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    31.Monotremes are a.marsupials. b.viviparous reptiles. c.egg-laying fish. d.placental mammals. e.egg-laying mammals.     32.In _________ the young are born in an extremely immature state and complete development in their mother’s external pouch. a.placental mammals b.monotremes c.marsupials d.reptiles e.rodents     33.The rapid expansion and diversification of groups of organisms into newly available ecological niches is termed a.generalization. b.homology. c.parallel evolution. d.an adaptive radiation. e.specialization.       34.The diversification of reptiles facilitated by the evolution.
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Multiple Choice Questions   1.The ordering of organisms into categories, such as orders or families is termed A.evolution. B.classification. C.parallelism. D.analogy. E.generalization.     2.Ideally, taxonomic classification A.reflects evolutionary relationships. B.is based on the presence of acquired characteristics. C.is always based solely on between-species behavioral similarities. D.reflects the current geographic distribution of species. E.is only applicable to nonhuman species.     3.Animals with a nerve cord along the.
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  101. The act of secretly watching someone undress or engage in some kind of intimate or sexual behavior is called _____. 102. The act of rubbing one’s genitals against another person is called _____. 103. A form of fetishism in which a man becomes aroused by wearing women’s clothes is called _____. 104..
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  71. Sexual urges and gratification related to minors, especially prepubertal females and males is called: A. pedophilia. B. asphyxiophilia. C. voyeurism. D. exhibitionism. E. frotteurism. 72. Jan is a middle-aged female who induces boys less than 10 years old playing in the neighborhood to come into her house with the promise of candy. There she undresses.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Gregor Mendel a.developed theories of evolutionary change. b.discovered the structure of the DNA molecule. c.studied characteristics that are influenced by several genetic loci. d.discovered the fundamental principles of how traits are inherited. e.developed the theory of inheritance of acquired characteristics.       2.How do the basic principles of inheritance, identified by Mendel in plants, differ from.
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    41.The only source(s) of new genetic variation in any population is/are a.mutations. b.genetic drift. c.founder effect. d.migration. e.natural selection.     42.Gene flow is defined as the a.production of new alleles. b.production of new genetic material. c.chance loss of alleles in a population. d.exchange of genes between populations. e.differential reproductive success of individuals.     43.Genetic drift is a result of a.an increase in population. b.migrations. c.mutations. d.genetic diseases. e.a small.
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    21.The subfield of physical anthropology that is concerned with the study of human evolution as evidenced in the fossil record is a.osteology. b.paleoanthropology. c.anthropometry. d.ethnography. e.paleopathology.     22.___________ anthropologists help us to understand relationships between extinct and living species by comparing DNA sequences. a.DNA b.Osteological c.Molecular d.Cultural e.Historical     23.Why are physical anthropologists concerned with human variation a.its focus on separating different species b.they want to.
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  5.Humans are a product of the same evolutionary forces that produced all living things.     6.Culture is not genetically passed from one generation to the next, it is learned.     7.Physical anthropologists are interested only in the study of biological phenomena and are not interested in the study of culture.     8.Linguistic anthropology is important to.
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    11.Ethnographies a.focus only on Western European societies. b.are studies of nonhuman primates. c.are detailed descriptive studies of human societies. d.are studies done by archaeologists. e.involve the study of the human skeleton.     12.The population of any city is composed of many subgroups defined by a.economic status. b.popularity. c.intelligence. d.good looking people. e.the type of technology used.     13.Archaeologist obtain information mainly from a.artifacts b.artwork left behind.
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    31.The X and Y chromosomes are called a.autosomes. b.gametes. c.centromeres. d.sex chromosomes. e.karyotypes.     32.The Y chromosome a.is found in both sexes, males have two, females have one. b.influences numerous characteristics in addition to sex determination. c.can be inherited form either parent. d.carries genes that cause the fetus to develop as a male. e.causes a fetus to develop as female if there.
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    21.Which of the following is NOT a polygenic trait? a.stature b.skin color c.eye color d.ABO blood type e.hair color           22.When a person possesses two different alleles at the same locus, and both alleles are expressed in the phenotype, this is called a.recessiveness. b.codominance. c.dominance. d.homozygosity. e.X-linkage.     23.Type AB blood is an example of a.codominance. b.blending. c.recessiveness. d.dominance. e.polygenic inheritance.     24.How many ABO phenotypes are there? a.4 b.2 c.3 d.6 e.1     25.A person with blood.
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  51. Which of the following is true about kinky sex? A. Sexual fetishism is far more problematic societally than kinky sex. B. Kinky sexual practices are generally harmless and playful. C. Kinky sexual practices reduce the sense of intimacy and love among. D. Generally, kinky sexual practices are carried out under coercion. E. Kinky sexual.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.As an order, primates a.have highly specialized traits. b.can be easily defined by one or two traits. c.lack traits that define the mammals. d.have generalized traits. e.have very narrow, or specialized, dietary preferences.     2.Which one of the traits listed below is NOT used to define the order Primates? a.A tendency towards erect posture. b.An inflexible, specialized.
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    31.A body of knowledge gained through observation and experimentation is called a.science b.hypothesis c.data d.empirical e.theory     32.A provisional explanation of a phenomenon is called a.a theory b.a datum c.empirical d.scientific testing e.a hypothesis     33.The initial step in the scientific method is A.  the formation of a theory B.  the formation of a hypothesis C.  to perform an experiment D.  to publish a scientific article E.  to collect.
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  21. The pattern of sexual behavior characterized by sexual arousal to individuals, objects, or situations that departs from mainstream normative or typical behavior and may cause serious personal distress, impair daily functioning or harm to others is called _____. A. mainstream sexuality B. paraphilia C. sexual fetishism D. hypersexuality E. sexual compulsivity 22. Risky, noncoercive behaviors.
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    31.Which of the following concepts DID NOT influence Darwin in developing his theory of evolution? a.Population size increases more rapidly than food supplies. b.There is competition among individuals for resources. c.Species are unchanging types, and individual variation within a species is not important. d.There is biological variation in all members of a species. e.Favorable variations.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.Cells a.are the basic units of life. b.usually do not have DNA. c.only have a nucleus and no cytoplasm. d.are only inherited from one parent. e.originated on earth approximately 5 million years ago.     2.The cell nucleus a.is the same thing as the cytoplasm. b.is not distinct from the cytoplasm. c.contains only X and Y chromosomes. d.is made up.
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    11.When assessing evolutionary relationships, one approach is to interpret patterns of ancestral (primitive) and derived (modified) characteristics.  This approach is called a.taxonomy. b.phylogeny. c.classification. d.cladistics. e.metamorphosis.     12.In grouping organisms together in a cladistic classification, the most important characteristics are those that are a.ancestral. b.derived (modified). c.primitive. d.analogous. e.homologous.     13.The presumed evolutionary link between theropod dinosaurs and birds is based on a.island dwarfing phenomenon. b.general.
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    31.Which statement(s) concerning polygenic traits is/are FALSE? a.They are governed by more than one genetic locus. b.Their expression is often influenced by genetic/environmental interactions. c.They account for most observable phenotypic variation in humans. d.They are not affected by the environmental factors. e.They are continuous.           32.Mendelian traits a.are governed by more than one genetic locus. b.occur only in some.
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    11.Which of the following is not a nitrogenous base found in DNA? a.Uracil b.Guanine c.Thymine d.Adenine e.Cytosine     12.The DNA base thymine always pairs with which other DNA base(s)? a.Adenine b.Guanine c.Cytosine d.Uracil e.Hemoglobin     13.Enzymes a.are amino acids. b.are major constituents of body tissues. c.initiate and enhance chemical reactions in the body. d.are also called zygotes. e.have no function in cellular functions.     14.Which of the following is FALSE? a.Proteins are.
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  31. Evan likes to tie up, blindfold and gag his girlfriend while engaging in sex. Her helplessness helps enhance his pleasure. This type of relationship may be classified as: A. role-playing. B. bestiality. C. rape. D. pedophilia. E.  a sado-masochism relationship (S/M). 32. Which of the following is a feature of people in S/M relationships? A. The.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.At present, the members of the family hominin includes a.apes. b.monkeys. c.all primates. d.humans. e.rats     2.A group of organisms that can interbreed and produce fertile offspring is called a.Hominidae. b.a species. c.a family. d.a hominin. e.a mammal.     3.Simply stated, evolution a.is NOT subject to the same factors that have produced other species. b.is a change in the physiological traits of an organism. c.is.
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  81. _____ is a form of fetishistic arousal from near suffocation. A. Transvestic fetishism B. Exhibitionism C. Autoerotic asphyxiophilia D. Frotteurism E. Voyeurism 82. _____ is a type of fetishism in which an adult dresses as a baby and the adult partner treats him or her like a baby; also called paraphilic infantilism. A. Transvestic fetishism B. AB/DL C..
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    21.Who proposed that population size increases at a faster rate than food supplies? a.Erasmus Darwin b.Alfred Russel Wallace c.Thomas Malthus d.Charles Lyell e.Jean-Baptiste Lamarck     22.Who wrote Principles of Geology and emphasized the principle of uniformitarianism? a.Charles Darwin b.Charles Lyell c.Alfred Russel Wallace d.Jean-Baptiste Lamarck e.Thomas Malthus     23.The principle of uniformitarianism a.stated that the geological processes that operated in the past are still occurring.
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  3.Erasmus Darwin was probably an important influence in Charles Darwin’s evolutionary thinking.     4.Use-disuse theory has recently displaced natural selection as mainstream science’s most accepted theory of evolutionary change.     5.Georges Cuvier, author of Principles of Geology, is considered the founder of modern geology.     6.Charles Darwin formulated his theory of natural selection while visiting the.
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    21.The substitution of one DNA base for another is a (an) a.point mutation. b.genome. c.trisomy. d.allele. e.locus.     22.Which severe inherited hemoglobin disorder cases red blood cells to collapse when deprived of oxygen? a.cystic fibrosis b.hemophilia c.diabetes d.tay-sachs disease e.sickle cell anemia     23.Which of the following statements is FALSE? a.Sickle-cell anemia can result in impaired blood circulation. b.Individuals with sickle-cell anemia inherited an abnormal allele.
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  True/False Questions 1.A eukaryotic cell is composed of carbohydrates, lipids, and proteins, but lacks nucleic acids.     2.Mitochondrial DNA has the same molecular structure and function as nuclear DNA.     3.Codons are triplets of mRNA bases that code for specific amino acids during protein synthesis.     4.The process of transcription during protein synthesis occurs at the ribosomes.     5.Regulatory.
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    11._________ was an 18th century thinker who believed that living forms changed in response to the environment.  Although he did not think nature was perfect or had a grand purpose, he still rejected the idea that one species could give rise to another. a.Alfred Russel Wallace b.Georges-Louis Leclerc de Buffon c.Erasmus Darwin d.John Ray e.Georges.
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  True/False Questions 1. Sex tourists go in search of sexual adventure that their own society may forbid as extreme sexual behavior. 2. All individuals who express compulsive behavior engage in extreme sexual behavior risk-taking. 3. The diagnosis for paraphilic disorder requires people straying from the cultural norm in their sexual behavior. 4. The diagnosis.
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  True/False Questions   1.Cladistics is an approach to classification that makes evolutionary interpretations based solely on shared ancestral characters.     2.There are more than 20 major groups called phyla within the kingdom animalia.     3.Therapods were a group of small- to medium-sized ground-living carnivorous dinosaurs.     4.If dinosaurs and birds both evolved feathers independent of one other, then.
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    21.The first vertebrates appear in the fossil record during the a.Pleistocene. b.Paleozoic. c.Paleocene. d.Mesozoic. e.Cenozoic     22.Continental drift a.had no real impact on the evolutionary history of vertebrates. b.never occurred. c.is the movement of the continents on the Earth’s surface. d.ceased to occur several million years ago. e.occurs only in the Old World.     23.The moving of continents on sliding plates on the earth.
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  6.Researchers have identified six different modes of Mendelian inheritance.     7.Achondroplasia is an example of an autosomal recessive trait.     8.The majority of sex-linked traits have loci on the X chromosome.     9.X-linked traits affect males and females in equal frequencies.     10.Melanin production is a polygenic trait that is influenced by the interactions between several different loci.     11.Polygenic.
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  61. Frequent or sudden expression of sexual urges are called _____. A. sex tourism B. sexual novelty C. paraphilia D. hypersexuality E. sexual addiction 62.  Which of the following is true of sexual addiction? A. It is a paraphilia. B. It is a disorder of intimacy. C. It is a method of trying to control or reduce sexuality. D. It.
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    11.The fact that both green and yellow peas were produced by tall pea plants in predictable frequencies  led Mendel to propose the a.principle of segregation. b.principle of independent assortment. c.concept of dominance. d.concept of codominance. e.blending theory of inheritance.       12.Which is NOT true about random assortment? a.the chance distribution of chromosomes to daughter cells. b.it is an important.
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Multiple Choice Questions 1.In Europe during the Middle Ages, it was believed that a.all species had evolved from a common ancestor. b.evolution was the result of natural selection acting upon genetic variation. c.all forms were created by God and did not change over time. d.most species had become extinct over time. e.life was created slowly, over.
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  41. Which of the following has caused greater tolerance for some sexual behaviors that were once tabooed? A. Some heterosexual and gay men actively seek a sexual experience that might lead to contracting an STI, including HIV. B. Exotic and exciting sexual behaviors such as interracial sex are pursued more freely and.
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