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Multiple Choice 1. In her article, “Shakespeare in the Bush,” Laura Bohannan shows that a. the story of Hamlet does not retain its original meaning when told to a Tiv audience. b. the story of Hamlet retains Shakespeare’s meaning for both the English and the Tiv. c. the Tiv misunderstood why Hamlet's father’s ghost.
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  Essay Questions 1. Describe the four main classes of drugs used in the treatment of mental and emotional disorders, including the benefits and drawbacks of each. For which disorders would each class be prescribed? 2. The benefits of drug therapy are proclaimed in magazines and on television commercials, but there are some disadvantages,.
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Multiple Choice 1. In her article “The Military Name Game,” Boxer argues that at the time she wrote the article, naming military operations involved using a. a two-word verb-noun phrase that is positive but that is almost meaningless. b. mythology and religion because of their positive moral overtones. c. words that are intended to.
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ARTICLE 3 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Sterk in her article, “Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS,” virtually all the prostitutes she interviewed or observed were hooked on drugs. 2. According to Sterk, “Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS,” 30 prostitutes she Interviewed were college graduates and 75 percent.
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ARTICLE 38 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Stryker in“Ethnography in the Public Interest,” public interest ethnography looks at public policy from the perspective of those who are affected by it. 2. In “Ethnography in the Public Interest,” Stryker notes that public interest ethnography involves fieldwork among policy makers. 3. As Stryker contends.
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PART 3 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. The physical environment is one area of human experience that people everywhere categorize in the same way. 2. Food-getting strategies have little impact on the structure of society. 3. Four anthropological classifications of societies based on food-getting techniques are hunting and gathering, horticulture, pastoralism, and agriculture. 4..
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5. The categories and rules for combining vocal symbols are called a. phonemes. b. grammar. c. sociolinguistic rules. d. speech. 6. The phrase “tax burden” is a good example of the use of a. hyperbole. b. metaphor. c. non-linguistic symbols. d. linguistic crossover. 7. When linguistic anthropologists search for minimal pairs of words from informants, they are most likely to.
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ARTICLE 37 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. In addition to typical wet or dry seasons that most countries experience, Malawi has a “hungry season”: the period between when the last of the stored harvest is consumed and the first of the next season’s crops are harvested. 2. The length of the “hungry season”.
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  Short Answer Questions 1. Which symptoms of schizophrenia are reduced by antipsychotic medications? Which symptoms are resistant to antipsychotic medication? 2. Tranquilizers are often prescribed by physicians for patients who complain of panic and anxiety, however they are not considered the treatment of choice for extended periods. What problems are associated with.
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6. In “Ethnography in the Public Interest,” Stryker admits that the Women’s Prison Healthcare Project she directed unfortunately failed to produce actionable recommendations. 7. According to Stryker in “Ethnography in the Public Interest,” female inmates at two California prisons often avoided seeking treatment for theirailments, because getting an appointment with a.
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Multiple Choice 1. In his article “Forest Development the Indian Way,” Reed argues a. for government control of forest development that eases the Indians into the modern world economy gradually. b. for a sustainable development program that permits the collection and sale of forest products without destroying the original ecosystem. c. for an Indian.
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Multiple Choice 1. A recombination of things that are known into something different is called a. culture change. b. innovation. c. social integration. d. diffusion. 2. The meeting of two culturally distinct groups is called a. diffusion. b. acculturation. c. social contact. d. cultural contact. 3. The process of change due to culture contact is called a. diffusion. b. borrowing. c. acculturation. d. enculturation. 4. Which.
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Multiple Choice 1. !Kung expressed disappointment with the ox Lee gave them for the Christmas feast because a. the animal was too thin and old. b. this was their way to “cool” a giver’s potential arrogance. c. the animal came from an outsider. d. they were afraid that Lee would take the animal back if.
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Multiple Choice 1. Sir Edward Burnett Tylor is known for his early definition of a. ethnography. b. culture. c. naive realism. d. culture shock. 2. When they do ethnographic fieldwork, anthropologists interview a. objects. b. subjects. c. informants. d. participants. 3. The process of discovering and describing a particular culture is called a. interviewing. b. ethnocentrism. c. participant observation. d. ethnography. 4. The view that all.
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ARTICLE 39 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to McCurdy in “Using Anthropology,” ethnographers work largely by administering and analyzing questionnaires. 2. As he describes it in his article “Using Anthropology,” McCurdy notes that one of the problems at UTC was that warehouse workers failed to count books correctly. 3. In “Using Anthropology,” McCurdy.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Stryker in “Ethnography in the Public Interest,” a. overcrowding was not a problem at the prisons she studied. b. women were very well paid for the work they did in the prison. c. women sometimes faked illness to get faster medical attention. d. women had equal and unfettered access to.
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ARTICLE 36 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. In Alverson’s “Advice for Developers,” Peace Corps volunteers working in Botswana often isolated themselves, hung out with other Americans or Europeans, felt spiteful toward the Tswana, and failed to complete contracts. 2. In “Advice for Developers,” Alverson reports thatPeace Corps volunteers maintained an aloof distance when.
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5. Any use of anthropological knowledge that makes social interaction more predictable among persons having different cultural codes is called a. academic anthropology. b. action anthropology. c. administrative anthropology. d. adjustment anthropology. 6. Any use of anthropological knowledge to influence social interaction, to maintain or change social institutions, or to direct the course of cultural.
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Multiple Choice 1. The behavior that produces vocal sounds is called a. semantics. b. language. c. speech. d. phonology. 2. Phonology consists of the categories and rules for forming symbols that engage which of the channels available to humans for communication? a. sight b. touch c. taste d. sound 3. Minimal categories of speech sounds that serve to keep utterances apart are.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Spradley, the term “ethnography” refers to a. the discovery and description of the culture of a particular group. b. the statistical testing of hypotheses in the field, using survey questionnaires. c. the discovery of ethnic subgroups within complex societies. d. the process of cross‑cultural classification, comparison, and explanation. 2. According to.
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5. In “Conversation Style: Talking on the Job,” Tannen notes that of all the examples of conversational-style differences between men and women that lead to troublesome outcomes, __________ has attracted the most attention of her readers. a. men’s tendency to interrupt women in normal conversation b. women’s tendency to criticize men when.
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21.A psychodynamic therapist would likely consider it part of the therapeutic process if a client reported that he had fallen in love with her. 22. Transference is an element of behavioral therapy. 23. Object-relations therapists emphasize the unconscious influence of people’s earliest mental representations of their parents and how these affect reactions.
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  31. Graduated exposure, systematic desensitization, behavioral records, and skills training are methods associated with cognitive therapy. 32. One of the most important predictors of successful therapy is the bond between therapist and client. 33.The scientist-practitioner gap has narrowed over time. 34. Cognitive therapy’s greatest success has been in the treatment of mood disorders,.
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True or False? 1. Language refers to the behavior that produces vocal sounds. 2. Language is a system of cultural knowledge used to generate and interpret speech. 3. Things other than vocal sounds that can stand for other things are part of language. 4. For most people, language uses the channel of sight for.
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  Quick Quiz – textbook page 591 A.Match these treatments with the problems for which they are typically used: 1.antipsychotic drugs 2.antidepressant drugs 3.lithium carbonate 4.electroconvulsive therapy a.suicidal depression b.bipolar disorder c.schizophrenia d.depression and anxiety e.obsessive-compulsive disorder B.What are five cautions about taking medications for psychological disorders? C.Several years ago, a news story reported that scientists had high hopes for new pills that.
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  ARTICLE 4 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. Gmelch’s article, “Nice Girls Don’t Talk to Rastas,” describes a conflict caused by his student’s naive realism as she did fieldwork in a rural Barbadian community. 2. In “Nice Girls Don’t Talk to Rastas,” Gmelch describes how one of his study abroad students ran into trouble.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to McCurdy in “Using Anthropology,” the first thing a new manager at UTC did after assuming a new position was to a. shrink-wrap books in the warehouse. b. ask warehouse workers, customer outlet staff, and other employees about problems and procedures. c. ask previous warehouse managers for advice. d. change the.
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Multiple Choice 1. The ViliuiSakha developed a belief system that helped them understand and interact with the very extreme environment of Siberia. One example of this system is represented by a. The creation of a buulus to store meat, milk products, and ice. b. The shaman who communicates with the abaahi (evil spirits).
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Multiple Choice 1. In “Conversation Style: Talking on the Job,” Tannen argues that in the workplace a. men often refrain from asking for directions while women often seek to create the appearance of equality in a conversation. b. gender does not affect talking styles. c. women seek a one up position in conversation whereas.
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Multiple Choice 1. In “Medical Anthropology: Improving Nutrition in Malawi,” Patten notes that in Malawi culture, goats have traditionally been seen as a. walking bank accounts. b. animals bred solely for milk production. c. animals that don’t provide enough in resources to warrant raising them. d. nuisance animals that eat the crops grown by villagers. 2..
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5. An anthropologist attempts to influence the way people treat tramps by publishing a book on tramp culture, thus making tramps more predictable to those who must deal with them. Such an anthropologist would be doing adjustment anthropology. 6. Applied anthropology focuses on the use of anthropological knowledge to inform, enlighten,.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Alverson in “Advice for Developers,”how do Peace Corpsvolunteers see themselves? a. They see themselves as students, there to learn from the Tswana about how to change their American ways. b. Theysee themselves are experts, there to teach the less fortunate. c. They know that the Tswana donot want them.
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ARTICLE 7 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. In Tannen’s article “Conversation Style: Talking on the Job,” claims that women’s speaking styles, based on a need to create the appearance of equality, are a better form of communication in the work place than men’s more direct speaking styles. 2. According to Tannen in “Conversation.
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Multiple Choice 1. The study of how people use their culture to adapt to particular environments is called a. ecology. b. cultural ecology. c. environmental determinism. d. physical ecology. 2. The world that people can experience with their senses is called a. ecology. b. cultural ecology. c. physical environment. d. cultural environment. 3. The fact that a tourist sees scenic mountains.
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True or False? 1. Innovation is the recombination of previously known concepts into something qualitatively new. 2. Acculturation refers to the process of learning one’s culture. 3. Social acceptance of an innovation involves three steps: identification, analysis, and substitution. 4. If an anthropologist studied how the use of tobacco spread throughout the world, he.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Sterk, about __________ percent of the prostitutes she interviewed were not drug addicts. a. 10 b. 25 c. 40 d. 15 2. Which one of the following is an observation that Sterk makes in “Fieldwork on Prostitution in the Era of AIDS” about “gatekeepers”? They a. are not a vital part of.
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PART 1 QUESTIONS True or False? 2. Detached observation is a research approach in which investigators observe human behavior and create their own categories and theories to describe and explain it. 3. A microculture is the patterned behavior characteristic of a subgroup within a larger society. 4. An informant is what anthropologists call.
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ARTICLE 5 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. Bohannan finds that with minor alterations in terminology, the English and the Tiv can understand Shakespeare’s Hamlet in the same way. 2. The Tiv lack a concept for what Europeans call a ghost. 3. The Tiv felt it was a good omen for Hamlet's father’s ghost to.
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6. According to Alverson in “Advice for Developers,” the Tswana like their privacy and resent American volunteers when the latter invade their space. 7. Tswana farmers, notes Alverson in “Advice for Developers,” fail to recognize the subtle references about sex, age, and class in the English language of Peace Corps volunteers. 8..
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5. Analyze in detail three behavioral techniques, discussed in your textbook, which psychotherapists use to help clients change unwanted behaviors. Include key terms and definitions. 6. What basic assumptions underlie the humanist therapies? What are the goals of humanist therapy, and how does the client-centered (nondirective) approach suggest therapists can help.
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ARTICLE 11 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Reed’s “Forest Development the Indian Way,” the Guaraní and, in the past, millions of other Indians, exploited the Amazonian tropical forests without causing permanent harm to the ecosystem. 2. Reed claims that the Guaraní depend on a slash-and-burn agriculture for 94 percent of their.
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  Multiple Choice 1. According to Gmelch’s article,“Nice Girls Don’t Talk to Rastas,” when his students do fieldwork in rural Barbadian communities a. they fail to recognize that such communities are homogeneous. b. they ignore the fact that class distinctions may be present in such communities. c. they should expect to be looked down on.
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ARTICLE 1 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. Spradley defines culture as behavior, artifacts, and knowledge. 2. Anthropologists, such as George Hicks, look for inside meaning when they do ethnographic research. 3. Tacit culture refers to cultural knowledge that informants consciously hide from the ethnographer. 4. Herbert Blumer developed a theory of symbolic interactionism. 5. The concept.
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ARTICLE 10 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. The anthropological term “place-based people” refers to a group who depends directly on its immediate environment for both physical and spiritual sustenance. 2. An animistic worldview recognizes the sentient quality of humans, while excluding all non-human entities such as animals, plants, and inanimate objects. 3. In the.
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6. Describe the role of the therapeutic alliance in successful therapy. 7. Explain what is meant by the “justification of effort” effect in regard to psychotherapy. 8. Your textbook discusses the results of several PET-scan studies involving people with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Among those who were taking the SSRI Prozac, the metabolism.
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  ARTICLE 6 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Boxer’s article “The Military Name Game,” names for military operations have little effect on the way the public perceives such actions. 2. According to Boxer in “The Military Name Game,” the military uses a two-word sequence to describe military operations. 3. In “The Military Name.
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