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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  101. _____ refers to the absence of personal bias. 102. The relationship between the independent and dependent variable in a research is called a(n) _____. 103. _____, sometimes called quasi-experimental, is a research design that looks at the strength and direction of the relationship between two or more variables. 104. _____ is a.
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  11. The biological and evolutionary perspectives on sexuality contradict each other. 12. Qualitative research methods focus on gathering numeric information or nonnumeric information that is easily encoded into a numeric form. 13. In the context of quantitative research, independent variable is the variable that is measured. 14. The main advantage of case study.
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  True/False Questions   1. Music can bring about these feelings in ceremonies and rituals that mark birth, death and other great transformative events from Africa and Asia to the US and Europe. 2. Sexual content in the media has changed our culture by limiting access to private sexual imagery. 3. One of the fundamental.
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  True/False Questions   1. The essence of our species can be passed on through evolution and procreation. 2. Adolescent male Bonobo chimpanzees leave their group to find mates and to create new patriarchal groups. 3. Homosexuality was an exclusive sexual practice in ancient Greece. 4. Early Islamic civilization professed values of male sexual honor, and.
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    57.Which of the following is an assumption of Lewin's change model?      A.Effective change requires proper reinforcement of new behaviors and attitudes. B.The change process involves adapting something previously learned. C.People can be made to change even when they are not motivated to do so. D.If the goals of change are highly desirable, resistance will.
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  Multiple Choice Questions   47.Education and skill level are examples of _____ that constitute a major external force for change.  A.technological advancements B.demographic characteristics C.social and political pressures D.human resource problems E.market changes 48.Reward systems and structural reorganization are examples of _____ that constitute a major internal force for change.  A.demographic characteristics B.customer and market changes C.human resource problems D.managerial behavior E.social and.
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  11.In Lewin's change model, the unfreezing stage involves providing employees with new information, new behavioral models, or new ways of looking at things.  12.Benchmarking is a process by which a company compares its performance with that of high-performing organizations.  13.In Lewin's change model, the changing stage involves providing employees with new information,.
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    31.Personality conflicts are one reason employees resist change.    32.Resilience is reduced when change agents and recipients have a positive, trusting relationship.  33.Managers should not assume that people are consciously resisting change when they are trying to implement change.  34.A drawback to the manipulation + co-optation approach to overcoming resistance to change is that.
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  11. Reality TV has promoted an adherence to traditional gender and sexual norms. 12. The public nature of social networking sites allows people to express their opinions openly on many intimate subjects. 13. The Internet allows individuals to locate others who share the same sexual desires and thus create, among other things,.
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True / False Questions 1.External forces have global effects that may cause an organization to question the essence of what business it is in and the process by which products and services are produced.  2.Technological advancements and market changes are external forces for change.  3.Employees' unmet needs and absenteeism are external forces for.
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  67.According to John Kotter, when managers want to create a cross-functional, cross-level group of people with enough power to lead the change, they should:  A.communicate the change vision. B.create a guiding coalition. C.develop a vision and strategy. D.generate short-term wins. E.establish a sense of urgency. 68.Which of the following is true of organization development (OD)?  A.It involves.
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  77.Which of the following is a disadvantage of the explicit + implicit coercion approach for overcoming resistance to change?  A.It can be too expensive in many cases if it alerts others to negotiate for compliance. B.If participators design an inappropriate change, it can get too time-consuming. C.It can be time-consuming, expensive and, still.
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  61. The Masters and Johnson team differed from other sex researchers who came before them in that: A. they believed that only observed sexual behavior in the laboratory behind a two-way mirror was scientifically accurate. B. they showed that biology was more important than culture in the development of sexual behavior. C. they.
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  True/False Questions 1. Sexuality has an impact on both our physical and emotional state. 2. One cannot become sexually literate without having sex. 3. When people are comfortable talking about sex and actual sexual relations, they use more risky behavior when having sex. 4. Purpose in life weakens our belief in love and romantic.
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  111. Discuss some of the criticisms against Kinsey’s research regarding human sexual behavior? 112. In studying sexuality, interdisciplinary research has three basic goals. What are these goals? 113. Differentiate between the quantitative and qualitative research methods.     .
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  51. Margaret Mead, a cultural anthropologist and feminist helped to pioneer field work studies of: A. homosexual relationships among the tribal cultures of Australia. B. childhood and adolescent sexual development in various cultures. C. adolescent sexual development and problems in the U.S. D. sexual chauvinism present in different cultures of the world. E. sexual perverts.
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  31. Pair bonding is best defined as: A. the principle that gives people a sense of group cohesion. B. the blend of biology and culture working together to produce sexual behavior. C. the shared beliefs among humans regarding death, and immortality. D. the unique sense of self that man has within the context of.
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    41.Stressors are environmental factors that produce stress.    42.A secondary appraisal occurs only in response to a stressful primary appraisal and results in categorizing a situation or stressor as irrelevant, positive, or stressful.  43.Control strategy consists of using methods such as relaxation, meditation, medication, or exercise to manage the symptoms of occupational stress.  44.Hardiness.
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  91. Which of the following is an advantage typically associated with direct observation? A. They provide an opportunity to observe natural behaviors in context as they occur. B. They are very cost effective as the researcher himself can conduct the survey. C. They are much less time consuming compared to other research methods. D..
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  31. A person who practices bestiality is most likely to be sexually attracted only to: A. dead bodies. B. animals. C. same-sex individuals. D. his/her mother. E. children. 32. Russell is sexually attracted only to dead bodies and engages in sexual intercourse with corpses. Based on the given information, we can say that Russell is a(n): A..
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  87.Which of the following is a very useful control-oriented strategy for dealing with stress that can be used by everyone?  A.Escape strategy B.Take-charge tone C.Avoiding the problem D.Psychological detachment E.Confrontation 88.Which of the following defines esteem support?  A.Providing help in defining, understanding, and coping with problems. B.Spending time with others in leisure and recreational activities. C.Providing information that a.
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  31.  _____ can range from the sublime to the ridiculous. A. SNSs B. Virtual sex C. Sexual consumerism D. Pornography E. Shared sexual images 32. In the past 100 years, the media have helped to break down taboos and created: A. online avatars. B. restrictions on sexual expressions. C. sexual surrogates. D. new shared visual imagery. E. pin-up girls. 33. Of all.
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  21. _____ has been defined as the knowledge and skills needed to promote and protect sexual well-being. A. Sexual chauvinism B. Cultural chauvinism C. Sexual literacy D. Holistic sexuality E. Ontogeny 22. As you develop your sexual literacy you are most likely to: A. have a positive attitude toward sexual chauvinism. B. enhance your own holistic sexuality. C. consider.
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  91. Which of the following still remains almost universally condemned among all Christian groups? A. Abortion B. Homosexuality C. Adultery D. Contraception E. Premarital sex 92. Which of the following is the primary purpose of the United Church of Christ (UCC)? A. To help society increase its positive acceptance of sexuality B. To help regional churches to control.
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  61. In sexually approving cultures, young people are most likely to learn about sexuality: A. by the process of sexual unlearning. B. from religious texts. C. in secret houses built for initiation into adulthood. D. by observing, and then exploring. E. from religious ministers. 62. In the context of sexual socializing, one striking difference between sexually.
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  71. In the context of sexual research, which of the following is an ethical practice? A. Protecting the people who participate in sex research B. Leaving out ethnic minorities from studies of sexual behavior C. Keeping out homosexuals from studies of sexual behavior D. Rejecting the research results that go against religious beliefs E. Concealing.
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  71. In general, compared to polytheistic religions, monotheistic religions are: A. more sex-approving. B. more approving of worshipping multiple deities. C. less sex-negative. D. less approving of sexual chauvinism. E. less sex-approving. 72. Whether a religion is polytheistic or monotheistic: A. has no influence over people’s sense of reality as a community. B. influences people’s attitude toward sex.
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  21. Which of the following is one of the unique traits typically associated with human sexuality? A. Human beings indulge in sexual activities solely for procreation. B. Human beings indulge in sexual activities only during certain seasons. C. Human beings pursue sex for fun and pleasure. D. Culture has no influence over human sexuality. E..
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  21. One of the fundamental ways in which sexual content in the media has changed our culture is that _____ has become public. A. sexual consumerism B. sexting C. child pornography D. private sexual imagery E. soft pornography 22. Which of the following is a fundamental way in which sexual content in the media has changed.
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  41. The study of the unconscious that focuses on the mind and “talking therapy” is referred to as: A. epidemiology. B. etymology. C. biostatistics. D. psychoanalysis. E. angelology. 42. Which of the following is a major drawback of Freud’s methodology? A. He observed only adults, not children. B. He observed only women and not men. C. He observed only.
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  41. During the time of Emperor Augustus (63 B.C.E. to 14 C.E.), all sex with slaves and prostitutes, especially same-sex relationships, were outlawed in Rome. Which of the following is the primary reason behind this measure? A. To ensure that Greek traditions, including its gods and religious beliefs and sexual practices.
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    21.Like the systems model of change, Kotter's eight-step process for leading organizational change is diagnostic in orientation.  22.Kotter's research reveals that because managers most often make mistakes at the end, it is ineffective to skip steps.  23.Organization development does not entail a structured sequence as proposed by Lewin and Kotter, but it.
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  11. In sexually approving cultures, young people tend to learn about sexuality by observation, and then exploration. 12. Sexual unlearning is less common in societies that undergo rapid change. 13. A core belief of most world religions is that human sexuality is a product of human design. 14. Homosexuality is not tabooed in.
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