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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  86.Which of the following is true about the expertise component of intuition?  A.It reflects the automatic, underlying effect one experiences in response to an object, person, situation, or decision opportunity. B.This source of intuition increases with age and experience. C.It refers to the component of intuition that includes explicit knowledge and excludes tacit.
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  56.Two supervisors, Justin and Shawn, had been given instructions to trim their group size by two people. Justin's personality tended to favor people. He was generally more sensitive to people, and was a thoughtful supervisor. Shawn was just the opposite. He was more concerned with group production, and considered people's.
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    Essay Questions   95.What are the major trends that conspire to make organizational conflict inevitable?  96.Mention five antecedents of conflict. What are the desired outcomes of conflict?  97.Mention the changes associated with increased group cohesiveness.          .
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    Multiple Choice Questions 47.Which of the following statements is true about a team?  A.A team consists of people committed to a common purpose. B.A team is composed of people who have identical skills. C.A team is made up of individuals who hold each other responsible for any failures. D.A team that matures to the performing.
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  76.The _____ conflict-handling style is appropriate when an unpopular solution must be implemented, the issue is minor, or a deadline is looming. It is inappropriate in an open and participative climate.  A.integrating B.obliging C.dominating D.avoiding E.compromising 77._____ is appropriate for trivial issues or when the costs of confrontation outweigh the benefits of resolving the conflict.  A.Integrating B.Obliging C.Dominating D.Avoiding E.Compromising 78.The _____.
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  11.A day of contemplation is a part of the organization's formal disciplinary process and is a traditional suspension without pay.  12.High levels of in-group cohesiveness usually turn a group into a smooth-running team.  13.Members of in-groups see themselves and members of other groups positively.  14.The contact hypothesis states that the more the members.
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  41.Sex-stereotypes jokes are examples of sexual propositions.  42.Sexual bribery is an example of sexual coercion.  43.Men and women generally agree on what constitutes sexual harassment.  44.The Asch effect refers to the distortion of individual judgment by a unanimous but incorrect opposition.  45.The difference between the Asch effect and groupthink is that victims of groupthink.
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  96.Which of the following is true about creative people?  A.They are not adaptors. B.They are geniuses and introverted nerds. C.They are usually satisfied with the status quo. D.They do not have the willingness to overcome obstacles. E.Male and female managers differ in levels of creativity. 97.Which of the following is true about creativity?  A.People are more creative.
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  91._____ occurs when an individual's judgment is distorted by the unanimous but incorrect opposition of a noncohesive group.  A.The Asch effect B.Role overload C.Role conflict D.Groupthink E.Social loafing 92._____ occurs when a cohesive group is unwilling to realistically view alternatives.  A.The Asch effect B.Role overload C.Role conflict D.Groupthink E.Social loafing 93.Which of the following is a symptom of groupthink?  A.Reduced group cohesiveness B.Unanimity among.
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True / False Questions 1.Decision making entails identifying and choosing solutions that lead to a desired end result.  2.A problem exists when the actual situation and the desired situation differ.  3.If the solution is effective, it should reduce the difference between the actual and desired states that created the problem.  4.The rational model is.
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  56._____ consists of choosing a solution that meets some minimum qualifications, one that is good enough.  A.Framing bias B.Escalation of commitment C.Morphological analysis D.Satisficing E.Optimizing 57.Which of the following is proposed by the garbage can model?  A.Decision makers follow a sequential series of steps. B.Decisions are made step-by-step, beginning with a problem and ending with a solution. C.Decision making.
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  11.The primary threat to team effectiveness is unrealistic expectations leading to frustration, which in turn encourages members to abandon the team.  12.Team members are the sole victims of unrealistic expectations.  13.The climate of an effective team is formal.  14.One of the reasons why work teams fail is that team members experience too much.
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  76.People with a(n) _____ decision-making style have a low tolerance for ambiguity and are oriented toward task and technical concerns when making decisions.  A.reasoning B.directive C.analytical D.conceptual E.behavioral 77.People with a _____ style tend to be autocratic, exercise power and control, and focus on the short run.  A.reasoning B.analytical C.directive D.conceptual E.behavioral 78._____ individuals are careful decision makers who take longer to.
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      Multiple Choice Questions 46._____ entails identifying and choosing alternative solutions that lead to a desired state of affairs.  A.Decision making B.Stereotyping C.Performance appraisal D.Escalation of commitment E.Divergent thinking 47.The _____ model proposes that managers use a four-step sequence when making decisions by identifying the problem, generating alternative solutions, selecting a solution, and implementing and evaluating the solution.  A.rational B.normative C.situational.
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  41.Among companies with self-managed teams, the most commonly delegated tasks are work scheduling and dealing directly with outside customers.  42.Team building experts prefer passive versus active learning.  43.In team building exercises, greater emphasis is placed on how work groups get the job done than on the job itself.  44.High-performance team members create an.
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  66._____ involves assigning someone the role of critic.  A.Mediation B.Devil's advocacy C.Dialogic process D.Dialectic method E.Negotiation 67._____ involves staging a structured debate of opposing viewpoints prior to making a decision.  A.Mediation B.Devil's advocacy C.Dialogic process D.Dialectic method E.Negotiation 68.Jim is head of the marketing department and must decide how to allocate a fixed amount of funds. There are two top projects that.
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  103.How does a manager decide the optimum size of a work group?  104.Describe the differing communication styles of men and women in work groups. What can be done to ensure that everyone's view is presented?  105.What is cyberloafing? Describe some measures that can be taken to remedy this threat to group effectiveness.      .
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True / False Questions 1.Conflict is an aspect of organizational life that can be avoided.  2.Conflict is a process in which one party perceives that its interests are being opposed or negatively affected by another party.  3.Organizations can suffer from too little conflict.  4.Functional conflict serves the interests of the organization.  5.Competition for limited resources.
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  61.According to Tuckman's five-stage theory of group development, the _____ stage is when activity is focused on solving task problems.  A.adjourning B.norming C.storming D.forming E.performing 62.According to Tuckman's five-stage theory of group development, _____ (the last stage of the group development process) occurs when the work is done and it is time to move on to.
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  86._____ is an alternative dispute resolution technique where the disputing parties agree ahead of time to accept the decision of a neutral third party in a formal court-like setting, often complete with evidence and witnesses.  A.Ombudsman B.Peer review C.Conciliation D.Mediation E.Arbitration 87.Which of the following statements about conflict is true?  A.An avoidance style of handling conflict leads.
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    31.A virtual team is a physically dispersed task group that conducts its business primarily through modern information technology.  32.Lack of face-to-face interaction can weaken trust, communication, and accountability.  33.Internet chat rooms tend to create less work and yield better decisions than face-to-face meetings and telephone conferences.  34.Conflict-management tends to be particularly easy for.
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  11.According to the garbage can model, decisions result from a complex interaction between four dependent streams of events.  12.Judgmental heuristics represents rules of thumb or shortcuts that people use to reduce information processing demands.  13.The use of heuristics increases the uncertainty inherent within the decision-making process.  14.The representativeness heuristic reflects the tendency to.
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  31.A conflict triangle occurs when two people are having a problem and instead of addressing the problem directly with each other, one of them gets a third person involved.  32.To create more triangling, one should reroute complaints by coaching the sender to find ways to constructively bring up the matter with.
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    57.Which of the following is true about advice teams?    A.They have a low degree of technical specialization. B.They are responsible for performing day-to-day operations. C.They narrow the information base for managerial decisions. D.As work flows from one team to another, coordination is typically high in advice teams. E.They require more application of specialized knowledge. 58.Which of.
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  81.The task role of _____ involves suggesting new goals or ideas.  A.initiator B.elaborator C.evaluator D.recorder E.energizer 82.As part of a work team in his office, it is Larry's job to make photocopies of relevant materials and hand them out to the team members during meetings. Which of the following task roles is Larry performing in his.
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  77._____ is a sense of "we-ness" that helps groups stay together.  A.Reciprocity B.Collaboration C.Cooperation D.Cohesiveness E.Viability 78._____ is a sense of togetherness that develops when individuals derive emotional satisfaction from group participation.  A.Reciprocity B.Instrumental attraction C.Propensity to trust D.Self-management leadership E.Socio-emotional cohesiveness 79.Nancy, Janice, Kim, Kristine, and Laura work for different organizations. They get together once a week for lunch. Together they.
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  67.Which of the following team competencies encourages desirable and discourages undesirable team disagreements?  A.Orienting team to problem-solving situation B.Organizing and managing team performance C.Promoting a positive team environment D.Facilitating and managing task conflict E.Appropriately promoting perspective 68.Which of the following team competencies defends stated preferences, and projects courtesy and friendliness to others while arguing a position?  A.Orienting.
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    21.Progressive managers believe that the risks of betrayed trust outweigh benefits of interpersonal trust.  22.Actively listening to ideas of the others is an important expression of managerial respect.  23.Trust is anchored to credibility.  24.Cohesiveness is a process whereby a sense of "we-ness" helps a group stick together.  25.Socio-emotional cohesiveness occurs when team members stick.
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    Multiple Choice Questions   51.Which of the following meets the four sociological criteria of a group?  A.A crowd on a street watching a parade B.An audience in a theatre C.People standing in line at the store D.People waiting for a bus E.A planning committee 52.Which of the following is an example of an organizational function of a formal.
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    21.Devil's advocacy in today's organizations involves assigning someone the role of critic.  22.The dialectic method calls for managers to foster a structured debate of opposing viewpoints prior to making a decision.  23.The dialectic method requires less skill training than does devil's advocacy.  24.People tend to handle negative conflict in predictable and patterned ways.
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    31.Group-aided decision making can lead to logrolling.  32.Groups tend to make more extreme decisions.  33.In the face of environmental threats such as time pressure, groups use less information and fewer communication channels.  34.Consensus requires unanimous agreements.  35.Groups may not generate all relevant alternatives to a problem.  36.Participants of brainstorming should go for quality over quantity.  37.Brainstorming.
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    Multiple Choice Questions   46.Which of the following is true about organizational conflict?  A.Organizational conflict is inevitable. B.Greater employee diversity leads to decreased organizational conflict. C.Greater face-to-face communication leads to increased organizational conflict. D.Increased cross-cultural interactions lead to decreasing amounts of organizational conflict. E.Conflict can be avoided whenever possible. 47._____ is a process in which one party perceives.
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  21.People who desire a lot of structure in their lives have a high tolerance for ambiguity.  22.People with a directive style are action oriented and decisive and like to focus on facts.  23.People with analytical style like to consider more information and alternatives than do directives.  24.People with a conceptual style prefer to.
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  87._____ teams are defined as groups of workers who are given administrative oversight for their task domains.  A.Advice B.High-performance C.Parallel D.Centralized E.Self-managed teams 88.Positron Gadgets Inc. brings together specialists from production, marketing, and finance from around the world, and gives each such team the power to make its own decisions. This implies that the firm is.
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True / False Questions 1.The conduit model of communication depicts communication as a pipeline in which information and meaning are transferred from person to person.  2.The conduit model of communication takes into account the fact that miscommunication sometimes occurs during the transfer of information.  3.The conduit model assumes communication transfers intended meanings from.
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