer
  1.Chimpanzees are gathered into natal groups and not into communities. 2.Paleoanthropologists studied baboons as models for early human evolution because of their residence on savannahs. 3.Most New World monkeys are polyandrous with a single female and several males in a group. 4.A home range is the area in which a group of primates.
25 Views
View Answer
  21.All of the following are lessons that emerge from the orangutan study except: a.the concept of biological stress cannot be applied equally across species. b.reproductive strategies can be flexible. c.orangutans have no forms of aggression within their communities. d.primate behavior is serious and has social consequences that may not be anticipated. e.one must be cautious.
25 Views
View Answer
  11.Certain traits have three or more allelic forms. One example of this is hemoglobin. 12.Even two unrelated genetic sequences will be 25 percent identical. 13.Microevolution is changes in allelic frequencies in populations. 14.Gene flow always occurs between populations of related organisms. 15.If five campers from Albany are killed in a chance avalanche, this event.
27 Views
View Answer
  SHORT ANSWER   1.What does anthropology study as an academic discipline?     2.Name the four subfields of American anthropology.     3.What is the study of biological anthropology?     4.What do primatologists specialize in?     5.What do anthropologists mean by the term human variation?       .
23 Views
View Answer
  21.The Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act was passed in a.1964. b.2006. c.1990. d.1887. e.2001. 22.Russian archaeologist S.A. Semenov studied the wear pattern on prehistoric scrapers and found that a.all tools were constructed by the same individual. b.all tools were constructed by left-handed individuals. c.virtually all tools were constructed by right-handed individuals. d.almost every tool was devoid of any.
25 Views
View Answer
MULTIPLE CHOICE   1.Anthropology is the academic discipline that studies which of the following? a.Non-Western societies b.African tribes and Native Americans c.All human beings d.Monkeys and other primates       2.Which of the subfields of anthropology studies the biological and genetic evolution of the human species? a.Archaeology b.Physical anthropology c.Cultural anthropology d.Applied linguistics       3.Which of the subfields of anthropology specializes in investigating the biological.
34 Views
View Answer
  31.Which of the following australopithecine species do scientists not believe to be ancestral to the Homo line? a.A. sediba b.A. anamensis c.A. africanus d.A. robustus e.A. garhi 32.Dated between 1.97 and 1.98 million years ago and including a variety of derived traits in the hand, forearm, and pelvis that appear in line with the later characteristics.
25 Views
View Answer
  1.The importance of the context in which artifacts are found cannot be overstated; without context, the archaeologist, in effect, knows nothing. 2.The only way to thoroughly investigate our past is to excavate sites where biological and cultural remains are found. Unfortunately, excavation results in the site’s destruction. 3.Archaeologists sometimes work on hostile.
23 Views
View Answer
  11.Since its discovery in 1887 by Eugene Dubois, which of the following has now been assigned to the species Homo erectus? a.Homo sapiens neanderthalensis b.Kenyanthropus erectus c.Australopithecus africanus d.Pithecanthropus erectus e.Pithecanthropus sahilensis 12.Up until about 1.8 million years ago, the only home of bipedal primates was Africa. However, after that time, humans began to spread into.
28 Views
View Answer
  11.At what time period does fossil evidence suggest that extreme Neanderthal and archaic features seem to disappear from the fossil record? a.14,000 years ago b.28,000 years ago c.36,000 years ago d.73,000 years ago e.150,000 years ago 12.Which of the following statements is correct? a.There is no genetic differentiation between modern human populations. b.There is a low level of.
26 Views
View Answer
  1.Among primates, the sense of smell has increased and the visual sense has diminished in significance, directly related to a change from nocturnal to diurnal activities. 2.Primatologists focus solely on studying primates in the wild. 3.Primates are isotherms, or warm-blooded, and are able to adapt in almost any temperature environment. 4.All vertebrates are.
25 Views
View Answer
  1.The New Stone Age, or Neolithic, began approximately 14,000 years ago. 2.The large size of the microlith utilized by Mesolithic peoples allowed them to re-sharpen it many times and create a wide array of different tools. 3.The ultimate source of all culture change is innovation. 4.Food foragers do not have to work as.
27 Views
View Answer
    31.The insistence by anthropologists that valid hypotheses and theories about humanity be tested with data from a wide range of cultures is called: a.cultural relativism. b.the comparative perspective. c.the holistic perspective. d.human variation.       32.The notion that one should not judge the behaviors or beliefs of other peoples using the standards of one's own culture is.
23 Views
View Answer
  31.The massive, dense foot and leg bones typical of Neanderthals of Europe and southwestern Asia are suggestive of a.adaptation to a cold arctic climate. b.high levels of strength and endurance. c.large levels of food consumption. d.robust muscles in the shoulder and arm. e.high levels of ritual activity. 32.Which scientist argues that “classic” Neanderthal features such as.
24 Views
View Answer
  11.The domestication of plant species is in direct correlation with the development of horticultural societies. 12.Increased dependence on farming is a direct result of population growth. 13.Because of a stressful life with little extra food reserves, foragers tend to have lower fertility rates than sedentary farming communities. 14.Diffusion was a powerful force during.
28 Views
View Answer