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Study Resources (Anthropology)

How might a culture’s values of individualism or collectivism influence toilet-training practices? Think of something that a toddler in your own culture would have to learn, and describe how you would teach the skill using the principles of the zone of proximal development and scaffolding. .
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Can you think of an example of something a 4-year-old could learn easily but a 1-year-old could not learn even with special teaching? Are the cognitive-developmental and information processing approaches to cognitive development incompatible, or could they combined? You are a nurse in a West African village. You decide to use the.
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Are there any rituals in Western cultures that are comparable to the puberty rituals in traditional cultures? Should people in Western cultures recognize and mark the attainment of puberty more than they do now? If so, why, and how? Do advertisers who feature skinny female models bear some responsibility for anorexia.
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In the light of the difficulties often experienced by early-maturing girls, can you think of anything families, communities, or schools could do to assist them? 15-year-old Ellen comes to your clinic for a yearly check-up. To your surprise, she weighs 95 pounds, down 15 pounds since her last visit. Her hair.
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How does the framework of individualism and collectivism from Chapter 1 help to explain the Korean practice of carrying their infants much of the time and responding immediately to their cries and the American practice of leaving infants on their own much of the time and sometimes letting them “cry.
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Consider the foods that you typically see on the “Kid’s Menu” in restaurants. How do these menus reflect cultural beliefs about food? How does the Japanese practice of having children wear identical uniforms in preschool represent a custom complex? That is, what cultural beliefs underlie this cultural practice? Can you think of.
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Using the information on research designs from Chapter 1, propose a design for an intervention program designed to prevent one of the teratogens described here. What ethical issues might be raised by prenatal diagnosis techniques and genetic counseling? Because fertility drugs frequently result in multiple births, should there be legal restrictions on.
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How does the birth of the self in toddlerhood help explain toddlers’ responses to weaning in traditional cultures, as described earlier in the chapter? What hypothesis could you propose about how sibling relationships in toddlerhood in developing countries might differ from sibling relationships in developed countries, and what would be the.
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Given that the benefits of breast feeding in developed countries are genuine but small, should public policies encourage or discourage more women to breast-feed for longer? You have children of different ages in your day care. Would it be all right for the 5-year-olds to help you care for the newborns? Considering.
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Are you in favor of a graduated licensing program for your state or country? If so, what provisions would you include? Are such programs unfair to young people who drive safely and nevertheless have their driving privileges restricted? Besides unstructured socializing, what other factors might contribute to substance use in emerging.
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One of your patients is an American grandmother who is very critical of her Japanese daughter-in-law, who co-sleeps with her two-year-old granddaughter. The grandmother asserts that this is unhealthy for the granddaughter. How do you respond? Toddlers in many cultures are weaned around age 2. What is an evolutionary explanation for.
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New grandmother Natalie wonders where newborn Nicole will receive male gender-role socialization while being raised by her two mothers. What can you tell her? Did your mother and father have the same parenting style, or not? To what extent did their parenting reflect a “style” and to what extent do you.
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You notice that some children in your pre-school classroom don’t show much emotion and are able to control their behavior better than other children. Might there be a cultural explanation for this variation? How do the changes in toddlers’ cognitive development described earlier in the chapter provide the basis for the.
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How, specifically, would language have conferred an evolutionary advantage to early humans in obtaining mates, food, and status? Give some examples of overregularization in addition to the ones provided here. You notice that some children in your classroom are very quiet while others are very talkative. What factors may contribute to these.
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