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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  151.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  For the economic order quantity, what are average weekly ordering costs?            152.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  For the economic order quantity, what are average weekly carrying costs?            153.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  For the economic order quantity, what.
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    71.Which of the following questions is not answered by value stream mapping?    A.Where does waste occur?   B.Which processes or subprocesses exhibit the most variability?   C.Where are the best opportunities to extract more value from customers?   D.Where are process bottlenecks?   E.Where do errors occur?     72.A successful conversion to a lean system requires that the conversion:    A.be done as.
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  116.Given the following data for jobs awaiting processing at a manufacturing cell in which jobs are first processed by machine A, then by machine B:  If these jobs were scheduled in the sequence shown, what would be the throughput time?            117.Given the following data for jobs awaiting processing at a manufacturing cell.
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    21.Priority rules are widely used to sequence jobs in high-volume systems.      22.The assignment method is limited to a maximum of two jobs per resource.      23.Priority rules generally assume that job setup cost is independent of processing sequence of jobs.      24.In a single work center, makespan improvement can be accomplished by selecting the optimal.
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    41.A benefit of the lean philosophy is the flexibility to respond quickly to changing customer requirements.      42.A benefit of lean systems is that lead times are increased, allowing more time for processing.        Multiple Choice Questions  43.Which of the following is not something commonly found in lean systems?(I) Waste reduction(II) Output match to a.
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  Essay Questions  84.The All Seasonings Company uses 3,200 glass jars at one of its jar-filling workstations each eight hours of production. The cycle time for a standard container, which holds 90 jars, averages 45 minutes. If management uses an efficiency factor of 20 percent, how many containers should be used?            85.The Four.
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    61.Which sequencing rule is designed specifically to minimize job tardiness?    A.S/O   B.EDD   C.FCFS   D.SPT   E.LPT     62.A scheduling rule used for sequencing jobs through two work centers is:    A.critical ratio rule.   B.Johnson's rule.   C.slack per operation rule.   D.shortest processing time rule.   E.Pareto rule.     63.For the jobs listed below, which processing sequence would result using Johnson's rule?      A.c-a-d-b   B.b-d-a-c   C.a-b-c-d   D.d-c-b-a   E.c-a-b-d     64.What is the optimum job sequence for the.
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  True / False Questions  1.Flow-shop scheduling is used in high-volume systems.      2.Line balancing is a major factor in the design and scheduling of low-volume systems because of batch processing.      3.Scheduling in intermediate-volume systems has three basic issues: run size, timing, and sequence.      4.When operations are often bottlenecked, additional planned idle time will improve the.
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    41.Which of the following is not usually a characteristic of successful high-volume systems?    A.smooth workflow through the system   B.customized output   C.rapid repair of breakdowns   D.minimal quality problems   E.reliable supply schedules     42.Primary considerations in scheduling high-volume systems involve:(I) coordinating the flow of inputs.(II) overcoming the disruptions to planned outputs.(III) assigning workers to work centers.    A.I and III   B.I and.
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  Essay Questions      101.There are three jobs to be done and three resources with which to do them. Each resource will take a specific time to do each job, as shown in the following table:  What is the result of the row reduction?            102.There are three jobs to be done and three resources with.
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    51.A popular tool for planning and scheduling simple projects, and for initial planning on more complex projects, is the:    A.activity-on-arrows network.   B.activity-on-nodes network.   C.Gantt chart.   D.critical path method.   E.program evaluation and review technique.     52.To _____ an activity means to shorten the time it will take.    A.speed   B.fund   C.crash   D.aggregate   E.matrix     53.Concerning PERT and CPM:    A.These are two different names for essentially the same.
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  Chapter 14 JIT and Lean Operations   True / False Questions  1.In lean operations, input resources arrive for processing only after the preceding batch has been completed.      2.A functioning MRP system is required prior to adopting lean planning and control systems.      3.In a lean environment, anything not essential to the product or process is viewed as.
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    21.The earliest finish time for an activity is equal to the latest finish time minus the activity slack.      22.Many activities have slack time; if we add these slack times together, this represents the potential improvement in early completion for the project.      23.If two consecutive activities on the same path each have two.
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    31.In a pull system, a quantity of inventory in front of a workstation indicates problems at that workstation.      32.Limited WIP lowers inventory carrying costs but reduces flexibility.      33.Engineering changes should not be made in the six-month period following the introduction of a new product.      34.Kanban is the Japanese term for autonomation.      35.Increased setup times.
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  Essay Questions  37.The frequency of breakdown of a piece of equipment per month is shown in the following table. The cost of a breakdown is $1,000, and the cost of preventive maintenance is $2,000 per month. Assume that the equipment breakdown can be avoided if preventive maintenance is performed. Should the.
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  121.Given the following data for jobs awaiting processing at a manufacturing cell in which jobs are first processed by machine A, then by machine B:  In developing the sequence which will minimize throughput time, where should job X be placed?            122.Given the following data for jobs awaiting processing at a manufacturing cell.
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    31.The theory of constraints has a goal of maximizing flow through the entire system.        Multiple Choice Questions  32.Similar to that in manufacturing, the service scheduling hierarchy begins with __________ and ends with _________.    A.aggregate planning; detailed daily scheduling   B.aggregate planning; master scheduling   C.master scheduling; detailed material planning   D.aggregate planning; detailed material planning   E.quarterly planning; monthly planning     33.Which of.
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  146.A manager has just received a revised price schedule from a vendor:  What order quantity should the manager use in order to minimize total costs? Annual demand is 120 units, ordering cost is $8, and annual carrying cost is $1 per unit.            147.Given the following data for a particular inventory item:  What is.
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  126.Using the cost information given in the following table, assign work crews to jobs so that total cost is minimized.              127.The costs to do each of the three jobs on three alternate pieces of equipment are given below. Determine the job-equipment combination that will minimize total cost.              128.A manager must assign four.
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    41.Vendor analysis is the process that evaluates the source of supply in terms of price, quality, reputation, and service.      42.In e-commerce, the front-end design is significantly more important than the back-end design.      43.One disadvantage to RFID is that it requires a clear "line of sight" to operate.      44.Decentralized purchasing can usually offer quicker.
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  131.Determine the processing sequence for the six jobs shown in the following table using Johnson's rule. Calculate total throughput time. Can the makespan be reduced by splitting the latest job? If so, by how much?              132.Use Johnson's rule to determine the optimum processing sequence for the jobs listed in the following.
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    51.One of the biggest ethical risks in supply chain management is that the __________ supply chain member tends to be the one that suffers the blame and/or lost goodwill when something goes wrong.    A.most responsible   B.buying   C.most visible   D.supplying   E.most ethical     52.The more __________ a company's supply chain, the more difficult it is to ensure that.
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    True / False Questions  1.A company's supply chain involves the flow of materials and information from suppliers, through production, to the end users.      2.In supply chain organizations, functions must operate independently of each other.      3.In purchasing, one's only ethical obligation is to one's suppliers.      4.Using third-party logistics involves using your organization's logistics function to.
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    71.The following table contains information about five jobs waiting to be processed at work center number three.  Using the EDD rule, the sequence of jobs would be:    A.d-e-b-a-c.   B.a-d-c-b-e.   C.e-d-b-a-c.   D.a-d-c-e-d.   E.e-b-c-d-a.     72.There are four resources and four jobs to be done. The time required for each resource to do each job is as follows:  After the row.
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    81.The purchasing perspective of the supplier as a partner is characterized by:    A.an emphasis on low prices.   B.one or a few suppliers.   C.low flexibility.   D.100 percent inspection for quality.   E.low volume.     82.Vendor analysis is the examination of the _________ of purchased materials.    A.function   B.source   C.quality   D.cycle   E.quantity     83.Last quarter, a retailer sold 8,000 T-shirts, 7,000 of which were sold directly from on-hand.
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    True / False Questions  1.The goal of maintenance is to minimize cost.      2.The goal of maintenance is to maintain the productive system in good working order while minimizing or eliminating the cost of preventive maintenance.      3.Breakdown maintenance includes activities such as equipment inspection and adjustment.      4.Degree of technology is a factor affecting the decision.
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    31.The standard deviation of the critical path is equal to the sum of the standard deviations of all of the activities on the critical path.      32.The total cost of crashing any one activity should never exceed 20 percent of the total cost of the original project.      33.If the expected length of a.
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    11.The output of the system cannot exceed the output of the bottleneck operation(s).      12.The elimination of idle time on both bottleneck and non-bottleneck operations must be accomplished to optimize output.      13.As long as the bottleneck operations are used effectively, idle time in non-bottleneck operations will not affect the overall productivity of the.
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    41.Project risk events tend to be unlikely __________ a project, but that's also when they tend to be the __________.    A.early in; most costly   B.late in; least costly   C.late in; most costly   D.before the beginning of; most complex   E.at the conclusion of; least complex     42.Suppose a project is subject to the following risk events (each with.
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    71.One important objective of purchasing is to:    A.set quality standards for purchased items.   B.be knowledgeable about new products.   C.maintain numerous sources of supply.   D.obtain the lowest prices on all purchased items.   E.determine the processes that should be used.     72.The purchasing cycle begins with:    A.selecting a supplier.   B.placing an order.   C.evaluating potential vendors.   D.conducting a value analysis.   E.receiving a requisition.     73.Examination of the.
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    21.Global supply chains make purchasing easier because there are more options.      22.Centralized or decentralized purchasing is directly related to the size of an organization.      23.The optimization of the supply chain uses a mathematical model to determine the optimal number of business organizations to be included in the chain.      24.Information technology is the key.
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    61.The term that refers to the automatic detection of defects is:    A.kaizen.   B.kanban.   C.autonomation.   D.automation.   E.100 percent inspection.     62.A basic requirement for operating with the low inventories present in lean systems is:    A.Inventory space must be increased.   B.Inventory investment must be increased.   C.Major problems must be identified.   D.Major problems must have been solved.   E.Inventories must be reduced rapidly.     63.Which of the following.
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    11.If a firm's product mix is 60 percent of product A and 20 percent each of products B and C, an optimal mix-model production schedule would be successive sequences of AAABC.      12.Quality and highly capable production systems are requirements for the successful implementation of lean operations.      13.The small lot-sizing policy works well.
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    11.The design of the supply chain and establishing partnerships with vendors and distributors are examples of operational issues in a supply chain.      12.Traffic management refers to truck movement within our parking areas.      13.One of the major reasons for a company to adopt third-party logistics is to concentrate on one's core business.      14.E-commerce refers.
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  111.Refer to the following data for jobs waiting to be processed at a single work center (jobs are shown in order of arrival):  What is the average completion time for the earliest due date priority rule schedule? Average job tardiness? Average number of jobs at the center?            112.Refer to the following data.
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  Multiple Choice Questions  11.As a piece of equipment begins to break down more often, the manager is often faced with a trade-off in which __________ are weighed against the __________.    A.failure rates; maintenance probabilities   B.maintenance intervals; maintenance programs   C.operating costs; variable costs   D.replacement costs; continued maintenance costs   E.fixed costs; maintenance costs     12.Suppose that for a particular piece.
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    51.The lean philosophy suggests that workers are:    A.assets.   B.liabilities.   C.interchangeable.   D.replaceable.   E.to be phased out.     52.The ultimate goal of lean operations is to have:    A.no in-process inventories.   B.cross-trained workers capable of handling every process.   C.a smooth, rapid flow of materials through the system.   D.no setup times.   E.all of the choices.     53.Which one of the following is not one of the building blocks.
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    31.A 30 percent reduction in product and service variety will not affect the efficiency of a supply chain.      32.The service function of purchasing interfaces with many areas, including legal, accounting, and engineering functions.      33.Gatekeeping manages the cost of shipping returned goods.      34.Outsourcing logistics gives a company less flexibility because it forces them to.
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  160.The Corner Newsstand has demand for a certain weekly magazine that can be approximated by a Poisson distribution with a mean of 9.0. Magazines are purchased for $1.50. If unsold copies must be destroyed and copies sell for $4.00 each, find the optimum stocking level.                161.The Corner Newsstand has demand for.
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    61.Which of the following is not a benefit of effective supply chain management?    A.lower inventory costs   B.higher productivity   C.shorter lead times   D.greater customer loyalty   E.larger number of suppliers     62.Which of the following is not a measure of the reliability of the supply chain?    A.supply chain response time   B.on-time delivery   C.fill rate   D.lead time variability   E.improving e-fulfillment statistics     63.The automatic identification of material.
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    21.The optimum amount of preventive maintenance occurs when:    A.total breakdown costs are at a minimum.   B.total preventive maintenance costs are at a minimum.   C.each maintenance component cost is at a minimum.   D.total maintenance costs are at a maximum.   E.total maintenance costs are at a minimum.     22.The type of maintenance which is periodic in nature is:    A.breakdown maintenance.   B.predictive.
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    31.The total maintenance curve (preventive maintenance cost plus breakdown and repair cost):    A.slopes up as the number of preventive maintenances increases.   B.slopes down as the number of preventive maintenances increases.   C.starts low, increases rapidly, and then drops back down as the number of preventive maintenances increases.   D.starts high, drops gradually, but then goes back.
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    True / False Questions  1.Good project management is especially important with virtual teams.      2.One way that project management differs from management of more traditional activities is because of the limited lifetime of projects.      3.Once a project is approved and underway, project managers are only responsible for effectively managing time and costs which, if.
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    21."Autonomation" indicates that the firm is attempting to reduce its dependence on automated equipment.      22.Preventive maintenance is additional maintenance done immediately after a breakdown has occurred to help prevent any further breakdowns.      23.In the lean approach, inventories are reduced gradually, instead of eliminating inventories as rapidly as possible.      24.One problem with lean operations.
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    81.The owner/operator of the local franchise of Handyman, Inc., has four jobs to do today, shown in the order they were received:  If he uses the first come, first served priority rule to schedule these jobs, what will be the average completion time?    A.7.5 hours   B.5 hours   C.3 hours   D.2.5 hours   E.2 hours     82.The owner/operator of the.
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