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  11. Female condoms prevent the transmission of STIs but do not reduce the risk of pregnancy. 12. A female condom should be used in combination with a male condom to increase protection against STIs and prevent pregnancy. 13. Cervical barrier methods of contraception protects against both pregnancy and STIs. 14..
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  True/False Questions   1. The withdrawal method is one of the most effective methods of birth control. 2. As a method of contraception, vaginal spermicides are more effective than male condoms. 3. Regular breastfeeding is a more effective form of birth control than the withdrawal method. 4. Female condoms have a lower.
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  Essay Questions 106. Describe three methods of contraception that have historically been used in different cultures. 107. Provide a brief history of contraceptives in the United States. How did the Comstock Act affect the rights of individuals to birth control?     .
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  31. _____ refers to the period of time between conception and birth. A. Germinal period B. Embryonic period C. Gestation D. Fetal period E. Lactation 32. _____ refers to the product of the fusion of an egg and a sperm. A. Fetus B. Embryo C. Blastocyst D. Ovum E. Zygote 33. _____ refers to the developing zygote prior to implantation.
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  51. Which of the following refers to the fine, soft hair that covers a fetus’s body? A. Couvade B. Vernix C. Lanugo D. Zona pellucida E. Ectoderm 52. _____ refers to a protective waxy substance on a fetus’s body. A. Couvade B. Vernix C. Lanugo D. Zona pellucida E. Ectoderm 53. Which of the following is syndrome where male partners experience pregnancy.
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  51. Which of the following methods of contraception alter specific characteristics of a woman’s ovulation cycle or reproductive tract? A. Fertility awareness methods B. Barrier Methods C. Cervical Barrier Methods D. Vaginal Spermicides E. Female hormonal methods 52. _____ prevent ovulation, thicken cervical mucus to prevent sperm from joining the egg, or alter the lining of.
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  21. _____ refers to process or method used to prevent conception or pregnancy. A. Abstinence B. Ligation C. Vasectomy D. Abortion E. Contraception 22. Which of the following is a method of contraception that involves withdrawal of the penis from the vagina before ejaculation? A. Douching B. Coitus reservatus C. Coitus obstructus D. Coitus interruptus E. Tubal ligation 23. _____ is the.
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  81. For a _____, the fallopian tubes are cut, tied, or blocked using a variety of techniques. A. vasectomy B. colonoscopy C. laparoscopy D. tubal ligation E. hormonal implant 82. _____ prevents fertilization by interrupting the passage of sperm or egg through the fallopian tubes. A. Vasectomy B. Tubal ligation C. Laproscopy D. Emergency contraception E. Oral contraceptive 83. Which of.
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  118. What is abortion? Illustrate the reasons a woman may consider abortive procedures.  119. U.S. citizens have voted for or against propositions that require parental notification and permission for a pregnant minor to receive an abortion. What are some of the positive and negative effects of such propositions? Are they.
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  81. Which of the following is NOT a mode of transmission of syphilis? A. Prenatal exposure through an infected mother B. Direct contact with a syphilis sore C. Sharing clothing with an infected person D. Vaginal intercourse E. Oral sex 82. Which of the following is a mode of transmission of syphilis? A. Contact with toilet seats B..
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  31. _____ is an inflammation of the vagina that can result in some unpleasant symptoms including discharge, itching, and pain. A. Vaginismus B. Vaginitis C. Urinary tract infection D. Gonorrhea E. Syphilis 32. _____ refers to a type of vaginitis that results from overgrowth of one or more of several organisms typically present in the.
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  41. Which of the following is a temporary method of birth control that requires trained personnel for insertion and withdrawal? A. Injectable B. Intrauterine device C. Contraceptive ring D. Vasectomy E. Tubal ligation 42. Which of the following is a hormonal method of birth control? A. Injectable B. Intrauterine device C. Lea’s shield D. Contraceptive sponges E. Vaginal spermicides 43..
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  71. _____ refers to the expansion of the cervical opening (to approximately 10 cm) in preparation for birth. A. Contraction B. Effacement C. Dilation D. Vacuum extraction E. Aspiration 72. _____ refers to the Thinning of cervical tissue that occurs in preparation for birth. A. Contraction B. Effacement C. Dilation D. Vacuum extraction E. Aspiration 73. Effacement occurs during: A. delivery of the.
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  31. _____ refers to a form of permanent, surgical contraception where sperm are prevented from mixing with semen in ejaculate by cutting or tying off the vas deferens. A. Vaginal ring B. Intrauterine device C. Pessary method D. Vasectomy E. Tubal ligation 32. Identify the method of birth control that is permanent. A. Vaginal ring B. Vasectomy C..
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  21. Which of the following is the belief system that promotes childbearing? A. Naturism B. Couvade C. Pronatalism D. Antinatalism E. Nativism 22. In some societies, if females do not bear children, they may be viewed negatively or even treated with shame and stigma. This an expression of _____. A. pronatalism B. couvade C. naturisn D. antinatalism E..
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  61. The _____ contains 21 active pills that all contain the same level of hormones. A. biphasic pill B. monophasic pill C. minipill D. triphasic pill E. contraceptive patch 62. Which of the following types of contraceptives is designed specifically for women who are breastfeeding? A. Biphasic pill B. Monophasic pill C. Minipill D. Triphasic pill E. Combination pill 63..
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  71. _____ involves taking 1 pill as soon after unprotected intercourse as possible but within 72 hours. A. Voluntary surgical contraception B. Emergency contraception C. Combination oral contraception D. Progestin-only contraception E. Fertility awareness method 72. Which of the following should NOT be used as a regular form of contraception due to the high dosage.
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  True/False Questions 1. Pronatalism is a cultural bias that discourages childbearing. 2. In the United States, the Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993 guarantees paid family leave for new parents.  3. Tranquilizers have been associated with cleft palate or other congenital malformations when taken during the first trimester of pregnancy. 4..
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  61. Which of the following is a high-risk behavior that can lead to the transmission of HIV? A. Protected oral sex B. Anal sex with the use of condoms C. Bare-backing D. Vaginal sex without the use of contraceptives E. Masturbation 62. Which of the following behaviors is the most common mode of transmission of HIV? A..
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  51. Why are routine prostate-specific antigen (PSA) tests not recommended for men? A. The tests are known to increase the risk of prostate cancer. B. The tests are known to result in many false positives. C. The tests are not very effective at detecting late-stage prostate cancer. D. The tests are known to.
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  71. _____ refer to a group of infections that establish themselves in the human body as a result of a weakened immune system due to HIV infection. A. Retroviral infections B. Recurrent infections C. Latent HIV infections D. Primary HIV infections E. Opportunistic infections 72. The _____ stage of HIV infection is characterized by multisystem disease.
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  21. Identify the age group that has a disproportionately higher rate of certain STIs than other age groups in the U.S. A. Infants B. Teens and young adults C. Middle-aged adults D. Adults in late adulthood E. Toddlers 22. In the United States, _____ is the fifth leading cause of death for women. A. heart disease B. lung.
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  Essay Questions 111. Describe changes in pregnant women who are nearing the end of the third trimester. 112. Janet is 40-years-old and pregnant with her second child. Her doctor tells her that there is a risk that her baby might have a genetic abnormality. Describe two procedures that may be used.
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  91. Which of the following is a recommended treatment for pubic lice? A. Antibiotics B. Scabicide C. Pediculicide D. Retroviral therapy E. Gardasil 92. Which of the following is a viral STI that is characterized by sores on the mouth or genitals? A. Herpes B. Human papilloma virus C. Gonorrhea D. Syphilis E. Chlamydia 93. The _____ is a condition contracted.
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  41. Of all the gynecologic cancers, _____ cancer is the deadliest, but accounts for only about 3% of all cancers in women. A. cervical B. vaginal C. vulvar D. uterine E. ovarian 42. Which of the following is the easiest female cancer to prevent with regular screening tests? A. Cervical cancer B. Ovarian cancer C. Uterine cancer D. Vulvar.
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  11. Condoms can help prevent the transmission of trichomoniasis. 12. Today heterosexual sex is one of the most common ways of transmitting HIV. 13. It is possible to transmit HIV by hugging someone, or sharing food or eating utensils. 14. Seroconversion occurs in the fourth stage of HIV infection. 15. Bacteria that cause.
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  110. What are fluid-free sexual sexual behaviors? What are the advantages and disadvantages of using this method of contraception?  111. Amy is in a committed heterosexual relationship. She would like to have children some day, but currently she would like to reduce the risk of pregnancy. What would be the.
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  101. _____ are creams, foams, gels, suppositories, and films that contain a chemical that is lethal to sperm. 102. _____ are birth control pills that combine estrogen and progestin. 103. The _____ contains 21 active pills with two different levels of estrogen and progestin. 104. The _____ contains 21 active pills with.
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  91. Elora is using the TwoDay Method of contraception. On particular day, she notices the presence of cervical secretions. What can Elora infer from this observation? A. She is pregnant. B. She is fertile. C. She is infertile. D. She has contracted an STI. E. She will be fertile in two days time. 92..
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