Info
Warning
Danger

Anthropology Expert Answers, Study Resources & Learning Aids

Experience instant improvement in your anthropology grades with instant access from ScholarOn. You can view flashcards, solution manuals and solved homework questions in anthropology all under one roof and attain student success.

Ask an Expert

Our Experts can answer your tough homework and study questions.

Answers in as fast as 15 minutes
Post a Question
  1. Cosmologies account for the ways in which supernatural forces and beings fashioned the world and all living things. 2. Uniformitarianism was developed by Georges Cuvier. 3. The theory of natural selection was arrived at simultaneously and independently by two different scholars. 4. Variation within species and reproductive success are the basis of.
25 Views
View Answer
  41. The mating patterns of gibbons can be best described as: A. monogamous B. a multi-male and multi-female group C. a single male with many females D. a single female with many males 42. Chimpanzees have been shown to do all of the following except: A. kill other chimpanzees B. form stable, long-lasting monogamous relationships C. make and.
11 Views
View Answer
  31.Which of the following sites has yielded Acheulian tools? A.Torralba and Ambrona B.Cro-Magnon C.Le Moustier D.Lascaux 32.One of the most important tool types invented by Homo erectus was the: A.hammerstone B.projectile point C.grinding stone D.hand axe 33.A shelter of stones and saplings was built by people who used Acheulian tools at the site of: A.Zhoukoudien B.Terra Amata C.Olduvai Gorge D.Cro-Magnon     34.The Levalloisian technique refers to.
9 Views
View Answer
  20. Most cultures have developed sophisticated ideas and myths to provide answers to fundamental questions such as: "Who are we?" "Where did we come from?" and "Why are we here?" These conceptual frameworks that present the universe as an orderly system and answer these basic questions are called: A. analogs B. cosmologies C..
8 Views
View Answer
  11. Culture allows humans to adjust to a wide range of physical environments. 12. According to the culture-and-personality theory, there is a correlation between personality and ethnicity. 13. Franz Boas had a guiding influence on Margaret Mead. 14. According to Mead, Samoan adolescents engaged freely in premarital sex. 15. Human behavior can be attributed.
13 Views
View Answer
  11. All human societies share the same basic values. 12. A worldview consists of various beliefs about the nature of reality that provide people with a means of interpreting and understanding the world around them. 13. Most people in a given society assume that their beliefs are rational and firmly grounded in.
11 Views
View Answer
  11. Gametes are produced by meiosis. 12. Amino acids are an important building block of proteins. 13. Evolution refers to change in the genetic makeup of a population. 14. Mutation is the only source of new genetic variation. 15. Gene flow is not influenced by cultural influences such as religious practices, socioeconomic status, and.
16 Views
View Answer
  21. According to Marvin Harris, the dietary practices of various cultures may be rooted in ecological conditions. 22. Anthropologists have determined that specific food preferences are biologically based and not culturally influenced. 23. Cultural diversity is a reflection of environmental adaptations and the consequence of symbolic creations. 24. The Rastafarian movement of Jamaica.
10 Views
View Answer
  1. Modern humans are divided into four distinct species that correspond to the major geographic areas of Europe, Africa, Asia, and the Americas. 2. Cultural practices affect genetic and physical variation by influencing gene flow or altering the environment. 3. Anthropologists speculate that Paleolithic populations consisted of small bands (30-100 individuals) in.
25 Views
View Answer
  31. Central place theory is difficult to apply to actual geographic regions because: A. natural resources are usually widely available B. central places may be located outside these regions C. natural resources and topography are rarely uniform D. the size of sites with similar functions is always the same 32. The unequal ranking of towns,.
16 Views
View Answer
  31. Two early (18th century) classifiers who devised similar "racial" categories based primarily on skin color were: A. Charles Darwin and Gregor Mendel B. Stanley Garn and Stephen Jay Gould C. Carolus Linnaeus and Johann Blumenbach D. Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace 32. An ideology that advocates the superiority of certain races and inferiority.
11 Views
View Answer
  41. Potassium-argon dating cannot be used to determine the age of: A. deposits in which dinosaur bones have been found B. projectile points made of chipped flint or obsidian C. volcanic rocks D. fossil localities 42. Fission-track dating is used to determine the age of: A. fossilized human skeletons B. petrified tree rings C. organic materials D. minerals that.
17 Views
View Answer
  11. The Taung child, better known as Australopithecus boisei, was found in South Africa by Robert Broom in 1891. 12. According to your text, Australopithecus afarensis is dated from 4 to 3 million years ago, making these the earliest well-described hominids. 13. As paleoanthropologists uncover more and more fossils, it becomes increasingly.
10 Views
View Answer
  41. __________ may occur when one dominant group in a complex society imposes its cultural beliefs on subordinate ethnic groups. For example, the dominant ethnic group in the U.S. during the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries (the white, Anglo-Saxon Protestants) was able to impose its language, cultural beliefs and practices on.
11 Views
View Answer
  41. Integrationist theories of state formation: A. emphasize domination and exploitation B. assume state formation resulted from its beneficial effects C. place state authority in the hands of the merchant class D. emphasize revolts against monopoly control 42. The theories about the effects of external contacts on ancient cultures of the Americas that have been.
15 Views
View Answer
  21. Children can be active agents in the enculturation of their siblings and parents. 22. Individualism is valued differently in different cultures. 23. According to Francis Hsu, the individual in China is strongly encouraged to reject familistic and group norms. 24. Melford Spiro's research was strongly influenced by the theories of Sigmund Freud.
14 Views
View Answer
  31. There are many definitions of culture; however, there are a number of aspects that are common to most definitions. These include all of the following except: A. culture is shared B. culture is learned C. culture is biologically inherited D. culture is made up of elements such as values, beliefs, norms, and material.
11 Views
View Answer
  11. Racist beliefs have no basis in biological fact: human groups never fit into neat categories. 12. Today, anthropologists agree that there are six races of humans on the earth. 13. Today, anthropologists consider the genetic variation within populations to be less important than variation between populations. 14. Anthropologists have found that almost.
11 Views
View Answer
1. Language is a system of symbols with standard meanings. 2. Chimpanzees and gorillas have been taught to speak up to 100 English sentences so they can communicate their daily needs as well as humans. 3. According to Herbert Terrace's research, chimpanzees are highly intelligent animals who can learn many signs, but.
24 Views
View Answer
  43. In her classic work Patterns of Culture (1934), Ruth Benedict used the terms "Apollonian" and "Dionysian" to describe: A. cultural "personalities" of Pueblo and Plains Indians B. religious cults of northern and southern Greece C. rituals of warfare and celebration in the South Pacific D. contrasting models of cultural diffusion 44. Margaret Mead got.
10 Views
View Answer
  21. In order to understand variation in human populations, anthropologists must consider three primary causes: (1) evolutionary processes, (2) the environment, and (3) __________. A. culture B. race formation C. genetic induction D. polymorphism 22. All of the genes possessed by a population are known as its: A. genetic complement B. gene pool C. polymorphic unit D. polytypic unit 23..
9 Views
View Answer
  41.Upper Paleolithic hunters increased the power and accuracy of their projectiles by using: A.slingshots B.spear throwers C.bows and arrows D.stone projectile points 42.The term "composite tool" refers to an artifact made by: A.firing clay into a hard material B.using bone or antler to remove thin flakes C.putting two or more materials together D.several different people 43.At the 15,000 year-old site.
13 Views
View Answer
  11. New World Monkeys are found throughout Africa and south East Asia. 12. The fossil record of the monkeys in the Americas is abundant, diverse and one of the most complete of the fossil records for any known lineage of animals. 13. Gigantopithecus is probably the ancestor of modern day gorillas. 14. Orangutans.
9 Views
View Answer
  11. At Teotihuacán, an ancient city in central Mexico, the houses varied widely in terms of size and furnishings. 12. Archaeologists think that the quantity of a material acquired through trade is typically greatest at sites nearest to the source of the material. 13. Conflict theories of state formation assume that the.
13 Views
View Answer
  21. Individuals who study living, nonhuman primates are known as: A. ethnologists B. pongidologists C. primatologists D. astrologists 22. What characteristic is not commonly used to describe the Primate order? A. long gestation period B. habitual bipedal locomotion C. opposable thumb D. lack of specialization in the diet (omnivore) E. generalized limb structure 23. Primate evolution has produced some morphological characteristics.
6 Views
View Answer
  31. The most famous Homo erectus (Sinanthropus pekinensis) site in China that dates from about 460,000 to 230,000 years ago is: A. Trinil B. Zhoukoudian C. Shangdong D. Beijing 32. Which is true of Homo erectus in the New World? A. Unlike forms in the Old World, New World forms used a refined Mousterian stone tool.
6 Views
View Answer
  41. Homo habilis was found at _________ by __________. A. Olduvai Gorge/the Leakeys B. Laetoli/Mary Leakey C. Hadar/Donald Johanson D. Lake Turkana/Raymond Dart 42. Footprints at the site of Laetoli in northern Tanzania indicate that fully bipedal hominids roamed the earth between _________ million years ago. A. 15 and 10 B. 30 and 20 C. 4 and.
13 Views
View Answer
  1. Psychological anthropologists tend to study people in their own societies. 2. Humans are animals. 3. Instincts can be learned. 4. A parrot's ability to speak like a human is an example of a closed instinct. 5. A basketball player's knowledge of where he or she is relative to the basket would be an.
21 Views
View Answer
  41. The earliest agricultural complexes of South America are noteworthy for their inclusion of: A. medicinal plants, like hemp and flax B. non-food plants, like cotton C. cultivated grasses, like oats and barley D. domesticated animals, like horses and cattle 42. Maize cultivation in North America was the result of: A. independent domestication of maize in.
15 Views
View Answer
  41. You are studying the inhabitants of Svölbärd. These people have compact, round bodies with thick, short limbs. Based on Bergmann's and Allen's rules, these people probably live in what kind of environment? A. a tropical desert B. a hot jungle C. an Arctic island D. a malarial infested swamp E. a tropical savanna region 42..
12 Views
View Answer
  30. The actual genetic constitution of an organism is referred to as the ____________, while the outward appearance of the organism is called the ____________. A. homozygote / heterozygote B. allele / gene C. genotype / phenotype D. recessive / dominant 31. The replication of body cells is known as __________, and the replication of.
9 Views
View Answer
  1. Culture consists of both material and nonmaterial components. 2. The concept of "culture" is central to many anthropological discussions and issues. 3. Culture can be defined as a shared way of life that includes values, beliefs, and norms that are transmitted within a particular society from generation to generation. 4. A society.
20 Views
View Answer
  21.The earliest stone tools, which have been found in East Africa, are called __________ tools. A.Oldowan B.Acheulian C.Mousterian D.Composite 22.The term "manuport" refers to: A.a type of unifacial pebble chopper B.a fossilized bone at an early hominid site C.a stone found where it does not naturally occur D.a chip struck off of a stone during percussion flaking 23.When an archaeologist.
10 Views
View Answer
  21. A society with an institutionalized government run by full-time officials is referred to by archaeologists as a __________. A. segmental clan B. chiefdom C. oligarchy D. state 22. The world's first civilizations appeared around: A. 125,000 years ago B. 55,000 years ago C. 12,500 years ago D. 5,500 years ago 23. Which of the following features was NOT.
15 Views
View Answer
  1. According to paleontological evidence, human beings are descended from modern day chimpanzees. 2. Among the most important physical characteristics of primates is their generalized skeletal structure, which allows for a great deal of flexibility in movement. 3. Two important distinguishing features of the primate hand are the opposable thumb and the.
20 Views
View Answer
  21. The primary characteristic that identifies hominids as a taxonomically distinct group from other primates is: A. social behavior B. aggression and murder C. habitual bipedalism D. the number and type of teeth 22. According to your text, paleoanthropologists suggest that the fossil forms called _________ precede the genus Homo. A. Aegyptopithecus B. Proconsul africanus C. Australopithecus D. Ardipithecus 23..
6 Views
View Answer
  40. Gene flow acts to make allele frequencies in different populations: A. more similar B. less similar C. change at random D. all of the above 41. ___________ is one explanation why new human species have not emerged in millions of years. A. The Hardy-Weinberg theory B. Gene flow C. Mutation D. The founder effect 42. Random changes in allele.
9 Views
View Answer
  31. According to scholars Ester Boserup, Lewis Binford, and Mark Cohen, the principal factor responsible for the beginning of plant and animal domestication was: A. resource availability in key environmental niches B. seasonal differences in the abundance of wild species C. population pressure on finite natural resources D. the increased cranial capacity of Pleistocene.
8 Views
View Answer
  11.Homo erectus was the first hominid species to intentionally bury their dead. 12.Neandertals probably cared for individuals with disabilities. 13.Burins were special, chisel-like tools for working wood, ivory, and bone. 14.The harpoon was invented by people with a Lower Paleolithic technology. 15.Upper Paleolithic artisans made stone tools in a limited range of styles that.
15 Views
View Answer
1. Hominids are not members of the order Primates, but are classified in a separate order. 2. Paleoanthropologists have determined, beyond a doubt, that bipedalism arose in the hominids because of selective pressures favoring tool use since the canines had reduced in size earlier. 3. Because bipedal locomotion requires a better sense.
17 Views
View Answer
  11. Most modern archaeologists agree that the "Neolithic revolution" occurred when an unknown, solitary “genius” came up with the idea of planting seeds. 12. In Europe, Mesolithic patterns of hunting and gathering without agriculture persisted for the longest period of time in Sweden and Finland. 13. The earliest evidence regarding the use.
9 Views
View Answer
  1. Most archaeologists consider a society to be a civilization when it has all of the features specified in V. Gordon Childe's classic definition. 2. In early states, political authority was rarely based on the control of agricultural surpluses. 3. The division between the world of the supernatural and that of social.
26 Views
View Answer
  31. Lemurs are found in what part of the world (not counting zoos)? A. Australia B. Iceland C. Asia D. South and Central America E. Madagascar 32. The fossil record of the evolution of the primates in the Americas is: A. abundant B. completely unknown C. sparse and consists of fragmentary evidence D. one of the best fossil records we.
7 Views
View Answer
  33. Psychological anthropologists differ from psychologists in that their research focuses on: A. the behavior of social deviants B. physiological characteristics of the human brain C. cross-cultural similarities and differences D. individuals in their own societies 34. The process by which an individual learns how to behave within a particular society is known as: A. cognition B..
12 Views
View Answer
  21. Between the late Pleistocene and the early Holocene epochs, the world's climate became markedly: A. warmer B. colder C. wetter D. drier 22. The term "broad-spectrum collecting" refers to: A. specialized regional patterns and technologies B. use of a wide variety of wild plant and animal foods C. a technique for dating archaeological deposits D. a.
7 Views
View Answer
  1.The beginnings of human culture cannot be studied by looking at the fossilized remains of ancient human skeletons. 2.Humans are not the only primates to use tools. 3.Scientific evidence indicates that the first stone tools used by early hominids were highly crafted. 4.Archaeologists are able to do experiments that reveal methods used in.
21 Views
View Answer

Can't find what you're looking for ?

Ask our exprts a study questions, on us.
Get free Homework Help*