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Study Resources (Anthropology)

    61.In which type of processing system would gasoline be produced from crude oil?    A.job shop   B.batch   C.assembly   D.continuous   E.project     62.Which of the following is not a characteristic of layout decisions in system design?    A.substantial investment of both money and effort   B.long-term commitment   C.significant impact on short-term efficiency   D.usually well received by operative personnel   E.can affect supplier or customer processes     63.An example of.
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  91.Given the following data for a make-or-buy decision:  What are total costs to buy a quantity of 15,000 units per year?            92.Given the following data for a make-or-buy decision:  What are total costs to make a quantity of 15,000 units per year?            93.Given the following data for a make-or-buy decision:  For what quantity would you.
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  146.Given the following process layout data for locating four departments (A, B, C, and D) in four areas (1, 2, 3, and 4):  What is the distance from area 3 to area 1?            147.Given the following process layout data for locating four departments (A, B, C, and D) in four areas (1,.
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    91.The advertising manager for Roadside Restaurants, Inc., needs to decide whether to spend this month's budget for advertising on print media, television, or a mixture of the two. She estimates that the cost per thousand "hits" (readers or viewers) will vary depending upon the success of the new cable television.
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    21.A process layout is more susceptible to shutdowns caused by equipment breakdowns than a product layout.      22.Accounting, purchasing, and inventory control are fairly routine with process layouts.      23.A disadvantage of a product layout can be high in-process inventory costs.      24.In cellular manufacturing, machines and equipment are grouped by type (e.g., all grinders are.
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    21.Outsourcing some production is a means of _________ a capacity constraint.    A.identifying   B.modifying   C.supporting   D.overcoming   E.repeating     22.Which of the following is not a basic question in capacity planning?    A.what kind is needed   B.how much is needed   C.when is it needed   D.who will pay for it   E.what it will be used for     23.Which of these factors would not be subtracted from design capacity.
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    31.Which one of these is not used in decision making under risk?    A.EVPI   B.EMV   C.decision trees   D.minimax regret   E.All are used for risk situations.     32.The term "opportunity loss or regret" is most closely associated with:    A.minimax regret.   B.maximax.   C.maximin.   D.expected monetary value.   E.Laplace.     33.The expected monetary value criterion (EMV) is the decision-making approach used with the decision environment of:    A.certainty.   B.risk.   C.uncertainty.   D.aversion.   E.neutrality.     34.A decision tree is:    A.an.
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  Essay Questions  115.Consider the following decision scenario:  If somehow you find out for certain that state of nature 4 is going to occur, which alternative will you select?            116.Consider the following decision scenario:  If you are uncertain which state of nature will occur, and use the maximin criterion, which alternative will you select?            117.Consider the.
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    61.The operations manager for a well-drilling company must recommend whether to build a new facility, expand his existing one, or do nothing. He estimates that long-run profits (in $000) will vary with the amount of precipitation (rainfall) as follows:  If he uses the Laplace criterion, which alternative will he decide to.
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  Essay Questions  133.Management wants to design an assembly line that will turn out 800 videotapes per day. There will be eight working hours in each day. The industrial engineering staff has assembled the information below:  A) Determine the maximum and minimum cycle times.B) Determine the optimum cycle time.C) What is the minimum.
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    71.The construction manager for Acme Construction, Inc., must decide whether to build single-family homes, apartments, or condominiums. He estimates annual profits (in $000) will vary with the population trend as follows:  If he uses the Laplace criterion, which kind of dwellings will he decide to build?    A.single family   B.apartments   C.condos   D.either single family or apartments   E.either.
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  True / False Questions  1.Decision trees, with their predetermined analysis of a situation, are really not useful in making health care decisions since every person is unique.      2.Bounded rationality refers to the limits imposed on decision making because of costs, human abilities, time, technology, and/or availability of information.      3.In reaching a decision, the.
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    11.The maximin approach involves choosing the alternative that has the "best worst" payoff.      12.The Laplace criterion treats states of nature as being equally likely.      13.The maximax approach is a pessimistic strategy.      14.A weakness of the maximin approach is that it loses some information.        Multiple Choice Questions  15.In a decision-making setting, if the manager has to.
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  True / False Questions  1.The term capacity refers to the maximum quantity an operating unit can process over a given period of time.      2.Capacity decisions are usually one-time decisions; once they have been made, we know the limits of our operations.      3.Stating capacity in dollar amounts generally results in a consistent measure of.
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  141.Given the following line balance data:  What is the appropriate cycle time for eight hours of operating time per day and a desired output rate of 960 units per day?            142.Given the following line balance data:  For eight hours of operating time per day and a desired output rate of 960 units per.
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  136.Determine the minimum number of workstations needed for this situation:Operating time is 450 minutes per day.Desired output is 80 units per day.The sum of task times is 56 minutes.            137.Given the following data:  Determine the percentage idle time.            138.Given the following process layout data for locating six departments in the six areas shown:  What.
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    11.Capacity increases are usually acquired in fairly large "chunks" rather than in smooth increments.      12.In cost-volume analysis, costs that vary directly with volume of output are referred to as fixed costs because they are a fixed percentage of output levels.      13.The break-even quantity can be determined by dividing the fixed costs by.
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    91.Heuristic rules are used primarily in which of these types of layouts?(I) Product(II) Process(III) Fixed-position    A.I   B.II   C.I and III   D.I and II   E.II and III     92.Heuristic rules are usually applied when:    A.an optimum is necessary.   B.a computer program is unavailable.   C.a problem has a small number of alternatives.   D.a problem has a large number of alternatives.   E.other approaches have failed.     93.An.
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  True / False Questions  1.Continuous processing is the best way to produce customized output.      2.As a general rule, continuous processing systems produce products for inventory rather than for customer order.      3.A job-shop processing system generally requires less-skilled workers than a continuous processing system.      4.Avoiding bottlenecks is the primary goal of product design.      5.In general, job-shop.
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    31.The normal time for a job is multiplied by the performance rating to obtain the standard time for the job.      32.The design of work systems, because objective standards are used, avoids most ethical issues.      33.The standard time for a job can be obtained by multiplying the normal time by an appropriate allowance.
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  120.Consider the following decision scenario:  If you feel that P(#1) = .4, P(#2) = .3, P(#3) = .2, and P(#4) = .1, which alternative will you select?            121.Consider the following decision scenario:  If you feel that P(#1) = .4, P(#2) = .3, P(#3) = .2, and P(#4) = .1, what is your expected.
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    51.Giving a worker a larger portion of the total task is known as job:    A.expansion.   B.enrichment.   C.enlargement.   D.rotation.   E.elimination.     52.If there is a good chance that one or a few employees could wind up in monotonous jobs, job __________ can be a good idea.    A.alteration   B.expansion   C.enrichment   D.enlargement   E.rotation     53.Asking a group of employees at a particular level to take on more.
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    101.One local hospital has just enough space and funds currently available to start either a cancer or heart research lab. If administration decides on the cancer lab, there is a 20 percent chance of getting $100,000 in outside funding from the American Cancer Society next year, and an 80 percent.
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    31.Utilization is defined as the ratio of:    A.actual output to effective capacity.   B.actual output to design capacity.   C.design capacity to effective capacity.   D.effective capacity to actual output.   E.design capacity to actual output.     32.Which of the following would tend to reduce effective capacity?    A.suppliers that provide more reliable delivery performance   B.reduced changeover times   C.more employee cross-training   D.improved production quality   E.greater variety in.
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    11.Motivation influences quality and productivity, but not the work environment.      12.One important factor that influences productivity is trust between workers and managers.      13.Ergonomics is an important part of job design to consider when we automate the system.      14.One of the potential benefits of self-directed teams is higher productivity and greater worker satisfaction.      15.One of.
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  101.Consider the following information:  What are total costs for the break-even quantity?            102.Consider the following information:  What quantity would be required for a profit of $2,000?            103.Consider the following information:  What profit (loss) would there be for a quantity of 27,000?            104.Consider the following information:  What profit (loss) would there be for a quantity of 10,000?            105.Consider the.
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    21.The term "suboptimization" is best described as the:    A.result of individual departments making the best decisions for their own areas but hurting other areas.   B.limitations on decision making caused by costs and time.   C.result of failure to adhere to the steps in the decision process.   D.result of ignoring symptoms of the problem.   E.optimization on a.
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    71.The methods analysis chart which describes the portions of a work cycle during which an operator and equipment are busy or idle is a:    A.flow process chart.   B.worker-machine chart.   C.gang process chart.   D.simultaneous-motion chart.   E.time/efficiency chart.     72.In methods analysis, a therblig is a:    A.charting method of analysis.   B.job enrichment technique.   C.dummy task.   D.basic elemental motion.   E.fraction (.0006) of a minute.     73.The methods.
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    41.When new products or services are being planned, process selection occurs as a matter of course. Process selection also comes into play as a result of:(I) technological changes.(II) competitive pressures.(III) fundamental changes in demand patterns.    A.I only   B.II only   C.III only   D.I and II but not III   E.I, II, and III     42.Process choice is _________ driven.    A.demand   B.operations   C.marketing   D.process   E.capacity     43.The.
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    41.Consider the following decision scenario:  *PV for profits ($000)If P(high) is .60, the choice for maximum expected value would be:    A.buy.   B.lease.   C.rent.   D.high.   E.low.     42.Consider the following decision scenario:  *PV for profits ($000)The maximax strategy would be:    A.small.   B.medium.   C.med.-large.   D.large.   E.ex-large.     43.Consider the following decision scenario:  *PV for profits ($000)The maximin strategy would be:    A.small.   B.medium.   C.med.-large.   D.large.   E.ex-large.     44.Consider the following decision scenario:  *PV for profits ($000)The minimax regret.
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    71.Laser technology used in surgical procedures is an example of technological advances in:    A.product.   B.facility layout.   C.process.   D.information.   E.reverse engineering.     72.Product profiling links key product or service requirements to:    A.market conditions.   B.order sizes.   C.pricing strategies.   D.schedule changes.   E.process capabilities.     73.Layout design has many objectives, one of which is:    A.reduce bottlenecks.   B.move materials and workers simultaneously.   C.use workers and space efficiently.   D.hold material handling costs to 27.
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    51.The substitution of machinery that has sensing and control devices for human labor is best described by the term:    A.automation.   B.feedback control.   C.computer-aided manufacturing.   D.computer-integrated manufacturing.   E.flexible manufacturing system.     52.Computer-aided manufacturing refers to the use of computers in:    A.product design.   B.decision making.   C.data analysis.   D.quality control.   E.process control.     53.A group of machines including supervisory computer control, automatic material handling, and possibly robots.
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    41.Work sampling provides a detailed elemental breakdown of a task for purposes of establishing reliable time standards.      42.Measured day work refers to an output-based system.      43.It would be acceptable to use a group incentive plan for an assembly line operation.      44.Work sampling provides both quick and accurate estimates of activity times.      45.Methods analysis and.
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  True / False Questions  1.Ergonomics is the use of computers and robots in the workplace.      2.Specialization is one of the sources of disagreement between the efficiency and behavioral approaches to job design.      3.One disadvantage of specialization is worker dissatisfaction.      4.The quickest, most effective way to improve an employee's job satisfaction is to increase his.
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    31."Balance delay" is another name for the percentage of idle time in a process layout.      32.For a production line, daily capacity can be determined by dividing the daily operating time by the line's cycle time.      33.The minimum number of workstations for a production line is determined in part by the desired output.
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    11.Repetitive processing systems usually produce goods specifically for customer orders rather than for inventory.      12.Morale problems can be a reason for redesign of a facility layout.      13.There are three basic process types: input, processing, and output.      14.A cafeteria line would be an example of a process-focused layout.      15.A possible disadvantage of a product layout.
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    51.An alternative will have fixed costs of $10,000 per month, variable costs of $50 per unit, and revenue of $70 per unit. The break-even point volume is:    A.100.   B.2,000.   C.500.   D.1,000.   E.800.     52.For fixed costs of $2,000, revenue per unit of $2, and variable cost per unit of $1.60, the break-even quantity is:    A.1,000.   B.1,250.   C.2,250.   D.5,000.   E.3,000.     53.Which of the following.
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    81.The maximum allowable cycle time is computed as:    A.daily operating time divided by the desired output.   B.desired output divided by the daily operating time.   C.daily operating time divided by the product of the desired output and the sum of job times.   D.the product of desired output and the sum of job times divided by.
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    61.Which of the following most closely describes job enlargement?    A.horizontal loading   B.increasing the level of responsibility associated with a job   C.transferring workers through a series of jobs to increase their scope of experience   D.increasing the amount of workspace assigned to a worker   E.assigning two jobs to the same worker     62.A behavioral approach to job design which.
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    21.Predetermined time standards are usually based on observing one very efficient worker performing the task.      22.Therbligs are basic elemental motions.      23.We incorporate the average seriousness of accidents by measuring the number of lost-time accidents per million labor hours worked.      24.Work measurement concentrates on how long the tasks take to accomplish.      25.Ergonomics is important for.
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  Essay Questions  86.An investment proposal will have annual fixed costs of $60,000, variable costs of $35 per unit of output, and revenue of $55 per unit of output.(A) Determine the break-even quantity.(B) What volume of output will be needed to produce an annual profit of $60,000?FC = $60,000 per year, VC.
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    41.Everything else being equal, a firm considering outsourcing can be reasonably certain that:    A.total costs will be lower.   B.its supplier probably has more expertise in whatever is being outsourced.   C.it can maintain tight control over knowledge.   D.proprietary information will not be disclosed.   E.control over operations will be maintained.     42.Capacity in excess of expected demand that is.
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  96.Given the following data for a make-or-buy decision:  Which alternative would you select for a quantity of 24,000 units per year?            97.Given the following data for a make-or-buy decision:  What would be your total costs for the preferred alternative, for 32,000 units per year?            98.Given the following data for a make-or-buy decision:  What would be.
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