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Study Resources (Anthropology)

  10.Ethnology, or cultural anthropology, is the branch of anthropology that studies contemporary societies throughout the world in an attempt to understand human diversity and discover similarities. 11.All human cultures have a form of "baby talk" that adults use when they are speaking with small children. 12.An ethnography is a written description of.
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  21. Elizabeth Brumfiel’s investigation into the role of women in Aztec society utilized: A. primatology and sociolinguistics B. ethnoarchaeology and psychological anthropology C. archaeology and historical records D. population genetics and carbon dating 22. One of the first fossil finds of human ancestors was in Germany; this early human species was: A. a Cossack B. a powerfully-built.
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    31)Homo heidelburgensis teeth are larger the those of Homo erectus. 32)The best evidence for Homo heidelburgensis hunting comes from tropical areas. 33)There is considerable evidence that Homo heidelburgensis used clothing in colder areas of its range. 34)Current evidence places Homo heidelburgensis north of the Pyrenses Mountains in Europe after 500,000  years ago. Short Answer.
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      1.Although anthropologists study the unique features of diverse cultures, they also recognize the fundamental similarities among all peoples in the world. 2.The field of anthropology has been divided into four branches: physical anthropology, archaeology, linguistic anthropology, and cultural anthropology or ethnology. 3.Physical anthropologists focus their research in two areas: human evolution and.
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    21)Campbell and Loy argue that the hunting and gathering way of life was fully developed in Homo erectus. 22)Homo heidelbergensis has not been found in Asia: Homo erectus continued to survive there until replaced by Homo sapiens. 23)A primary archaeology site is one in which the site is more or less as.
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  41. Potassium-argon dating cannot be used to determine the age of: A. deposits in which dinosaur bones have been found B. projectile points made of chipped flint or obsidian C. volcanic rocks D. fossil localities 42. Fission-track dating is used to determine the age of: A. fossilized human skeletons B. petrified tree rings C. organic materials D. minerals that.
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  29)Neandertals typically show frontal tooth wear that may indicate that they habitually used their teeth as tools. 30)Studies of the sources of stone for tools has suggested that Neandertals were far more mobile than early modern humans.   31)Pollen from graves at Shanidar, Iraq has been interpreted by some anthropologists as the purposeful.
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  31. The “unsystematic” method for finding archaeological sites is carried out by: A. walking around and looking at eroded areas such as trails, river banks, and plowed fields B. conducting excavations in a region where sites are known to be located C. computer interpretation of images from satellites and the space shuttle D. using.
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    11)Bone, antler, and ivory A)were used like plastic is today B)could be made into household implements like spatulas and scrapers C) could be turned into beads and bracelets D)were very important materials for Magdalenian technology E)all of the above 12)In addition to the spear and spear thrower, Upper Paleolithic people also A)drove animals into pit traps.
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    26.One methodology for the study of extraterrestrial cultures that would come from anthropology would be: A.field studies of planetary geography and geology B.participant observation to get an "insider's" perspective C.lab studies of comparative anatomy and physiology D.interpretations of alien songs and poetry 27.According to the author of your textbook, the major goal(s) of anthropology is/are: A.to.
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    41)People began to domesticate wheat and barley in the Middle East about ________. 42)The most ancient city known to us is ________ which was first built around ________. 43)In order for a city to develop there must a(n) ________. 44)Most human traits that vary from one group of people to another do so.
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  38)The oldest wooden spears date to about ________ years ago. 39)The speciation of Homo heidelburgensis into Neandertals took place about ________ years ago. 40)Humans were probably using animal skins as clothing by ________ years ago.   41)________ is being born in a state of helplessness. 42)________ is being born with a functional sensory system but.
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  1. Underwater archaeology is limited to the investigation of sunken ships. 2. An idealized reconstruction of a caveman would be referred to as a fossil. 3. All bones will eventually become fossils. 4. A cave in which leopards drop the bones of their prey has the potential to become a fossil locality. 5. An.
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    21)The migration to Australia A)was accomplished by walking over a land bridge during a period of high latitude glaciation B)involved some sort of watercraft because no land bridges existed between Papua New Guinea and Australia C)occurred when a tidal wave washed some people out to sea D)did not occur until about 5,000 years ago.
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  11)Who has been involved in the argument that Acheulean tools were for dismembering large animal carcasses? A)Kathy Schick B) Meave Leakey C) Pat Shipman D)Leslie Aiello E)Francois Bourdes 12)Who has challenged the suggestion that fire played a regular role in the daily life of Homo erectus people at Zhoukoudian, China? A)Randy Bellomo B)Henry De Lumley C)Lewis Binford D)Geoffrey.
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    11)The vocal and visual signals used by nonhuman primates A)are under the control of the neocortex B)express inner emotional and physiological states C)are not monitored by other members of the group D)are seldom generated by the limbic system E) never include the use of deception 12)The vocal and visual signals used by nonhuman primates A)are mainly.
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  1. According to paleontological evidence, human beings are descended from modern day chimpanzees. 2. Among the most important physical characteristics of primates is their generalized skeletal structure, which allows for a great deal of flexibility in movement. 3. Two important distinguishing features of the primate hand are the opposable thumb and the.
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  30. The actual genetic constitution of an organism is referred to as the ____________, while the outward appearance of the organism is called the ____________. A. homozygote / heterozygote B. allele / gene C. genotype / phenotype D. recessive / dominant 31. The replication of body cells is known as __________, and the replication of.
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    31)In monkeys both vocalizations and facial expressions are under the voluntary control of the cerebral cortex. 32)Research has shown that the screams of rhesus macaques are general screams for help but carry no specific information about why help is needed. 33)No evidence has emerged from ape language research to suggest that apes.
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    11)Paleoanthropologists are A)in agreement about classifying the Neandertals as Homo sapiens saplens B)in agreement about classifying the Neandertals as Homo neanderthalensis C) split on their judgment about Neandertal classification D) in agreement that Neandertals should be classified as Homo heidelbergensis E) in agreement that Neandertals should be classified as Homo ergaster 12)In the Middle.
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    31)Bergmann's rule is based on the fact that loss of body heat increases when the ratio of surface area to body weight goes down. 32)According to Allen's rule it is expected that those populations living in tropical areas will have longer limbs than those living in arctic areas. 33)Skin color differences among.
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  31)The spread of Homo erectus across the Old World cannot be conclusively linked to any known cultural innovation or the presence of spoken language. 32)Deer and horse bones at Zhoukoudian have stone tool cut marks that overlay gnaw marks by carnivores indicating that Homo erectus was scavenging some meat. 33)Campbell and Loy.
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    21)Compared to most mammals A)only modern humans show unusually high encephalization quotient (EQ) values B) only living and extinct hominids show unusually high EQ values C) anthropoid primates generally show higher EQ values D)all primates show significantly higher EQ values E)only humans and chimpanzees show higher EQ quotients 22)According to Richard Passingham the human.
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    11)To the question of whether the family was present in Homo heidelburgensis society Campbell and Loy answer A)probably B) yes C)no D)there is no evidence that can help answer the question E)sometimes 12)The advantage of having a home base is that A)women can be sequestered there B)the sick and disabled could rest and mend in some safety C)children.
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  41)Campbell and Loy argue that ________ was the first hominid to leave Africa. 42)Acheulean tools appear in the archaeological record about ________ in ________. 43)Campbell and Loy suggest that the appearance of Acheulean tools mark the beginning of the ________ way of life. 44)The brain of Homo erectus was about ________ the size.
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    21)The variability in blood groups is important only because they have great medical significance. 22)It has recently been shown that the sickle cell trait does not confer any protection against malaria. 23)Most anthropologists now reject the notion of biological races of living humans. 24)Like most mammalian species that occupy a wide range of.
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    11)G. Rollefson and I. Kohler found that in the Levant around 6,000 years ago the early civilization collapsed because A)of a change in rainfall B)extensive felling of woodland C)lack of lime plaster D)salination of farmland E)disappearence of antelope herds 12)Skin heavily pigmented with melanin A)correlates with latitude B)decreases the risk of skin cancer C)does not interfere with the production.
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    21)Campbell and Loy agree with the classification of the Neandertals as a subspecies of Homo sapiens. 22)There is no evidence that Neandertals engaged in creative activities. 23)The Neandertals were limited to a small area in Europe and very few of the behavioral traits found in modern humans can be attributed to them. 24)The.
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  40. Gene flow acts to make allele frequencies in different populations: A. more similar B. less similar C. change at random D. all of the above 41. ___________ is one explanation why new human species have not emerged in millions of years. A. The Hardy-Weinberg theory B. Gene flow C. Mutation D. The founder effect 42. Random changes in allele.
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    21)During the Upper Paleolithic people became more nomadic as they followed migrating herds of animals. 22)Iron pyrite is necessary for making fire and would have been highly valued by Upper Paleolithic people. 23)Because Upper Paleolithic people were more sedentary than archaic humans, they likely lived longer. 24)All of the laurel-leaf blades produced during.
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  20. Most cultures have developed sophisticated ideas and myths to provide answers to fundamental questions such as: "Who are we?" "Where did we come from?" and "Why are we here?" These conceptual frameworks that present the universe as an orderly system and answer these basic questions are called: A. analogs B. cosmologies C..
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  36.Kelley Hays-Gilpin, a southwestern U.S. archaeologist studied A.Brazil B.gender approaches to the archaeological record. C.tropical rainforests D.East Africa 37.The people known as classical archaeologists conduct research on: A.ancient civilizations of Greece and Rome B.the evolution of prehistoric stone tools C.societies of the more recent past D.ancestors of contemporary Native Americans     38.Research on artifacts found in the remains of slave quarters.
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1) Campbell and Loy suggest that modern speech and language appear A)30,000 years ago in Europe with the appearance of Cro-magnon B)800,000 years ago in Homo erectus C)200,000 years ago with the evolution Homo sapiens D)300,000 years ago with Neandertals E) none of these 2) King James IV of Scotland experimented with two babies to.
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  35)Rudolph Virchow, a well-known pathologist, argued that the Neandertal cranium was not from an ancient human but a modern man with ________. 36)________, a French paleontologist, made a series of errors in his reconstruction of the skeleton from La Chapelle-aux-Saints. 37)In the Middle East early modern humans have been found to around.
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    11)The Upper Paleolithic saw A)more extensive use of burins to work bone, antler and ivory B) the development of extensive trade networks C) the beginnings of art D) the decoration of tools E) all of the above 12)Archaeological sites do not always reveal the expected association between Upper Paleolithic technology with modern people.
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    31)All anatomically modern human populations are associated with Upper Paleolithic implements. 32)The Upper Paleolithic began about 130,000 years ago with the first appearance of the modern humans Klasies River Mouth. 33)Campbell and Loy suggest that Neandertals succumbed to ecological competition from modern humans, not to violent extermination. 34)Modern people are found earlier in.
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  11. Gametes are produced by meiosis. 12. Amino acids are an important building block of proteins. 13. Evolution refers to change in the genetic makeup of a population. 14. Mutation is the only source of new genetic variation. 15. Gene flow is not influenced by cultural influences such as religious practices, socioeconomic status, and.
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    31)Magic was used by Upper Paleolithic people to control events that were essentially uncontrollable and unpredictable. 32)European cave art was apparently produced mainly for occasional ritual use, not for everyday viewing. 33)Sympathetic hunting magic seems to be a good, but incomplete, functional explanation for Upper Paleolithic cave art. 34)The proportions and features of.
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1) Classifying modern people and the Neandertals in different species means that A) it is unlikely they could have mated and produced fertile offspring B) they may have mated but the offspring would not have viable C)they would not have recognized each other as possible mating partners D)any or all of the above E)none.
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    41)The notion that language began as humans started to imitate the sounds of the animals around them is call the ________. 42)The ________ is the emotional brain and it operates below the level consciousness. 43)The rules of word order of language is called ________. 44)The ________ is a number that expresses the observed.
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1) Most anthropologists agree that A)there is no biological validity to the concept of race in modern humans B)race is a social construct C)human biological variation is the result local populations adapting to local environmental conditions D)all of the above E)none of the above 2) The development of technology has taken about A) 2 million years B).
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1) Homo erectus first used which of the following as tools? A)cleavers B)bifacial tools C)Acheulean tools D)Oldowan choppers and flakes E)digging sticks 2) The Acheulean stone tool industry A)first appears in Africa about 1.4-1.7 million years ago B)succeeded bamboo tools in Asia abut 1.6 million years ago C)was ultimately used by Homo erectus people from western Europe to Java D)was.
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    41)________ is the common name of the first modern human found in Europe in 1868 and the term applied to other Upper Paleolithic people in Europe. 42)The Upper Paleolithic toolmakers specialized in ________. 43)A(n) ________ is a chisel-like tool used to shape other materials such as bone, antler, and wood. 44)The ________ is.
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  11. Proton magnetometry is considered to be a form of remote sensing. 12. In an archaeological research design, excavation usually comes before survey. 13. Archaeological excavation is a destructive process. 14. There is a standard set of field techniques that is used by all archaeologists. 15. The study of archaeological stratigraphy is based on.
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  1. Cosmologies account for the ways in which supernatural forces and beings fashioned the world and all living things. 2. Uniformitarianism was developed by Georges Cuvier. 3. The theory of natural selection was arrived at simultaneously and independently by two different scholars. 4. Variation within species and reproductive success are the basis of.
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1) Campbell and Loy argue that the hunting and gathering way of life A)began with the australopithecines B)resulted because of a dearth of plant food C)began with Homo erectus people D)began with Homo heidelburgensis E) none of the above 2) Where did the evolution of Homo heidelbergensis take place? A)Southeast Asia B)Spain C)South Africa D)The location of the origin.
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