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Multiple Choice 1. According to Shandy in “Nuer Refugees in America,”the UN classifies refugees as people who have a. left their home country but are willing to return. b. left their home country to seek economic prosperity elsewhere. c. left their home country because they fear persecution based on race, religion, nationality, political opinion, or.
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5. According to Shandy in “Nuer Refugees in America,”the UN looks at threepossible solutions to the refugee problem: voluntary repatriation to the country oforigin, integration into a country of asylum, or third-country resettlement. 6. In “Nuer Refugees in America,” Shandy argues that the only ways refugees can gain resettlement in another.
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1. Émile Durkheim, an early scholar of religion, stressed what he termed religious effervescence. Anthropologists too have stressed A. that proper analysis requires separation of collective re-creation from collective religion. B. the collective, shared, and enacted nature of religion, the emotions it generates, and the meanings it embodies. C. the analysis of the.
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Multiple Choice 1. The passage of a cultural idea, culturally defined behavior, or culturally produced artifact from one society to another through borrowing is called a. cultural diffusion. b. multiculturalism. c. cultural hybridization. d. globalization. 2. The process by which a cultural custom, item, or concept is modified to fit the cultural context of a society.
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ARTICLE 29 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. In “Baseball Magic,” George Gmelch argues that magic is most often associated with fielding in American baseball. 2. According to Gmelch in “Baseball Magic,” baseball players often include personal rituals, taboos, and fetishes in their practice of magic. 3. Skinner explains magic as a response to uncertainty,.
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Multiple Choice 1. In “Body Ritual among the Nacirema,” Miner points out that the fundamental belief that underlies Nacireman body ritual is a. that the human body is ugly and subject to disability and disease. b. the concern about the beauty of the body. c. that the health of the body depends on the.
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 32. Like race, kinship is a cultural construction, in that it exhibits considerable cultural diversity. 33. Your family of procreation is the one into which you were born. 34. Although nuclear families are found in many societies around the world, this phenomenon is not a cultural universal. 35. The higher proportion of.
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  43. Homogamy is the practice of marrying within a culturally prescribed group to which one does not belong. 44. In the caste system of India, failure to adhere to class endogamy rules traditionally resulted in a ritually impure marriage. 45. Royal endogamy among Hawaiians functioned to limit the number of conflicts about.
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  26. Which of the following does NOT belong to ego’s matrilineage? A. FM B. B C. ZS D. MB E. M 27. In a bifurcate merging kinship terminology, what is merged? A. lineal relatives and collateral relatives B. members of the family of orientation and those of the family of procreation C. affinal relatives and collateral relatives D. affinal relatives.
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  38. The children of your father’s sister are called your cross-cousins. 39. Incest is a cultural universal that is defined the same way by all cultures. 40. Early anthropologists explained incest taboos as a reflection of “instinctive horror” of mating with close relatives. However, this explanation for incest taboos has been rejected.
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  ARTICLE 33 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Guneratne and Bjork in “Village Walks,” Nepalese tourist companies characterize the Tharu as primitive forest dwellers untouched by civilization. 2. As Guneratne and Bjork observe in “Village Walks,”most guides that led tours to Pipariya were from lower-ranking ethnic groups and had little knowledge of.
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  37. Recent census data reveal that more U.S. women are now living without a husband than with one. 38. Industrialization increases mobility, which plays a major role in the disappearance of extended families in the United States. 39. Comparing notions of family between the United States and Brazil, the extended family still.
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  Multiple Choice 1. According to Bestor in “How Sushi Went Global,” a. globalization has meant homogenization. Sushi is no longer viewed as a Japanese entity worldwide. b. in waters off of Seabrook, New Hampshire, bluefin tuna are trapped, fed by hand, then processed to meet the demand for sushi in Japan and around.
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  16. The Barí of Venezuela recognize multiple fathers, even though biologically there can be only one actual genitor. This example shows A. that women have a better understanding of biological processes than do men. B. that like race and gender, kinship is culturally constructed. C. cultures’ explanations for biological processes vary because the.
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6. In “Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage,” Dubisch argues that pilgrimages rarely affect people who are well adjusted and content with their lives. 7. In “Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage,” Dubisch cites a definition of ritual that says rituals are patterned, repetitive, symbolic enactments of cultural beliefs.
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ARTICLE 32 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. In “How Sushi Went Global,” Theodore Bestor notes that the Japanese love of sushi increased because the introduction of jet aircraft in the 1960s made it possible to ship fresh bluefin tuna, the centerpiece of sushi, to Japan before the fish could spoil. 2. According to.
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ARTICLE 28 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Rachel Mueller in “The Worst Lover: Boyfriend Spirits in Senegal,” the more common religion in Senegal is the Sufi sect of Islam. However, it is not uncommon for young women to be possessed by jealousand vindictive “boyfriend spirits” called farurab, who make women.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Ehrenreich and Hochschild in their article “Global Women in the New Economy,” women who migrate for work in other countries are often a. better educated than most women in their home countries. b. disappointed by the small amount of money they can make abroad. c. discouraged by their home.
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True or False? 1. Religion helps people cope with ultimate problems of their existence such as the meaning of life, death, evil, and transcendent values. 2. The term “supernatural” labels people’s irrational beliefs about power in inanimate objects. 3. If a religious specialist were to use a powerful saying to cure a sick.
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1. Understanding kinship systems is an important part of anthropology because A. it provides an objective, universal perspective on how people are related to one another. B. kinship ties are important to the people anthropologists study; they are a key component of people’s everyday social relations. C. their study is part of the.
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Multiple Choice 1. A central point that Dubisch makes about the men who participate in the Run for the Wall is that a. they wish to repair the emotional wounds caused by their Vietnam war experiences and unpleasant homecomings. b. they are motivated by a desire to embarrass those who opposed the war. c. they.
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ARTICLE 31 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Horace Miner in “Body Ritual among the Nacirema,” the Nacirema display an extreme concern for the maintenance and care of their bodies. 2. In “Body Ritual among the Nacirema,” Miner notes that among the Nacirema, a ritual specialist called a latipso specializes in the.
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a. photographed their houses and children. b. ignored their tour guides. c. asked them the most questions. d. arrived in the village by themselves rather than in a tour group. 6. In “Village Walks,”Guneratne and Bjork indicate which Nepalese ethnic group(s)the tour guides are most likely to come from: a. Brahmin and Chhetri b. Bhangi and.
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  21. Kinship terminology is a classification system, a taxonomy or typology. More generally, a taxonomic system A. is based on how people perceive similarities and differences in the things being classified. B. is accurate only when based on Western science. C. is based on categories given by nature. D. usually changes with every generation. E..
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  11. With unilineal descent, sex with cross-cousins is proper, but sex with parallel cousins is considered incestuous. Why? A. Cross-cousins are actually parallel cousins. B. Societies with unilineal descent share a gene that impedes them from developing sexual urges for parallel cousins. C. This behavior is a human universal explained by Freud’s theory.
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ARTICLE 34 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Shandy in “Nuer Refugees in America,” the Nuer refugees who have been resettled in the United States were originally a pastoral people living in South Sudan. 2. According to Shandy in “Nuer Refugees in America,”Nuer refugees have beensent to the United States by Christian.
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  42. In unilineal descent, one’s ancestry is traced through only one line of descent. 43. Members of a clan are descended from a common apical ancestor. 44. Neolocal postmarital residence rules require newly married couples to establish their own residence. 45. U.S. kinship calculation is bilateral, traced equally through males and females; for.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Sutherland in “The Case of an American Gypsy,” a young Gypsy man was indicted by the government for a. hiding his identity from authorities. b. stealing cars. c. using a relative’s Social Security number. d. lying to authorities about his real American name. 2. in “The Case of an American Gypsy,”.
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  48. In tribal societies, unlike industrial ones, marriage entails only an agreement between the people getting married; descent groups play only a minor role. 49. If John marries his deceased brother’s widow, this arrangement is called a levirate marriage. 50. Cross-culturally, divorce is known only in industrialized societies where a high percentage.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Mueller “The Worst Lover: Boyfriend Spirits in Senegal,” the traditional part of Dakar boasts a Senegalese culture of terenga, which makes it difficult to a. speak to anyone outside of your social class. b. go anywhere without being invited to share a meal, even with complete strangers. c. communicate.
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True or False? 1. Cultural hybridization is the process by which a cultural custom, item, or concept is modified or hybridized to fit the cultural context of a society that borrows it. 2. Refugees are individuals who emigrate from one country to another. 3. Cultural diffusion is the process by which a cultural.
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  11. A unilineal descent group whose members demonstrate their common descent from an apical ancestor is a(n) A. clan. B. lineage. C. extended family. D. family of procreation. E. family of orientation. 12. What term refers to the kind of descent in which people choose the descent group that they join? A. neolineal B. patrilineal C. ambilineal D. matrilineal E. bilineal 13..
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5. According to Dubisch in “Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage,”motorcycles are associated with _____________in American culture. a cooperation b. freedom c. veterans d. criminal behavior 6. In “Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage,” Dubisch notes that participants in the Run for the Wall a. often frightened onlookers with their “outlaw biker” looks. b. annoyed.
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Multiple Choice 1. According to Spradley and McCurdy in “Law and Order,” in the Zapotec village ofRalu’a two cases—a flirtation of a married man and a son who took coffee from his father without permission—illustrate a. substantive law. b. procedurallaw. c. a legal principle. d. infralegallaw. 2. According to Spradley and McCurdy in “Law and Order,”.
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  40. A major difference between rituals and plays is that the participants in rituals are performing in earnest. 41. By participating in a ritual, participants signal that they accept the common social and ethical order prescribed by their religion. 42. Rites of passage involve three phases: separation, liminality, and totemism. 43. Communitas is.
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  6. Although the incest taboo is a cultural universal, cultures define incest differently. For example, in many cultures it is incestuous to marry parallel cousins but not cross-cousins. What is the difference? A. The children of two brothers or two sisters are parallel cousins. The children of a brother and a.
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1. According to Guneratne and Bjork in “Village Walks,”the Tharu village of Pipariya is located adjacent to a. the Chitwan national forest. b. the Himalayan mountains. c. the Tarai National Forest. d. the border with India. 2. In “Village Walks,”Guneratne and Bjork note that tour companies have characterized the Tharu as a. successful forest horticulturalists. b. primitive.
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5. The world system is the economic incorporation of different parts of the world into a system based on capitalism, not politics. 6. The world system is the movement of a cultural category, culturally defined behavior, or culturally produced artifact from one society to another through borrowing. 7. Refugees are people who.
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Multiple Choice 1. Magic, according to Malinowski, occurs in response to a. anger. b. frustration. c. anxiety. d. social pressure. 2. According to Gmelch in “Baseball Magic,” baseball players can least control a. pitching and hitting. b. hitting. c. fielding. d. arguing with the umpire. 3. According to Skinner, as noted by Gmelch in “Baseball Magic,”magic once established requires to be.
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Multiple Choice 1. The cultural knowledge of the supernatural that people use to cope with the ultimate problems of human existence is called a. personified supernatural power. b. mana. c. transcendental values. d. religion. 2. Folk concepts of ghosts, spirits, ancestral beings, and gods are, according to most anthropologists, signs of belief in a. the supernatural. b. taboo. c..
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  16. Which of the following marital customs functions to maintain distinctions between groups? A. progeny price B. levirate C. sororate D. sororal polygyny E. endogamy 17. In the United States, the rise in female employment, especially in professional careers, when coupled with ________, has dramatically increased household incomes in the upper classes. This pattern has been.
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ARTICLE 25 QUESTIONS True or False? 1 In the article“Law and Order”Spradley and McCurdyargue that a key to maintaining order in the tightly knit Zapotec community of Ralu’a is the strict application of law and punishment by village officials. 2. According to Spradley and McCurdy in “Law and Order,”substantive law is codified in.
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ARTICLE 30 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Jill Dubischin “Run for the Wall: An American Pilgrimage,” the “run” is taken annually by a group of motorcyclists who start the ride in California, stop nightly for rest and ritual ceremonies, and end at the Vietnam Veterans Memorial in Washington, DC. 2. Dubisch.
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  26. Divorce tends to be more common A. when the dowry is very small. B. when marriages are political alliances between groups. C. in matrilineal than in patrilineal societies. D. in societies in which marriage residence is patrilocal. E. in all societies when romance fails 27. What is the name of the custom by which a.
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TRUE/FALSE QUESTIONS 33. Polyandry is common and practiced under a wide range of conditions. 34. Native American berdaches were permitted to marry men. 35. A new view of early human origins suggests that the emergence of a pair bond between male and female would have allowed humans to recognize their relatives. 36. Cultures have.
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  47. A nuclear family includes ego, ego’s parents, and ego’s grandparents. 48. The most common postmarital residence rule is matrilocality, in which the married couple moves in with the husband’s family. 49. With unilineal descent, one’s lineage affiliation is ascribed at birth, but with ambilineal descent, lineage affiliation is more fluid, because.
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ARTICLE 35 QUESTIONS True or False? 1. According to Ehrenreich and Hochschild in their selection, “Global Women in the New Economy,” millions of women now migrate from poor countries to work in rich ones. 2. In “Global Women in the New Economy,”Ehrenreich and Hochschild argue that most women who migrate from poor countries.
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  6. In North America, the relatively high incidence of expanded family households in the lower class is A. the reason why the families of lower-class urbanites are dysfunctional. B. an important strategy the urban poor use to adapt to poverty. C. maladaptive, since poor families should be smaller in order to cut down.
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  21. Anthropologist Edmund Leach (1955) observed that, depending on the society, several different kinds of rights are allocated by marriage. According to Leach, marriage can, but doesn’t always, accomplish each of the following EXCEPT A. give either or both spouses a monopoly in the sexuality of the other. B. give either or.
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