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Study Resources (Anthropology)

1. Gmelch‘s article, ?Nice Girls Don‘t Talk to Rastas,? describes a conflict caused by his student‘s naïve realism as she did fieldwork in a rural Barbadian community.   2. In his article, ?Nice Girls Don‘t Talk to Rastas,? Gmelch describes how one of his study abroad students ran into trouble when she.
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  21. The “one-drop rule” of racial categorization was never used to classify Native Americans because: A. they received legal entitlements B. they inhabited North America first C. there were too many different tribes D. there was never prejudice against them 22. The majority of legal immigrants admitted to the United States in the early 1980s.
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1. According to Goldstein (Polyandry: When Brothers Take a Wife), it is richer Tibetans living in Nepal who prefer polyandry.   2.  Goldstein believes that Tibetan polyandry is a response to high rates of female infanticide.   3. Goldstein argues that Tibetan polyandry functions to reduce the birth rate.   4. According to Goldstein, Tibetan polyandry.
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1. According to the demographic transition model, populations go through three stages of change in fertility and mortality rates. 2. The United States, Japan, and Western Europe are now in Phase 2 of the demographic transition model. 3. Thomas Malthus predicted that populations would grow much slower than the production of food.
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  1. According to Sterk in her article, ?Prostitution in the Era of AIDS,? virtually all the     prostitutes she interviewed or observed were hooked on drugs.   2. According to Sterk, 30 prostitutes she interviewed were college graduates and 75     percent of her informants had graduated from high school.   3. Sterk (Prostitution in the.
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1. In his article, ?Mixed Blood,? Fish argues that the American concept of race is culturally constructed, not a biological reality   2. According to Fish, human beings cannot be classified into races on the basis of physical characteristics because there is so little variation within the human species.   3. According to Fish.
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1. In this article on Bolivia, Weatherford shows how cocaine production has broken down class distinctions in the countryside.   2. Weatherford argues that the world market for cocaine has had just as damaging an effect on the Bolivian economy as it has on the users it supplies.   3. One effect that cocaine.
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1. The use of anthropology to offer practical solutions to problems faced by a society is known as basic anthropology. 2. When an anthropologist becomes the spokesperson for the particular group that he or she is studying, the anthropologist is assuming the role of informant. 3. As a facilitator, the anthropologist actively.
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1. According to Reed (Forest Development the Indian Way), the Guaraní, and in the past, millions of other Indians exploited the Amazonian tropical forests without causing permanent harm to the ecosystem.   2. Reed claims that the Guaraní depend on a slash and burn agriculture for 94 percent of their dietary needs.   3..
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1. Jared Diamond (Domestication and the Evolution of Disease) argues that crowd diseases such as smallpox evolved in the old world because of population growth and high density, the domestication of animals, and the advent of extensive trade.   2. According to Diamond, infectious diseases appeared when humans contacted remote areas of.
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1. Nelson (Eskimo Science) notes that Alaska‘s Koyukon Indians and Inupiaq have benefited from the science courses they have taken at newly government-established boarding schools.     2. Nelson (Eskimo Science) argues that the Eskimo‘s knowledge of the animals in their cold environment rivals that of Western trained scientists.   3. Nelson (Eskimo Science) notes.
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  31. Which of the following countries is likely to have the lowest per capita energy consumption? A. Sudan B. Japan C. Mexico D. Canada 32. Because of human activities and growth, it is estimated that at least one species becomes extinct every day. In fact, biologist E.O. Wilson thinks that with the expansion of industrialism,.
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1.  The rules for action associated with statuses are called ?roles.?   2. Roles are the categories of different kinds of people who interact.   3. An army private must salute when he approaches an officer and hold the salute until after the officer has returned the greeting. This is an illustration of a.
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1. Tannen, in her selection (Conversation Style: Talking on the Job) claims that women‘s speaking styles, based on a need to create the appearance of equality, are a better form of communication in the work place than men‘s more direct speaking styles.   2. According to Tannen (Conversation Style: Talking on the.
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1. Abu-Lughod (Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?) disagrees with Laura Bush‘s assertion that liberating Afghan women is a reason to go to war.   2. According to Abu-Lughod (Do Muslim Women Really Need Saving?), most Afghan women were anxious to cease wearing the burqa once U.S. troops drove out the Taliban.
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1. In his article, ?Family and Kinship in Village India,? McCurdy argues that family and kinship relations have been extended to provide support in the market economy. 2. According to McCurdy, until recently Bhil tribals were permitted to marry people from their own village, thus limiting the scope of their economic.
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1. A good example of reciprocal exchange in American society is gift giving at birthdays. 2. Division of labor refers to the person or organized group responsible for producing something.   3. When people buy and sell goods and services on the basis of price, supply, and demand, we call the process redistributive.
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1. In her article, ?Mother's Love: Death without Weeping,? Scheper-Hughes argues that mothers in the shantytown of Alto do Cruzeiro learn to accept the death of a child without grieving.   2. According to Scheper-Hughes (Mother‘s Love: Death without Weeping), poor women in northeast Brazil will sacrifice in every way possible to.
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1 According to Weatherford (The Founding Indian Fathers), the design of the U.S. Capitol and the murals in its rotunda send the message that U.S. Constitution is derived from European precedents, and that the Americans gave civilization to the Indians.   2. According to Weatherford (The Founding Indian Fathers), the only sign.
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  11. England and Spain are examples of pluralist societies that maintain egalitarian relationships among ethnic groups. 12. Assimilation between ethnic groups is not dependent on similarities of physical or cultural characteristics. 13. Intermarriage is one example of biological assimilation. 14. “Jim Crow” laws are credited with beginning the process of school desegregation. 15. Cases.
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  34. While studying the use of crack cocaine in Spanish Harlem, anthropologist Philippe Bourgois found that: A. crack dealers viewed their clients as "lost souls" ripe for exploitation and manipulation B. crack dealing was viewed as the most realistic route to upward mobility and the achievement of the American Dream C. crack users.
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1. Religion helps people cope with ultimate problems of their existence such as the meaning of life, death, evil, and transcendent values.   2. The term ?supernatural? labels people's irrational beliefs about power in inanimate objects.   3. If a religious specialist were to use a powerful saying to cure a sick individual, anthropologists.
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  4.According to Lee and Biesele, by 1994 Ju/‘Hoansi !Kung were a. living in mud-walled houses behind makeshift stockades. b.living in circular, tight-knit villages. c.obtaining about 70 percent of their food through hunting and gathering. d.two of the above e.a, b, and c above       5.In his article, Lee claims that when he studied them in the.
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  1. According to the Freeds (Taraka‘s Ghost), the Ghosts of unfortunate male lovers often possess North Indian women.   2. The Freeds (Taraka‘s Ghost) argue that malevolent spirit possession in North India is often associated with high levels of stress.   3. According to the Freeds (Taraka‘s Ghost), Sita‘s father and husband were embarrassed.
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  24. An applied anthropologist who, rather than just providing data about a culture to an organization or government, engages in the actual development of policy is performing the role of: A. facilitator B. analyst C. informant D. mediator 25. When an applied anthropologist provides cultural information that he or she gleaned while doing ethnological research.
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1. According to Mann (You@Work), today‘s employers discourage ?job hopping? and value employee loyalty.   2. Brenda Mann (You@Work) argues that good ?netiquette? is important as you ?brand? yourself in the job market.   3. Mann (You@Work) argues that it is important to use face-to-face contact with employers because it is impossible to control.
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  1. The physical environment is one area of human experience that people everywhere categorize in the same way.   2. Food-getting strategies have little impact on the structure of society.   3. Four anthropological classifications of societies based on food-getting techniques are hunting and gathering, horticulture, pastoralism, and agriculture.   4. The origin of bipedality (two-footedness).
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1. Culture is the patterned behavior characteristic of a group of people.   2. Detached observation is a research approach in which investigators observe human behavior and create their own categories and theories to describe and explain it.   3. A microculture is the patterned behavior characteristic of a subgroup within a larger society.   4..
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  1. According to Bourgois (Office Work and the Crack Alternative), second generation Puerto Rican residents living in Spanish Harlem began to sell crack cocaine because they could find no other work in New York City.   2. In his article (Office Work and the Crack Alternative) Bourgois claims that only 15 percent.
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1. Language refers to the behavior that produces vocal sounds.   2. Language is a system of cultural knowledge used to generate and interpret speech.   3. Things other than vocal sounds that can stand for other things are part of language.     4. The minimal categories of speech sounds that serve to keep utterances apart.
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  31. An example of cultural assimilation is: A. the popularity of Chinese restaurants B. interracial dating C. English as a second language D. minority quotas for college enrollments 32. An example of biological assimilation is: A. school segregation B. interethnic marriage C. ethnic cleansing D. immigration quotas 33. The systematic attempt to kill and totally eliminate a particular ethnic.
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1. Gmelch argues that magic is found most often associated with fielding in American baseball.   2. Baseball players often include personal ritual, taboos, and fetishes in their practice of magic.   3. Skinner explains magic as a response to uncertainty, an attempt to control the unpredictable, according to Gmelch.   4. According to Gmelch, magical.
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  11. Applied anthropologists often act as consultants for farmers in underdeveloped areas such as rural India. 12. Applied studies in medical anthropology can often help health providers to design more effective means of delivering health care to a group of people. 13. Some applied medical anthropologists study the relationship and interactions between.
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  1. According to Deutscher (You Are What You Speak), a word categories and grammar of people‘s language prevent speakers from perceiving the way other speakers see the world.   2. According to Deutscher (You Are What You Speak), Benjamin Lee Whorf argued that despite speaking different languages, people everywhere think alike.   3. Deutscher.
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  11. A major factor that has influenced the emergence of the global economic network is the multinational corporation. 12. With the removal of government-controlled price restraints in Russia, the costs of food and other basic commodities went down. 13. The globalization of the world economy has had relatively little effect on core.
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1. According to Harris (Life without Chiefs), hunter/gathers had no formal leaders. Instead    there were headmen who were respected people but who had no authority to command   2. According to Harris (Life without Chiefs), leaders called ?big men? appear in societies whose economies are characterized by delayed reciprocity.   3. According to Harris.
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  3.According to Diamond (Domestication and the Evolution of Disease), the attributes of epidemic diseases include a.steady continual infection of small populations. b.steady continual infections of large compact populations. c. the production of survivors who have long-lasting antibodies. d.the infection of a large number of people with slow-acting, lingering symptoms. e. none of the above   4.Diamond.
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1. Spradley defines culture as behavior, artifacts, and knowledge.   2. Anthropologists, such as George Hicks, look for inside meaning when they do ethnographic research.   3. Tacit culture refers to cultural knowledge that informants consciously hide from the ethnographer.   4. Herbert Blumer developed a theory of symbolic interaction.   5. The concept of ?explicit culture? is.
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  21. Many scientists argue that the increased levels of carbon dioxide that are produced by the burning of fossil fuels and the tropical rainforest will create a(n) in which the carbon dioxide will trap the heat from the sun and prevent it from radiating back into space. A. ultraviolet leach B. greenhouse.
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1. According to Cronk in his article, ?Reciprocity and the Power of Giving,? gift giving can be used to intimidate people.   2. Cronk (Reciprocity and the Power of Giving) argues that in most instances of gift giving, donors expect those who have received the gift to reciprocate promptly.   3. Cronk (Reciprocity and.
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  1. According to Boxer (The Military Name Game), names for military operations have little effect on the way the public perceives such actions.   2. According to Boxer (The Military Name Game), the military uses a two-word sequence to describe military operations.   3. Boxer (The Military Name Game) asserts that the original World.
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