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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  76.People with an internal locus of control tend to _____.  A.consciously manipulate others B.believe that they control the events that affect their lives C.believe that their performance is determined by circumstances beyond their control D.allow their feelings, not their thoughts and actions, to control their behavior E.allow their intuition to control them 77.Jim, who has an.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 52.Which of the following statements is true about diversity?  A.It is synonymous with similarities among different groups of people. B.It synonymous with affirmative action. C.It represents the multitude of individual differences and similarities that exist among people. D.It is an issue of age, race, or gender. E.It is an issue of being.
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  11.In high-context cultures, written and spoken words convey messages more powerfully than do nonverbal cues.  12.People from high-context cultures prefer to negotiate as efficiently as possible.  13.In low-context cultures, agreements are made by general trust.  14.In low-context cultures, written and spoken words carry the burden of shared meanings.  15.The GLOBE project is an attempt.
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  72.People from _____ cultures tend to place greater emphasis on community goals and subordinate their own wishes and goals.  A.monochronic B.relativist C.low-context D.heterogeneous E.collectivist 73.Michelle, who is from the US, is on a foreign assignment in Mexico. She notices that her co-workers are willing to make personal sacrifices to further the organization's goals. She correctly surmises.
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  21.According to the GLOBE cultural dimensions, humane orientation represents the extent to which individuals should be rewarded for improvement and excellence.  22.Individualistic cultures are characterized as "I" and "me" cultures.  23.People from collectivist cultures tend to place shared community goals above individual desires and goals.  24.High-context cultures tend to run on monochronic time.  25.People.
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1.Self-esteem is usually unrelated to a person's level of education.  2.People with low self-esteem tend to have health problems and low-quality social relationships, as well as being vulnerable to depression.  3.Individuals with high self-esteem see themselves as worthwhile, capable, and acceptable.  4.Since paid employment is a prime determinant of overall self-esteem, unemployment can.
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  82.Which of the following groups of people have traits such as workaholism, idealism, and work ethics?  A.Traditionalists B.Baby boomers C.Gen Xers D.Millennials E.Gen Ys 83._____ are said to be entitled, civic minded, and have close parental involvement.  A.Traditionalists B.Baby boomers C.Gen Xers D.Gen 2020 members E.Millennials 84.Which of the following would be an effect of growing mismatches between the amount of education.
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  86.According to Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences, _____ intelligence is the potential to live in harmony with one's environment.  A.bodily-kinesthetic B.spatial C.interpersonal D.intrapersonal E.naturalist 87._____ represent(s) complex, patterned, organismic reactions to how we think we are doing in our lifelong efforts to survive and flourish and to achieve what we wish for ourselves.  A.Skills B.Abilities C.Self-efficacy D.Emotions E.Intelligence 88._____ is a.
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    Essay Questions 96.Define "cultural values." Differentiate between espoused values and enacted values.  97.Define the competing values framework. State the four culture types of the competing values framework and briefly describe each.  98.Define, in order, the three phases of the socialization process. Describe the overall socialization process through these phases.      .
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    21.A clan culture represents a different set of values than does a market culture.  22.According to research findings, employees prefer to work in organizations that value flexibility over stability and control and those that are more concerned with satisfying employees' needs than customer or shareholder desires.  23.An organization's financial performance is not.
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  11.An organization's culture serves four functions: to promote each employee's individual identity, foster individual commitment, provide role models, and help members make sense of their career path.  12.One of the functions of organizational culture is to facilitate collective commitment.  13.High social system stability within an organization indicates the presence of conflict and.
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    Multiple Choice Questions 56._____ is the view the individual has of himself or herself as a physical, social, and spiritual or moral being.  A.Self-concept B.Self-introspection C.Self-conscientiousness D.Cognition E.Personality 57._____ is a belief about one's own self-worth based on an overall self-evaluation.  A.Self-confidence B.Self-efficacy C.Self-esteem D.Cognition E.Personality 58.Individuals who see themselves as worthwhile, capable, and acceptable have ____.  A.an external locus of control B.high self-efficacy C.high cognitive.
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  Multiple Choice Questions 44._____ is (are) the set of shared, taken-for-granted implicit assumptions that a group holds that determines how it perceives, thinks about, and reacts to its environment.  A.Normative beliefs B.Vision C.Organizational culture D.Values E.Realistic job previews 45._____ are enduring beliefs in a mode of conduct or end-state that transcend situations and are ordered by relative.
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  62.Based on information gathered in the GLOBE project, which of the following refers to power distance?  A.The extent to which leaders should encourage and reward loyalty to the social unit. B.The extent to which people should rely on social norms and rules to avoid uncertainty. C.The extent to which unequal distribution of power.
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True / False Questions 1.Individual differences influence our values, attitudes, job satisfaction, and tendency to exhibit counterproductive workplace behaviors.  2.Personal values essentially represent the things that have meaning to us in our lives.  3.Schwartz believes that values are motivational in that they "represent broad goals that apply across contexts and time."  4.In Schwartz's.
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    Multiple Choice Questions   48.According to Schwartz's value theory, _____ is associated with personal success through demonstrating competence according to social standards.  A.Achievement B.Benevolence C.Hedonism D.Universalism E.Security 49.According to Schwartz's value theory, _____ includes pleasure and sensuous gratification for oneself?  A.Achievement B.Benevolence C.Universalism D.Hedonism E.Security 50.According to Schwartz's value theory, _____ is associated with understanding, appreciation, tolerance, and protection of the welfare of.
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  21.Organizational commitment is composed of three separate but related components: affective commitment, normative commitment, and continuance commitment.  22.Affective commitment reflects a feeling of obligation to continue employment.  23.Employees whose primary link to the organization is based on normative commitment remain because they need to do so.  24.Organizational commitment influences the consequences of employee.
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  58.According to the value-based model of work/family conflict, _____ involves the amount of value agreement between employee and employer.  A.life satisfaction B.value attainment C.value congruence D.family values E.value similarity 59.Gender equality within the home, family-supportive employer philosophies, work flexibility, and helpful mentors are ways of decreasing _____.  A.work/family integration B.job involvement C.job satisfaction D.work/family conflict E.organizational commitment 60.A(n) _____ is defined as.
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  66.The dividing line between self and others is not a neat and precise one. A certain amount of blurring occurs, for example, when an employee comes to define him- or herself with a specific organization—a psychological process called _____.  A.organizational identification B.continuance commitment C.self-efficacy D.self-esteem E.cognition 67.Some employees at Harley-Davidson factories have had the company logo.
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  41.Organizational citizenship behaviors consist of employee behaviors that are beyond the call of duty and exceed work-role requirements.  42.Withdrawal cognitions represent an individual's overall thoughts and feelings about quitting a job.  43.Replacement costs include severance costs and outplacement fees.  44.Replacement costs are the well-known costs of a hire.  45.Stress is positively related to absenteeism,.
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  11.People program themselves for success or failure by enacting their self-efficacy expectations.  12.Research has found a significant positive correlation between self-efficacy and job performance.  13.Training and development through challenging assignments, goal setting, and supportive leadership can improve employees' self-efficacy expectations.  14.Self-monitoring is a person's overall self-evaluation.  15.High self-monitors are usually criticized for not being.
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  72._____ are statistical profiles of the characteristics and composition of the adult working population.  A.High-performance work practices B.Task performances C.Marketing strategies D.Workforce demographics E.Deep-level diversities 73._____ refers to an invisible barrier blocking women and minorities from top management positions.  A.Affirmative action B.Glass ceiling C.EEO regulations D.Revolving door E.Restricted step 74.The term glass ceiling was used to represent a solid roadblock that prevented.
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  11.Attitudes represent global beliefs that influence behavior across all situations.  12.Values and attitudes are always in harmony.  13.If you feel annoyed at a driver that changes lanes without signaling, you are expressing negative affect.  14.The behavioral component of attitude is defined as the beliefs or ideas that one has about an object or.
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    31.Faking, cheating, and illegal discrimination are potential problems with on-the-job personality testing.  32.Employers are advised to look for outside help to determine if a test exists or can be developed to screen applicants for the traits that best fit the position.  33.An ability represents the specific capacity to physically manipulate objects.  34.Knowing how.
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  82.Helen plans for several activities simultaneously on a daily basis. Most often, it is impossible to execute them on time as she has so many activities. However, the impossibility factor does not affect her as she believes that time is flexible. This implies that Helen belongs to a _____ culture.  A.low-context B.polychronic C.monochronic D.universalistic E.relativistic 83._____.
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    Multiple Choice Questions   42._____ is defined as a set of beliefs and values about what is desirable and undesirable in a community of people, and a set of formal or informal practices to support the values.  A.Culture B.Proxemics C.Emotional intelligence D.Collectivism E.Vision 43.Most cultural lessons are learned:  A.in school classrooms. B.by observing and imitating role models. C.through formal inculcation. D.in.
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    Essay Questions   98.Distinguish between self-esteem and self-efficacy.  99.Define organizational identification. What are the advantages and disadvantages of organizational identification?  100.List and explain the Big Five personality dimensions. Describe the relationship between the Big Five and job performance.      .
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  84._____ is a career function of mentoring.  A.Acceptance-and-confirmation B.Exposure-and-visibility C.Counseling D.Friendship E.Role modeling 85._____ is a psychosocial function of mentoring.  A.Sponsorship B.Exposure-and-visibility C.Role modeling D.Coaching E.Protection 86._____ reflects the variety of people within the network an individual uses for developmental assistance.  A.The constructive type of organizational culture B.The diversity of developmental relationships C.Organizational socialization D.Developmental relationship strength E.The passive-defensive type of organizational culture 87._____ reflects the quality of.
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  41.According to Howard Gardner's theory of multiple intelligences (MI) that there are three types of intelligence.  42.Educators have widely critiqued Gardner's concept of multiple intelligences.  43.Most academic psychologists and intelligence specialists have embraced Gardner's model of multiple intelligences.  44.Emotional behavior seldom affects day-to-day organizational life.  45.According to psychologists there is a distinction between felt.
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  101.Mention the initiatives that can help to keep older workers engaged and committed to working.  102.Based on your knowledge of the process model of diversity, what steps would you take as a manager to reduce potential negative effects of diversity? Explain how the steps would reduce potential negative effects of diversity.      .
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  21.The negative end of the agreeableness scale is labeled neuroticism.  22.Extraversion and conscientiousness are the most stable of the Big Five personality types.  23.The proactive personality dimension is the most frequently studied of the Big Five personality dimensions.  24.Entrepreneurs typically score high on conscientiousness because they prefer goal-focused leadership.  25.Among the Big Five personality.
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  64.A(n) _____ is a long-term outlook outlining action needed to achieve desired results.  A.vision B.strategic plan C.operational tool D.organizational philosophy E.value statement 65.Organizational _____ is defined as "the process by which a person learns the values, norms, and required behaviors which permit him to participate as a member of the organization."  A.designing B.acquisition C.socialization D.change E.development 66.Which of the following is the.
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True / False Questions 1.Organizational culture is based on "taken-for-granted implicit assumptions."  2.Acronyms, manner of dress, awards, myths and stories told about the organization, published lists of values, and observable rituals are all examples of espoused values of an organization.  3.Organizational culture rarely impacts organizational structure.  4.Organizational culture influences collective attitudes and behavior.  5.Observable artifacts.
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    31.Cross-cultural management explains the behavior of people in organizations around the world and shows people how to work in organizations with employee and client populations from many cultures.  32.In his study of cultural dimensions, Hofstede concluded that cultural arrogance is a luxury that individuals, companies, and nations can no longer afford.
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1.Culture is defined as a set of beliefs and values about what is desirable and undesirable in a community of people, and a set of formal or informal practices to support the values.  2.Culture has prescriptive elements and not descriptive elements.  3.Culture is primarily taught through formal teaching.  4.Culture has descriptive but not.
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  92._____ is the feeling that one's cultural rules and norms are superior or more appropriate than the rules and norms of another culture.  A.Ethnicity B.Ethnography C.Ego D.Ethnocentrism E.Egotism 93.Which of the following barriers manifests itself in the belief that differences are viewed as weaknesses?  A.Inaccurate stereotypes and prejudice B.Ethnocentrism C.Poor career planning D.Negative diversity climate E.Lack of political savvy on the.
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  74.In the _____ phase of the socialization process, the employee masters important tasks and roles, and adjusts to work values and norms.  A.change and acquisition B.anticipatory socialization C.adaptive D.modification E.encounter 75.Which of the following statements is true about practical applications of socialization research?  A.A sink-or-swim response to organizational socialization has been found to be most helpful for.
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  52.People from low-context cultures prefer:  A.to establish social trust first. B.to place great value on personal relations and goodwill. C.agreement by general trust. D.to get down to business first. E.slow and ritualistic negotiations. 53.People from low-context cultures most value:  A.establishing social trust. B.personal relations and goodwill. C.expertise and performance. D.agreement by general trust. E.slow and ritualistic negotiations. 54.People from high-context cultures prefer:  A.to.
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  92.According to the leadership lessons from the GLOBE project, _____ was a universally liked leader attribute.  A.self-centeredness B.egocentricity C.trustworthiness D.willfulness E.punctuality 93.Expatriate refers to:  A.anyone living and/or working outside their home country. B.a manager after he or she returns to his or her home country. C.a host country national managing a multinational's operations in his or her own country. D.a.
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    31.New employees typically complete the three-phase socialization sequence within a week of starting the job.    32.The first phase of the organizational socialization process is anticipatory socialization.  33.Unrealistic job expectations are formed during the anticipatory socialization phase.  34.Organizations can reduce turnover by using realistic job previews.  35.Providing new hires with the organization's vision involves giving.
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    31.Line of sight represents the extent to which employees understand how their jobs influence the achievement of broader strategic goals.  32.Job satisfaction refers to the extent to which an individual identifies with an organization and is committed to its goals.  33.Job satisfaction is an affective or emotional response toward various facets of.
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  54.Nostra, Inc. is a company that develops video games. The company's primary vision is innovation and quick adaptation to the changing environment of the gaming industry. The CEO of the company values creativity and frequently urges her employees to think outside-the-box in order come up with the next big idea..
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