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36. Beads and carvings are the earliest trace of Upper Paleolithic art. True False 37. Upper Paleolithic art was confined to cave paintings. True False 38. What the Venus figurines mean is absolutely agreed on by archaeologists. True False 39. LeRoy McDermott has argued that the Venus figurines are fertility symbols. True False 40. In South Asia the Upper Paleolithic saw an.
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34. During the fourteenth century leprosy killed 75 million people in Europe. True False 35. As of December 2002, 42 million people were living with HIV/AIDS. True False 36. As of now, there are only two known ways to reduce the likelihood of sexually transmitted HIV. True False 37. Around the world, fatness is generally considered more desirable. True False 38..
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    11.The highest mountain in the Western Hemisphere is:   A)Mount Aconcagua B)Mount McKinley C)Mount Everest D)Mount Chimborazo     12.Which of the following is not a physiographic region associated with Mexico?   A)Yucatán Peninsula B)Southern Highlands C)Coastal Plains D)Central Plateau     13.In what part of the Caribbean do we find the distinct physiographic regions of coastal plains and interior mountains ranges?   A)Llanos B)Lesser Antilles C)Greater Antilles D)Neovolcanic Axis     14.One of.
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  1.The study of the cultural anthropology of Latin America and the Caribbean is relevant for all of the following reasons except:   A)economic B)geo-political C)ethnocentric D)demographic     2.Between 1990 and 2000, the number of Hispanic/Latino-identifying individuals in the United States reached approximately:   A)102 million B)82 million C)36 million D)21 million     3.According to the 2000 US Census Bureau, in the United States, approximately.
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11. Culture appears to have evolved around                 years ago. a.  2.5 million b.   2 million c.  3 million d.   3.5 million 12. Primates use               methods of communication. a. 3 b. 4 c. 1 d. 2 13. Children the world over tend to progress to two-word sentences at                  . a.  18-24 months b.   6-12 months c. .
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33. There is strong evidence supporting the interbreeding scenario regarding Neandertals. True False 34. Not a single murdered Neandertal has ever been found. True False 35. The best archaeological support is given to the extinction scenario. True False 36. The Upper Paleolithic seems to mark a watershed in human culture. True False 37. There is evidence that some Neandertal groups borrowed toolmaking.
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1.   The first clear indication of a changeover to food production took place in the Near East about a. 10,000 B.C. b. 8000 B.C. c. 4000 B.C. d. 2000 B.C. 2.   The shift to food production is called the                         by V. Gordon Childe. a. Paleolithic revolution b. Neolithic revolution c. Cambrian revolution d. Mesolithic.
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11. The primary mechanisms of adaptation for Homo were                 . a.  biological b.   cultural c.  social d.   environmental 12. The stone tool traditions of Homo erectus are traditionally called              . a.  Lower Paleolithic b.   Acheulian c.  hard hammer d.   Upper Paleolithic 13. The Acheulian tool tradition dates to about           .
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  1.Which of the following is associated with band societies?   A)coercive power B)monumental architecture C)domestication D)egalitarian     2.Which of the following is not an example of a tribal society?   A)Kayapo B)Inca C)Jívaro D)Yanömamo     3.All of the following characteristics are associated with state societies except:   A)irrigated fields B)pastoralism C)political inequality D)raised platform agriculture     4.Which of the following was not a common transformation that occurred during the Archaic Period?   A)a.
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23. Anthropology is solely an academic subject. True False 24. Applied and practicing anthropologists are not the only ones interested in solving problems. True False 25. Basic and applied research may both be motivated by a desire to improve quality of life. True False 26. Anthropologists have usually studied people who are disadvantaged. True False 27. In 1960, anthropologists founded the Society.
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True - False 26. The Upper Paleolithic tool kit is characterized by a preponderance of blades. True False 27. The Upper Paleolithic experienced a growth in population. True False 28. Only Homo sapiens sapiens remains have been found in the New World. True False 29. The prevailing opinion is that humans came to North America by boat. True False 30. At the end.
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36. The best-known genus of proto-ape is Proconsul. True False 37. The first definite apelike finds come from East Africa in the middle Miocene, 16 million to 10 million years ago. True False 38. Kenyapithecus was probably more arboreal than Proconsul. True False 39. Kenyapithecus is definitely the ancestor of modern humans. True False 40. It is quite easy to identify evolutionary.
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True - False 24. Medical anthropology and anthropology in general are developing in the direction of a “bicultural synthesis.” True False 25. Fifty percent of sampled societies thought that gods or spirits were the major cause of illness. True False 26. Among the Chuuk the most serious illnesses are thought to be due to the retribution for doing.
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11. Which of the following is NOT a theory about what happened to the Neandertals? a. interbreeding b. genocide c. extinction d. multinational 12. Toward the end of the Acheulian period a technique developed that enabled the toolmaker to produce flake tools of a predetermined size, the                         method. a. Mousterian b. Oldowan c. Levalloisian d..
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36. David Pilbeam suggests that tool use was of no benefit to hominids. True False 37. Sue Savage-Rumbaugh suggests that the ability to snap the wrist aided in the development of weapons to protect against predators. True False 38. There are no “costs” of bipedalism. True False 39. Peter Wheeler suggests that bipedalism aids in regulating body temperature. True False 40. Sahelanthropus.
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26. Humans share a common evolutionary history with the other primates. True False 27. Gorillas and chimpanzees have DNA and proteins remarkably similar to humans. True False 28. Hominids include gorillas and humans. True False 29. The anthropoid is divided into three main groups. True False 30. Hominids are totally bipedal. True False 31. Group life may be crucial to diurnal primates. True False 32. Primates learn nothing.
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11.                         looks at how a tool similar to one found in the past is used by people today. a. Ethnographic analogy b. Ethnologic analogy c. Archaeological ethnography d. Thick description 12.                   are the scholars who most frequently study Upper Paleolithic peoples and cultures. a. Paleoanthropologists b. Archaeologists c. Ethnographers d. Linguists 13. In.
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    29.Name the ten major South American physiographic regions.     30.Name the two broad physiographic regions of Central America.         31.Why is it difficult to define “Latin America” and the “Caribbean”?     33.Describe the “Pristine Myth” and the role that it played in the colonization of Latin America.             .
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33. Mitigation is the third phase of the CRM process. True False 34. Forensic anthropology is seeing increased attention by the public. True False 35. The forensic anthropologist can sometimes suggest cause of death. True False 36. All human remains found on a crime scene are bones. True False 37. A criminal investigation can proceed without a “corpus delicti.” True False 38. No one knows.
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      21.In South America the western coasts are much drier than the eastern ones.     22.The great mines of Chuquicamata are known for silver and gold.     23.On the Yucatán Peninsula the humidity decreases southward.     24.The culture area concept is the belief that geography contributes to an understanding of cultural differences and similarities.     25.The use of “life.
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31. Prolonged infant dependency has probably been of great significance in human cultural evolution. True False 32. Women with young children may have gathered wild plants near the home place. True False 33. Language is the primary system of human communication. True False 34. The only means of communication is language. True False 35. Nonhuman primates communicate vocally. True False 36. Humans can transmit more.
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1.   The earliest identifiable stone tools come from                . a.  Asia b.   North America c.  East Africa d.   Europe 2.   Early tools were made by striking a stone with another - a technique called _. a.  percussion pounding b.   edge flaking c.  pounding d.   percussion flaking 3.   The Olduvai site was accidentally uncovered.
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11. The practitioners who deal with more than the body are sometimes referred to as practitioners. a. psychiatric b. personalistic c. religious d. spiritual 12. Which is NOT part of biomedicine's focus? a. diseases b. cures for diseases c. health d. prolonging life 13. In studying the indigenous medicines of the Hausa of Nigeria, what was perhaps the.
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True - False 21. The larger stone tools can be used to hack off branches. True False 22. All of the early flaked tools can be thought of as weapons. True False 23. Hominids were cutting up animals more than 2 million years ago. True False 24. We know that the hominids around Olduvai Gorge were hunting animals. True False 25. Culture is.
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1.   Recent finds in South Africa date Homo sapiens to about                     years ago. a. 300,000 b. 200,000 c. 160,000 d. 50,000 2.   In                   , fossils were found in the Neander Valley, near Dusseldorf, Germany. a. 1859 b. 1856 c. 1850 d. 1846 3.   Darwin’s On the Origin of Species was.
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1.   The famous footprints of Australopithecus were found at a. Laetoli. b. Alexandria. c. Nairobi. d. Addis Ababa. 2.   Gracile australopithecines include all of the following except a. A. anamensis. b. A. afarensis. c. A. aethiopicus. d. A. africanus. 3.   Robust australopithecines include all of the following except a. A. aethiopicus. b. A. boisei. c. A. africanus. d..
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1.   The primate fossil record a. has no diversity. b. is full of diversity. c. is monotonous. d. presents a clear record of evolution to hominids. 2.   The reconstruction of primate evolution a. is very complete. b. is based on totally complete fossil remains. c. requires the finding of fossil remains. d. depends on proven.
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1.Why are Latin America and the Caribbean often studied together as conceptual units?   A)they all speak the same Latin-based languages B)both areas are dependent on either the United States or Europe C)they share close historical and economic connections D)each was colonized by either Spain or Portugal     2.The concept of “Latin America” was constructed primarily by:   A)Creole.
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33. Homo floresiensis is a tiny version of Homo erectus. True False 34. Pair bonding is common among all species. True False 35. We have no way of knowing if Homo erectus had fur. True False 36. Homo erectus was able to adapt to new environments quickly. True False 37. One primary gene responsible for body size is MCIR. True False 38. Tool traditions differ.
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True - False 26. The most well known of the plesiadipiforms is Plesiadapis. True False 27. Carnivores have forward-facing eyes. True False 28. Parapithecids were tarsierlike. True False 29. Proplipithecids had the dental formula of the Aegyptopithecus. True False 30. The Miocene epoch lasted from 24 to 5.2 million years ago. True False 31. As the Miocene progressed into its later period, climate conditions became wetter. True False 32..
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True - False 23. Most anthropologists agree that Homo erectus evolved into Homo sapiens. True False 24. Most anthropologists agree on the date that the evolution into Homo sapiens took place. True False 25. Many scholars argue whether Homo heidelbergensis is a separate species. True False 26. There is relatively unanimous agreement that the Neandertals should be classified as Homo sapiens.
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11. Undisputed bipedal early hominids lived in a. China b. East Africa c. North America d. West Africa about 4 million years ago. 12. Which of the following hominid characteristics came first? a. bipedalism b. modification of the female pelvis c. expansion of the brain d. reduction of the face 13. With the drying trend of 16 to.
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11.                     percent of all employed archaeologists in the U.S. have jobs directly related to the CRM. a. 25 b. 50 c. 40 d. 60 12. Forensic anthropologists are trained to follow police standards in human remains. a.  labeling b.   handling c.  transporting d.   all of the above 13. To make an identification of a victim a forensic anthropologist may use . a.  .
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1.   What factors do medical anthropologists think we need to consider if we are to reduce the suffering in human life? a. cultural and social b. cultural and political c. biological and social d. biological and political 2.   Many of the ideas and practices of medical researchers and practitioners are influenced by a. politics. b..
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11. The order Primates is usually subdivided into two suborders: the prosimians and the a. humans. b. ceboids. c. anthropoids. d. catarrhines. 12. The prosimians resemble other mammals                   the anthropoid primates do. a. less than b. the same as c. more than d. The prosimians don’t resemble other mammals at all. 13. Which of.
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    11.One of the major conclusions of Nancy Scheper-Hughes’ study of poverty and childhood is that:   A)poor children tend to develop a larger social network than those from more affluent homes B)children born into poverty have a lower education level than those from a more affluent background C)children in poor families are ordinarily expected.
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True - False 25. The first clear changeover to food production is found in Africa. True False 26. The Epipaleolithic period in the Near East is the period of time when the exploitation of local relatively permanent resources led to the increasingly settled way of life. True False 27. The Neolithic revolution took place in the Eastern.
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36. Katherine Milton’s research has been dedicated, for the most part, to studying the importance of diet for both human and nonhuman primates. True False 37. Orangutans survive only on the islands of Sumatra and Borneo. True False 38. Gorillas have been studied far more than chimpanzees. True False 39. Chimpanzees are primarily leaf eaters. True False 40. The cerebral cortex is.
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1.                         anthropology is covered with making anthropological knowledge useful. a. Forensic b.   Cultural c.  Applied d.   Biological 2.                         anthropology is used to help solve crimes. a.  Forensic b. Cultural c.  Applied d.   Biological 3.   In               , John Collier got legislation passed that provided protection for Native American land. a. 1964 b. 1934 c. 1924 d. 1944 4.   Margaret Mead estimated.
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11. The arboreal theory of primate evolution was put forward in 1912 by a. Charles Darwin. b. Frederick Wood Jones. c. G. Elliot Smith. d. Russell Wallace. 12.                             highlighted some weaknesses in the arboreal theory. a. Frederick Wood Jones b. Matt Cartmill c. Charles Darwin d. G. Elliot Smith 13. The earliest definite primates appeared.
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    21.All scholarly research is informed by similar theoretical perspectives.     22.Nancy Scheper-Hughes’ study of shantytown life and child morbidity occurs in Haiti.     23.Death without Weeping overwhelmingly consists of family biographies.     24.Scheper-Hughes argues that “motherhood” is not an instinctual and innate quality.     25.Scheper-Hughes found that mothers in Alto do Cruzeiro chose not to breastfeed their infants.
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True - False 23.  Homo erectus was larger and brainier than early Homo. True False 24. In the last 4 million years the hominid brain doubled in size. True False 25. Natural selection forced the widening of the pelvis. True False 26. The expansion of the brain and the reduction of the face occurred at about the same time. True False 27. Homo.
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True - False 26. Protominids were capable of occasional bipedalism. True False 27. Undisputed bipedal hominids lived in East Africa about 4 million years ago. True False 28. Animals were equipped for hunting before tools. True False 29. In both ancient and modern apes the spinal column enters the skull toward the back. True False 30. The fossil record between 8 and 4.
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1.   The cranial capacity of the australopithecines was about             cc. a. 350-380 b. 380-530 c. 530-830 d. 600-700 2.   Early Homo had about _        percent of the brain’s capacity of modern humans. a. 50 b. 60 c. 25 d. 45 3.   All of the following are characteristics of australopithecines except                   . a.  relatively large teeth b.   thick jawbones c.  oversized ears d.  .
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34. Some variations may be linked to climate. True False 35. Differences in human size seem to be the result of only adaptation. True False 36. The sickling trait keeps people from contracting malaria. True False 37. A person without lactase can digest milk properly. True False 38. Some scholars have attempted to demonstrate behavioral differences in races. True False 39. According to legend the.
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11. At present, archaeologists define the Neolithic in terms of the presence of a. pottery and ground-stone tools. b. domesticated plants and animals. c. plows. d. monogamous marriage. 12. Archaeologists speak of domestication only when there is evidence that plants and animals show a             wild plants and animals. a. similarity to b. difference.
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35. Small stone tools are called microliths. True False 36. Pottery and ground-stone tools define the Neolithic. True False 37. Plant and animal domestication led to modification of wild varieties of plants and animals. True False 38. The proportion of young to mature domesticated sheep is much higher than that among wild sheep. True False 39. People at Ali Kosh ate emmer.
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1.   Primatology is the study of a. insects. b. plants. c. stars. d. primates. 2.   Anthropologists study primates primarily to understand the behavior and evolution of the a. howler monkey. b. bonobo. c. orangutan. d. human primate. 3.   Fossil evidence together with anatomical and behavioral evidence may help us understand what early a. dinosaurs b. mammals c. primates d..
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